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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

New
International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321600.011

ISBN: 9781498321600

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

People's Republic of China
			: Selected Issues

People's Republic of China : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511306.002

ISBN: 9781513511306

Selected Issues...

Finance & Development, September 2019

Finance & Development, September 2019 »

Volume/Issue: 56/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498316828.022

ISBN: 9781498316828

Keywords: Finance and Development, Tax evasion, Money laundering, Tax revenue, Money, Financial crises, tax haven, haven, Mian, night lights

Finance & Development, September 2019...

People's Republic of China
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for China

People's Republic of China : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for China »

Volume/Issue: 2019/266

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510637.002

ISBN: 9781513510637

Keywords: Economic indicators, Financial statistics, Financial institutions, Fiscal policy, Gross domestic product, trade tension, percent of GDP, PBC, SOEs, off-budget

After the slowdown in 2018, reflecting financial regulatory strengthening and softening external demand, growth stabilized in early 2019. Financial deleveraging and reduced interconnectedness between banks and non-...

Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014

Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014 »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Sage De Clerck , and Tobias Wickens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484383391.069

ISBN: 9781484383391

Keywords: assets, taxes, debt, liabilities, goods

The 2007-09 international financial crisis underscored the importance of reliable and timely statistics on the general government and public sectors. Government finance statistics are a basis for fiscal analysis an...

Excerpt: The Future of China's Bond Market

Excerpt: The Future of China's Bond Market »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 April 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/UTDCAEX.073

ISBN: UTDCAEX

Keywords: Market interest rates, Open market operations, Bond markets, Credit default swap, Financial sector development, Exchange rate markets, bond market, people 's bank of China, people 's bank, SOEs

China's bond market is destined to play an increasingly important role, both at home and abroad. And the inclusion of the country's bonds in global indexes will be a milestone for its financial market integration,...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498304184.086

ISBN: 9781498304184

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa, Development, Economic integration, Economic recovery, Trade policy, Human capital, economic outlook, resource-intensive, RECs, conflict-related

The economic recovery in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue, but at a slower pace than envisaged in October 2018. This weaker outlook reflects domestic and external challenges. On the external side, the glo...

World Economic Outlook, April 2019
			: Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

World Economic Outlook, April 2019 : Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498313469.081

ISBN: 9781498313469

Keywords: Spillovers, Negative spillovers, Positive spillovers, External spillovers, Balance of trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, International trade, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade policy

After strong growth in 2017 and early 2018, global economic activity slowed notably in the second half of last year, reflecting a confluence of factors affecting major economies. China's growth declined following a...

China's Bond Market and Global Financial Markets

China's Bond Market and Global Financial Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2018/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: ChinaMoney Magazine by CFETS of PBoC

Publication Date: 03 April 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/WPICA2018253.001

ISBN: WPICA2018253

Keywords: Globalization, Asia and Pacific, China, International financial markets, Bond Market, Market Integration, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, International Business Cycles

A cross-country comparative analysis shows that there is substantial room for further integration of China into global financial markets, especially in the case of the international bond market. A further successfu...

The Future of China's Bond Market

The Future of China's Bond Market »

Series: Books

Publisher: CITIC

Publication Date: 29 March 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513507798.071

ISBN: 9781513507798

Keywords: Bond markets, Bond issues, Interest rates, Central banks, Bond yields, bond market, interbank, implicit guarantee, People's Bank of China, renminbi

China's bond market is destined to play an increasingly important role, both at home and abroad. And the inclusion of the country's bonds in global indexes will be a milestone for its financial market integration,...

Finance & Development, December 2018

Finance & Development, December 2018 »

Volume: 55

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484386286.022

ISBN: 9781484386286

Keywords: Finance and Development

Finance and Development...

World Economic Outlook, October 2018
			: Challenges to Steady Growth

World Economic Outlook, October 2018 : Challenges to Steady Growth »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 January 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484382844.081

ISBN: 9781484382844

Keywords: Inflation rates, Inflation, Inflation targeting, Inflation research, Inflation risk, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Gross domestric product growth, Output growth, Global Financial Stability Risks, International trade

Global growth for 2018-19 is projected to remain steady at its 2017 level, but its pace is less vigorous than projected in April and it has become less balanced. Downside risks to global growth have risen in the pa...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Capital Flows and The Future of Work

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Sub-Saharan Africa : Capital Flows and The Future of Work »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484380505.086

ISBN: 9781484380505

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, economic growth, public debt, downside risks, capital flows, automation, job creation

The macroeconomic outlook for sub-Saharan Africa continues to strengthen with higher growth, easing inflation, and stabilizing public debt ratios with some countries improving their fiscal balances. But there are c...

