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IMF Executive Board Concludes the 2020 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of San Marino

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IMF Executive Board Concludes the 2020 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of San Marino »

Source: Republic of San Marino : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2020/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513538761

Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Financial statistics, Central banks, Monetary statistics, Fiscal sector, ISCR, CR, bank system, percent of GDP, NPL

The Staff Report was prepared by a staff team of the IMF for the Executive Board's consideration on March 27 on a lapse of time basis. The staff report reflects discussions with the Sammarinese authorities in Janua...

Republic of San Marino
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

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Republic of San Marino : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2020/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538761.002

ISBN: 9781513538761

Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Financial statistics, Central banks, Monetary statistics, Fiscal sector, ISCR, CR, bank system, percent of GDP, NPL

The Staff Report was prepared by a staff team of the IMF for the Executive Board's consideration on March 27 on a lapse of time basis. The staff report reflects discussions with the Sammarinese authorities in Janua...

Republic of San Marino: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release and Staff Report

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Republic of San Marino: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release and Staff Report »

Source: Republic of San Marino : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2020/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513538761

Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Financial statistics, Central banks, Monetary statistics, Fiscal sector, ISCR, CR, bank system, percent of GDP, NPL

The Staff Report was prepared by a staff team of the IMF for the Executive Board's consideration on March 27 on a lapse of time basis. The staff report reflects discussions with the Sammarinese authorities in Janua...

Republic of San Marino: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

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Republic of San Marino: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of San Marino : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2020/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513538761

Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Financial statistics, Central banks, Monetary statistics, Fiscal sector, ISCR, CR, bank system, percent of GDP, NPL

The Staff Report was prepared by a staff team of the IMF for the Executive Board's consideration on March 27 on a lapse of time basis. The staff report reflects discussions with the Sammarinese authorities in Janua...

Republic of San Marino: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Supplementary Information

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Republic of San Marino: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Supplementary Information »

Source: Republic of San Marino : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2020/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513538761

Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Financial statistics, Central banks, Monetary statistics, Fiscal sector, ISCR, CR, bank system, percent of GDP, NPL

The Staff Report was prepared by a staff team of the IMF for the Executive Board's consideration on March 27 on a lapse of time basis. The staff report reflects discussions with the Sammarinese authorities in Janua...

Belgium
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium

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Belgium : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium »

Volume/Issue: 2020/91

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538839.002

ISBN: 9781513538839

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Belgium highlights that economic activity has held up relatively well over the last year, but the outlook is clouded by unusual uncertainty and risks. The coronavirus outbreak...

Belgium: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium

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Belgium: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium »

Source: Belgium : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium

Volume/Issue: 2020/91

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513538839

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Belgium highlights that economic activity has held up relatively well over the last year, but the outlook is clouded by unusual uncertainty and risks. The coronavirus outbreak...

Belgium
			: Selected Issues

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Belgium : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2020/92

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538877.002

ISBN: 9781513538877

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Belgium's fiscal stance using a structural stochastic model. This note uses a theoretical model that explicitly accounts for the trade-offs between the short-term cost of fiscal...

Belgium: Selected Issues

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Belgium: Selected Issues »

Source: Belgium : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/92

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513538877

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Belgium's fiscal stance using a structural stochastic model. This note uses a theoretical model that explicitly accounts for the trade-offs between the short-term cost of fiscal...

Kuwait
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Staff Supplement

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Kuwait : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Staff Supplement »

Volume/Issue: 2020/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538563.002

ISBN: 9781513538563

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Kuwait highlights that non-oil growth strengthened to estimated 3 percent in 2019, propelled by government and consumer spending. The challenge to reduce dependence on oil and...

Kuwait: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Staff Supplement

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Kuwait: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Staff Supplement »

Source: Kuwait : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Staff Supplement

Volume/Issue: 2020/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513538563

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Kuwait highlights that non-oil growth strengthened to estimated 3 percent in 2019, propelled by government and consumer spending. The challenge to reduce dependence on oil and...

Botswana
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Botswana

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Botswana : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Botswana »

Volume/Issue: 2020/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537375.002

ISBN: 9781513537375

This 2019 Article IV Consultation focuses on Botswana near- and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before COVID-19 became a global pandemic and resulted in unprecedented strains in global...

Botswana: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Botswana

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Botswana: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Botswana »

Source: Botswana : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Botswana

Volume/Issue: 2020/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537375

This 2019 Article IV Consultation focuses on Botswana near- and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before COVID-19 became a global pandemic and resulted in unprecedented strains in global...

