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Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality1

Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality1 »

Source: Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santiago Acosta Ormaechea , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Carolina Correa-Caro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484303689

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Synthetic Control Method, Structural Reform, General, Comparative Studies of Countries

We estimate the effects on growth of nine fiscal reform episodes in seven high-income countries using the Synthetic Control Method. These episodes are selected using an indicator-based approach applied to the evalu...

Fiscal Politics in the Euro Area

Fiscal Politics in the Euro Area »

Source: Fiscal Politics in the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2017/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Vitor Gaspar , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475572919

Keywords: Political economy, Euro Area, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, political economy factors, deficit bias, procyclicality, fiscal rules

This paper provides evidence of fiscal procyclicality, excessive deficits, distorted budget composition and poor compliance with fiscal rules in the euro area. Our analysis relies on real-time data for 19 countries...

Primeron Reforms in a Second-Best Ambiguous Environment

Primeron Reforms in a Second-Best Ambiguous Environment »

Source: Primeron Reforms in a Second-Best Ambiguous Environment : A Case for Gradualism

Volume/Issue: 2002/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Erbas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451846980

Keywords: reform, sequencing, gradualism, big bang, uncertainty, ambiguity, flexibility, reform outcomes, reform package, expected value

Ambiguity, as opposed to uncertainty, reflects lack of sufficient information about distribution and payoffs of infrequent events. Reforms are infrequent events, undertaken in ambiguous second-best environments whe...

“Big Bang” Versus Gradualism in Economic Reforms: An Intertemporal Analysis with an Application to China

“Big Bang” Versus Gradualism in Economic Reforms: An Intertemporal Analysis with an Application to China »

Source: 'Big Bang' Versus Gradualism in Economic Reforms : An Intertemporal Analysis with an Application to China

Volume/Issue: 2001/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Feltenstein , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451852141

Keywords: China, Transition, sequencing of reforms, speed of adjustment, privatization, gradual privatization, tariff reform, state-owned enterprises, exchange rate policy, Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models

This paper reviews briefly the controversy in the literature concerning the speed of adjustment and sequencing of reforms, and presents a model parameterized with Chinese data. The model is used to generate differe...

When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies1

When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies1 »

Source: When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies

Volume/Issue: 2016/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Bordon , Christian Ebeke , and Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513589923

Keywords: Structural reforms, employment, monetary policy, fiscal policy, product market, labor market, labor, employment rate, General, All Countries,

Structural reforms are expected to lift growth and employment, but their effects are surprisingly difficult to pin down empirically. One reason is their potential endogeneity to the economic environment in which th...

Case Studies in Tax Revenue Mobilization in Low-Income Countries

Case Studies in Tax Revenue Mobilization in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Case Studies in Tax Revenue Mobilization in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , Jiro Honda , Hiroaki Miyamoto , Keyra Primus , and Mouhamadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498314565

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Tax revenue, Tax reforms, Revenue measures, Tax rates, tax revenue mobilization, tax policy, revenue administration, reform strategy, percent of GDP

How can Low-Income Countries (LICs) enhance tax revenue collection to finance their vast development needs? We address this question by analyzing seven tax reform experiences in LICs (Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Mald...

Any Link Between Legal Central Bank Independence and Inflation? Evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean

Any Link Between Legal Central Bank Independence and Inflation? Evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Any Link Between Legal Central Bank Independence and Inflation? Evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2005/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Jácome , and Francisco Vazquez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860948

Keywords: structural reform, Latin America, central bank, central banks, monetary policy, monetary fund, Latin Amercia,

This paper reviews central bank legislation in 24 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean during the 1990s. Using panel regressions, we find a negative relationship between legal central bank independence (CBI...

Financial Market Implications of India's Pension Reform

Financial Market Implications of India's Pension Reform »

Source: Financial Market Implications of India's Pension Reform

Volume/Issue: 2007/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866490

Keywords: pension, bonds, pension funds, pension fund, pension reform, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

India's planned pension reform will set up a proper regulatory framework for the pension industry and open up the sector to private fund managers. Drawing on international experiences, the paper highlights pre-cond...

Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies

Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies »

Source: Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies

Volume/Issue: 1990/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1990

ISBN: 9781451939569

Keywords: banking, central bank, banking system, national bank, monetary policy, Economic Reform,

This paper reviews key areas of central banking reform in a sample of centrally planned economies undergoing transition to market-based systems. The discussion draws mainly on the experiences of four countries, Hun...

Labor Market Issues in the Caribbean

Labor Market Issues in the Caribbean »

Source: Labor Market Issues in the Caribbean : Scope to Mobilize Employment Growth

Volume/Issue: 2014/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , Genevieve Lindow , Mario Mansilla , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Jochen M. Schmittmann , Qiaoe Chen , Xin Li , Marika Santoro , and Solomon Stavis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498387804

Keywords: labor market, macro policies, structural reforms, employment growth, unemployment rate, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Public Policy,

The paper examines the determinants of employment growth, drawing on data available across a sample of Caribbean countries. To that end, the paper analyzes estimates of the employment-output elasticity and the resp...