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Chapter 1 Fiscal Policies to Address the COVID-19 Pandemic

Chapter 1 Fiscal Policies to Address the COVID-19 Pandemic »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

ISBN: 9781513552705

Countries have made ample use of fiscal measures to protect lives and livelihoods against the health and economic fallout from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and to nurture the...

Chapter 2 Public Investment for the Recovery

Chapter 2 Public Investment for the Recovery »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

ISBN: 9781513552705

Introduction The immediate focus of governments during the COVID-19 crisis thus far has appropriately been to address the health emergency and provide lifelines for vulnerable househ...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

ISBN: 9781513552705

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

ISBN: 9781513552705

Chapter 1: Fiscal Policies to Address the COVID-19 Pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdowns have prompted unprecedented fiscal actions that amounted to $11.7 trillion,...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2020
			: Policies for the Recovery

Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552705.089

ISBN: 9781513552705

Chapter 1 of the report draws some early lessons from governments' fiscal responses to the pandemic and provides a roadmap for the recovery. Governments' measures to cushion the blow from the pandemic total a stagg...

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

ISBN: 9781513552705

Fiscal Monitor Archives Policies for the Recovery October 20...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

ISBN: 9781513552705

Chapter 1 of the report draws some early lessons from governments' fiscal responses to the pandemic and provides a roadmap for the recovery. Governments' measures to cushion the blow from the pandemic total a stagg...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

ISBN: 9781513552705

Accelerated depreciation deductions Tax measures that reduce the taxable income of a firm, by allowing for greater deductions for depreciation of an asset (e.g., machinery) in its earlier years...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2020

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2020 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

ISBN: 9781513552705

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on Septemb...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2020 : Policies for the Recovery

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2020

ISBN: 9781513552705

This appendix comprises four sections. “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summarizes the...

Chapter 2 Ideas to Respond to Weaker Growth

Chapter 2 Ideas to Respond to Weaker Growth »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

Introduction Low growth and investment, adverse shocks, and low inflation and interest rates during the past few years put fiscal policy at the forefront. The COVID-19 pandemic of 20...

Chapter 1 Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Chapter 1 Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has struck amid a preexisting sluggish global growth outlook, historically low nominal interest rates, and low inflation. The pandemic has elevated...

Chapter 3 Stat-Owned Enterprises: the Other Government

Chapter 3 Stat-Owned Enterprises: the Other Government »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

Introduction State-owned enterprises (SOEs) influence the economy and people’s lives through the provision of goods and services in ways that are distinct from, and more varied than,...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

Code Country name...

Fiscal Monitor, April 2020
			: Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537511.089

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

This report argues that fiscal policies are at the forefront of responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. Fiscal measures can save lives, protect the most-affected people and firms from the economic impact of the pandem...

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

Fiscal Monitor Archives Policies to Support People During the COVID-...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

This report argues that fiscal policies are at the forefront of responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. Fiscal measures can save lives, protect the most-affected people and firms from the economic impact of the pandem...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

“Above-the-line” measures Involve revenue raising and government expenditure, which affects the overall fiscal balance and government debt. In summary fiscal statements, these measures are typic...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2020

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2020 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on April 7...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2020 : Policies to Support People During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513537511

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, COVID-19; coronavirus; pandemic; fiscal measures; health crisis; fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy

This appendix comprises four sections. “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summarizes the...

Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes

Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

Introduction Without substantial mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, global temperatures are projected to rise by around 4°C above preindustrial levels by 2100 (they have already...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

Global warming is threatening our planet and living standards around the world, and the window of opportunity for containing climate change to manageable levels is closing rapidly. Carbon dioxide (CO2) emiss...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2019
			: How to Mitigate Climate Change

Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321228.089

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This report emphasizes the environmental, fiscal, economic, and administrative case for using carbon taxes, or similar pricing schemes such as emission trading systems, to implement climate mitigation strategies. I...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This report emphasizes the environmental, fiscal, economic, and administrative case for using carbon taxes, or similar pricing schemes such as emission trading systems, to implement climate mitigation strategies. I...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

Air pollution deaths Premature mortality caused by human exposure to fne particulates caused by burning coal and petroleum products. Border carbon adjustment Levy charged o...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2019

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2019 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on October...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This appendix comprises four sections. “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summarizes the...