Kyrgyz Republic
			: Request for Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument and Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; Informational Annex; and Debt Sustainability Analysis

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Kyrgyz Republic : Request for Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument and Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; Informational Annex; and Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2020/90

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538693.002

ISBN: 9781513538693

This paper discusses Kyrgyz Republic's Request for Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument and Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility. The COVID-19 pandemic has been hitting the Kyrgyz economy very hard...

Kyrgyz Republic: Request for Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument and Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; Informational Annex; and Debt Sustainability Analysis

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Kyrgyz Republic: Request for Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument and Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; Informational Annex; and Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Kyrgyz Republic : Request for Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument and Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; Informational Annex; and Debt Sustainability Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2020/90

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513538693

This paper discusses Kyrgyz Republic's Request for Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument and Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility. The COVID-19 pandemic has been hitting the Kyrgyz economy very hard...

Myanmar
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Myanmar

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Myanmar : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Myanmar »

Volume/Issue: 2020/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538419.002

ISBN: 9781513538419

This 2019 Article IV Consultation focuses on Myanmar's near- and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before COVID-19 became a global pandemic and resulted in unprecedented strains in globa...

Myanmar: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Myanmar

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Myanmar: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Myanmar »

Source: Myanmar : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Myanmar

Volume/Issue: 2020/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513538419

This 2019 Article IV Consultation focuses on Myanmar's near- and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before COVID-19 became a global pandemic and resulted in unprecedented strains in globa...

Somalia
			: Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative-Decision Point Document

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Somalia : Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative-Decision Point Document »

Volume/Issue: 2020/86

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538327.002

ISBN: 9781513538327

This paper presents an assessment of Somalia's eligibility for assistance under the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. The macroeconomic framework reflects the policy framework underlying t...

Somalia: Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative-Decision Point Document

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Somalia: Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative-Decision Point Document »

Source: Somalia : Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative-Decision Point Document

Volume/Issue: 2020/86

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513538327

This paper presents an assessment of Somalia's eligibility for assistance under the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. The macroeconomic framework reflects the policy framework underlying t...

Somalia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note

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Somalia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Volume/Issue: 2020/87

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538358.002

ISBN: 9781513538358

This Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper discusses that Somalia has made noteworthy progress since 2012 to recover from decades of conflict and state fragmentation. The country has suc...

Somalia: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note

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Somalia: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Source: Somalia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note

Volume/Issue: 2020/87

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513538358

This Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper discusses that Somalia has made noteworthy progress since 2012 to recover from decades of conflict and state fragmentation. The country has suc...

Somalia
			: Second Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program and Request for Three-Year Arrangements Under the Extended Credit and The Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Somalia

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Somalia : Second Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program and Request for Three-Year Arrangements Under the Extended Credit and The Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Somalia »

Volume/Issue: 2020/85

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538297.002

ISBN: 9781513538297

This paper discusses Somalia's Second Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program and Request for Three-Year Arrangements Under the Extended Credit and the Extended Fund Facility. The three-year financing package will...

Somalia: Second Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program and Request for Three-Year Arrangements Under the Extended Credit and The Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Somalia

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Somalia: Second Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program and Request for Three-Year Arrangements Under the Extended Credit and The Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Somalia »

Source: Somalia : Second Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program and Request for Three-Year Arrangements Under the Extended Credit and The Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Somalia

Volume/Issue: 2020/85

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513538297

This paper discusses Somalia's Second Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program and Request for Three-Year Arrangements Under the Extended Credit and the Extended Fund Facility. The three-year financing package will...

Zimbabwe
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Zimbabwe

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Zimbabwe : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Zimbabwe »

Volume/Issue: 2020/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537726.002

ISBN: 9781513537726

This 2019 Article IV Consultation focuses on Zimbabwe's near- and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before COVID-19 became a global pandemic that has resulted in unprecedented strains in...

Zimbabwe: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Zimbabwe

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Zimbabwe: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Zimbabwe »

Source: Zimbabwe : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Zimbabwe

Volume/Issue: 2020/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537726

This 2019 Article IV Consultation focuses on Zimbabwe's near- and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before COVID-19 became a global pandemic that has resulted in unprecedented strains in...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Fiji

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IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Fiji »

Source: Republic of Fiji : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Fiji

Volume/Issue: 2020/80

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537597

Keywords: External sector, National accounts, Financial institutions, International reserves, Balance of payments, ISCR, CR, RBF, potential growth, percent of GDP

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Fiji highlights that economic activity slowed sharply in 2019 due to lower government spending, tighter domestic financial conditions, weak sentiment, and the...

