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The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan »

Source: The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pelin Berkmen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211913

Keywords: tax reform, structural policies, public debt, consumption taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

With Japan's public debt reaching historical levels, the need for fiscal consolidation and structural reforms have increased. As fiscal consolidation will require a sustained and large adjustment in the fiscal bala...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2012

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352677.081

ISBN: 9781616352677

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352684.081

ISBN: 9781616352684

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2012

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352721.081

ISBN: 9781616352721

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries1

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries1 »

Source: Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , and Ling Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498314749

Keywords: Consumption, Public investments, Poverty, Capital, Real interest rates, Fiscal policy, oil exporters, permanent income hypothesis, fiscal rules, PIH

We examine the existing fiscal policy paradigm in commodity-exporting countries. First, we argue that its centerpiece-the permanent income hypothesis (PIH)-is not consistent with either intergenerational equity or...

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Volume/Issue: 2019/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ioana Moldovan , Shu-Chun Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498312110

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Private consumption, Real interest rates, Government consumption, Public goods, aid, fiscal policy, foreign exchange intervention, optimal policy, low-income countries.

This paper assesses the optimal setting of fiscal spending and foreign exchange rate intervention policies in response to volatile foreign aid, in a small open economy model that incorporates typical features of lo...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Fiscal Consolidation and Public Wages

Fiscal Consolidation and Public Wages »

Source: Fiscal Consolidation and Public Wages

Volume/Issue: 2019/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juin-Jen Chang , Hsieh-Yu Lin , Nora Traum , and Shu-Chun Susan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498316835

Keywords: Public sector wages, Real interest rates, Income tax revenue, Wage policy, Consumption taxes, public wage, fiscal consolidation, government spending, fiscal policy, New Keynesian model

A New Keynesian model with government production, public compensation, and unemployment is fit to U.S. data to study the macroeconomic and fiscal effects of public wage reductions. We find that accounting for the t...

Fiscal Policy Multipliers in Small States

Fiscal Policy Multipliers in Small States »

Source: Fiscal Policy Multipliers in Small States

Volume/Issue: 2019/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Alichi , Ippei Shibata , and Kadir Tanyeri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498303996

Keywords: Business cycles, Real interest rates, Exchange rate depreciation, Government consumption, Public investments, Government Spending, Fiscal Policy, Fiscal Multipliers., WEO, government investment

Government debt in many small states has risen beyond sustainable levels and some governments are considering fiscal consolidation. This paper estimates fiscal policy multipliers for small states using two distinct...

The Fiscal Implications of Climate Change

The Fiscal Implications of Climate Change »

Source: The Fiscal Implications of Climate Change

Volume/Issue: 2008/006

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2008

ISBN: 9781498334938

Keywords: Fiscal reforms, Fiscal stability, Oil production, Oil revenues, Public finance, Market interest rates, Tax revenue, Social safety nets, Consumption, Fiscal policy

This paper reviews the fiscal implications of climate change, and the potential role of the Fund in addressing them. It stresses that: The potential fiscal implications are immediate as well as lasting, and liab...