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Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Source: Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849370.001

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

Recent Trade Policies and An Approach to Further Reform in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Recent Trade Policies and An Approach to Further Reform in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Recent Trade Policies and An Approach to Further Reform in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 1996/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Leidy , and Ali Ibrahim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1996

ISBN: 9781451959970

Keywords: export taxes, trade liberalization, export quotas, trade reform, tariff structure

This paper reviews the extent to which the Fund’s trade policy advice to the Baltic countries, Russia and other countries of the Former Soviet Union has been implemented. It broadly traces the evolution of t...

North-South Trade

North-South Trade »

Source: North-South Trade : Is Africa Unusual?

Volume/Issue: 1998/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coe , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451851694

Keywords: gravity model, trade, bilateral trade, trading patterns, world trade, trade liberalization, trading blocs

We estimate a gravity model to address the question of whether Africa’s bilateral trade with industrial countries is “unusual” compared with other developing country regions. Our main finding i...

The Romanian Economic Reform Program

The Romanian Economic Reform Program »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Volume/Issue: 1991/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dimitri Demekas , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1991

ISBN: 9781451850246

Keywords: foreign trade, banking, foreign exchange, price liberalization, banking system

With the start of the process of its transition to a market economy in early 1990, Romania joined the ranks of other reforming Eastern European countries. At the starting point of its reform program, however, Roman...

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy »

Source: Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Volume/Issue: 1999/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): B. Jang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451844122

Keywords: Capital Controls, capital mobility, future trade liberalization, import tariff

This paper reexamines Aizenman’s (1985) results on the effects of capital controls during unanticipated trade liberalization using an intertemporal optimizing monetary model. Unlike in Aizenman’s mode...

Stabilization and Structural Reform in Czechoslovakia

Stabilization and Structural Reform in Czechoslovakia »

Source: Stabilization and Structural Reform in Czechoslovakia : An Assessment of the First Stage

Volume/Issue: 1992/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bijan Aghevli , Tessa Van der Willigen , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451841671

Keywords: balance of payments, price liberalization, foreign trade, Economic Reform,

This paper analyzes the Czechoslovak reform program which was launched on January 1, 1991. Under this program, Czechoslovakia has taken decisive steps to establish a market economy, while achieving price stability...

Implications of the Uruguay Round for Kenya

Implications of the Uruguay Round for Kenya »

Source: Implications of the Uruguay Round for Kenya

Volume/Issue: 1996/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rupa Chandha

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451927870

Keywords: export earnings, agricultural exports, tariff cuts, preference erosion, trade liberalization

This paper studies the implications of the Uruguay Round for Kenya’s own trade regime and its external trading environment. The analysis indicates that Kenya did not undertake significant liberalization comm...

The Fiscal Implications of Trade Liberalization

The Fiscal Implications of Trade Liberalization »

Source: The Fiscal Implications of Trade Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 1988/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 1988

ISBN: 9781451948271

Keywords: tax revenue, trade liberalization, tariff reduction, tax base, budget balance

Trade liberalization affects not only the external sector, production, and prices, but also the fiscal balance, through changes in tariff revenue, and through the sensitivity of the budget to induced changes in the...

Reassessing the Productivity Gains from Trade Liberalization

Reassessing the Productivity Gains from Trade Liberalization »

Source: Reassessing the Productivity Gains from Trade Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 2016/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JaeBin Ahn , Era Dabla-Norris , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Lamin Njie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2016

ISBN: 9781475546774

Keywords: Trade, Productivity, Tariffs, Inputs, Liberalization, FDI, Reforms, Growth.

This paper reassesses the impact of trade liberalization on productivity. We build a new, unique database of effective tariff rates at the country-industry level for a broad range of countries over the past two dec...