Republic of Fiji
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Fiji

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Republic of Fiji : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Fiji »

Volume/Issue: 2020/80

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537597.002

ISBN: 9781513537597

Keywords: External sector, National accounts, Financial institutions, International reserves, Balance of payments, ISCR, CR, RBF, potential growth, percent of GDP

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Fiji highlights that economic activity slowed sharply in 2019 due to lower government spending, tighter domestic financial conditions, weak sentiment, and the...

Rebublic of Fiji: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Fiji

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Rebublic of Fiji: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Fiji »

Source: Republic of Fiji : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Fiji

Volume/Issue: 2020/80

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537597

Keywords: External sector, National accounts, Financial institutions, International reserves, Balance of payments, ISCR, CR, RBF, potential growth, percent of GDP

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Fiji highlights that economic activity slowed sharply in 2019 due to lower government spending, tighter domestic financial conditions, weak sentiment, and the...

Rebublic of Fiji: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

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Rebublic of Fiji: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Fiji : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Fiji

Volume/Issue: 2020/80

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537597

Keywords: External sector, National accounts, Financial institutions, International reserves, Balance of payments, ISCR, CR, RBF, potential growth, percent of GDP

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Fiji highlights that economic activity slowed sharply in 2019 due to lower government spending, tighter domestic financial conditions, weak sentiment, and the...

Statement by Alisara Mahasandana, Executive Director for Fiji and Muslimin Anwar, Senior Advisor to Executive Director February 24, 2020

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Statement by Alisara Mahasandana, Executive Director for Fiji and Muslimin Anwar, Senior Advisor to Executive Director February 24, 2020 »

Source: Republic of Fiji : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Fiji

Volume/Issue: 2020/80

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537597

Keywords: External sector, National accounts, Financial institutions, International reserves, Balance of payments, ISCR, CR, RBF, potential growth, percent of GDP

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Fiji highlights that economic activity slowed sharply in 2019 due to lower government spending, tighter domestic financial conditions, weak sentiment, and the...

Argentina

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Argentina »

Source: Argentina : Technical Assistance Report-Staff Technical Note on Public Debt Sustainability

Volume/Issue: 2020/83

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537962

Keywords: Financial soundness indicators, Economic stabilization, Consumption, Economic conditions, Economic recovery, ISCR, CR, debt-to-GDP, GFN, debt-to-GDP ratio

This Technical Assistance report on Argentina sets out IMF staff's views on a feasible macroeconomic framework that could underpin a debt restructuring operation that would restore debt sustainability with high pro...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Italy

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IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Italy »

Source: Italy : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Italy

Volume/Issue: 2020/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537436

Keywords: Economic indicators, Balance of payments, Unemployment, International investment position, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, staff report, potential growth, bank of Italy

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Italy reflects discussions with the Italian authorities in January 2020 and is based on the information available as of January 28, 2020. It focuses on Italy's medium-term cha...

Argentina
			: Technical Assistance Report-Staff Technical Note on Public Debt Sustainability

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Argentina : Technical Assistance Report-Staff Technical Note on Public Debt Sustainability »

Volume/Issue: 2020/83

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537962.002

ISBN: 9781513537962

Keywords: Financial soundness indicators, Economic stabilization, Consumption, Economic conditions, Economic recovery, ISCR, CR, debt-to-GDP, GFN, debt-to-GDP ratio

This Technical Assistance report on Argentina sets out IMF staff's views on a feasible macroeconomic framework that could underpin a debt restructuring operation that would restore debt sustainability with high pro...

Italy
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Italy

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Italy : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Italy »

Volume/Issue: 2020/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537436.002

ISBN: 9781513537436

Keywords: Economic indicators, Balance of payments, Unemployment, International investment position, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, staff report, potential growth, bank of Italy

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Italy reflects discussions with the Italian authorities in January 2020 and is based on the information available as of January 28, 2020. It focuses on Italy's medium-term cha...

Italy
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

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Italy : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2020/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537627.002

ISBN: 9781513537627

Keywords: Financial markets, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial institutions, Financial systems, Bank liquidity, ISCR, CR, NPL, SIs, weak bank

This Financial System Stability Assessment paper on Italy highlights that substantial progress has been made in recent years in strengthening the financial sector, however, important weaknesses remain. Bank capital...

Italy

New
Italy »

Source: Italy : Financial System Stability Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2020/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537627

Keywords: Financial markets, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial institutions, Financial systems, Bank liquidity, ISCR, CR, NPL, SIs, weak bank

This Financial System Stability Assessment paper on Italy highlights that substantial progress has been made in recent years in strengthening the financial sector, however, important weaknesses remain. Bank capital...

