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Algeria

Algeria »

Source: Algeria : The Real Exchange Rate, Export Diversification, and Trade Protection

Volume/Issue: 1999/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451846829

Keywords: Protection, growth, exchange rate, real exchange rate, trade liberalization, oil prices, trade policies

Given the tendency of the oil sector to appreciate the equilibrium real exchange rate (RER) in Algeria, trade liberalization with its depreciating impact on the RER is important for diversification of exports. This...

Rising Income Inequality

Rising Income Inequality »

Source: Rising Income Inequality : Technology, or Trade and Financial Globalization?

Volume/Issue: 2008/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Subir Lall , and Florence Jaumotte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870435

Keywords: mechanisms, trade globalization, financial globalization, technological progress, FDI., tariff rate, trade liberalization, FDI,

We examine the relationship between trade and financial globalization and the rise in inequality in most countries in recent decades. We find technological progress as having a greater impact than globalization on...

Trade Openness and Growth

Trade Openness and Growth »

Source: Trade Openness and Growth : Pursuing Empirical Glasnost

Volume/Issue: 2007/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Tommaso Nannicini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867206

Keywords: trade openness, growth, matching estimators, synthetic control, gdp per capita, real gdp, trade liberalization,

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on cross-country analysis-which lacks transparency-or case studies-which lack statistical rigor. We apply transparent econometric methods drawn fro...

Can Regional Integration Accelerate Development in Africa? CGE Model Simulations of the Impact of the SADC FTA on the Republic of Madagascar

Can Regional Integration Accelerate Development in Africa? CGE Model Simulations of the Impact of the SADC FTA on the Republic of Madagascar »

Source: Can Regional Integration Accelerate Development in Africa? CGE Model Simulations of the Impact of the SADC FTA on the Republic of Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2007/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866308

Keywords: CGE, SADC, trade diversion, terms of trade, regional trade, multilateral liberalization, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade: Forecasting and Simulation,

Madagascar plans to start phasing out its customs tariffs on imports from the Southern African Development Community in 2007. This paper uses a CGE model to evaluate the impact of the SADC FTA on Madagascar economy...

Growth and Structural Reforms

Growth and Structural Reforms »

Source: Growth and Structural Reforms : A New Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2009/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Thierry Tressel , and Martin Schindler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874297

Keywords: Liberalization, Domestic Finance, Trade: Capital Account, tfp, real gdp, trade reforms, gdp per capita,

This paper presents a simultaneous assessment of the relationship between economic performance and three groups of economic reforms: domestic finance, trade, and the capital account. Among these, domestic financial...

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa : Past Performance and the Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2005/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860559

Keywords: Regional Trade Arrangements, regional integration, regional trade, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, Simulation Methods, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

Regional trade arrangements (RTAs) in Africa have been ineffective in promoting trade and foreign direct investment. Relatively high external trade barriers and low resource complementarity between member countries...

Trade Liberalization Strategies

Trade Liberalization Strategies »

Source: Trade Liberalization Strategies : What Could South Eastern Europe Learn From Cefta and Bfta?

Volume/Issue: 2003/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonis Adam , James McHugh , and Theodora Kosma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875799

Keywords: Trade liberalization, gravity models, stability pact, CEFTA, BFTA, trade area, free trade, free trade area, regional trade, portfolio choice

This paper explores the effectiveness of the Central European Free Trade Area (CEFTA) and the Baltic Free Trade Area (BFTA). Estimates from a gravity model and bilateral trade data support the view that both CEFTA...

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly »

Source: The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

Volume/Issue: 2003/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451859430

Keywords: WTO, gravity, special and differential treatment, industrial country, industrial countries, free trade area, free trade, trade liberalization,

This paper furnishes robust evidence that the GATT/WTO has had a powerful and positive impact on trade. The impact has, however, been uneven. GATT/WTO membership for industrial countries has been associated with a...

Trade, Growth, and Poverty

Trade, Growth, and Poverty »

Source: Trade, Growth, and Poverty : A Selective Survey

Volume/Issue: 2003/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , and Anne Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451844931

Keywords: growth, trade protection, openness, trade liberalization, tariff rates, trade openness, average tariff, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Welfare and Poverty: General,

This survey of the recent literature asks: how important is trade policy for poverty reduction? We consider the effects of openness on poverty in two components: the effect of openness on average income growth, and...

Viet Nam

Viet Nam »

Source: Viet Nam : Reform and Stabilization, 1986-1992

Volume/Issue: 1993/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erich Spitäller , and Gabrielle Lipworth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1993

ISBN: 9781451973808

Keywords: state enterprises, state sector, public enterprises, foreign trade, price liberalization, Viet Nam,

Viet Nam has made substantial progress in the transition to a market economy and toward financial stability since economic reform began in 1986. Piecemeal measures were adopted at first, followed by the launching o...