Challenges for Central Banking
			: Perspectives from Latin America

Challenges for Central Banking : Perspectives from Latin America »

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis I. Jacome H. , Yan Carriere-Swallow , Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: China Financial Publishing House (CFPH)

Publication Date: 05 October 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504994806.071

ISBN: 9787504994806

Keywords: central banking, Latin America, monetary independence, economic integration, term premium, monetary policy, forward guidance, macroprudential policies, monetary frameworks, reserve requirements

In the wake of the 2008-09 global financial crisis, central banking and monetary policy in many corners of the world came under intense pressure and entered unchartered waters. The breadth and scale of central ban...

The Future of Asian Finance

The Future of Asian Finance »

Series: Books

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Cheng Lim , Chikahisa Sumi , James Walsh , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: China Financial Publishing House (CFPH)

Publication Date: 04 October 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504991973.071

ISBN: 9787504991973

Keywords: bond, markets, investment, market, financial crisis

Asia's financial systems proved resilient to the shocks from the global financial crisis, and growth since then has been strong. But new challenges have emerged in the region's economies, including demographics and...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018
			: Building a Shared Future

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018 : Building a Shared Future »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484373477.011

ISBN: 9781484373477

Keywords: trade, growth, inclusive growth, inequality, surveillance, Article IV consultation, bilateral surveillance, multilateral surveillance, policy advice, data

The past year was one of growing economic anxiety tied to skepticism about both economic integration and an international approach to economic policy making. To help make globalization work for all, the IMF focused...

People's Republic of China
			: 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for the People's Republic of China

People's Republic of China : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for the People's Republic of China »

Volume/Issue: 2018/240

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371190.002

ISBN: 9781484371190

China is at an historic juncture. After decades of high-speed growth, the authorities are now focusing on high-quality growth. Whether and how this shift is carried through will determine China's development path f...

Finance and Development, June 2018

Finance and Development, June 2018 »

Volume: 55

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484365755.022

ISBN: 9781484365755

Keywords: Finance and Development

Finance and Development, June 2018...

World Economic Outlook, April 2018
			: Cyclical Upswing, Structural Change

World Economic Outlook, April 2018 : Cyclical Upswing, Structural Change »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484352588.081

ISBN: 9781484352588

Keywords: Economic growth, Production growth, Population growth, Manufacturing, Manufacturing sector, Information technology, Technology transfer, Spillovers, Innovation spillovers, Labor force participation

The upswing in global investment and trade continued in the second half of 2017. At 3.8 percent, global growth in 2017 was the fastest since 2011. With financial conditions still supportive, global growth is expect...

China's Economy in Transition
			: From External to Internal Rebalancing

China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing »

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: China Financial Economic Publishing House

Publication Date: 19 March 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787509572153.071

ISBN: 9787509572153

Keywords: Asia, current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

China's current account surplus has declined to around one-quarter the peak reached before the global financial crisis. While this is a major reduction in China's external imbalance, it has not been accompanied by...

World Economic Outlook, October 2017
			: Seeking Sustainable Growth: Short-Term Recovery, Long-Term Challenges

World Economic Outlook, October 2017 : Seeking Sustainable Growth: Short-Term Recovery, Long-Term Challenges »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484328026.081

ISBN: 9781484328026

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, Economic growth, Production growth, Gross domestric product growth, Growth acceleration, Climate policy, Climate changes, Climate changing activities, Wage increases, Wage policy

The global upswing in economic activity is strengthening. Global growth, which in 2016 was the weakest since the global financial crisis at 3.2 percent, is projected to rise to 3.6 percent in 2017 and to 3.7 percen...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017
			: Promoting Inclusive Growth

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017 : Promoting Inclusive Growth »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484306871.011

ISBN: 9781484306871

Keywords: IMF, annual report, IMF activities, IMF priorities, trade, growth, inclusive growth, inequality, surveillance, Article IV consultation

During the past financial year, the IMF's 189 member countries faced a number of pressing challenges. IMF work on these challenges-slower trade, declining productivity, gender inequality, inclusive growth, and debt...

World Economic Outlook, April 2017
			: Gaining Momentum?

World Economic Outlook, April 2017 : Gaining Momentum? »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475598032.081

ISBN: 9781475598032

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, Income inequality, National income, Distribution of income, External activities, Gross domestric product growth, Growth acceleration, Growth deceleration, Output growth, Investment

Global economic activity is picking up with a long-awaited cyclical recovery in investment, manufacturing, and trade, according to Chapter 1 of this World Economic Outlook. World growth is expected to rise from 3.1...

