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Toward a Robust Fiscal Framework for Iceland

Toward a Robust Fiscal Framework for Iceland »

Source: Toward a Robust Fiscal Framework for Iceland : Motivation and Practical Suggestions

Volume/Issue: 2007/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Annett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451867992

Keywords: procyclicality, expenditure, total expenditure, fiscal rules, fiscal framework,

Expenditure in Iceland, especially related to the government wage bill, has tended to move in a procyclical manner, related to the fragmentation of political decision making. Iceland's elevated macroeconomic volati...

Financial Frictions and Business Cycles in Middle-Income Countries

Financial Frictions and Business Cycles in Middle-Income Countries »

Source: Financial Frictions and Business Cycles in Middle-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaime Guajardo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868821

Keywords: borrowing constraint, labor financing wedges, procyclical, countercyclical, real net exports, net exports, export sector, terms of trade, elasticity of substitution, open economy

A standard DSGE small open economy model can not generate the cyclical regularities of middle-income countries. It predicts excessive consumption smoothing, and procyclical, instead of countercyclical, real net exp...

Bank Capitalization As a Signal

Bank Capitalization As a Signal »

Source: Bank Capitalization As a Signal

Volume/Issue: 2012/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hardy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503357

Keywords: pro-cyclicality, signaling games, probability, equation, probability of default, present value,

The level of a bank‘s capitalization can effectively transmit information about its riskiness and therefore support market discipline, but asymmetry information may induce exaggerated or distortionary behavior: ban...

Do Dynamic Provisions Enhance Bank Solvency and Reduce Credit Procyclicality? a Study of the Chilean Banking System*

Do Dynamic Provisions Enhance Bank Solvency and Reduce Credit Procyclicality? a Study of the Chilean Banking System* »

Source: Do Dynamic Provisions Enhance Bank Solvency and Reduce Credit Procyclicality? a Study of the Chilean Banking System

Volume/Issue: 2012/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503531

Keywords: Dynamic provisions, procyclicality, simulation, Chile, banking, calibration, bank solvency, equation, statistics

Dynamic provisions could help to enhance the solvency of individual banks and reduce procyclicality. Accomplishing these objectives depends on country-specific features of the banking system, business practices, an...

Macroprudential Policy

Macroprudential Policy »

Source: Macroprudential Policy : What Instruments and How to Use them? Lessons From Country Experiences

Volume/Issue: 2011/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463922603

Keywords: macroprudential, instruments, procyclicality, reserve requirements, financial crisis, financial system, reserve requirement,

This paper provides the most comprehensive empirical study of the effectiveness of macroprudential instruments to date. Using data from 49 countries, the paper evaluates the effectiveness of macroprudential instrum...

The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America

The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America »

Source: The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2010/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

ISBN: 9781455202263

Keywords: procyclicality, fiscal positions, exporting countries, price fluctuations, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General,

The recent boom and bust in commodity prices has raised concerns about the impact of volatile commodity prices on Latin American countries' fiscal positions. Using a novel quarterly data set-which includes unique c...

Procyclicality and Fair Value Accounting

Procyclicality and Fair Value Accounting »

Source: Procyclicality and Fair Value Accounting

Volume/Issue: 2009/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jodi Scarlata , Juan Sole , and Alicia Novoa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451871876

Keywords: Procyclicality, fair value accounting, financial statements, financial stability, financial instruments, banking,

In light of the uncertainties about valuation highlighted by the 2007-2008 market turbulence, this paper provides an empirical examination of the potential procyclicality that fair value accounting (FVA) could intr...

Strengthening Fiscal Frameworks and Improving the Spending Mix in Small States

Strengthening Fiscal Frameworks and Improving the Spending Mix in Small States »

Source: Strengthening Fiscal Frameworks and Improving the Spending Mix in Small States

Volume/Issue: 2015/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , Patrizia Tumbarello , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513529103

Keywords: revenue volatility, procyclical policies, quality of spending, revenue, debt, expenditure, public spending, General,

Reflecting diseconomies of scale in providing public goods and services, recurrent spending in small states typically represents a large share of GDP. For some small states, this limits the fiscal space available f...

Fiscal Cycles in the Caribbean

Fiscal Cycles in the Caribbean »

Source: Fiscal Cycles in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2009/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juliana Araujo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451873054

Keywords: Procyclicality, fiscal accounts, natural disasters, expenditure, government expenditure, fiscal balance, tax revenues, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The sharp increase in debt in the Caribbean since the mid-1990s has focused attention on the conduct of fiscal policy in the region. This paper aims to diagnose how fiscal policy has behaved during this period by l...

Dynamic Loan Loss Provisions in Uruguay

Dynamic Loan Loss Provisions in Uruguay »

Source: Dynamic Loan Loss Provisions in Uruguay : Properties, Shock Absorption Capacity and Simulations Using Alternative Formulas

Volume/Issue: 2010/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torsten Wezel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200849

Keywords: Dynamic Provisioning, Procyclicality, correlation, bond, financial stability, bond index, correlations, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper assesses the merits of countercyclical loan loss provisioning in Uruguay. Using a stress test methodology, it quantifies the protection against macroeconomic shocks provided by the stock of dynamic provi...