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CHAPTER I OVERVIEW

CHAPTER I OVERVIEW »

Source: Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Yo Kikuchi , Sidhartha Choudhury , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064355

Keywords: Export credits, export credit, export credit agencies, reinsurance, export finance

Official export credit agencies (ECAs), a key pillar of the international financial architecture in the second half of the twentieth century, financed a significant share of exports from industrialized count...

CHAPTER II TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CREDITS

CHAPTER II TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CREDITS »

Source: Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Yo Kikuchi , Sidhartha Choudhury , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064355

Keywords: Export credits, export credit, export credit agencies, reinsurance, export finance

Official export credit agencies were established originally to promote national exports in situations where the private sector was reluctant to do so due to high political and commercial risks. Because their...

CHAPTER III FACTORS AFFECTING OFFICIALLY SUPPORTED EXPORT CREDITS

CHAPTER III FACTORS AFFECTING OFFICIALLY SUPPORTED EXPORT CREDITS »

Source: Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Yo Kikuchi , Sidhartha Choudhury , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064355

Keywords: Export credits, export credit, export credit agencies, reinsurance, export finance

The decisions of the OECD governments to further reduce subsidies and to downsize government-supported businesses in the early 1990s were key factors in setting in motion the retreat of official agencies as...

CHAPTER IV THE CHANGING ROLE OF OFFICIAL EXPORT CREDIT AGENCIES

CHAPTER IV THE CHANGING ROLE OF OFFICIAL EXPORT CREDIT AGENCIES »

Source: Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Yo Kikuchi , Sidhartha Choudhury , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064355

Keywords: Export credits, export credit, export credit agencies, reinsurance, export finance

The evidence and analysis in the preceding chapters indicate that, while the promotion of national exports remains the principal role of official export credit agencies, the focus of these agencies has been...

CHAPTER V CHALLENGES FACING OFFICIAL EXPORT CREDIT AGENCIES

CHAPTER V CHALLENGES FACING OFFICIAL EXPORT CREDIT AGENCIES »

Source: Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Yo Kikuchi , Sidhartha Choudhury , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064355

Keywords: Export credits, export credit, export credit agencies, reinsurance, export finance

Complementing the Private Sector Over the past decade, the private sector has grown to become capable of providing trade financing adequately and competitively in certain markets pre...

Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World

Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Yo Kikuchi , Sidhartha Choudhury , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064355.083

ISBN: 9781589064355

Keywords: Export credits, export credit, export credit agencies, reinsurance, export finance

This paper assesses the issues of government involvement in international trade finance stemming from the recent changes in global financial markets. This study is based on discussions with representatives of expor...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Yo Kikuchi , Sidhartha Choudhury , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064355

Keywords: Export credits, export credit, export credit agencies, reinsurance, export finance

This paper assesses the issues of government involvement in international trade finance stemming from the recent changes in global financial markets. This study is based on discussions with representatives of expor...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Yo Kikuchi , Sidhartha Choudhury , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064355

Keywords: Export credits, export credit, export credit agencies, reinsurance, export finance

This paper assesses the issues of government involvement in international trade finance stemming from the recent changes in global financial markets. This study is based on discussions with representatives of expor...

CHAPTER I LOCAL SECURITIES AND DERIVATIVES MARKETS IN EMERGING MARKETS: SELECTED POLICY ISSUES

CHAPTER I LOCAL SECURITIES AND DERIVATIVES MARKETS IN EMERGING MARKETS: SELECTED POLICY ISSUES »

Source: Emerging Local Securities and Derivatives Markets : Recent Developments and Policy Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy , Jorge Roldos , Donald Mathieson , and Anna Ilyina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589062917

Keywords: bond, bonds, stock exchanges, bond markets, bond issuance

The development of local securities and derivatives markets is just one response of many emerging markets to global volatility since the mid-1990s, particularly the sudden losses of access to international c...

