History of the IMF - A Digital Collection
Last updated on September 15, 2021
This collection of publications and documents from the International Monetary Fund provides insight into its history. The links include the full collection of the IMF’s official histories, which were each authored and curated by the IMF’s Historian at the time—J. Keith Horsefield (1963-67), Margaret de Vries (1973-87), and James Boughton (1992-2000; 2004-12)—as well as other works that have recorded the IMF’s history for 70 years.
Introductory video on the founding of the IMF:
VIDEO: Bretton Woods: The Next Chapter. Historians discuss the founding of the IMF and the events that have shaped it. Speakers: Jim Boughton, former IMF Historian, Bessma Momani, associate professor at the University of Waterloo, Greg Ip, U.S. Economics Editor, The Economist, Joseph P. Joyce, author of "The IMF and Global Economic Crises: Phoenix Rising?", Kurt Schuler, Coeditor, The Bretton Woods Transcripts, Benn Steil, author, The Battle of Bretton Woods, and Gerry Rice, IMF Communications Director. (1:23).
From the History Books, the Rethinking of the International Monetary System - Fifty years ago, the world changed. On August 15, 1971, US President Richard Nixon slammed shut the “gold window,” suspending dollar convertibility. Although it was not Nixon’s intention, this act effectively marked the end of the Bretton Woods system of fixed exchange rates.
The 1990s: The IMF and the Stormy Decade Revealing the Secrets of Bretton Woods