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2. Emerging Europe: Reducing Vulnerabilities to Prevent Financial Turmoil

2. Emerging Europe: Reducing Vulnerabilities to Prevent Financial Turmoil »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

Emerging Europe’s recovery from the deep crisis of 2008/09 continued in the first half of 2011, and growth also picked up in the Baltic countries and Southeastern Europe—the regions most affecte...

3. Long-Term Growth Differentials within Europe

3. Long-Term Growth Differentials within Europe »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

In the past decade, growth rates in GDP per capita have differed markedly among European countries, from zero in Italy and Portugal to more than 4 percent in the best performers. To a large exte...

4. East-West Economic and Financial Linkages in Europe

4. East-West Economic and Financial Linkages in Europe »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

Trade and financial linkages between Western Europe and Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) have increased sharply over the past one and a half decades. 48...

1. The United States, Canada, and the World: Outlook, Risks, and Policies

1. The United States, Canada, and the World: Outlook, Risks, and Policies »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015: Western Hemisphere Department : Adjusting Under Pressure

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513575209

Keywords: Trade integration, Fiscal consolidation, Commodity prices, Exchange rate flexibility, interest, trade, exchange, interest rates, financial development

Global growth remains modest and uneven. Following a setback in early 2015, the pace of global activity rebounded but the growth outlook remains subdued over both short and longer horizons. West...

2. Outlook and Policy Challenges for Latin America and the Caribbean

2. Outlook and Policy Challenges for Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015: Western Hemisphere Department : Adjusting Under Pressure

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513575209

Keywords: Trade integration, Fiscal consolidation, Commodity prices, Exchange rate flexibility, interest, trade, exchange, interest rates, financial development

Economic activity in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is undergoing a protracted slowdown, in tandem with weaker underlying fundamentals. Growth is projected to decline again in 2015, turni...

3. To Hike or Not to Hike: Is That an Option for Latin America? Assessing Monetary Policy Autonomy

3. To Hike or Not to Hike: Is That an Option for Latin America? Assessing Monetary Policy Autonomy »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015: Western Hemisphere Department : Adjusting Under Pressure

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513575209

Keywords: Trade integration, Fiscal consolidation, Commodity prices, Exchange rate flexibility, interest, trade, exchange, interest rates, financial development

While Latin America experiences a sharp economic slowdown, a stronger U.S. economy is setting the stage for the Federal Reserve to continue normalizing its monetary stance. This chapter quantifi...

4. Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean: Hype, Hope, and Reality

4. Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean: Hype, Hope, and Reality »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015: Western Hemisphere Department : Adjusting Under Pressure

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513575209

Keywords: Trade integration, Fiscal consolidation, Commodity prices, Exchange rate flexibility, interest, trade, exchange, interest rates, financial development

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is less open to trade than most other emerging market regions. This chapter finds that most of the countries in the region have been “undertrading” given fu...

5. Advancing Financial Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

5. Advancing Financial Development in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015: Western Hemisphere Department : Adjusting Under Pressure

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513575209

Keywords: Trade integration, Fiscal consolidation, Commodity prices, Exchange rate flexibility, interest, trade, exchange, interest rates, financial development

In recent years, many Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have made significant efforts to develop their financial systems. This chapter examines the current state of financial developm...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015: Western Hemisphere Department : Adjusting Under Pressure

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513575209

Keywords: Trade integration, Fiscal consolidation, Commodity prices, Exchange rate flexibility, interest, trade, exchange, interest rates, financial development

Following an early setback in 2015, the pace of global activity rebounded, but the outlook remains modest in both the near and medium term. The recovery in advanced economies is becoming more firm, though it...

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook and Challenges

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook and Challenges »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Western Hemisphere : Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2011

ISBN: 9781616351304

Keywords: terms of trade, commodity prices, inflation, terms of trade shocks, fiscal consolidation

Global activity has slowed, and the expansion has become more uneven with increasing downside risks, accompanied by bouts of global financial market volatility. Although the transient factors th...