Italy: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Italy

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Italy: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Italy »

Source: Italy : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Italy

Volume/Issue: 2020/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537436

Keywords: Economic indicators, Balance of payments, Unemployment, International investment position, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, staff report, potential growth, bank of Italy

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Italy reflects discussions with the Italian authorities in January 2020 and is based on the information available as of January 28, 2020. It focuses on Italy's medium-term cha...

Italy: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

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Italy: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Italy : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Italy

Volume/Issue: 2020/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537436

Keywords: Economic indicators, Balance of payments, Unemployment, International investment position, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, staff report, potential growth, bank of Italy

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Italy reflects discussions with the Italian authorities in January 2020 and is based on the information available as of January 28, 2020. It focuses on Italy's medium-term cha...

Italy: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Supplementary Information

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Italy: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Supplementary Information »

Source: Italy : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Italy

Volume/Issue: 2020/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537436

Keywords: Economic indicators, Balance of payments, Unemployment, International investment position, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, staff report, potential growth, bank of Italy

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Italy reflects discussions with the Italian authorities in January 2020 and is based on the information available as of January 28, 2020. It focuses on Italy's medium-term cha...

Statement by Domenico Fanizza, Executive Director for Italy March 18, 2020

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Statement by Domenico Fanizza, Executive Director for Italy March 18, 2020 »

Source: Italy : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Italy

Volume/Issue: 2020/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537436

Keywords: Economic indicators, Balance of payments, Unemployment, International investment position, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, staff report, potential growth, bank of Italy

This 2020 Article IV Consultation with Italy reflects discussions with the Italian authorities in January 2020 and is based on the information available as of January 28, 2020. It focuses on Italy's medium-term cha...

IMF Executive Board Completes Sixth and Final Review of Moldova’s Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility

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IMF Executive Board Completes Sixth and Final Review of Moldova’s Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility »

Source: Republic of Moldova : Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova

Volume/Issue: 2020/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537283

Keywords: External sector, Real sector, Banking sector, Fiscal policy, Central banks, ISCR, CR, NBM, percent of GDP, Proj

This paper presents 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Moldova and its Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements. Moldova's economic growth remained sol...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Moldova

New
IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Moldova »

Source: Republic of Moldova : Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova

Volume/Issue: 2020/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537283

Keywords: External sector, Real sector, Banking sector, Fiscal policy, Central banks, ISCR, CR, NBM, percent of GDP, Proj

This paper presents 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Moldova and its Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements. Moldova's economic growth remained sol...

Republic of Moldova
			: Selected Issues

New
Republic of Moldova : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2020/77

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537320.002

ISBN: 9781513537320

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Tax evasion, Expenditure efficiency, Money laundering, Central bank independence, ISCR, CR, global competitiveness index, CFT, AML

This Selected Issues paper provides a systematic assessment of Moldova's governance and institutional frameworks. It follows guidelines approved by the IMF executive board, which were developed to deliver systemati...

Republic of Moldova
			: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova

New
Republic of Moldova : Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova »

Volume/Issue: 2020/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537283.002

ISBN: 9781513537283

Keywords: External sector, Real sector, Banking sector, Fiscal policy, Central banks, ISCR, CR, NBM, percent of GDP, Proj

This paper presents 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Moldova and its Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements. Moldova's economic growth remained sol...

Republic of Moldova

New
Republic of Moldova »

Source: Republic of Moldova : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/77

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537320

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Tax evasion, Expenditure efficiency, Money laundering, Central bank independence, ISCR, CR, global competitiveness index, CFT, AML

This Selected Issues paper provides a systematic assessment of Moldova's governance and institutional frameworks. It follows guidelines approved by the IMF executive board, which were developed to deliver systemati...

Republic of Moldova: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements—Informational Annex

New
Republic of Moldova: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Moldova : Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova

Volume/Issue: 2020/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537283

Keywords: External sector, Real sector, Banking sector, Fiscal policy, Central banks, ISCR, CR, NBM, percent of GDP, Proj

This paper presents 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Moldova and its Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements. Moldova's economic growth remained sol...

Republic of Moldova: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements—Press Releases; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova

New
Republic of Moldova: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements—Press Releases; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova »

Source: Republic of Moldova : Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova

Volume/Issue: 2020/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537283

Keywords: External sector, Real sector, Banking sector, Fiscal policy, Central banks, ISCR, CR, NBM, percent of GDP, Proj

This paper presents 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Moldova and its Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements. Moldova's economic growth remained sol...

