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Reaching the MDGs

Reaching the MDGs »

Source: Reaching the MDGs : An Action Plan for Trade

Volume/Issue: 2010/14

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Brad McDonald , Rob Gregory , and Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455265343

Keywords: Exports, Export competitiveness, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Low-income developing countries, International trade, Millennium Development Goals, Trade integration, Tax reforms, Trade policy

The actions proposed here focus on trade integration, substantially increasing exports of the poorest countries and helping them to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As the foundation for these ambitions, we e...

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis1

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis1 »

Source: Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/10

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Shamsuddin Tareq , Andrew Berg , Victor Lledo , Antonio Spilimbergo , Rolando Ossowski , Irene Yackovlev , Norbert Funke , Alejandro Hajdenberg , and Martin Schindler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2009

ISBN: 9781462335404

Keywords: Emerging markets, Financial crisis, Cross country analysis, Commodities, Commodity price fluctuations, Developing countries, Infrastructure, Government expenditures, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets

...

Drivers of Spain's Export Performance and the Role of the Labor Market Reforms1

Drivers of Spain's Export Performance and the Role of the Labor Market Reforms1 »

Source: Drivers of Spain's Export Performance and the Role of the Labor Market Reforms

Volume/Issue: 2018/283

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Salas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484386941

Keywords: Employment, Europe, Export competitiveness, Export growth, Developed countries, Labor market reforms, Spain, Cross-country analysis, Competitiveness, Employment Protection

Spain's export performance strengthened after the global financial crisis, and exports now represent more than a third of GDP. This paper argues that several factors contributed to that achievement: external demand...

Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality

Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2014/040

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498343671

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Economic growth, Export diversification, Exports, Fiscal reforms, Low-income developing countries, Manufacturing sector, Recurrent taxes on net wealth, Economic conditions, Fiscal policy

...

Appendix 1: A Methodology for Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness34

Appendix 1: A Methodology for Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness34 »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

The cross-border transmission of shocks takes place through two main channels: the financial channel and the trade channel. The global crisis has drawn renewed attention to the former with recent IMF Executi...

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 3: Definition of Concepts Related to Export Analysis

Appendix 3: Definition of Concepts Related to Export Analysis »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

The Export Similarity Index (ESI) measures the extent of overlap in countries’ export structures and thus provides a sense of the competitive pressures faced by countries at differe...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Appendix 5: Data and Modeling Strategy

Appendix 5: Data and Modeling Strategy »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

The objective of this exercise is to quantify at a high level of product detail the implications of sectoral and supply chain linkages on the trade impact of relative price changes. The model employed for th...

Appendix 6: Measuring the Impact of Relative Price Changes on the Current Account Balance

Appendix 6: Measuring the Impact of Relative Price Changes on the Current Account Balance »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in a country’s exports obtained in the simulation described in Appendix 2 are fed back into the current account balance relative to GDP in two ways. First a fall in exports...