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China’s Demography and its Implications

China’s Demography and its Implications »

Source: China's Demography and its Implications

Volume/Issue: 2013/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Houng Lee , Xu Qingjun , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484363362

Keywords: Demographics, demography, dependency ratio, working population, pension, Forecasting and Simulation, Demographic Trends and Forecasts, Public Policy, China, Peoples Republic of,

In coming decades, China will undergo a notable demographic transformation, with its old-age dependency ratio doubling to 24 percent by 2030 and rising even more precipitously thereafter. This paper uses the perman...

Do Remittances Reduce Aid Dependency?

Do Remittances Reduce Aid Dependency? »

Source: Do Remittances Reduce Aid Dependency?

Volume/Issue: 2011/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maelan Le Goff , and Kangni Kpodar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463923259

Keywords: Development aid, aid flows, aid dependency, bilateral aid, aid allocation, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, Economic Development: General,

Aid has been for decades an important source of financing for developing countries, but more recently remittance flows have increased rapidly and are beginning to dwarf aid flows. This paper investigates how remitt...

Corporate Vulnerabilities in India and Banks' Loan Performance

Corporate Vulnerabilities in India and Banks' Loan Performance »

Source: Corporate Vulnerabilities in India and Banks' Loan Performance

Volume/Issue: 2014/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Lindner , and Sung Eun Jung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498334235

Keywords: firm resilience, bank-corporate dependencies, leverage, corporate performance, debt, share, loan, market, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis, General

The financial performance of India's corporate sector has been under pressure since the Global Financial Crisis. Balance-sheet data on a large cross-section of Indian non-financial corporates show that the growth i...

Impact of Migration on Income Levels in Advanced Economies

Impact of Migration on Income Levels in Advanced Economies »

Source: Impact of Migration on Income Levels in Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 2016/08

Series: Spillover Notes

Author(s): Florence Jaumotte , Ksenia Koloskova , and Sweta Saxena

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2016

ISBN: 9781475545913

Keywords: Income, Labor productivity, Migration, Employment, GDP, advanced economies, migrant skill levels, regional migration, host economies, working-age population

The recent refugee surge has brought attention to the macro-critical policy issue of migration, including speculations that migration can be an unfavorable phenomenon for the receiving economies. A car...

Macroeconomic Effects and Policy Challenges of Population Aging

Macroeconomic Effects and Policy Challenges of Population Aging »

Source: Macroeconomic Effects and Policy Challenges of Population Aging

Volume/Issue: 2006/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Natalia Tamirisa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863550

Keywords: simulation, general equilibrium model, dependency ratio, labor income, labor force, retirement, birth, Social Security and Public Pensions, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper simulates the macroeconomic effects of population aging in a dynamic overlapping generations model of a small open economy. The model is calibrated to data for the Czech Republic, where population aging...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Migration from the New European Union Member States to the United Kingdom

The Macroeconomic Effects of Migration from the New European Union Member States to the United Kingdom »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Migration from the New European Union Member States to the United Kingdom

Volume/Issue: 2007/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dora Iakova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866254

Keywords: new EU member states, free labor movement, dependency ratio, labor income, labor force, retirement, birth, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

The United Kingdom allowed workers from the ten new European Union member countries immediate access to its labor market after the accession in 2004. This paper uses a general equilibrium framework to explore the d...

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Source: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : Macroeconomic Impact of an Aging Population in a Highly Open Economy

Volume/Issue: 2006/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lamin Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863475

Keywords: Productivity Growth, Fiscal Impact, Health Care Costs, pension, health care, elderly, dependency, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

Hong Kong SAR's population is aging rapidly. This paper concludes that, without a change in policies, aging could adversely affect growth and living standards. While higher labor productivity growth and increased m...

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1 »

Source: Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...

Macroeconomic Effects of Prelected Population Aging in Industrial Countries

Macroeconomic Effects of Prelected Population Aging in Industrial Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1990/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson , and Ralph Tryon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929553.001

ISBN: 9781451929553

Keywords: dependency ratio, dependency ratios, private saving, labor force, demographic shift

The effects of population aging are examined with the aid of a theoretical model and simulations of MULTIMOD. An older population will consume more of aggregate disposable income, require higher government expendit...

New Zealand
			: Selected Issues Paper

New Zealand : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2011/103

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455274512.002

ISBN: 9781455274512

Keywords: private saving, dependency ratio, life expectancy, age dependency ratio

The Savings Working Group in New Zealand presented recommendations in February 2011, and suggested raising national saving by 2-3 percent of GDP. The increase in net public saving in the country explains part of th...