Republic of Moldova: Taff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements – Debt Sustainability Analysis – Update

New
Republic of Moldova: Taff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements – Debt Sustainability Analysis – Update »

Source: Republic of Moldova : Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova

Volume/Issue: 2020/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537283

Keywords: External sector, Real sector, Banking sector, Fiscal policy, Central banks, ISCR, CR, NBM, percent of GDP, Proj

This paper presents 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Moldova and its Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements. Moldova's economic growth remained sol...

Statement by Richard Doornbosch, Alternate Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova, and Jesper Hanson, Advisor to the Executive Director March 11, 2020

New
Statement by Richard Doornbosch, Alternate Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova, and Jesper Hanson, Advisor to the Executive Director March 11, 2020 »

Source: Republic of Moldova : Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Moldova

Volume/Issue: 2020/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537283

Keywords: External sector, Real sector, Banking sector, Fiscal policy, Central banks, ISCR, CR, NBM, percent of GDP, Proj

This paper presents 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Moldova and its Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Fund Facility Arrangements. Moldova's economic growth remained sol...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

New
Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Source: Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics Mission

Volume/Issue: 2020/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537252

Keywords: Financial statements, Balance sheets, Accounting procedures, Tax revenue, Social security funds, ISCR, CR, GFS, extrabudgetary, compilation process

This paper on Bosnia and Herzegovina presents the report on the government finance statistics technical assistance mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Further on developing reconciliation processes, the mission prov...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
			: Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics Mission

New
Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2020/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537252.002

ISBN: 9781513537252

Keywords: Financial statements, Balance sheets, Accounting procedures, Tax revenue, Social security funds, ISCR, CR, GFS, extrabudgetary, compilation process

This paper on Bosnia and Herzegovina presents the report on the government finance statistics technical assistance mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Further on developing reconciliation processes, the mission prov...

IMF Executive Board Discusses “Eligibility to Use the Fund’s Facilities for Concessional Financing”

New
IMF Executive Board Discusses “Eligibility to Use the Fund’s Facilities for Concessional Financing” »

Source: Eligibility to Use the Fund's Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537047

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, International financial markets, Commercial borrowing, Market analysis, Access to capital markets, PP, market access, concessional, international financial market, eligibility

This paper concludes that the existing framework remains broadly appropriate, but proposes methodological refinements to improve the assessment of market access, clarifies how serious short-term vulnerabilities are...

Eligibility to Use the Fund's Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020

New
Eligibility to Use the Fund's Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020 »

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537047.007

ISBN: 9781513537047

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, International financial markets, Commercial borrowing, Market analysis, Access to capital markets, PP, market access, concessional, international financial market, eligibility

This paper concludes that the existing framework remains broadly appropriate, but proposes methodological refinements to improve the assessment of market access, clarifies how serious short-term vulnerabilities are...

IMF Policy Paper: Eligibility to use the Fund’s Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020

New
IMF Policy Paper: Eligibility to use the Fund’s Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020 »

Source: Eligibility to Use the Fund's Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537047

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, International financial markets, Commercial borrowing, Market analysis, Access to capital markets, PP, market access, concessional, international financial market, eligibility

This paper concludes that the existing framework remains broadly appropriate, but proposes methodological refinements to improve the assessment of market access, clarifies how serious short-term vulnerabilities are...

Policy Steps to Address the Corona Crisis

New
Policy Steps to Address the Corona Crisis »

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513536927.007

ISBN: 9781513536927

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial institutions, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Central banks, Open market operations, PP, affected people, coordinated action, borrow cost, soundness

Monitoring, containing and mitigating the effects of the corona virus are top priorities. Timely and decisive actions by health authorities, central banks, fiscal, regulatory and supervisory authorities can help co...

Policy Steps to Address the Corona Crisis

New
Policy Steps to Address the Corona Crisis »

Source: Policy Steps to Address the Corona Crisis

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513536927

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial institutions, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Central banks, Open market operations, PP, affected people, coordinated action, borrow cost, soundness

Monitoring, containing and mitigating the effects of the corona virus are top priorities. Timely and decisive actions by health authorities, central banks, fiscal, regulatory and supervisory authorities can help co...

Do FDI Firms Employ More Workers than Domestic Firms for Each Dollar of Assets?

New
Do FDI Firms Employ More Workers than Domestic Firms for Each Dollar of Assets? »

Source: Do FDI Firms Employ More Workers than Domestic Firms for Each Dollar of Assets?

