History of the IMF - A Digital Collection

This collection of publications and documents from the International Monetary Fund provides insight into its history. The links include the full collection of the IMF’s official histories, which were each authored and curated by the IMF’s Historian at the time—J. Keith Horsefield (1963-67), Margaret de Vries (1973-87), and James Boughton (1992-2000; 2004-12)—as well as other works that have recorded the IMF’s history for 70 years.


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Introductory video on the founding of the IMF:

Foreword by Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the IMF

The IMF and the Force of History: Events and Ideas That Have Shaped the Global Institution
 The IMF and the Force of History    

Articles of Agreement
of the International Monetary Fund
The International Monetary Fund,

Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation

Volume 1
Volume 2
Volume 3

American in the Shadows:
Harry Dexter White and the Design of the International Monetary Fund
The International Monetary Fund, 1966-1971:
The System Under Stress

Volume 1
Volume 2

The IMF in a Changing World,
The International Monetary Fund,

Cooperation on Trial

Volume 1
Volume 2
Volume 3

Fifty Years After Bretton Woods:
The Future of the IMF and the World Bank
Silent Revolution:
The International Monetary Fund,
Dollars, Debt, and Deficits—60 Years After Bretton Woods
Tearing Down Walls:
The International Monetary Fund,
International Monetary
Cooperation Since
Bretton Woods
The IMF and the
Force of History:

Ten Events and Ten Ideas that Have Shaped the Institution
Annual Report of the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund: 1946-present
 IMF Annual Report  
     Finance and Development magazine
Finance and Development magazine: 1964-present



 VIDEO: Bretton Woods: The Next Chapter. Historians discuss the founding of the IMF and the events that have shaped it. Speakers: Jim Boughton, former IMF Historian, Bessma Momani, associate professor at the University of Waterloo, Greg Ip, U.S. Economics Editor, The Economist, Joseph P. Joyce, author of "The IMF and Global Economic Crises: Phoenix Rising?", Kurt Schuler, Coeditor, The Bretton Woods Transcripts, Benn Steil, author, The Battle of Bretton Woods, and Gerry Rice, IMF Communications Director. (1:23).


The 1990s: The IMF and the Stormy Decade Revealing the Secrets of Bretton Woods