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Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754868.084

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...

Regional Economic Outlook, November 2018, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, November 2018, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375389.086

ISBN: 9781484375389

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

As in other regions in the world, countries in MENAP and CCA regions are exposed to tightening in global financing conditions and ongoing global trade tensions. The former has already begun to impact several emergi...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514000.086

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Growth in the near term remains subdued for oil exporters in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, amid volatile oil prices, precarious global growth, elevated fiscal vulnerabilit...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2020, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2020, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513536811.086

ISBN: 9781513536811

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, Financial crisis, Oil crisis, Crisis management strategies

Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia region have been hit by two large and reinforcing shocks, resulting in significantly weaker growth projections in 2020. In addition to the devastating toll on human hea...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, And Spain

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, And Spain »

Source: France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, And Spain : Competitiveness In The Southern Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451834871

Keywords: market, markets, competitiveness, exports, competition

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain—Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain—Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area »

Source: France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, And Spain : Competitiveness In The Southern Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451834871

Keywords: market, markets, competitiveness, exports, competition

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain—Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain—Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area »

Source: France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, And Spain : Competitiveness In The Southern Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451834871

Keywords: market, markets, competitiveness, exports, competition

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain—Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain—Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area »

Source: France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, And Spain : Competitiveness In The Southern Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451834871

Keywords: market, markets, competitiveness, exports, competition

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain—Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area

France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain—Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area »

Source: France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, And Spain : Competitiveness In The Southern Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451834871

Keywords: market, markets, competitiveness, exports, competition

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...