Chapter 2 Curbing Corruption

Chapter 2 Curbing Corruption »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2019 : Curbing Corruption

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498302180

Keywords: Corruption, Corruption in politics. Economic aspects, Economic growth, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Tax revenue, Fiscal policy, inclusive growth, global integration, fiscal outlook

Introduction Corruption—the abuse of public office for private gain—distorts the activities of the state and ultimately takes a toll on economic growth and the quality of people’s li...

Chapter 1 Fiscal Policy for a Changing Global Economy

Chapter 1 Fiscal Policy for a Changing Global Economy »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2019 : Curbing Corruption

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498302180

Keywords: Corruption, Corruption in politics. Economic aspects, Economic growth, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Tax revenue, Fiscal policy, inclusive growth, global integration, fiscal outlook

With global growth slowing and uncertainty rising, fiscal policy should prepare for potential downturns—balancing stabilization and sustainability objectives—and put more emphasis on reforms to...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2019 : Curbing Corruption

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498302180

Keywords: Corruption, Corruption in politics. Economic aspects, Economic growth, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Tax revenue, Fiscal policy, inclusive growth, global integration, fiscal outlook

Chapter 1: Fiscal Policy for a Changing Global Economy Over the past decade, fiscal policy has focused primarily on macroeconomic stabilization in response to shocks, notably the glo...

Fiscal Monitor, April 2019
			: Curbing Corruption

Fiscal Monitor, April 2019 : Curbing Corruption »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302180.089

ISBN: 9781498302180

Keywords: Corruption, Corruption in politics. Economic aspects, Economic growth, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Tax revenue, Fiscal policy, inclusive growth, global integration, fiscal outlook

This report discusses fiscal policies to prepare for the next downturn and foster long-term inclusive growth by adapting to changing demographics, advancing technology, and deepening global integration. It also cov...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2019 : Curbing Corruption

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498302180

Keywords: Corruption, Corruption in politics. Economic aspects, Economic growth, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Tax revenue, Fiscal policy, inclusive growth, global integration, fiscal outlook

This report discusses fiscal policies to prepare for the next downturn and foster long-term inclusive growth by adapting to changing demographics, advancing technology, and deepening global integration. It also cov...

Chapter 1 Managing Public Wealth

Chapter 1 Managing Public Wealth »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

Introduction Public sector balance sheets (PSBSs) provide the most comprehensive view of public wealth, yet they are little understood, poorly measured, and only partly managed. Stan...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

Public sector balance sheets provide the most comprehensive picture of public wealth. They bring together all the accumulated assets and liabilities that the government controls, including public corporation...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2018
			: Managing Public Wealth

Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484367612.089

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

Public sector balance sheets provide the most comprehensive picture of public wealth. They bring together all the accumulated assets and liabilities that the government controls, including public corporations, natu...

Fiscal monitor Selected Topics

Fiscal monitor Selected Topics »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

Fiscal Monitor Archives Managing Public Wealth October 2018...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

Public sector balance sheets provide the most comprehensive picture of public wealth. They bring together all the accumulated assets and liabilities that the government controls, including public corporations, natu...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

Automatic stabilizers Revenue and some expenditure items that adjust automatically to cyclical changes in the economy—for example, as output falls, revenue collections decline and unemployment b...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2018

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2018 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on Septemb...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

This appendix comprises four sections. “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summarizes the...

Chapter 2. Digital Government

Chapter 2. Digital Government »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

Digitalization presents both opportunities and risks for fiscal policy. It has the potential to improve the design and implementation of fiscal policy, but it also creates new challenges. This c...

Chapter 1. Saving for a Rainy Day

Chapter 1. Saving for a Rainy Day »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

With near-term growth on stronger footing, policymakers can turn their attention to rebuilding buffers and supporting medium-term growth. The pickup in economic activity in 2017 has been broad-b...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

Chapter 1: Saving for a Rainy Day Strong and broad-based growth provides an opportunity to begin rebuilding fiscal buffers now, improve government balances, and anchor public debt. S...

