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Quotas - Data Update and Simulations

Quotas - Data Update and Simulations »

Source: Quotas - Data Update and Simulations

Volume/Issue: 2016/052

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2016

ISBN: 9781498345361

Keywords: Databases, Quota calculations, Quota formulas, Quotas, Financial statistics, National income, Least developed countries, Balance of payments, Foreign exchange reserves, quota share

The quota database has been updated by one year through 2014. Overall, the results of the update continue the broad trends observed in previous updates, but the shifts between the main country groups are generally...

Economic Fluctuations in Sub-Saharan Africa*

Economic Fluctuations in Sub-Saharan Africa* »

Source: Economic Fluctuations in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2018/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Melina , and Rafael Portillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484344880

Keywords: Supply and demand, Financial statistics, National income, Financial crises, Business cycles, macroeconomic fluctuations, low income countries, developing economies, comparative studies of countries, SSA

We compare business cycle fluctuations in Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries vis-à-vis the rest of the world. Our main results are as follows: (i) African economies stand out by their macroeconomic volatility, whi...

State Institutions and Tax Capacity: An Empirical Investigation of Causality

State Institutions and Tax Capacity: An Empirical Investigation of Causality »

Source: State Institutions and Tax Capacity: An Empirical Investigation of Causality

Volume/Issue: 2019/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olusegun Ayodele Akanbi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2019

ISBN: 9781513509860

Keywords: Tax revenue, Tax exemptions, Tax administration, Tax reforms, Tax rates, Tax capacity, institutions, causality, GDP, state institution

Would better state institutions increase tax collection, or would higher tax collection help improve state institutions? In the absence of conclusive guidance from theory, this paper searches for an empirical answe...

Budget Institutions in G-20 Countries - Country Evaluations

Budget Institutions in G-20 Countries - Country Evaluations »

Source: Budget Institutions in G-20 Countries - Country Evaluations

Volume/Issue: 2014/042

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498343565

Keywords: Budgeting, Budgets, Cross country analysis, Data quality assessment framework, Financial management, Fiscal policy, Fiscal risk, Group of Twenty, Public finance, Risk management

The central government publishes comprehensive financial statements, which include the social security funds and balance sheets with all financial assets and liabilities. Audited financial statements are published...

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions »

Source: Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451855036

Keywords: Saving behavior, OECD, cross-country studies, panel data models, slope heterogeneity, dynamics, Ricardian effect, time series, mean group, correlation

This paper examines the extent to which conclusions of cross-country studies of private savings are robust to allowing for the possible heterogeneity of savings behavior across countries and the inclusion of dynami...

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development*

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development* »

Source: Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development

Volume/Issue: 2019/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dong Frank Wu , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484399613

Keywords: Shadow economy, National income, Social safety nets, Labor market flexibility, Economic growth, institutional factor, non-institutional, regression, long-run, country group

This paper is the first attempt to directly explore the long-run nonlinear relationship between the shadow economy and level of development. Using a dataset of 158 countries over the period from 1996 to 2015, our r...

On the Solvency of Nations

On the Solvency of Nations »

Source: On the Solvency of Nations : Are Global Imbalances Consistent with Intertemporal Budget Constraints?

Volume/Issue: 2010/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrique Mendoza , Marco Terrones , and Ceyhun Bora Durdu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963298

Keywords: external solvency, Poled Mean Group estimation, foreign assets, net foreign assets, equation, statistics, industrial countries, Open Economy Macroeconomics, General Outlook and Conditions,

Theory predicts that a nation's stochastic intertemporal budget constraint is satisfied if net exports (NX) and net foreign assets (NFA) satisfy an error-correction specification with a residual integrated of any f...

Improving Public Investment Efficiency in the G-20

Improving Public Investment Efficiency in the G-20 »

Source: Improving Public Investment Efficiency in the G-20

Volume/Issue: 2015/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2015

ISBN: 9781498344258

Keywords: Asset management, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Group of Twenty, Infrastructure, Public investment, Public sector investments, Public investments, Economic growth, Economic recovery

Through the provision of both social and economic infrastructure, public investment can serve as an important catalyst for economic growth. A significant body of theoretical and empirical research underscores the p...

Guidance Note on IMF Engagement on Social Safeguards in Low-Income Countries

Guidance Note on IMF Engagement on Social Safeguards in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Guidance Note on IMF Engagement on Social Safeguards in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2018/036

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2018

ISBN: 9781498310611

Keywords: Low income countries, Social protection, Social safety nets, Social indicators, Poverty reduction, Fiscal policy, Civil society, social safety net, vulnerable group, conditionality

This note provides operational guidance to staff on how to engage on social safeguard issues with low-income countries in both program and surveillance contexts. The note is not intended as a comprehensive guide, a...

Quotas - Updated Calculations

Quotas - Updated Calculations »

Source: Quotas - Updated Calculations

Volume/Issue: 2006/017

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2006

ISBN: 9781498332392

Keywords: Quota calculations, Quota formulas, Quotas, Financial statistics, International banking, Capital inflows, Economic indicators, International banks, re-exports, updated data

The purpose of this paper is to present the results of updating the data set used for quota calculations through 2004. This updated data set will provide the basis for discussions on possible adjustments in the dis...