Fintech and Financial Services
			: Initial Considerations

Fintech and Financial Services : Initial Considerations »

Volume/Issue: 2017/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Dong He , Ross Leckow , Vikram Haksar , Tommaso Mancini Griffoli , Nigel Jenkinson , Mikari Kashima , Tanai Khiaonarong , Celine Rochon , and Hervé Tourpe

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 19 June 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322383.006

ISBN: 9781484322383

Keywords: Central banks, Financial sector, International cooperation, Fintech, cross border payments, market structure, financial regulation, financial stability, monetary policy, virtual currencies

A new wave of technological innovations, often called 'fintech,' is accelerating change in the financial sector. What impact might fintech have on financial services, and how should regulation respond? This paper s...

Modernizing China
			: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583625.071

ISBN: 9781475583625

Keywords: China, China, People's Republic of, Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure

China is at a critical juncture in its economic transformation as it tries to rebalance what is generally seen as an exhausted growth model. A unifying theme across the reforms that will deliver this transformation...

Finance and Development, March 2017

Finance and Development, March 2017 »

Volume/Issue: 54/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475577471.022

ISBN: 9781475577471

Keywords: Finance and Development

Finance and Development, March 2017...

Excerpt: Modernizing China
			: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Excerpt: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475564044.073

ISBN: 9781475564044

Modernizing China: Investing in Soft Infastructure...

World Economic Outlook, October 2016
			: Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 December 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475550740.081

ISBN: 9781475550740

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

According to the October 2016 "World Economic Outlook," global growth is projected to slow to 3.1 percent in 2016 before recovering to 3.4 percent in 2017. The forecast, revised down by 0.1 percentage point for 201...

Regulating Local Government Financing Vehicles and Public-Private Partnerships in China

Regulating Local Government Financing Vehicles and Public-Private Partnerships in China »

Volume/Issue: 2016/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui Jin , and Isabel Rial

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475553178.001

ISBN: 9781475553178

Keywords: Public-private partnership, China, Infrastructure, Public investment, Fiscal risk, Risk management, Government accounting, fiscal risk, public investment, subnational government

In this paper, we argue that there is much room for China to strengthen its regulatory framework for public-private partnerships (PPPs). We show that infrastructure projects carried out through local government fin...

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition Compilation Guide

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition Compilation Guide »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513518398.069

ISBN: 9781513518398

Keywords: investment, goods, liabilities, transactions, economy

The Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Compilation Guide is a companion document to the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6) published...

Defining the Government's Debt and Deficit

Defining the Government's Debt and Deficit »

Volume/Issue: 2015/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475555455.001

ISBN: 9781475555455

Keywords: Debt, Deficit, Government accounts, Government finance statistics, accounting, deficits, budget

Although the budget deficit and the public debt feature prominently in political debate and economic research, there is no agreement about how they should be measured. They can be defined for different sets of publ...

Articles of Agreement

Articles of Agreement »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484317754.013

ISBN: 9781484317754

Keywords: currency, drawing rights, special drawing rights, currencies, transactions

....

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2016

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2016 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498350440.011

ISBN: 9781498350440

Keywords: IMF, annual report, IMF activities, IMF priorities, quota, quota reform, international monetary system, renminbi, SDR, Sustainable Development Goals

The year was marked by difficult challenges and milestone achievements. To reinvigorate modest growth at a time of uncertainty about a complicated global economy, the IMF membership endorsed a three-pronged approac...

Finance and Development, September 2016

Finance and Development, September 2016 »

Volume/Issue: 53/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616356132.022

ISBN: 9781616356132

Keywords: Finance and Development

Finance and Development, September 2016...

Finance and Development, June 2016

Finance and Development, June 2016 »

Volume/Issue: 53/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498356268.022

ISBN: 9781498356268

Finance and Development, June 2016...

A National Wealth Approach to Banking Crises and Financial Stability

A National Wealth Approach to Banking Crises and Financial Stability »

Volume/Issue: 2016/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Frecaut

Publisher: China Economic Report/DevtResCenteroftheStCouncil

Publication Date: 05 July 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484308332.001

ISBN: 9781484308332

Keywords: Accounting procedures, Banking crisis, Financial stability, Crisis management, Banking sector, Banking sector distress, National accounts, Macro-financial analysis integration

The paper explores a different, supplementary way to assess and manage a particular type of banking crises, those arising from a rise of nonperforming loans to the corporate sector. It relies on a 'national wealth...

World Economic Outlook, April 2016
			: Too Slow for Too Long

World Economic Outlook, April 2016 : Too Slow for Too Long »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302286.081

ISBN: 9781484302286

Keywords: emerging market, market, environment, investment, labor market

Major macroeconomic realignments are affecting prospects differentially across the world's countries and regions. The April 2016 WEO examines the causes and implications of these realignments-including the slowdown...

