The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
Many countries have initiated reforms in their monetary control procedures by relaxing direct controls and increasing the role of market processes. The changed approach is often inevitable when countries reform their financial systems in support of growth and adjustment. This is because reform of those procedures increases the scope of monetary policy for stabilization purposes and allows for more flexible arrangements for setting interest rates and allocating credit that are necessary elements in improving resource mobilization and the efficiency of investment. This paper discusses the approaches to reforming monetary instruments, the issues in implementation, and experiences in developing countries.