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Uruguay: Selected Issues

Uruguay: Selected Issues »

Source: Uruguay : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/7

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484342879

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Commodity prices, Mining sector, Land prices, Fiscal policy, Inflation, Global competitiveness, Selected issues, Uruguay, agricultural land

This Selected Issues paper examines the performance of Uruguay's exports, external balances, and relative price movements over the past decade and applies the IMF's standard external sector assessment tools to Urug...

The Role of Productivity, Transportation Costs, and Barriers to Intersectoral Mobility in Structural Transformation

The Role of Productivity, Transportation Costs, and Barriers to Intersectoral Mobility in Structural Transformation »

Source: The Role of Productivity, Transportation Costs, and Barriers to Intersectoral Mobility in Structural Transformation

Volume/Issue: 2015/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cem Karayalcin , and Mihaela Pintea

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

ISBN: 9781484350058

Keywords: Structural transformation, Subsistence agriculture, multi-sector models, Economic development, Transportation costs, transportation, agriculture, costs, productivity, General

The process of economic development is characterized by substantial reallocations of resources across sectors. In this paper, we construct a multi-sector model in which there are barriers to the movement of labor f...

Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Source: Anchoring Growth : The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , and Robert Tchaidze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2013

ISBN: 9781616357290

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developing countries, Economic growth, Agricultural sector, Fiscal reforms, Manufacturing sector, Labor markets, Labor productivity, Services sector, Total factor productivity

Fostering and sustaining robust economic growth is an imperative across advanced, emerging, and low-income countries alike. Countries will need to focus on supply-side reforms to raise their potential output and an...

Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity*

Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity* »

Source: Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2019/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , and Claudia Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2019

ISBN: 9781498326636

Keywords: Agricultural production, Production, Gross domestic product, Development, Employment, Productivity, Agriculture, Geography, potential yield, crop selection

A large share of cross-country differences in productivity is explained by differences in agricultural productivity. Using a combination of sub-national agricultural statistics and geospatial datasets on crop-speci...

Structural Reforms and Productivity Growth in Emerging Market and Developing Economies*

Structural Reforms and Productivity Growth in Emerging Market and Developing Economies* »

Source: Structural Reforms and Productivity Growth in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2016/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , and Annette Kyobe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498306560

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Labor productivity, Economic Growth, Structural Reforms, Institutions, Emerging Market and Developing Countries, Agriculture, Industry, Services, productivity

This paper empirically assesses the role of structural and institutional reforms in driving productivity growth across countries at different stages of development, using a distance-to-frontier framework. It gauges...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Structural Transformation and the Agricultural Wage Gap

Structural Transformation and the Agricultural Wage Gap »

Source: Structural Transformation and the Agricultural Wage Gap

Volume/Issue: 2017/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484335444

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Brazil, Agriculture, Human capital, Wage Gaps, Structural Transformation, Sorting, Productivity Gaps, Labor Force and Employment, Size

A key feature of developing economies is that wages in agriculture are significantly below those of other sectors. Using Brazilian household surveys and administrative panel data, I use information on workers who s...

Making Trade an Engine of Growth for All

Making Trade an Engine of Growth for All »

Source: Making Trade an Engine of Growth for All : The Case for Trade and for Policies to Facilitate Adjustment

Volume/Issue: 2017/054

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2017

ISBN: 9781498347013

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Agricultural trade, International trade agreements, Merchandise trade, Comparative advantage, trade reform, NTMs, benefit of trade, trade-related, restrictiveness

The role of trade in the global economy is at a critical juncture. Increased trade integration helped to drive economic growth in advanced and developing economies in the latter part of the 20th century. Since the...

Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity »

Source: Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2019/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Alexis Meyer-Cirkel , Akira Sasahara , and Hans Weisfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484393826

Keywords: Price indexes, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Agricultural Productivity;TFP;Imported Inputs;Weather Shocks;Climate Change Mitigation;LICs.;high-income country;low share;value-added;middle-income country

This paper estimates agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) in 162 countries between 1991 and 2015 and aims to understand sources of cross-country variations in agricultural TFP levels and its growth rates. T...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Source: Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...