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Effects of Timeliness on the Trade Pattern between Primary and Processed Goods1

Effects of Timeliness on the Trade Pattern between Primary and Processed Goods1 »

Source: Effects of Timeliness on the Trade Pattern between Primary and Processed Goods

Volume/Issue: 2017/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Suprabha Baniya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475585537

Keywords: Comparative advantage, Trade, Transportation Infrastructure, Time Sensitivity, Input-Output Linkages, Global Value Chains, Intermediate Inputs, Trade Costs, Logistics, General

This paper investigates the effect of timeliness in accessing the intermediate inputs on the trade pattern. In particular, any country that has a higher ability to transport goods on time has a comparative advantag...

Demand Spillovers and the Collapse of Trade in the Global Recession

Demand Spillovers and the Collapse of Trade in the Global Recession »

Source: Demand Spillovers and the Collapse of Trade in the Global Recession

Volume/Issue: 2010/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kei-Mu Yi , Rudolfs Bems , and Robert Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201259

Keywords: Demand spillovers, trade collapse, input-output model, trade elasticity, domestic demand, intermediate goods, world trade, goods imports, global trade, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper uses a global input-output framework to quantify US and EU demand spillovers and the elasticity of world trade to GDP during the global recession of 2008-2009. We find that 20-30 percent of the decline i...

Credit Supply and Productivity Growth

Credit Supply and Productivity Growth »

Source: Credit Supply and Productivity Growth

Volume/Issue: 2019/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Manaresi , and Nicola Pierri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498315258

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Credit risk, Credit, Credit demand, Credit expansion, Credit Supply, Productivity, Export, Management, IT adoption

We study the impact of bank credit on firm productivity. We exploit a matched firm-bank database covering all the credit relationships of Italian corporations, together with a natural experiment, to measure idiosyn...

The Impact of Tradeon Wages

The Impact of Tradeon Wages »

Source: The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small?

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...

Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia1

Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia1 »

Source: Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia

Volume/Issue: 2011/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri , Pau Rabanal , and Isabelle Mejean

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218967

Keywords: Rebalancing, Intermediate Inputs, terms of trade, tradable goods, exchange rate, export prices, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

A reduction in the U.S. current account deficit vis-à-vis emerging Asia involves a shift in demand from U.S. to emerging Asia tradable goods and a change in international relative prices. This paper quantifies the...

Input Shortages in Mixed Economies
			: An Application to Indian Manufacturing Industries

Input Shortages in Mixed Economies : An Application to Indian Manufacturing Industries »

Volume/Issue: 1991/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847666.001

ISBN: 9781451847666

Keywords: capacity utilization, imported inputs, quantitative restrictions, intermediate inputs, import license

Widespread shortages in key inputs are common in mixed economies of developing countries. These shortages appear to occur at the same time that relatively high rates of capacity underutilization in manufacturing in...

Does Sequencing of Privatization Matter in Reforming Planned Economies?

Does Sequencing of Privatization Matter in Reforming Planned Economies? »

Volume/Issue: 1992/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aasim Husain , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451924732.001

ISBN: 9781451924732

Keywords: intermediate goods, intermediate inputs, imperfect competition, perfect competition

Although a centerpiece of the reform process in Central and Eastern Europe, large-scale privatization cannot be undertaken all at once and policymakers inevitably face the choice of privatizing some sectors before...

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700 »

Source: Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700 : How Big, How Benign and How Reversible?

Volume/Issue: 2011/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Igor Lebrun , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455261383

Keywords: Relative real unit labor costs, capital-output ratio, labor and product market institutions, EMU, labor costs, labor market, intermediate inputs, product market, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Prices

Real unit labor costs (RULC) growth differentials between euro area members have persisted since EMU began and even widened out in the run-up to the crisis. This paper focuses on the causes underlying such dispersi...

Price Setting in a Model with Production Chains

Price Setting in a Model with Production Chains »

Source: Price Setting in a Model with Production Chains : Evidence from Sectoral Data

Volume/Issue: 2010/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maral Shamloo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982664

Keywords: Multi-sector model, Intermediate inputs, Heterogeneity, New-Keynesian Phillips curve, Production chain, inflation, relative price, monetary economics, aggregate demand, Prices

Reconciling the high frequency of price changes at the micro level and their apparent rigidity at the aggregate level has been the subject of considerable debate in macroeconomics recently. In this paper I show tha...

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Source: Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...