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Sierra Leone
			: Second and Third Reviews Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility, Request for Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria, Request for Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review:  Staff Report; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone : Second and Third Reviews Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility, Request for Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria, Request for Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review: Staff Report; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sierra Leone. »

Volume/Issue: 2011/361

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463929152.002

ISBN: 9781463929152

Keywords: credit, prices, payments, central bank, domestic financing

Sierra Leone's economic activity is expanding, and the medium-term outlook is favorable. Real GDP growth picked up to about 5 percent in 2010-11, while the commencement of an iron ore megaproject in 2012 is expecte...

Republic of Latvia
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Latvia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2005/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451824568.002

ISBN: 9781451824568

Keywords: domestic credit, current account, credit growth, interest rates, interest

This Selected Issues paper seeks to determine the macroeconomic effects of credit growth in Latvia. To do so, the paper relies on two approaches. First, a vector autoregressive system consisting of domestic credit,...

Barbados
			: Statistical Appendix

Barbados : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1996/138

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451805949.002

ISBN: 9781451805949

Keywords: credit, central bank, domestic financing, current account, shares

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

What Drives Stock Market Development in the Middle East and Central Asia-Institutions, Remittances, or Natural Resources?

What Drives Stock Market Development in the Middle East and Central Asia-Institutions, Remittances, or Natural Resources? »

Volume/Issue: 2007/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Isabella Massa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867213.001

ISBN: 9781451867213

Keywords: Stock market capitalization, panel, institutions, stock market, stock market development, domestic credit,

In this paper, we assess the macroeconomic determinants of stock market capitalization in a panel of 17 countries in the Middle East and Central Asia, including both hydrocarbon-rich countries and economies without...

Malta
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

Malta : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2019/70

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498300636.002

ISBN: 9781498300636

Keywords: Bank credit, Central banks, Bank reforms, Basel Core Principles, Gross capital formation, MFSA;CFT;AML;small bank;domestic bank

The financial sector in Malta is large compared to the economy and is strongly connected with the rest of the world. While Malta has benefited from considerable financial inflows, the associated risks, especially r...

Monetary Independence in Emerging Markets
			: Does the Exchange Rate Regime Make a Difference?

Monetary Independence in Emerging Markets : Does the Exchange Rate Regime Make a Difference? »

Volume/Issue: 2001/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Philippon , Jeronimo Zettelmeyer , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841633.001

ISBN: 9781451841633

Keywords: exchange rate regime, exchange rate, domestic interest rates, exchange rates, bond, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General,

This paper compares the impact of shocks to U.S. interest rates and emerging market bond spreads on domestic interest rates and exchange rates across several emerging market economies with different exchange rate r...

The Bahamas
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note on Financial Stability and Stress Testing

The Bahamas : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note on Financial Stability and Stress Testing »

Volume/Issue: 2019/202

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498323307.002

ISBN: 9781498323307

Keywords: Bank credit, Central banks, Real interest rates, Interest rate increases, Sovereign risk, domestic bank, U.S. recession, NPL, risk-weighted, offshore bank

Macrofinancial risks stem from the economy's vulnerability to external shocks to tourism and real estate investment, exposure to frequent and severe hurricanes, and a small and illiquid real estate market. Stress t...

Financial and Sovereign Debt Crises
			: Some Lessons Learned and Those Forgotten

Financial and Sovereign Debt Crises : Some Lessons Learned and Those Forgotten »

Volume/Issue: 2013/266

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , and Kenneth Rogoff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552874.001

ISBN: 9781475552874

Keywords: sovereign debt crises, deleveraging, credit cycles, financial repression, debt restructuring., domestic debt, government debt, debt overhang, General, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

Even after one of the most severe multi-year crises on record in the advanced economies, the received wisdom in policy circles clings to the notion that high-income countries are completely different from their eme...

A Survey of Experiences with Emerging Market Sovereign Debt Restructurings

A Survey of Experiences with Emerging Market Sovereign Debt Restructurings »

Volume/Issue: 2012/035

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498340472.007

ISBN: 9781498340472

Keywords: Debt restructuring, Emerging markets, Financial stability, Sovereign Debt Restructuring Mechanism, Financial markets, Sovereign debt restructuring, Financial institutions, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Domestic debt, debt restructure

This paper takes stock of past episodes of debt restructuring and reviews the relevant literature. Based on cross-country experience from the late 1990s through 2010 of emerging markets it offers some stylized fact...

A Quantitative Assessment of Financial Conditions in Asia

A Quantitative Assessment of Financial Conditions in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2011/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carolina Osorio Buitron , Filiz Unsal , and Runchana Pongsaparn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462314331.001

ISBN: 9781462314331

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Economic conditions, Asia, Forecasting models, Gross domestic product, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Financial conditions index, VAR, Dynamic Factor Analysis

We propose a new Financial Condition Index (FCI) for Asian economies based on two different methodologies: a VAR model and a Dynamic Factor Model. The paper shows that this index has predictive power in forecasting...