Volume/Issue: 2020/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sakai Ando , and Mengxue Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513536323

Keywords: Foreign investment, International investment position, Balance of payments, Labor productivity, Job creation, FDI, Orbis, Ownership, WP, domestic firm

This paper studies whether FDI firms employ more workers than domestic firms for each dollar of assets. Using the Orbis database and its ownership structure information, we show that, in most economies, domestic fi...

Do FDI Firms Employ More Workers than Domestic Firms for Each Dollar of Assets?

New
Do FDI Firms Employ More Workers than Domestic Firms for Each Dollar of Assets? »

Volume/Issue: 2020/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sakai Ando , and Mengxue Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513536323.001

ISBN: 9781513536323

Keywords: Foreign investment, International investment position, Balance of payments, Labor productivity, Job creation, FDI, Orbis, Ownership, WP, domestic firm

This paper studies whether FDI firms employ more workers than domestic firms for each dollar of assets. Using the Orbis database and its ownership structure information, we show that, in most economies, domestic fi...

r minus g negative: Can We Sleep More Soundly?

New
r minus g negative: Can We Sleep More Soundly? »

Volume/Issue: 2020/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , and Jing Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513536071.001

ISBN: 9781513536071

Keywords: Real interest rates, Interest rate parity, Interest rate differential, Financial crises, Economic integration, interest-growth differentials, public debt, WP, sovereign default, emerge economy

Contrary to the traditional assumption of interest rates on government debt exceeding economic growth, negative interest-growth differentials have become prevalent since the global financial crisis. As these differ...

Riding the Yield Curve: Risk Taking Behavior in a Low Interest Rate Environment

New
Riding the Yield Curve: Risk Taking Behavior in a Low Interest Rate Environment »

Volume/Issue: 2020/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph Chami , Thomas Cosimano , Celine Rochon , and Julieta Yung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513531861.001

ISBN: 9781513531861

Keywords: Interest rate increases, Discount rates, Risk premium, Financial markets, Financial instruments, Interest rate risk, non-linear stochastic discount factor, investment portfolio, term structure model, risk aversion distribution

Investors seek to hedge against interest rate risk by taking long or short positions on bonds of different maturities. We study changes in risk taking behavior in a low interest rate environment by estimating a mar...

Systemic Risk Modeling: How Theory Can Meet Statistics

New
Systemic Risk Modeling: How Theory Can Meet Statistics »

Volume/Issue: 2020/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Miguel Segoviano , and Ji Yan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513536170.001

ISBN: 9781513536170

Keywords: Financial crises, Bank credit, Financial markets, Financial institutions, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Systemic risk, Minsky effect, CIMDO, Default, WP

We propose a framework to link empirical models of systemic risk to theoretical network/ general equilibrium models used to understand the channels of transmission of systemic risk. The theoretical model allows for...

Unlocking Access to Finance for SMEs: A Cross-Country Analysis

New
Unlocking Access to Finance for SMEs: A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2020/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Armand Fouejieu , Anta Ndoye , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513536156.001

ISBN: 9781513536156

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial services, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Bank credit, Financial systems, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, Financial Inclusion, WP, SME, SMEs

Countries in the MENAP and CCA regions have the lowest levels of financial inclusion of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the world. The paper provides empirical evidence on the drivers of SME access to financ...

r minus g negative: Can We Sleep More Soundly?*

New
r minus g negative: Can We Sleep More Soundly?* »

Source: r minus g negative: Can We Sleep More Soundly?

Volume/Issue: 2020/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , and Jing Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513536071

Keywords: Real interest rates, Interest rate parity, Interest rate differential, Financial crises, Economic integration, interest-growth differentials, public debt, WP, sovereign default, emerge economy

Contrary to the traditional assumption of interest rates on government debt exceeding economic growth, negative interest-growth differentials have become prevalent since the global financial crisis. As these differ...

Riding the Yield Curve: Risk Taking Behavior in a Low Interest Rate Environment*

New
Riding the Yield Curve: Risk Taking Behavior in a Low Interest Rate Environment* »

Source: Riding the Yield Curve: Risk Taking Behavior in a Low Interest Rate Environment

Volume/Issue: 2020/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph Chami , Thomas Cosimano , Celine Rochon , and Julieta Yung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513531861

Keywords: Interest rate increases, Discount rates, Risk premium, Financial markets, Financial instruments, Interest rate risk, non-linear stochastic discount factor, investment portfolio, term structure model, risk aversion distribution

Investors seek to hedge against interest rate risk by taking long or short positions on bonds of different maturities. We study changes in risk taking behavior in a low interest rate environment by estimating a mar...

