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IV Fiscal Adjustment

IV Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The public sectors of the Central Asian states still exhibit many of the characteristics of the former Soviet Union. Although the measured size of the public sector, relative to GDP, has been reduced in all...

V Monetary Policy and Progress with Stabilization

V Monetary Policy and Progress with Stabilization »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

Following independence in 1991, the states of the former Soviet Union continued to operate essentially within the framework of the monetary and financial system inherited from the Soviet era....

VI External Sector Policies

VI External Sector Policies »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

Under the centralized planning system, the Central Asian states developed highly specialized and closely integrated economic relationships with the rest of the Soviet Union, notably characterized by a strong...

VII Capital Flows and External Debt

VII Capital Flows and External Debt »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

Total external debt of the Central Asian states grew almost sevenfold during 1992–98, reaching $10.5 billion by end-1998 (Table 7.1 and Figure 7.1). The growth in debt started from a nonexistent base; all of...

VIII Structural Reforms

VIII Structural Reforms »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

Achieving macroeconomic stabilization has been a key element of economic reform programs in transition countries, and many agree that sustained stabilization is essential for the resumption of economic growt...

IX Past Lessons and Future Challenges

IX Past Lessons and Future Challenges »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states during 1992–98 indicate considerable progress in the region, as a whole, toward establishing a sound macroeconomic environment, but mixed success w...

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries: The Role of the IMF

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries: The Role of the IMF »

Source: Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries : The Role of the IMF

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2005

ISBN: 9781557759443

Keywords: banking, bribes, fighting corruption, improving governance, foreign exchange

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, some 25 countries began their dramatic transformation into market-based economies by liberalizing prices, dismantling the remaining instruments of...

1. MENAP Oil Exporters: Well Placed to Focus on Medium-Term Challenges1

1. MENAP Oil Exporters: Well Placed to Focus on Medium-Term Challenges1 »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069527

Keywords: oil exporters, exporters, oil importers, gas exporters, banking

At a Glance With the recovery in oil prices, MENAP oil exporters will experience visible improvements in fiscal and external balances during 2010–11. Non-oil activity...

2. MENAP Oil Importers: Adjusting to New Global Growth Patterns1

2. MENAP Oil Importers: Adjusting to New Global Growth Patterns1 »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069527

Keywords: oil exporters, exporters, oil importers, gas exporters, banking

At a Glance MENAP oil importers withstood the 2008–09 global financial crisis well, having effectively used their limited room for countercyclical macroeconomic polic...

3. The Caucasus and Central Asia: Challenges Beyond the Crisis1

3. The Caucasus and Central Asia: Challenges Beyond the Crisis1 »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069527

Keywords: oil exporters, exporters, oil importers, gas exporters, banking

At a Glance In virtually all countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA), the recovery, helped by the lagged effect of fiscal stimulus and a favorable external e...