CHAPTER II EMERGING LOCAL BOND MARKETS

CHAPTER II EMERGING LOCAL BOND MARKETS »

Source: Emerging Local Securities and Derivatives Markets : Recent Developments and Policy Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy , Jorge Roldos , Donald Mathieson , and Anna Ilyina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589062917

Keywords: bond, bonds, stock exchanges, bond markets, bond issuance

A key policy prescription for fending off financial crises in emerging markets has been the development of local bond markets, and this strategy has been embraced by a number of policymakers and internationa...

CHAPTER III EMERGING EQUITY MARKETS

CHAPTER III EMERGING EQUITY MARKETS »

Source: Emerging Local Securities and Derivatives Markets : Recent Developments and Policy Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy , Jorge Roldos , Donald Mathieson , and Anna Ilyina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589062917

Keywords: bond, bonds, stock exchanges, bond markets, bond issuance

One of the key issues in developing local securities markets as a stable source of funding for corporates is the development of an adequate domestic and international investor base. The scale and stability o...

CHAPTER IV THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL DERIVATIVES IN EMERGING MARKETS

CHAPTER IV THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL DERIVATIVES IN EMERGING MARKETS »

Source: Emerging Local Securities and Derivatives Markets : Recent Developments and Policy Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy , Jorge Roldos , Donald Mathieson , and Anna Ilyina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589062917

Keywords: bond, bonds, stock exchanges, bond markets, bond issuance

Financial derivatives are commonly used for managing various financial risk exposures, including price, foreign exchange, interest rate, and credit risks. By allowing investors to unbundle and transfer these...

Emerging Local Securities and Derivatives Markets
			: Recent Developments and Policy Issues

Emerging Local Securities and Derivatives Markets : Recent Developments and Policy Issues »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy , Jorge Roldos , Donald Mathieson , and Anna Ilyina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062917.083

ISBN: 9781589062917

Keywords: bond, bonds, stock exchanges, bond markets, bond issuance

In response to the volatility of capital flows since the mid-1990s, many emerging market economies have taken a variety of steps designed to 'selfinsure' against volatile capital flows. One such measure has been th...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Emerging Local Securities and Derivatives Markets : Recent Developments and Policy Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy , Jorge Roldos , Donald Mathieson , and Anna Ilyina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589062917

Keywords: bond, bonds, stock exchanges, bond markets, bond issuance

In response to the volatility of capital flows since the mid-1990s, many emerging market economies have taken a variety of steps designed to 'selfinsure' against volatile capital flows. One such measure has been th...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Emerging Local Securities and Derivatives Markets : Recent Developments and Policy Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy , Jorge Roldos , Donald Mathieson , and Anna Ilyina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589062917

Keywords: bond, bonds, stock exchanges, bond markets, bond issuance

In response to the volatility of capital flows since the mid-1990s, many emerging market economies have taken a variety of steps designed to 'selfinsure' against volatile capital flows. One such measure has been th...

chapter i OVERVIEW

chapter i OVERVIEW »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

After increasing more than threefold between 1990 and 1996, total net resource flows to developing countries have since halved, despite a brief recovery in 1999 (Figure 1.1). 1, 2...

chapter ii RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CREDITS

chapter ii RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CREDITS »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

Over 90 percent of world trade is conducted on the basis of cash or short-term credit, with the remainder supported by medium- and long-term credit and other means of financing. Trade financing therefore is...

chapter iii FINANCING FROM MULTILATERAL INSTITUTIONS

chapter iii FINANCING FROM MULTILATERAL INSTITUTIONS »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

Lending by Multilateral Development Banks Gross multilateral development bank (MDB) lending to developing countries remained relatively flat over the second half of the 1990s and thr...

chapter iv DEBT RESTRUCTURING WITH OFFICIAL BILATERAL CREDITORS

chapter iv DEBT RESTRUCTURING WITH OFFICIAL BILATERAL CREDITORS »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

Debt Rescheduling with Paris Club Creditors Developments in 2001–02 During 2001–02, Paris Club creditors concluded 30 rescheduling or deferral agreemen...

chapter v DEBT RELIEF, NEW AID FLOWS, AND THE CHALLENGE OF MAINTAINING EXTERNAL DEBT SUSTAINABILITY

chapter v DEBT RELIEF, NEW AID FLOWS, AND THE CHALLENGE OF MAINTAINING EXTERNAL DEBT SUSTAINABILITY »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

Debt Relief Under the HIPC Initiative Excessively high levels of external debt have been a serious obstacle to economic growth and poverty alleviation in heavily indebted poor countr...

