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Algeria

Algeria »

Source: Algeria : The Real Exchange Rate, Export Diversification, and Trade Protection

Volume/Issue: 1999/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451846829

Keywords: Protection, growth, exchange rate, real exchange rate, trade liberalization, oil prices, trade policies

Given the tendency of the oil sector to appreciate the equilibrium real exchange rate (RER) in Algeria, trade liberalization with its depreciating impact on the RER is important for diversification of exports. This...

Rising Income Inequality

Rising Income Inequality »

Source: Rising Income Inequality : Technology, or Trade and Financial Globalization?

Volume/Issue: 2008/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Subir Lall , and Florence Jaumotte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870435

Keywords: mechanisms, trade globalization, financial globalization, technological progress, FDI., tariff rate, trade liberalization, FDI,

We examine the relationship between trade and financial globalization and the rise in inequality in most countries in recent decades. We find technological progress as having a greater impact than globalization on...

Trade Openness and Growth

Trade Openness and Growth »

Source: Trade Openness and Growth : Pursuing Empirical Glasnost

Volume/Issue: 2007/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Tommaso Nannicini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867206

Keywords: trade openness, growth, matching estimators, synthetic control, gdp per capita, real gdp, trade liberalization,

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on cross-country analysis-which lacks transparency-or case studies-which lack statistical rigor. We apply transparent econometric methods drawn fro...

Trade and Integration in the Caribbean

Trade and Integration in the Caribbean »

Source: Trade and Integration in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2002/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Egoume Bossogo , and Chandima Mendis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451856835

Keywords: integration, gravity model, dummy variable, equation, trade liberalization, bilateral trade, average trade, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Bahamas,

This paper analyzes trade in the Caribbean community (CARICOM) using a gravity model framework. The paper seeks to shed light on the dynamics of trade among CARICOM member countries, as well with the rest of world...

Growth and Structural Reforms

Growth and Structural Reforms »

Source: Growth and Structural Reforms : A New Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2009/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Thierry Tressel , and Martin Schindler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874297

Keywords: Liberalization, Domestic Finance, Trade: Capital Account, tfp, real gdp, trade reforms, gdp per capita,

This paper presents a simultaneous assessment of the relationship between economic performance and three groups of economic reforms: domestic finance, trade, and the capital account. Among these, domestic financial...

Viet Nam

Viet Nam »

Source: Viet Nam : Reform and Stabilization, 1986-1992

Volume/Issue: 1993/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erich Spitäller , and Gabrielle Lipworth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1993

ISBN: 9781451973808

Keywords: state enterprises, state sector, public enterprises, foreign trade, price liberalization, Viet Nam,

Viet Nam has made substantial progress in the transition to a market economy and toward financial stability since economic reform began in 1986. Piecemeal measures were adopted at first, followed by the launching o...

Tax Policy and Trade Liberalization

Tax Policy and Trade Liberalization »

Source: Tax Policy and Trade Liberalization : An Application to Mexico

Volume/Issue: 1992/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Feltenstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

ISBN: 9781451853025

Keywords: budget deficit, wholesale price index, wholesale price, trade liberalization, import duties

We construct a dynamic general equilibrium model of an open economy and use it to examine issues of trade liberalization in Mexico. In particular, we consider the fiscal implications of quotas and tariffs and, acco...

Trade Liberalization, Stabilization, and Growth

Trade Liberalization, Stabilization, and Growth »

Source: Trade Liberalization, Stabilization, and Growth : Some Noteson the Mexican Experience

Volume/Issue: 1990/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

ISBN: 9781451923568

Keywords: trade liberalization, export activities, barriers to entry, balance of payments, domestic savings

While inflation slowed sharply in Mexico during 1988, imports surged. Although the growth of domestic absorption could be attributed to a higher fiscal deficit, deriving from sharply higher domestic interest rates,...

Stabilization and Reform in Eastern Europe

Stabilization and Reform in Eastern Europe »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Eastern Europe : A Preliminary Evaluation

Volume/Issue: 1992/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Bruno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451844856

Keywords: inflation, foreign exchange, price level, trade liberalization, price stability, Economic Reform,

The paper analyzes common issues emerging from the recent experience with Fund-supported programs in Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and Romania. These comprise the initial price-overshooting and the outp...

The Speed of Adjustment and the Sequencing of Economic Reforms

The Speed of Adjustment and the Sequencing of Economic Reforms »

Source: The Speed of Adjustment and the Sequencing of Economic Reforms : Issues and Guidelines for Policymakers

Volume/Issue: 2002/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Saleh Nsouli , Mounir Rached , and Norbert Funke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451855395

Keywords: Adjustment, reforms, speed of adjustment, sequencing, capital account liberalization, trade reform, political economy, Economic Systems: General,

This paper reviews the issues involved in determining the appropriate speed of adjustment and the sequencing of economic reforms, focusing on considerations relevant to policymakers. It points out that the debate b...