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Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2013, Western Hemisphere : Time to Rebuild Policy Space

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484347928

Keywords: Production, Financial crises, Financial statistics, Gross domestic product, Capital, Economies, Economic indicators, tfp, current account, external shocks

Despite some global risks, external conditions for Latin America should remain stimulative. With monetary policy in advanced economies expected to stay accommodative, external financing conditions will remain favor...

The Motives to Borrow

The Motives to Borrow »

Volume/Issue: 2019/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Fatás , Atish Ghosh , Ugo Panizza , and Andrea Presbitero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498312103.001

ISBN: 9781498312103

Keywords: Domestic debt, Economic growth, Economic recovery, Real interest rates, Domestic currency debt, Sovereign Debt, Political Economy, Fiscal Policy, Growth, debt-to-GDP ratio

Governments issue debt for good and bad reasons. While the good reasons-intertemporal tax-smoothing, fiscal stimulus, and asset management-can explain some of the increases in public debt in recent years, they cann...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2013, Western Hemisphere : Time to Rebuild Policy Space

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484347928

Keywords: Production, Financial crises, Financial statistics, Gross domestic product, Capital, Economies, Economic indicators, tfp, current account, external shocks

Despite some global risks, external conditions for Latin America should remain stimulative. With monetary policy in advanced economies expected to stay accommodative, external financing conditions will remain favor...

Costs of Sovereign Defaults: Restructuring Strategies, Bank Distress and the Capital Inflow-Credit Channel

Costs of Sovereign Defaults: Restructuring Strategies, Bank Distress and the Capital Inflow-Credit Channel »

Volume/Issue: 2019/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamon Asonuma , Marcos Chamon , Aitor Erce , and Akira Sasahara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498303255.001

ISBN: 9781498303255

Keywords: Sovereign debt restructuring, Business cycles, Capital inflows, Domestic debt, Current account deficits, Sovereign Debt, Sovereign Defaults, Sovereign Debt Restructurings, GDP Growth, Investment

Sovereign debt restructurings are associated with declines in GDP, investment, bank credit, and capital flows. The transmission channels and associated output and banking sector costs depend on whether the restruct...

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines »

Volume/Issue: 2009/038

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498335744.007

ISBN: 9781498335744

Keywords: Access limits, Access to Fund general resources, Concessional aid, Debt management, Debt sustainability, External debt, External financing, Financial management, Fund facilities, Fund policies

Low-income countries (LICs) face significant challenges in meeting their development objectives, while maintaining a sustainable debt position. To address this dilemma, the international community has largely advoc...

The Negative Mean Output Gap

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The Negative Mean Output Gap »

Volume/Issue: 2019/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Simon Voigts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511740.001

ISBN: 9781513511740

Keywords: Accounting systems, Bank rates, Bond yields, Business cycles, Capital, Capital stocks, Central banking, Central banks, Consumption, Cost of capital

We argue that in an economy with downward nominal wage rigidity, the output gap is negative on average. Because it is more difficult to cut wages than to increase them, firms reduce employment more during downturns...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320801.001

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...