Finance and Development March 2016

Finance and Development March 2016 »

Volume/Issue: 53/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510873.022

ISBN: 9781513510873

Keywords: population, population growth, workforce, monetary fund, finance

Finance and Development March 2016...

Finance and Development, December 2015

Finance and Development, December 2015 »

Volume/Issue: 52/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475585322.022

ISBN: 9781475585322

Keywords: energy, carbon, emissions, climate, investment, All Countries,, Finance and Development

Finance and Development, December 2015...

Benefits and Costs of Bank Capital

Benefits and Costs of Bank Capital »

Volume/Issue: 2016/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jihad Dagher , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Luc Laeven , Lev Ratnovski , and Hui Tong

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 03 March 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484310410.006

ISBN: 9781484310410

Keywords: Bank capital, Cost of capital, United States, Banking crisis, Capital requirements, Risk management, General equilibrium models, Bank Capital, TLAC, Financial Regulation

The appropriate level of bank capital and, more generally, a bank's capacity to absorb losses, has been at the core of the post-crisis policy debate. This paper contributes to the debate by focusing on how much cap...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

World Economic Outlook, October 2015

World Economic Outlook, October 2015 »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 December 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513546957.081

ISBN: 9781513546957

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, economies, exchange rate, commodity, trade, prices

This issue discusses a number of factors affecting global growth, as well as growth prospects across the world's main countries and regions. It assesses the ongoing recovery from the global financial crisis in adva...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590479.001

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015
			: Tackling Challenges Together

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015 : Tackling Challenges Together »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513536279.011

ISBN: 9781513536279

Keywords: debt, imf, tax, interest, investment

The past year has been a time of unexpected challenges for the international community, International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Christine Lagarde says in her foreword to the institution's Annual Report...

World Economic Outlook, April 2015
			: Uneven Growth: Short- and Long-Term Factors

World Economic Outlook, April 2015 : Uneven Growth: Short- and Long-Term Factors »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574456.081

ISBN: 9781475574456

Keywords: Global growth, trends, global shocks, exchange rates, market economies, public policy, oil prices, private fixed investment, potential output, new mediocre

Global growth remains moderate and uneven, and a number of complex forces are shaping the outlook. These include medium- and long-term trends, global shocks, and many country- or region-specific factors. The April...

China's Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization
			: Lessons from International Experiences

China's Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization : Lessons from International Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 2014/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wei Liao , and Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513554303.001

ISBN: 9781513554303

Keywords: Financial Liberalization, Financial Innovation, and Money Demand Function

China has been moving to a more market oriented financial system, which has implications for the monetary policy environment. The paper investigates the stability of the money demand function (MDF) in light of prog...

Rethinking Financial Deepening
			: Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets

Rethinking Financial Deepening : Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513533308.006

ISBN: 9781513533308

Keywords: Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial stability, financial development, financial deepening, financial inclusion, finance, General, Government Policy and Regulation, Estabilidad financiera; Crecimiento económico; Desarrollo del mercado de capitales; Acceso a los mercados de capitales; Mercados emergentes

The global financial crisis experience shone a spotlight on the dangers of financial systems that have grown too big too fast. This note reexamines financial deepening, focusing on what emerging markets can learn f...

International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity
			: Guidelines for a Data Template

International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity : Guidelines for a Data Template »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484377086.069

ISBN: 9781484377086

Keywords: foreign currency, reserve assets, domestic currency, foreign exchange, balance of payments, foreign currencies, central bank, central banks, financial derivatives, currency composition

This book is an update of the Guidelines published in 2001. It sets forth the underlying framework for the Reserves Data Template, and provides operational advice for its use. The updated version also includes thre...

Finance & Development, December 2014

Finance & Development, December 2014 »

Volume/Issue: 51/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475513929.022

ISBN: 9781475513929

...

World Economic Outlook, October 2014
			: Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties

World Economic Outlook, October 2014 : Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484399330.081

ISBN: 9781484399330

Keywords: WEO, global financial crisis, recent trends, financial volatility, emerging market economies, inflation, advanced economies, interest rates, growth, world economic outlook;

The pace of recovery has disappointed in recent years, and downside risks have increased, including from heightened geopolitical tensions. These increased risks make it a priority to raise actual and potential grow...

External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users

External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498399708.069

ISBN: 9781498399708

Keywords: Statistics, Guide, Task Force on Finance Statistics, TFFS, external debt, balance of payments, international investment position statistics, international finance, EDS Guide, external debt statistics Guide

The IMF has released the 2013 External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users (2013 EDS Guide), which contains updated global standards for the compilation, reporting, and analytical use of external debt st...