Fiscal Monitor, April 2018
			: Capitalizing on Good Times

Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333952.089

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

This report discusses fiscal trends in policies aimed at reducing fiscal vulnerabilities and boosting medium-term growth, recent fiscal developments and the fiscal outlook in advanced economies, emerging markets, a...

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

Fiscal Monitor Archives Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

This report discusses fiscal trends in policies aimed at reducing fiscal vulnerabilities and boosting medium-term growth, recent fiscal developments and the fiscal outlook in advanced economies, emerging markets, a...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

Automatic stabilizers Revenue and some expenditure items that adjust automatically to cyclical changes in the economy—for example, as output falls, revenue collections decline and unemployment b...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2018

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2018 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on April 2...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

This appendix comprises four sections. “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summarizes the...

Chapter 1. Tackling Inequality

Chapter 1. Tackling Inequality »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

Introduction Depending on whether income inequality is assessed across or within countries, the picture that emerges can be starkly different. If inequality is examined at the global...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

Rising inequality and slow economic growth in many countries have focused attention on policies to support inclusive growth. While some inequality is inevitable in a market-based economic system, excessive i...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2017
			: Tackling Inequality

Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312483.089

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

At the global level, inequality has declined substantially over the past three decades, but within national boundaries, the picture is mixed: some countries have experienced a reduction in inequality while others,...

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

Fiscal Monitor Archives Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

At the global level, inequality has declined substantially over the past three decades, but within national boundaries, the picture is mixed: some countries have experienced a reduction in inequality while others,...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

Average tax rate progression Percentage point increase in the average tax rate for an increase in income by 1 percentage point of per capita GDP. Benefit incidence Share of...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2017

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2017 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on Septemb...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

This appendix comprises four sections. “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summarizes the...

Chapter 1. A Greater Role for Fiscal Policy

Chapter 1. A Greater Role for Fiscal Policy »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

Fiscal policy has recently gained prominence, both in public debate and in governments’ policy agendas (Figure 1.1). A reassessment of fiscal policy is taking place, stressing its greater role in fostering s...

Chapter 2. Upgrading the Tax System to Boost Productivity

Chapter 2. Upgrading the Tax System to Boost Productivity »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

Introduction A top challenge facing policymakers today is how to raise productivity, the key driver of living standards over the long term. In advanced economies, productivity growth...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

A Greater Role for Fiscal Policy (Chapter 1) The global economy is undergoing major transformations, including a productivity slowdown, technological change, and global economic inte...

Fiscal Monitor, April 2017
			: Achieving More with Less

Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475564662.089

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

This publication is a survey by the IMF staff, published twice a year, in the spring and fall, as part of the IMF's World Economic and Financial Surveys. The current issue analyzes the latest public finance develop...

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

Fiscal Monitor Archives Navigating the Fiscal Challe...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

This publication is a survey by the IMF staff, published twice a year, in the spring and fall, as part of the IMF's World Economic and Financial Surveys. The current issue analyzes the latest public finance develop...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

Active labor market policies Policies that help unemployed people get back to work; they include job placement services, benefit administration, and labor market programs such as training and jo...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2017

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2017 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on April 4...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

This appendix comprises four sections. “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summarizes the...

Chapter 1. Debt: Use It Wisely

Chapter 1. Debt: Use It Wisely »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

Introduction The global gross debt of the nonfinancial sector has more than doubled in nominal terms since the turn of the century, reaching $152 trillion in 2015....

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

At 225 percent of world GDP, the global debt of the nonfinancial sector—comprising the general government, households, and nonfinancial firms—is currently at an all-time high. Two-thirds, amounting to about...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2016
			: Debt: Use It Wisely

Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513560601.089

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

Drawing on an expanded data set covering emerging markets and low-income countries as well as advanced economies, this issue examines the extent and makeup of global debt and asks what role fiscal policy can play i...

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

Fiscal Monitor Archives Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

Drawing on an expanded data set covering emerging markets and low-income countries as well as advanced economies, this issue examines the extent and makeup of global debt and asks what role fiscal policy can play i...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

Cyclical balance Cyclical component of the overall fiscal balance, computed as the difference between cyclical revenues and cyclical expenditures. The latter are typically computed using country...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2016

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2016 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on Septemb...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

This appendix comprises four sections. Data and Conventions provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. Fiscal Policy Assumptions summarizes the cou...