Systemic Risk Modeling: How Theory Can Meet Statistics

New
Systemic Risk Modeling: How Theory Can Meet Statistics »

Source: Systemic Risk Modeling: How Theory Can Meet Statistics

Volume/Issue: 2020/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Miguel Segoviano , and Ji Yan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513536170

Keywords: Financial crises, Bank credit, Financial markets, Financial institutions, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Systemic risk, Minsky effect, CIMDO, Default, WP

We propose a framework to link empirical models of systemic risk to theoretical network/ general equilibrium models used to understand the channels of transmission of systemic risk. The theoretical model allows for...

Unlocking Access to Finance for SMEs: A Cross-Country Analysis

New
Unlocking Access to Finance for SMEs: A Cross-Country Analysis »

Source: Unlocking Access to Finance for SMEs: A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2020/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Armand Fouejieu , Anta Ndoye , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513536156

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial services, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Bank credit, Financial systems, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, Financial Inclusion, WP, SME, SMEs

Countries in the MENAP and CCA regions have the lowest levels of financial inclusion of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the world. The paper provides empirical evidence on the drivers of SME access to financ...

Article I. Purposes

New
Article I. Purposes »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

The purposes of the International Monetary Fund are: (i) To promote international monetary cooperation through a permanent institution which provides the machinery for c...

Article II. Membership

New
Article II. Membership »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Original members The original members of the Fund shall be those of the countries represented at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference whose governments acc...

Article III. Quotas and Subscriptions

New
Article III. Quotas and Subscriptions »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Quotas and payment of subscriptions Each member shall be assigned a quota expressed in special drawing rights. The quotas of the members represented at the United Nations...

Article IV. Obligations Regarding Exchange Arrangements

New
Article IV. Obligations Regarding Exchange Arrangements »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. General obligations of members Recognizing that the essential purpose of the international monetary system is to provide a framework that facilitates the exchange of goods...

Article IX. Status, Immunities, and Privileges

New
Article IX. Status, Immunities, and Privileges »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Purposes of Article To enable the Fund to fulfill the functions with which it is entrusted, the status, immunities, and privileges set forth in this Article shall be accor...

Article V. Operations and Transactions of the Fund

New
Article V. Operations and Transactions of the Fund »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Agencies dealing with the Fund Each member shall deal with the Fund only through its Treasury, central bank, stabilization fund, or other similar fiscal agency, and the Fu...

Article VI. Capital Transfers

New
Article VI. Capital Transfers »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Use of the Fund’s general resources for capital transfers (a) A member may not use the Fund’s general resources to meet a large or sustained outflow of capital except as p...

Article VII. Replenishment and Scarce Currencies

New
Article VII. Replenishment and Scarce Currencies »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Measures to replenish the Fund’s holdings of currencies The Fund may, if it deems such action appropriate to replenish its holdings of any member’s currency in the General...

Article VIII. General Obligations of Members

New
Article VIII. General Obligations of Members »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Introduction In addition to the obligations assumed under other articles of this Agreement, each member undertakes the obligations set out in this Article....

Article X. Relations with Other International Organizations

New
Article X. Relations with Other International Organizations »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

The Fund shall cooperate within the terms of this Agreement with any general international organization and with public international organizations having specialized responsibilities in related fields. Any...

Article XI. Relations with Non-Member Countries

New
Article XI. Relations with Non-Member Countries »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Undertakings regarding relations with non-member countries Each member undertakes: (i) not to engage in, nor to permit any o...

Article XII. Organization and Management

New
Article XII. Organization and Management »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Structure of the Fund The Fund shall have a Board of Governors, an Executive Board, a Managing Director, and a staff, and a Council if the Board of Governors decides, by a...

Article XIII. Offices and Depositories

New
Article XIII. Offices and Depositories »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Location of offices The principal office of the Fund shall be located in the territory of the member having the largest quota, and agencies or branch offices may be establ...

Article XIV. Transitional Arrangements

New
Article XIV. Transitional Arrangements »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Notification to the Fund Each member shall notify the Fund whether it intends to avail itself of the transitional arrangements in Section 2 of this Article, or whether it...

Article XIX. Operations and Transactions in Special Drawing Rights

New
Article XIX. Operations and Transactions in Special Drawing Rights »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Use of special drawing rights Special drawing rights may be used in the operations and transactions authorized by or under this Agreement....

Article XV. Special Drawing Rights

New
Article XV. Special Drawing Rights »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Authority to allocate special drawing rights (a) To meet the need, as and when it arises, for a supplement to existing reserve assets, the Fund is authorized to allocate s...

