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An Analysis of Value-Added Taxes in Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

An Analysis of Value-Added Taxes in Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: An Analysis of Value-Added Taxes in Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 1995/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emil Sunley , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451841572

Keywords: vat, transition countries, importing country, value-added tax, intermediate goods, An Analysis of Value,

Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991, Russia and the other countries which were members of the USSR have adopted value-added taxes. The value-added tax now provides a very significant portio...

Appendice I Glossaire

Appendice I Glossaire »

Source: Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Bergljot Barkbu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068117

Keywords: debt sustainability, public debt, debt service, debt relief, domestic debt, debt-service, current account, debt burden, debt dynamics, debt ratio

Qu’est-ce que la valeur actuelle de la dette? La valeur actuelle (VA) de la dette est la somme actualisée de tous les paiements au titre du principal et des intérêts, calculée selon...

Appendice II Comment s’effectue une analyse de viabilité de la dette: le cas d’Haïti

Appendice II Comment s’effectue une analyse de viabilité de la dette: le cas d’Haïti »

Source: Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Bergljot Barkbu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068117

Keywords: debt sustainability, public debt, debt service, debt relief, domestic debt, debt-service, current account, debt burden, debt dynamics, debt ratio

Cet appendice complète la section III en présentant un exemple concret d’application du cadre de viabilité de la dette (CVD) à un pays particulier, Haïti 16 . L’analyse de viabilit...

Appendix Summary of Central Bank Reforms

Appendix Summary of Central Bank Reforms »

Source: Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

The following tables provide a summary of the reforms in the key central banking areas for each of the 15 countries under review. The tables start with the implementation of monetary policy—specifically, the...

Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2018/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Vera Martin , Tarak Jardak , Robert Tchaidze , Juan Trevino , and Helen Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484360774

Keywords: Central Asia and the Caucasus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic conditions

External shocks since 2014-lower oil prices and slower growth in key trading partners-have put financial sectors, mainly banks, in the eight Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries under increased stress.  E...

Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756985.084

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Since 1991, the 15 countries under review - have to varying degrees, been pursuing reforms whose broad objectives have been to achieve market-based determination of interest rates and exchange rates, manage banking...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Since 1991, the 15 countries under review - have to varying degrees, been pursuing reforms whose broad objectives have been to achieve market-based determination of interest rates and exchange rates, manage banking...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Since 1991, the 15 countries under review - have to varying degrees, been pursuing reforms whose broad objectives have been to achieve market-based determination of interest rates and exchange rates, manage banking...

3. Channels of Spillovers to Neighboring Countries

3. Channels of Spillovers to Neighboring Countries »

Source: The Spillover Effects of Russia's Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Ara Stepanyan , Agustin Roitman , Gohar Minasyan , Dragana Ostojic , and Natan Epstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513571348

Keywords: External shocks, Russian Federation, Economic growth, Negative spillovers, Regional shocks, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Central and Eastern Europe, Baltics, Regional trade, Remittances

Trade and remittances are the main channels of outward spillovers from Russia on neighboring countries (see Figure 1). Trade channel is particularly prominent in CIS and Baltic countries, given...

Chapter 5. A Way Forward

Chapter 5. A Way Forward »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Rising Challenges The pursuit of multiple goals with public payrolls—often with limited success—has left several countries in the region with high wage bills at a time of heightened...