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Accounting for Reserves1

Accounting for Reserves1 »

Source: Accounting for Reserves

Volume/Issue: 2012/302

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Christian Saborowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475535761

Keywords: Reserve accumulation, current account, capital account, current accounts, capital account liberalization, General,

Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cit...

Adding Latin America to the Global Projection Model1

Adding Latin America to the Global Projection Model1 »

Source: Adding Latin America to the Global Projection Model

Volume/Issue: 2009/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872323

Keywords: Macroeconomic Modeling, Bayesian Estimation, inflation, equation, forecasting, real interest rate,

This is the fourth of a series of papers that are being written as part of a larger project to estimate a small quarterly Global Projection Model (GPM). The GPM project is designed to improve the toolkit to which e...

Adopting Currency Convertibility

Adopting Currency Convertibility »

Source: Adopting Currency Convertibility : Experiences and Monetary Policy Considerations for Advanced Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Quirk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1994

ISBN: 9781451950052

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, foreign exchange, domestic credit, capital movements

This paper analyses issues for developing countries with structurally sound balance of payments that are considering a move to full currency convertibility. The main experiences of industrial countries in their dec...

The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin

The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin »

Source: The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin : Generosity Undermined?

Volume/Issue: 2002/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Aaditya Mattoo , and Devesh Roy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451857597

Keywords: preference, rules of origin, export supply, oil exports, exporters, preferential access, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper describes the United States recently enacted Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and assesses its quantitative impact on African exports. The AGOA expands the scope of preferential access of Africa'...

After the Fall

After the Fall »

Source: After the Fall : Lessons for Policy Cooperation from the Global Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2014/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498375764

Keywords: Policy cooperation, institutuinal coarregements, policy spillovers, central bank, monetary fund, financial stability, monetary policies, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Open Economy Macroeconomics, institutional coarrangements,

A crisis is a terrible thing to waste, and nowhere is this truer than in the arena of international economic policy cooperation. With the world facing the largest and most synchronized plunge in output of the postw...

Aftermath of Banking Crises

Aftermath of Banking Crises »

Source: Aftermath of Banking Crises : Effectson Real and Monetary Variables

Volume/Issue: 2000/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451851908

Keywords: Banking Crisis, banking crises, bank credit, banking sector

In this paper a simple optimizing model is developed to analyze the implications of a banking crisis. Banks are incorporated by assuming that they intermediate funds between firms and households. It is shown that w...

Aftershocks of Monetary Unification

Aftershocks of Monetary Unification »

Source: Aftershocks of Monetary Unification : Hysteresis with a Financial Twist

Volume/Issue: 2017/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Barry Eichengreen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475586220

Keywords: Monetary unions, Euro Area, United States, Developed countries, Regional shocks, Supply and demand, Econometric models, Optimum currency area, hysterisis, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

Once upon a time, in the 1990s, it was widely agreed that neither Europe nor the United States was an optimum currency area, although moderating this concern was the finding that it was possible to distinguish a re...

Aggregate Stability and Balanced-Budget Rules

Aggregate Stability and Balanced-Budget Rules »

Source: Aggregate Stability and Balanced-Budget Rules

Volume/Issue: 2014/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Matteo Ghilardi , and Raffaele Rossi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475582291

Keywords: Constant Elasticity of Substitution, Indeterminacy, elasticity of substitution, tax rates, taxation,

It has been shown that under perfect competition and a Cobb-Douglas production function, a basic real business cycle model may exhibit indeterminacy and sunspot fluctuations when income tax rates are determined by...

Aggregate Uncertainty and the Supply of Credit

Aggregate Uncertainty and the Supply of Credit »

Source: Aggregate Uncertainty and the Supply of Credit

Volume/Issue: 2013/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2013

ISBN: 9781475513936

Keywords: Credit Cycles, Credit Crunch, Uncertainty, Self-insurance, real gdp, bank capital, gdp growth, bank capitalization, bank size, General

Recent studies show that uncertainty shocks have quantitatively important effects on the real economy. This paper examines one particular channel at work: the supply of credit. It presents a model in which a bank,...

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: Economic indicators, Exchange rates, Gross domestic product, Purchasing power parity, exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries' shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a common...