Article XVI. General Department and Special Drawing Rights Department

New
Article XVI. General Department and Special Drawing Rights Department »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Separation of operations and transactions All operations and transactions involving special drawing rights shall be conducted through the Special Drawing Rights Department...

Article XVII. Participants and Other Holders of Special Drawing Rights

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Article XVII. Participants and Other Holders of Special Drawing Rights »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Participants Each member of the Fund that deposits with the Fund an instrument setting forth that it undertakes all the obligations of a participant in the Special Drawing...

Article XVIII. Allocation and Cancellation of Special Drawing Rights

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Article XVIII. Allocation and Cancellation of Special Drawing Rights »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Principles and considerations governing allocation and cancellation (a) In all its decisions with respect to the allocation and cancellation of special drawing rights the...

Article XX. Special Drawing Rights Department Interest and Charges

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Article XX. Special Drawing Rights Department Interest and Charges »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Interest Interest at the same rate for all holders shall be paid by the Fund to each holder on the amount of its holdings of special drawing rights. The Fund shall pay the...

Article XXI. Administration of the General Department and the Special Drawing Rights Department

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Article XXI. Administration of the General Department and the Special Drawing Rights Department »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

(a) The General Department and the Special Drawing Rights Department shall be administered in accordance with the provisions of Article XII, subject to the following provisions:...

Article XXII. General Obligations of Participants

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Article XXII. General Obligations of Participants »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

In addition to the obligations assumed with respect to special drawing rights under other articles of this Agreement, each participant undertakes to collaborate with the Fund and with other participants in o...

Article XXIII. Suspension of Operations and Transactions in Special Drawing Rights

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Article XXIII. Suspension of Operations and Transactions in Special Drawing Rights »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Emergency provisions In the event of an emergency or the development of unforeseen circumstances threatening the activities of the Fund with respect to the Special Drawing...

Article XXIV. Termination of Participation

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Article XXIV. Termination of Participation »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Right to terminate participation (a) Any participant may terminate its participation in the Special Drawing Rights Department at any time by transmitting a notice in writi...

Article XXIX. Interpretation

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Article XXIX. Interpretation »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

(a) Any question of interpretation of the provisions of this Agreement arising between any member and the Fund or between any members of the Fund shall be submitted to the Executive Board for its decision. I...

Article XXV. Liquidation of the Special Drawing Rights Department

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Article XXV. Liquidation of the Special Drawing Rights Department »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

(a) The Special Drawing Rights Department may not be liquidated except by decision of the Board of Governors. In an emergency, if the Executive Board decides that liquidation of the Special Drawing Rights De...

Article XXVI. Withdrawal from Membership

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Article XXVI. Withdrawal from Membership »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Right of members to withdraw Any member may withdraw from the Fund at any time by transmitting a notice in writing to the Fund at its principal office. Withdrawal shall be...

Article XXVII. Emergency Provisions

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Article XXVII. Emergency Provisions »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Temporary suspension (a) In the event of an emergency or the development of unforeseen circumstances threatening the activities of the Fund, the Executive Board, by an eig...

Article XXVIII. Amendments

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Article XXVIII. Amendments »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

(a) Any proposal to introduce modifications in this Agreement, whether emanating from a member, a Governor, or the Executive Board, shall be communicated to the chairman of the Board of Governors who shall b...

Article XXX. Explanation of Terms

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Article XXX. Explanation of Terms »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

In interpreting the provisions of this Agreement the Fund and its members shall be guided by the following provisions: (a) The Fund’s holdings of a member’s currency in the General Resources Account...

Article XXXI. Final Provisions

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Article XXXI. Final Provisions »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

Section 1. Entry into force This Agreement shall enter into force when it has been signed on behalf of governments having sixty-five percent of the total of the quotas set forth in S...

Articles of Agreement 2020

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Articles of Agreement 2020 »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513521244.013

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

The Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund were adopted at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference (Bretton Woods, New Hampshire) on July 22, 1944. They were originally accepted by 29...

Back Matter

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Back Matter »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

The Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund were adopted at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference (Bretton Woods, New Hampshire) on July 22, 1944. They were originally accepted by 29...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: Articles of Agreement 2020

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513521244

Keywords: Articles of Agreement, Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Special Drawing Rights, Provisioning, Balance of payments, Currencies, Exchange restrictions, currency, drawing rights, transactions

The Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund were adopted at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference (Bretton Woods, New Hampshire) on July 22, 1944. They were originally accepted by 29...