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Cambodia
			: Rebuilding for a Challenging Future

Cambodia : Rebuilding for a Challenging Future »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sumio Ishikawa , Sibel Beadle , Damien Eastman , Srobona Mitra , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , Wafa Abdelati , Koji Nakamura , Il Lee , Sònia Muñoz , Robert Hagemann , David Coe , and Nadia Rendak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064447.058

ISBN: 9781589064447

Keywords: Development, court, law, exchange rate, dollarization, judicial reform

Cambodia's reconstruction and reform efforts have spanned almost 25 years following the Khmer Rouge period, which ended in 1979. Economic reforms began in earnest in the early 1990s, but reform efforts were beset b...

Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019
			: Lower for Longer

Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498324021.082

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

The October 2019 Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) identifies the current key vulnerabilities in the global financial system as the rise in corporate debt burdens, increasing holdings of riskier and more ill...

Dedollarization in Liberia-Lessons From Cross-Country Experience

Dedollarization in Liberia-Lessons From Cross-Country Experience »

Source: Dedollarization in Liberia-Lessons From Cross-Country Experience

Volume/Issue: 2009/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jeta Menkulasi , Lodewyk Erasmus , and Jules Leichter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451871852

Keywords: dedollarization, dollarization, foreign currency, inflation, U.s. Dollar,

Liberia's experience with a dual currency regime, with the U.S. dollar enjoying legal tender status, dates to its founding as a sovereign country in 1847. Following the end of the most recent episode of civil war i...

Collateral Damage

Collateral Damage »

Source: Collateral Damage : Dollar Strength and Emerging Markets' Growth

Volume/Issue: 2015/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Druck , Nicolas Magud , and Rodrigo Mariscal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2015

ISBN: 9781498323338

Keywords: Dollar appreciation cycles, growth in emerging markets.

We document that, historically, although stronger growth in the U.S. increases growth in emerging markets, U.S. dollar appreciation (depreciation) cycles-which are highly persistent-mitigate (amplify) the impact on...

Historical Experience with Bond Financing to Developing Countries

Historical Experience with Bond Financing to Developing Countries »

Source: Historical Experience with Bond Financing to Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1995/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Laursen , and Juan Fernandez-Ansola

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451844467

Keywords: bonds, bond, bondholders, dollar bonds, bond financing

The paper reviews the historical experience of developing countries with bond issues in international markets in order to put the recent wave of bond financing by these countries in some perspective. It examines de...

Dollarization in Latin America

Dollarization in Latin America »

Source: Dollarization in Latin America : Recent Evidence and Some Policy Issues

Volume/Issue: 1996/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Savastano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451841992

Keywords: dollarization, foreign currency, inflation, high inflation

This paper examines the pattern of dollarization in Latin America, focusing on the experience of five countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay) during 1970-1993. It presents evidence on the relative...

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?1

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?1 »

Source: How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?

Volume/Issue: 2015/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , Amr Hosny , and Gregory Hadjian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513507279

Keywords: financial dollarization, financial development, de-dollarization, exchange, exchange rate, currency, inflation, deposits, General,

Dollarization rates in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region are among the highest in the world, with adverse consequences for macroeconomic stability, monetary policy transmission, and financial sector develo...

Do Reserve Portfolios Respond to Exchange Rate Changes Using a Portfolio Rebalancing Strategy? An Econometric Study Using COFER Data

Do Reserve Portfolios Respond to Exchange Rate Changes Using a Portfolio Rebalancing Strategy? An Econometric Study Using COFER Data »

Source: Do Reserve Portfolios Respond to Exchange Rate Changes Using a Portfolio Rebalancing Strategy? An Econometric Study Using COFER Data

Volume/Issue: 2007/293

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ewe-Ghee Lim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868562

Keywords: Portfolio Rebalancing, Dollars, Euros, COFER, exchange rate, equations, probability, U.s. Dollar,

This paper tests whether reserve portfolios respond to exchange rate changes with a portfolio rebalancing strategy, which requires the purchase of depreciating currencies and sale of appreciating ones. The paper fi...

The Euro's Challenge to the Dollar

The Euro's Challenge to the Dollar »

Source: The Euro's Challenge to the Dollar : Different Views from Economists and Evidence from COFER (Currency Composition of Foreign Exchange Reserves) and Other Data

Volume/Issue: 2006/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ewe-Ghee Lim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864137

Keywords: dollar, international currency, network externalities, currency composition, bonds, international currencies, exchange rates, International Finance: Other, U.s. Dollar,

This paper examines opposing views on the euro's challenge to the dollar as an international currency. One view emphasizes Europe's large economy and diversification effects as undergirding a vigorous challenge. Th...

Exchange Rates and Capital Flows1

Exchange Rates and Capital Flows1 »

Source: Exchange Rates and Capital Flows

Volume/Issue: 2001/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robin Brooks , Torsten Sloek , Manmohan Kumar , and Hali Edison

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451859669

Keywords: Capital flows, Foreign exchange, exchange rate models, euro/dollar and yen/dollar exchange rates, exchange rate, exchange rates, bonds, bond, exchange rate movements

This paper explores the ability of portfolio and foreign direct investment flows to track movements in the euro and the yen against the dollar. Net portfolio flows from the euro area into U.S. stocks-possibly refle...