Finance & Development, September 2014

Finance & Development, September 2014 »

Volume/Issue: 51/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475537086.022

ISBN: 9781475537086

This year, we mark the 70th anniversary of the IMF and World Bank and the 50th anniversary of F&D. The world has seen a staggering amount of change in the past seven decades. So, with these two anniversaries in...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2014
			: From stabilization to sustainable growth

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2014 : From stabilization to sustainable growth »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498363914.011

ISBN: 9781498363914

Keywords: International Monegary Fund; IMF; annual report; 2014; annual report 2014; executive board; board of governors

Seven years after the onset of the global financial crisis, the world still has a way to go to secure a sustainable recovery marked by strong growth that supports rapid job creation and benefits all, International...

Global Financial Stablity Report, October 2013
			: Transition Challenges to Stability

Global Financial Stablity Report, October 2013 : Transition Challenges to Stability »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504975379.082

ISBN: 9787504975379

Keywords: banking, bond, financial stability, bonds, bank funding, deposit insurance, debt restructuring, debt overhang, subordinated debt, tier 1 capital

The October 2013 Global Financial Stability Report examines current risks facing the global financial system at it undergoes a series of transitions along the path toward greater financial stability. The United Sta...

Finance and Development, June 2014

Finance and Development, June 2014 »

Volume/Issue: 51/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484313480.022

ISBN: 9781484313480

...

World Economic Outlook, April 2014
			: Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

World Economic Outlook, April 2014 : Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323571.081

ISBN: 9781484323571

Keywords: WEO, global financial crisis, recent trends, financial volatility, emerging market economies, inflation, advanced economies, interest rates, growth, world economic outlook;

Global activity has broadly strengthened and is expected to improve further in 2014-15, according to the April 2014 WEO, with much of the impetus for growth coming from advanced economies. Although downside risks h...

Development of the Renminbi Market in Hong Kong SAR
			: Assessing Onshore-Offshore Market Integration

Development of the Renminbi Market in Hong Kong SAR : Assessing Onshore-Offshore Market Integration »

Volume/Issue: 2013/268

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Craig , Changchun Hua , Philip Ng , and Raymond Yuen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498388290.001

ISBN: 9781498388290

Keywords: capital controls, offshore financial markets

Offshore use of the renminbi expanded rapidly in Hong Kong SAR as China sought to develop an international role for its currency while maintaining capital controls. This prompts two questions addressed in this pape...

Monetary Policy in the New Normal

Monetary Policy in the New Normal »

Volume/Issue: 2014/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Karl Habermeier , Tommaso Mancini Griffoli , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354995.006

ISBN: 9781484354995

Keywords: Monetary policy, Central banks, Central bank autonomy, Macroprudential Policy, Financial stability, Cross country analysis, Monetary Policy, Financial Stability, Central Bank Independence

The proposed SDN would take stock of the current debate on the shape that monetary policy should take after the crisis. It revisits the pros and cons of expanding the objectives of monetary policy, the merits of tu...

Finance and Development, March 2014

Finance and Development, March 2014 »

Volume/Issue: 51/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312209.022

ISBN: 9781484312209

...

Public Sector Debt Statistics
			: Guide for Compilers and Users

Public Sector Debt Statistics : Guide for Compilers and Users »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378991.069

ISBN: 9781484378991

The global financial crisis of recent years and the associated large fiscal deficits and debt levels that have impacted many countries underscores the importance of reliable and timely government statistics and, mo...

Finance and Development, December 2013

Finance and Development, December 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 2014

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475532562.022

ISBN: 9781475532562

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright, global supply, global trade talks, multilateral “; rules, multilateralism, multilateral negotiations, trading system

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335895.001

ISBN: 9781484335895

Keywords: Governance, China, Government expenditures, Revenues, Bond issues, Banks, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

Women, Work, and the Economy:Macroeconomic Gains from Gender Equity

Women, Work, and the Economy:Macroeconomic Gains from Gender Equity »

Volume/Issue: 2013/10

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , Monique Newiak , Kalpana Kochhar , Stefania Fabrizio , Kangni Kpodar , Philippe Wingender , Benedict Clements , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 October 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339725.006

ISBN: 9781484339725

Keywords: Women, Labor markets, Gender equality, Employment, Fiscal policy, Developed countries, Emerging markets

The proposed SDN discusses the specific macro-critical aspects of women's participation in the labor market and the constraints that prevent women from developing their full economic potential. Building on earlier...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2013
			: Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2013 : Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484384824.011

ISBN: 9781484384824

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, debt relief, public debt, capital flows, balance of payments, debt sustainability, management of capital flows, risk management, internal audit

The IMF's 2013 Annual Report chronicles the response of the institution's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2013, which covers the period from May 1, 20...

