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The Russian Flat Tax Reform

The Russian Flat Tax Reform »

Source: The Russian Flat Tax Reform

Volume/Issue: 2005/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , Alexander Klemm , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860351

Keywords: Tax reform, flat tax, tax payments, tax rates, social taxes, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household,

Russia dramatically reduced its higher rates of personal income tax (PIT) in 2001 establishing a single marginal rate at the low level of 13 percent. In the following year, real revenue from the PIT actually increa...

Bank Behavior in Developing Countries

Bank Behavior in Developing Countries »

Source: Bank Behavior in Developing Countries : Evidence from East Africa

Volume/Issue: 2005/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Podpiera , and Martin Cihak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451861488

Keywords: financial sector reforms, banking, international banks, financial sector, financial system, foreign exchange, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

We analyze the structure, performance, and role of banking systems in the three member countries of the East African Community-Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda-against the backdrop of recent financial sector reforms. Fo...

Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

The Structural Determinants of the Labor Share in Europe

The Structural Determinants of the Labor Share in Europe »

Source: The Structural Determinants of the Labor Share in Europe

Volume/Issue: 2019/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dilyana Dimova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302920

Keywords: National income, Labor market reforms, National income accounts, Economic integration, Labor market policy, labor share, technology, employment policies, globalization, employment protection

The labor share in Europe has been on a downward trend. This paper finds that the decline is concentrated in manufacture and among low- to mid-skilled workers. The shifting nature of employment away from full-time...

Reforming Energy Policy in India

Reforming Energy Policy in India »

Source: Reforming Energy Policy in India : Assessing the Options

Volume/Issue: 2017/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Victor Mylonas , and Nate Vernon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475595734

Keywords: Revenues, Asia and Pacific, India, Air pollution deaths, Paris targets, welfare effects, incidence, coal tax, energy price reform, Government Policy

Spreadsheet models are used to assess the environmental, fiscal, economic, and incidence effects of a wide range of options for reducing fossil fuel use in India. Among the most effective options is ramping up the...

Pension Reform Options in Chile

Pension Reform Options in Chile »

Source: Pension Reform Options in Chile : Some Tradeoffs

Volume/Issue: 2017/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marika Santoro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475586206

Keywords: Pension reforms, Chile, Pensions, Private savings, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Indirect taxation, Macro-fiscal analysis, General equilibrium models, macroeconomic analysis

In this paper, we study the macroeconomic impact of pension reform options in Chile, using a dynamic general equilibrium model. The main reform proposal considers raising contributions (employer side) and vehicle a...

Budget Consolidation

Budget Consolidation »

Source: Budget Consolidation : Short-Term Pain and Long-Term Gain

Volume/Issue: 2010/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Douglas Laxton , Susanna Mursula , Kevin Clinton , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201464

Keywords: current account imbalances, tax reform, income taxes, consumption taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

The paper evaluates the costs and benefits of fiscal consolidation using simulations based on the IMFs global DSGE model GIMF. Over the longer run, well-targeted permanent reductions in budget deficits lead to a co...

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis•

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis• »

Source: Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2012/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Ernesto Crivelli , and Joël Toujas-Bernate

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505689

Keywords: employment elasticities, structural policies, reforms, labor market, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other, Mobility

The aim of this paper is to provide new estimates of employment-output elasticities and assess the effect of structural and macroeocnomic policies on the employment-intensity of growth. Using an unbalanced panel of...

Inflation Targeting and Fiscal Rules

Inflation Targeting and Fiscal Rules »

Source: Inflation Targeting and Fiscal Rules : Do Interactions and Sequencing Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2014/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Louis Combes , Xavier Debrun , Alexandru Minea , and Rene Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 2014

ISBN: 9781498322379

Keywords: institutional reform sequencing, inflation, inflation rate, terms of trade, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary or Stabilization Policy, Deficit,

The paper examines the joint impact of inflation targeting (IT) and fiscal rules (FR) on fiscal behavior and inflation in a broad panel of advanced and developing economies over the period 1990-2009. The main contr...

Fiscal Consolidation in the Euro Area

Fiscal Consolidation in the Euro Area »

Source: Fiscal Consolidation in the Euro Area : How Much Can Structural Reforms Ease the Pain?

Volume/Issue: 2013/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Derek Anderson , Benjamin Hunt , and Stephen Snudden

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475573879

Keywords: General equlibrium models, Structural reforms, labor market, real wages, public debt, Forecasting and Simulation, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Institutions and Growth,

The IMF’s Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF) is used to examine the scope for structural reforms in the euro area to offset the negative impact of fiscal consolidation required to put public...