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II Economic Integration Between Hong Kong SAR and Mainland China

II Economic Integration Between Hong Kong SAR and Mainland China »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Hong Kong SAR’s economic ties with the mainland have strengthened since its return to Chinese sovereignty in 1997. Following the relocation of most of its manufacturing production t...

III Fiscal Outlook and Policy Options

III Fiscal Outlook and Policy Options »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Fiscal policy in Hong Kong SAR has traditionally been conservative. The fiscal balance remained in surplus between FY1985 and FY1997, resulting in an accumulated fiscal reserve of a...

IV Determinants of, and Prospects for, Property Prices

IV Determinants of, and Prospects for, Property Prices »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

The evolution of property prices has important implications for macroeconomic outcomes in Hong Kong SAR. Property price declines, such as those experienced during the past five year...

V Deflation Dynamics

V Deflation Dynamics »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Hong Kong SAR has experienced continued deflation since the last quarter of 1998. The composite consumer price index (CPI) fell by almost 14 percent from the third quarter of 1998 u...

VI Trends in Wage Inequality, 1981–2001

VI Trends in Wage Inequality, 1981–2001 »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Income inequality in Hong Kong SAR has increased rapidly over the last twenty years (Figure 6.1). The Gini coefficient, a commonly used summary measure of household income inequalit...

VII Financial Market Developments

VII Financial Market Developments »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Hong Kong SAR is a leading international financial center with a resilient and fundamentally strong network of financial institutions and markets. Its extensive and deepening links...

Expenditure Composition and Economic Development in Benin

Expenditure Composition and Economic Development in Benin »

Source: Expenditure Composition and Economic Development in Benin

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Marco Pani , and Mohamed El Harrak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455266364

Keywords: Civil service, Economic growth, Benin, Economic models, Government expenditures, Labor markets, Public sector, Public investment, Wage policy, Wages

This paper analyzes expenditure composition and economic development in Benin. It addresses some specific issues on the basis of a stylized model of the Beninese economy that highlights the tradeoff between expendi...

Treasury Bills and/Or Central Bank Bills for Absorbing Surplus Liquidity

Treasury Bills and/Or Central Bank Bills for Absorbing Surplus Liquidity »

Source: Treasury Bills and/Or Central Bank Bills for Absorbing Surplus Liquidity : The Main Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2012/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Obert Nyawata

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933838

Keywords: consolidated public sector, central bank, government securities, debt management, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs: Public Policy,

This paper discusses the challenging question of whether central banks should use treasury bills or central bank bills for draining excess liquidity in the banking system. While recognizing that there are practical...

Putting the New Keynesian Model to a Test

Putting the New Keynesian Model to a Test »

Source: Putting the New Keynesian Model to a Test

Volume/Issue: 2006/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roland Straub , and Gert Peersman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863956

Keywords: DSGE models, sign restrictions, government spending, real wages, private consumption, aggregate demand, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Model Construction and Estimation,

In recent years, New Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (NK DSGE) models have become increasingly popular in the academic literature and in policy analysis. However, the success of these models in rep...

Luxembourg

Luxembourg »

Source: Luxembourg : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/131

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498314589

Keywords: Social security, Pension reforms, Government expenditures, Labor taxes, Real wages, contribution rate, pension system, pension reform, euro area average, retirement age

Selected Issues...