World Economic Outlook, April 2013
			: Hopes, Realities, Risks

World Economic Outlook, April 2013 : Hopes, Realities, Risks »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616359904.081

ISBN: 9781616359904

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, monetary fund, central bank, financial stability, monetary policies, current account, external financing, fiscal consolidation, net debtor

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) presents the IMF's leading economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium terms. It is a respected, one-stop, trusted resource offering remarkable...

Finance & Development, March 2013

Finance & Development, March 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 50/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755094.022

ISBN: 9781557755094

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Rethinking Macro Policy II
			: Getting Granular

Rethinking Macro Policy II : Getting Granular »

Volume/Issue: 2013/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 15 April 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393369.006

ISBN: 9781484393369

Keywords: Monetary policy, Central banks, Inflation targeting, Liquidity, Interest rates, Capital flows, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Fiscal consolidation, Macroprudential Policy

This is a Chinese translation of "Rethinking Macro Policy II" (SDN/13/03). This note explores how the economic thinking about macroeconomic management has evolved since the crisis began. It discusses developments i...

Rebalancing Growth in Asia
			: Economic Dimensions for China

Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787509540114.071

ISBN: 9787509540114

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth, mortgage, household income, household consumption, disposable income, investment spending

This is a Chinese translation of "Rebalancing Growth in Asia: Economic Dimensions for China."...

World Economic Outlook, October 2013
			: Transition and Tensions

World Economic Outlook, October 2013 : Transition and Tensions »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484380352.081

ISBN: 9781484380352

Keywords: inflation, current account, capital inflows, current account balance, monetary policy, external financing, capital outflows, capital flows, exchange rate, net debtor

Global growth is in low gear, and the drivers of activity are changing. These dynamics raise new policy challenges. Advanced economies are growing again but must continue financial sector repair, pursue fiscal cons...

Finance & Development, December 2012

Finance & Development, December 2012 »

Volume/Issue: 49/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475597387.022

ISBN: 9781475597387

Keywords: social entrepreneurship, monetary fund, entrepreneurship, european monetary union, inflation

By combating malaria with mosquito nets or building schools and providing basic sanitation, philanthropy is helping transform the developing world. Rich donors are devoting fortunes-many of them earned through comp...

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2012
			: The Quest for Lasting Stability

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2012 : The Quest for Lasting Stability »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: China Financial Publishing House (CFPH)

Publication Date: 17 January 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504966339.082

ISBN: 9787504966339

Keywords: pension, longevity risk, bonds, life expectancy, financial stability, banking, retirement, central banks, financial institutions, pension funds

The Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) provides expert and up-to-date analysis of global capital flows that play a critical role in world economic growth and Financial stability. The report focuses on curren...

World Economic Outlook, October 2012
			: Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616354299.081

ISBN: 9781616354299

Keywords: public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation, fiscal policy, capital flows, external shocks, monetary policy, current account balance, central bank

The October 2012 World Economic Outlook (WEO) assesses the prospects for the global recovery in light of such risks as the ongoing euro area crisis and the 'fiscal cliff' facing U.S. policymakers. Reducing the risk...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2012
			: Working Together To Support Global Recovery

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2012 : Working Together To Support Global Recovery »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616354183.011

ISBN: 9781616354183

Keywords: FY2012, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, credit, balance of payments, technical assistance, financial sector, debt relief

The IMF's 2012 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2012, which covers the period from May 1, 2011, thr...

Finance & Development, September 2012

Finance & Development, September 2012 »

Volume/Issue: 49/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504798.022

ISBN: 9781475504798

Keywords: financial sector, financial stability, international financial architecture, global financial system, global financial stability, global financial crisis, economic integration, benefits of globalization

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Finance & Development, June 2012

Finance & Development, June 2012 »

Volume/Issue: 49/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475506914.022

ISBN: 9781475506914

Keywords: monetary fund, recession, financial crisis, global recession, global financial crisis, money laundering, economic crisis, sovereign debt crisis, debt crisis, global economic crisis

Five years after the first stirrings of the crisis, some countries have recovered, but others are still struggling. F&D looks at the world today and sees a complex and mixed picture for the future of the world econ...