Chapter 2. Fiscal Policies for Innovation and Growth

Chapter 2. Fiscal Policies for Innovation and Growth »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

Against a backdrop of mediocre medium-term growth prospects, identifying policies that could lift productivity growth by promoting innovation is critical. Fiscal policy can play an important role in stimulat...

Chapter 1. Navigating a Risky World

Chapter 1. Navigating a Risky World »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

The global economy remains fragile at this time. While the recovery in advanced economies is softening, many emerging market and developing economies have experienced a significant economic slowdown and some...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

Navigating a Risky World The weakening of the global recovery and concerns about the ability of policymakers to provide an adequate and swift policy response have clouded economic pr...

Fiscal Monitor, April 2016
			: Acting Now, Acting Together

Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510590.089

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

The global economy remains fragile at this time. While the recovery in advanced economies is softening, many emerging market and developing economies have experienced a significant economic slowdown, and some large...

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

Fiscal Monitor Archives Navigating the Fiscal Challe...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

The global economy remains fragile at this time. While the recovery in advanced economies is softening, many emerging market and developing economies have experienced a significant economic slowdown, and some large...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

Cyclical balance Cyclical component of the overall fiscal balance, computed as the difference between cyclica...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2016

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2016 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on March 2...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2016 : Acting Now, Acting Together

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513510590

Keywords: Technological innovation, Productivity, Fiscal data, Fiscal framework, Fiscal Monitor, debt, tax, emerging market, income, market

This appendix comprises four sections. Data and Conventions provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. Fiscal Policy Assumptions summarizes the cou...

Chapter 1. The Commodities Roller Coaster: A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Chapter 1. The Commodities Roller Coaster: A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2015 : The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513570709

Keywords: Commodities, Natural resources, Fiscal framework, debt, fiscal policy, investment, commodity, projections

Exporters of nonrenewable commodities such as oil, gas, and metals are a key part of the global economy (Figure 1.1). 1 They are a mix of high-, middle-, and low-income countries...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2015 : The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513570709

Keywords: Commodities, Natural resources, Fiscal framework, debt, fiscal policy, investment, commodity, projections

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2015 : The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513570709

Keywords: Commodities, Natural resources, Fiscal framework, debt, fiscal policy, investment, commodity, projections

Natural resource-rich countries benefited from an exceptional commodity price boom during the 2000s, with metal and oil prices reaching historic highs. This provided a substantial boon to resource-rich devel...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2015
			: The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Fiscal Monitor, October 2015 : The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570709.089

ISBN: 9781513570709

Keywords: Commodities, Natural resources, Fiscal framework, debt, fiscal policy, investment, commodity, projections

This issue of the Fiscal Monitor examines the conduct of fiscal policy under the uncertainty caused by dependence on natural resource revenues. It draws on extensive past research on the behavior of commodity price...

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics

Fiscal Monitor Selected Topics »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2015 : The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513570709

Keywords: Commodities, Natural resources, Fiscal framework, debt, fiscal policy, investment, commodity, projections

Fiscal Monitor Archives Navigating the Fiscal Challe...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2015 : The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513570709

Keywords: Commodities, Natural resources, Fiscal framework, debt, fiscal policy, investment, commodity, projections

This issue of the Fiscal Monitor examines the conduct of fiscal policy under the uncertainty caused by dependence on natural resource revenues. It draws on extensive past research on the behavior of commodity price...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2015 : The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513570709

Keywords: Commodities, Natural resources, Fiscal framework, debt, fiscal policy, investment, commodity, projections

Cyclical balance Cyclical component of the overall fiscal balance, computed as the difference between cyclica...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2015

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2015 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2015 : The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513570709

Keywords: Commodities, Natural resources, Fiscal framework, debt, fiscal policy, investment, commodity, projections

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the World Economic Outlook, Global Financial Stability Report, and Fiscal Monitor on Septemb...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2015 : The Commodities Roller Coaster - A Fiscal Framework for Uncertain Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513570709

Keywords: Commodities, Natural resources, Fiscal framework, debt, fiscal policy, investment, commodity, projections

This appendix comprises five sections: Data and Conventions provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. Fiscal Policy Assumptions summarizes the cou...