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Building a Better Union

Building a Better Union »

Source: Building a Better Union : Incentivizing Structural Reforms in the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2015/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Angana Banerji , Bergljot Barkbu , James John , Tidiane Kinda , Sergejs Saksonovs , Hanni Schoelermann , and Tao Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513517087

Keywords: Structural reform, European economic governance, governance, states, member states, legislation, fiscal, Planning, Coordination, and Reform

The momentum for structural reforms is waning in the euro area at a time when even faster progress is needed to boost productivity and growth, achieve real economic convergence, and improve the resilience of the mo...

The Challenge of Fiscal Adjustment in a Democracy

The Challenge of Fiscal Adjustment in a Democracy »

Source: The Challenge of Fiscal Adjustment in a Democracy : The Case of India

Volume/Issue: 2004/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ricardo Hausmann , and Catriona Purfield

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451858297

Keywords: Fiscal responsibility legislation, federal relations, budget management, fiscal responsibility, fiscal imbalances, decentralization, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, State and Local Borrowing,

India's fiscal problem has deep roots in its federal fiscal system, where multiple players find it difficult to coordinate adjustment. The size and closed nature of the Indian economy, aided by its deep domestic ca...

Appendix I. Data Sources and Definitions

Appendix I. Data Sources and Definitions »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

Data on per capita GDP are purchasing power-parity-adjusted (1990 international Geary-Khamis dollars), drawn from Maddison (2003). For the purposes of the present study, the sample...

Appendix II. Behavior of Different Types of Financial Flow

Appendix II. Behavior of Different Types of Financial Flow »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

Data Description This appendix analyzes data on the financial account and six of its components—foreign direct investment (FDI); portfolio debt investment (PDI); portfolio equity inv...

Appendix III. A Model of Optimal Reserves

Appendix III. A Model of Optimal Reserves »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

This appendix presents background information on the Jeanne and Rancière (2006) model of a growing open economy where reserves are accumulated, at a cost, in order to reduce the fre...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

Member countries are routinely faced with a range of shocks that can contribute to higher volatility in aggregate output and, in extreme cases, to economic crises. The presence of such risks underlies a pote...

II. Insurance Against What? Shocks and Their Costs

II. Insurance Against What? Shocks and Their Costs »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

In analyzing the types of events that countries may wish to insure against, this paper will focus on drops in per capita GDP as a practical and widely available proxy for the economic costs that countries in...

III. Sound Fundamentals and Liability Structures

III. Sound Fundamentals and Liability Structures »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

It is generally recognized that countries can self-insure significantly against shocks through their own policies and institutions. Beyond prudent macroeconomic policies, resilience to shocks can be fostered...

IV. Self-Insurance Through International Reserves

IV. Self-Insurance Through International Reserves »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

On the asset side of countries’ external balance sheets, international reserves constitute the main form of self-insurance against damaging crises, partly because of the speed and ease with which they can be...

V. Conclusion

V. Conclusion »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

The stylized facts presented in this study suggest that countries are subject to a wide variety of shocks that often have major, enduring consequences for levels of aggregate output, and thus for economic we...