Finance & Development, June 2011

Finance & Development, June 2011 »

Volume/Issue: 48/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455215829.022

ISBN: 9781455215829

Keywords: aging, elderly, unemployment, aging populations, elderly people, life expectancy, youth unemployment, retirement, pensioners

'Wising Up to the Costs of Aging' looks at how falling fertility and rising life expectancy have combined to threaten the ability of many countries to provide a decent standard of living for the old without imposin...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352684.081

ISBN: 9781616352684

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

World Economic Outlook, September 2011
			: Slowing Growth, Rising Risks

World Economic Outlook, September 2011 : Slowing Growth, Rising Risks »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504963321.081

ISBN: 9787504963321

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, current account, fiscal policy, fiscal consolidation, central bank, monetary fund, equity prices, financial stability, external financing

The September 2011 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which is now in a dangerous new phase. Global activity has weakened and become more uneven, confidence has fal...

Finance & Development, March 2012

Finance & Development, March 2012 »

Volume/Issue: 49/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 June 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502565.022

ISBN: 9781475502565

Keywords: young people, world economy, monetary union, current account deficit, national security, oil prices, open economy, optimum currency areas, trading system, political economy

Young people, hardest hit by the global economic downturn, are speaking out and demanding change. F&D looks at the need to urgently address the challenges facing youth and create opportunities for them. Harvard...

Finance & Development, December 2011

Finance & Development, December 2011 »

Volume/Issue: 48/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455215805.022

ISBN: 9781455215805

Keywords: monetary fund, news, photography, journalism, postage, periodicals

Africa's Middle-Class Motor finds growing evidence that a recent resurgence in the continent's economic well-being has staying power. In his overview article, Harvard professor Calestous Juma says the emphasis for...

Finance & Development, September 2011

Finance & Development, September 2011 »

Volume/Issue: 48/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 December 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455215812.022

ISBN: 9781455215812

Keywords: bond, economic crisis, global economic crisis, financial sector, debt crisis, financial policies, state bond, municipal bonds, bond markets, federal bond

"All for One" examines inequality and the many ways it matters. In our overview article, the World bank's Branko Milanovic explains how income inequality is measured and tells us that it's increased in most countri...

World Economic Outlook, April 2011
			: Tensions from the Two-Speed Recovery:  Unemployment, Commodities, and Capital Flows

World Economic Outlook, April 2011 : Tensions from the Two-Speed Recovery: Unemployment, Commodities, and Capital Flows »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504961334.081

ISBN: 9787504961334

Keywords: capital flows, net capital flows, private capital flows, inflation, commodity prices, oil demand, private capital, net capital, oil supply, oil production

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) presents the IMF's leading economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium terms. It is a respected, one-stop, trusted resource offering remarkable...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2011
			: Pursuing Equitable and Balanced Growth

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2011 : Pursuing Equitable and Balanced Growth »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352042.011

ISBN: 9781616352042

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

The IMF's 2011 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2011, which covers the period from May 1, 2010, thr...

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068148.069

ISBN: 9781589068148

Keywords: debt, liabilities, payments, direct investment, interest, loans, taxes, investment income, foreign currency, current account

The sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual presents revised and updated standards for concepts, definitions, and classifications for international accounts statistics....

People's Republic of China
			: 2011 Article IV Consultation

People's Republic of China : 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/192

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463982416.002

ISBN: 9781463982416

Keywords: cost of capital, capital market, financial reform, financial system, financial liberalization, financial stability, interest rate liberalization, financial sector, bond, capital market development

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

People's Republic of China
			: Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues.

People's Republic of China : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues. »

Volume/Issue: 2011/193

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463930592.002

ISBN: 9781463930592

Keywords: commodity prices, cost of capital, supply chain, capital controls, real appreciation, world economy, commodity exporters, global trade, domestic demand, global capital flows

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

World Economic Outlook, October 2010
			: Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing

World Economic Outlook, October 2010 : Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504958471.081

ISBN: 9787504958471

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, domestic demand, capital inflows, commodity prices, net exports, current account balance, global trade, spending cuts, fiscal stimulus, public debt

The recovery from the Great Recession is proceeding broadly as expected, but most advanced economies and a few emerging economies still face large adjustments, are recovering only sluggishly, and have continued hig...

Finance & Development

Finance & Development »

Volume/Issue: 48/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455215836.022

ISBN: 9781455215836

Keywords: food prices, monetary fund, monetary system, inflation, health care, international monetary system

"Latin America: An End to Boom and Bust?" covers prospects in that region, which has managed to sustain a decade of prosperity after a history of boom and bust cycles. In our cover story, Nicolás Eyzaguirre,...

Finance & Development

Finance & Development »

Volume/Issue: 47/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455215843.022

ISBN: 9781455215843

Keywords: recession, monetary fund, financial crisis, global economic crisis, international monetary system, global financial crisis

This issue of F&D looks at the growing role of emerging markets. Analysis by the IMF's Ayhan Kose and Eswar Prasad, professor of trade policy at Cornell University, argues that their economic ascendance will enable...

