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The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly »

Source: The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

Volume/Issue: 2003/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451859430

Keywords: WTO, gravity, special and differential treatment, industrial country, industrial countries, free trade area, free trade, trade liberalization,

This paper furnishes robust evidence that the GATT/WTO has had a powerful and positive impact on trade. The impact has, however, been uneven. GATT/WTO membership for industrial countries has been associated with a...

ASEAN Financial Integration1 2

ASEAN Financial Integration1 2 »

Source: ASEAN Financial Integration

Volume/Issue: 2015/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geert Almekinders , Alex Mourmouras , Jianping Zhou , Satoshi Fukuda , and Yong Sarah Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2015

ISBN: 9781484386491

Keywords: Economic growth, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Capital flows, Capital account liberalization, Economic integration, Financial integration, Indonesia

The establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) at end-2015 has brought into sharp focus the issue of financial and economic integration in the region. This paper takes stock of ASEAN's financial integratio...

Can Regional Integration Accelerate Development in Africa? CGE Model Simulations of the Impact of the SADC FTA on the Republic of Madagascar

Can Regional Integration Accelerate Development in Africa? CGE Model Simulations of the Impact of the SADC FTA on the Republic of Madagascar »

Source: Can Regional Integration Accelerate Development in Africa? CGE Model Simulations of the Impact of the SADC FTA on the Republic of Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2007/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866308

Keywords: CGE, SADC, trade diversion, terms of trade, regional trade, multilateral liberalization, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade: Forecasting and Simulation,

Madagascar plans to start phasing out its customs tariffs on imports from the Southern African Development Community in 2007. This paper uses a CGE model to evaluate the impact of the SADC FTA on Madagascar economy...

The Challenge of Diversification in the Caribbean

The Challenge of Diversification in the Caribbean »

Source: The Challenge of Diversification in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2002/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. Salehizadeh , Peter Berezin , and Elcior Santana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859973

Keywords: growth, diversification, risk-sharing, export earnings, service exports, aggregate consumption, export diversification, trade liberalization, General,

It is typically assumed that countries in the Caribbean suffer from a lack of output and export diversification. Contrary to this popular perception, we find no evidence that output variability is higher in Caribbe...

Optimal Tariffs

Optimal Tariffs »

Source: Optimal Tariffs : Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 1993/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Ibrahim , Arvind Subramanian , and Luis Torres-Castro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1993

ISBN: 9781451846898

Keywords: tariff structure, tariff reform, tariff structures, trade liberalization, balance of payments

This paper examines the theory underpinning the design of optimal tariffs in a developing economy, and the experience of implementation of tariff reforms. A central issue is whether and when a case can be made for...

Trade Liberalization in Peru

Trade Liberalization in Peru »

Source: Trade Liberalization in Peru : Adjustment Costs Amidst High Labor Mobility

Volume/Issue: 2017/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elin Baldárrago , and Gonzalo Salinas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475585568

Keywords: Trade liberalization, Peru, Poverty, Tariff, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses, General

While trade integration has been an engine of global growth and prosperity some sectors have been negatively affected by increased imports competition, as expected in theory. Higher labor mobility could lower these...

Globalization and Growth Prospect in Arab Countries

Globalization and Growth Prospect in Arab Countries »

Source: Globalization and Growth Prospect in Arab Countries

Volume/Issue: 1997/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patricia Alonso-Gamo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451937336

Keywords: growth, Arab countries, capital markets, trade liberalization, world economy, capital inflows, capital flows

Globalization—the intensification of international trade and finance linkages underpinned by economic liberalization and technological change—presents both challenges and opportunities to Arab countri...

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa : Past Performance and the Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2005/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860559

Keywords: Regional Trade Arrangements, regional integration, regional trade, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, Simulation Methods, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

Regional trade arrangements (RTAs) in Africa have been ineffective in promoting trade and foreign direct investment. Relatively high external trade barriers and low resource complementarity between member countries...

Trade Liberalization Strategies

Trade Liberalization Strategies »

Source: Trade Liberalization Strategies : What Could South Eastern Europe Learn From Cefta and Bfta?

Volume/Issue: 2003/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonis Adam , James McHugh , and Theodora Kosma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875799

Keywords: Trade liberalization, gravity models, stability pact, CEFTA, BFTA, trade area, free trade, free trade area, regional trade, portfolio choice

This paper explores the effectiveness of the Central European Free Trade Area (CEFTA) and the Baltic Free Trade Area (BFTA). Estimates from a gravity model and bilateral trade data support the view that both CEFTA...

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries »

Source: Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries : The Role of the IMF

Volume/Issue: 2000/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Gürgen , and Thomas Wolf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451841626

Keywords: Governance, transition, Baltic, CIS, IMF, banking, transition economies, banking system, bank supervision, trade liberalization

This paper examines the indirect role the IMF plays in combating corruption in the Baltic and CIS countries by promoting structural reforms that help improve economic governance and thus reduce opportunities for re...