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Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan »

Source: Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan : Why, When, How?

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Kenneth Kang , Michael Keen , Mahmood Pradhan , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2011

ISBN: 9781463902889

Keywords: Consumption taxes, Revenue measures, Japan, Tax increases, Tax revenues, Value added tax, Consumption tax, VAT, fiscal adjustment, social security

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Public Investment in Bolivia: Prospects and Implications

Public Investment in Bolivia: Prospects and Implications »

Source: Public Investment in Bolivia: Prospects and Implications

Volume/Issue: 2019/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yehenew Endegnanew , and Dawit Tessema

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498319317

Keywords: Economic growth, Public investments, Absorptive capacity, Private investments, Consumption, Public Investment, Fiscal Consolidation, public debt level, debt level, investment level

Bolivia's 'Patriotic Agenda 2025' sets targets for social and economic development propelled by state-led industrialization under a five-year development plan (2016-2020). Large-scale public investment has aimed to...

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Volume/Issue: 2019/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ioana Moldovan , Shu-Chun Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498312110

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Private consumption, Real interest rates, Government consumption, Public goods, aid, fiscal policy, foreign exchange intervention, optimal policy, low-income countries.

This paper assesses the optimal setting of fiscal spending and foreign exchange rate intervention policies in response to volatile foreign aid, in a small open economy model that incorporates typical features of lo...

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan »

Source: The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pelin Berkmen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211913

Keywords: tax reform, structural policies, public debt, consumption taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

With Japan's public debt reaching historical levels, the need for fiscal consolidation and structural reforms have increased. As fiscal consolidation will require a sustained and large adjustment in the fiscal bala...

Inclusive Growth and the Incidence  of Fiscal Policy in Mauritius

Inclusive Growth and the Incidence of Fiscal Policy in Mauritius »

Source: Inclusive Growth and the Incidence of Fiscal Policy in Mauritius : Much Progress, But More Could be Done

Volume/Issue: 2013/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio David , and Martin Petri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484323335

Keywords: Incidence of Public Expenditures, Incidence of Taxes, expenditures, expenditure, public expenditures, consumption expenditure, capital expenditures, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Incidence, General,

Using data from three household surveys, we review whether growth in Mauritius was inclusive and discuss the incidence of public expenditures and taxes. Generally, Mauritius enjoys an even income distribution and l...

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization »

Source: Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization : The Case of Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2003/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Hong-Sang Jung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874525

Keywords: Public expenditure, CGE, petroleum prices, subsidy, income groups, household consumption, household groups, Computable General Equilibrium Models, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies

The impact of higher petroleum prices on the aggregate price level, real growth, and income distribution is appraised within a multisector computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. A reduction in the government s...

Post-Transition Investment Behavior in Poland

Post-Transition Investment Behavior in Poland »

Source: Post-Transition Investment Behavior in Poland : A Sectoral Panel Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2005/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zuzana Murgasova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451862034

Keywords: sectoral panel analysis, determinants of investment, investment growth, equations, cost of capital, investment by sector, public investment, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

Analyzing and projecting the behavior of macroeconomic variables in new EU member states presents special challenges, owing to limited time series of the available data. This paper presents an analysis of investmen...

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries1

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries1 »

Source: Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , and Ling Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498314749

Keywords: Consumption, Public investments, Poverty, Capital, Real interest rates, Fiscal policy, oil exporters, permanent income hypothesis, fiscal rules, PIH

We examine the existing fiscal policy paradigm in commodity-exporting countries. First, we argue that its centerpiece-the permanent income hypothesis (PIH)-is not consistent with either intergenerational equity or...

Does Government Spending Crowd In Private Consumption? Theory and Empirical Evidence for the Euro Area

Does Government Spending Crowd In Private Consumption? Theory and Empirical Evidence for the Euro Area »

Source: Does Government Spending Crowd In Private Consumption? Theory and Empirical Evidence for the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2005/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Günter Coenen , and Roland Straub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861785

Keywords: non-Ricardian households, DSGE modeling, government spending, government spending shocks, aggregate consumption, DSGE modelling, Macroeconomic - Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook,

In this paper, we revisit the effects of government spending shocks on private consumption within an estimated New-Keynesian DSGE model of the euro area featuring non-Ricardian households. Employing Bayesian infere...

Togo: Selected Issues

Togo: Selected Issues »

Source: Togo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/310

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513562797

Keywords: Economic conditions, Economic indicators, Inflation, Agricultural prices, Public investment, Infrastructure, Economic growth, Industrial production, Markets, Selected Issues Papers

This Selected Issues paper discusses the assessment of economic activity in Togo in absence of quarterly GDP series. Togo collects about 40 macroeconomic indicators monthly that span a wide range of sectors of the...