Finance & Development, September 2010

Finance & Development, September 2010 »

Volume/Issue: 47/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455215850.022

ISBN: 9781455215850

Keywords: banking, fiscal position, fiscal sustainability, fiscal space, balanced budget, fiscal crisis, clearing bank, fiscal policy, banking operations, fiscal positions

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

World Economic Outlook, April 2010
			: Rebalancing Growth

World Economic Outlook, April 2010 : Rebalancing Growth »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069558.081

ISBN: 9781589069558

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, current account, current account surplus, employment growth, domestic demand, commodity prices, output growth, current account balance

The global economic recovery is progressing better than expected, but the speed of recovery varies, as outlined in the April 2010 World Economic Outlook. Some countries, notably in Asia, are off to a strong start,...

Finance & Development, June 2010

Finance & Development, June 2010 »

Volume/Issue: 47/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971439.022

ISBN: 9781451971439

Keywords: global financial crisis, financial crisis, public debt, global liquidity, central banks, debt ratios, global recession, external debt

“Asia Leading the Way” explores how the region is moving into a leadership role in the world economy. The issue looks at Asia’s biggest economy, China, which has relied heavily on exports to gr...

Finance & Development, March 2010

Finance & Development, March 2010 »

Volume/Issue: 47/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971361.022

ISBN: 9781451971361

Keywords: economic growth, monetary fund, inflation, modern economic growth, monetary terms, international monetary system, business cycles, gross domestic product, monetary policy, international liquidity

Prize or Penalty: When Sports Help Economies Score" looks at why countries vie to host the world's most costly sporting events. And, in a series of articles on "After the Crisis," we discuss why some countries were...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2010
			: Supporting a Balanced Global Recovery

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2010 : Supporting a Balanced Global Recovery »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350178.011

ISBN: 9781616350178

The Annual Report to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during any given year. There are five chapters: (1) Overview, (2) Developments in the Global Economy and Financial Markets, (3)...

World Economic Outlook, October 2009
			: Sustaining the Recovery

World Economic Outlook, October 2009 : Sustaining the Recovery »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504954893.081

ISBN: 9787504954893

Keywords: Economic growth, monetary policy, current account, inflation, banking crises, banking, employment, current account balance, central banks, commodity prices

This edition of the World Economic Outlook explores the prospects for growth in the aftermath of the financial crisis. The fragile nature of the recovery will present many challenges. These include the need for con...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2010
			: Asia and Pacific: Leading the Global Recovery, Rebalancing for the Medium Term

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2010 : Asia and Pacific: Leading the Global Recovery, Rebalancing for the Medium Term »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069909.086

ISBN: 9781589069909

Keywords: capital inflows, domestic demand, inflation, monetary policy, commodity prices, cost of capital, capital inflow, capital goods, net capital, excess liquidity

One year after the deepest recession in recent history, Asia is leading the global recovery. The Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific discusses the near-term outlook for the region, as well as the medium-ter...

World Economic Outlook, April 2009
			: Crisis and Recovery

World Economic Outlook, April 2009 : Crisis and Recovery »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068292.081

ISBN: 9781589068292

Keywords: Economic growth, recessions, recession, emerging economies, financial crisis, financial crises, banking, capital flows, private capital flows, commodity prices

This edition of the World Economic Outlook explores how a dramatic escalation of the financial crisis in September 2008 provoked an unprecedented contraction of activity and trade, despite active policy responses....

Finance & Development

Finance & Development »

Volume/Issue: 46/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 December 2009

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942132.022

ISBN: 9781451942132

Keywords: monetary fund, inflation, wave, photography, website, periodicals

Climate Change: Stimulating a Green Recovery” looks at the global problem of climate change. With the world apparently on an economic recovery path, policymakers are looking at ways to limit the impact of cl...

Finance & Development, September 2009

Finance & Development, September 2009 »

Volume/Issue: 46/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2009

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942088.022

ISBN: 9781451942088

Keywords: monetary fund, website, global money, reserve currencies, postage, photography, periodicals

Recovery from the deepest recession in 60 years has started. But sustaining it will require delicate rebalancing acts, both within and across countries. IMF chief economist Olivier Blanchard writes in our lead arti...

Manual on Fiscal Transparency (2007)

Manual on Fiscal Transparency (2007) »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Dawn Rehm , and Taryn Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 November 2009

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960914.069

ISBN: 9781451960914

Keywords: fiscal transparency, fiscal activities, budget documentation, contingent liabilities, fiscal policy, quasi-fiscal activities, budget process, annual budget, standards, accounting standards

The Manual on Fiscal Transparency provides an authoritative account and explanation of the revised IMF Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (‘the Code’). It expands and updates the 2001 editi...