Official Financing
			: Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062283.083

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

This study provides information on official financing and the debt situation of developing countries. It discusses issues related to trade finance in financial crises, and the challenge of maintaining external debt...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

This study provides information on official financing and the debt situation of developing countries. It discusses issues related to trade finance in financial crises, and the challenge of maintaining external debt...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

This study provides information on official financing and the debt situation of developing countries. It discusses issues related to trade finance in financial crises, and the challenge of maintaining external debt...

CHAPTER I OVERVIEW

CHAPTER I OVERVIEW »

Source: Exchange Arrangements and Foreign Exchange Markets : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2003

ISBN: 9781589061774

Keywords: Exchange arrangements, Markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange restrictions, foreign exchange market

The rapid integration of international financial markets—under which the economic developments and policy decisions of one country may affect many other countries—underscores the importance of IMF surveillan...

CHAPTER II DEVELOPMENTS AND ISSUES IN EXCHANGE RATE REGIMES

CHAPTER II DEVELOPMENTS AND ISSUES IN EXCHANGE RATE REGIMES »

Source: Exchange Arrangements and Foreign Exchange Markets : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2003

ISBN: 9781589061774

Keywords: Exchange arrangements, Markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange restrictions, foreign exchange market

This chapter reviews country experiences in the use of different exchange rate regimes and their trends since 1990, and discusses some of the factors underlying these trends. It analyzes the evolution of exc...

Chapter III DEVELOPMENTS IN CURRENCY CONVERTIBILITY

Chapter III DEVELOPMENTS IN CURRENCY CONVERTIBILITY »

Source: Exchange Arrangements and Foreign Exchange Markets : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2003

ISBN: 9781589061774

Keywords: Exchange arrangements, Markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange restrictions, foreign exchange market

Momentum toward currency convertibility has diminished since 1997, when a series of emerging market crises occurred. 1 IMF members have continued eliminating—albeit at a slower pa...

Chapter IV FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET ORGANIZATION: SELECTED ISSUES

Chapter IV FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET ORGANIZATION: SELECTED ISSUES »

Source: Exchange Arrangements and Foreign Exchange Markets : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2003

ISBN: 9781589061774

Keywords: Exchange arrangements, Markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange restrictions, foreign exchange market

There is a close relationship between the foreign exchange regime and the microstructure of the foreign exchange market. Foreign exchange market microstructure is an important consideration in the choice of...

CHAPTER V FACTORS AFFECTING EXCHANGE RATE VOLATILITY

CHAPTER V FACTORS AFFECTING EXCHANGE RATE VOLATILITY »

Source: Exchange Arrangements and Foreign Exchange Markets : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2003

ISBN: 9781589061774

Keywords: Exchange arrangements, Markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange restrictions, foreign exchange market

Drawing further on information in the Survey on Foreign Exchange Market Organization, this chapter examines factors affecting exchange rate volatility. In addition to indicators of macroeconomic performance...

Exchange Arrangements and Foreign Exchange Markets
			: Developments and Issues

Exchange Arrangements and Foreign Exchange Markets : Developments and Issues »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061774.083

ISBN: 9781589061774

Keywords: Exchange arrangements, Markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange restrictions, foreign exchange market

This paper reviews developments and issues in the exchange arrangements and currency convertibility of IMF members. Against the backdrop of continuing financial globalization and a series of emerging market crises...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Exchange Arrangements and Foreign Exchange Markets : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2003

ISBN: 9781589061774

Keywords: Exchange arrangements, Markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange restrictions, foreign exchange market

This paper reviews developments and issues in the exchange arrangements and currency convertibility of IMF members. Against the backdrop of continuing financial globalization and a series of emerging market crises...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Exchange Arrangements and Foreign Exchange Markets : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2003

ISBN: 9781589061774

Keywords: Exchange arrangements, Markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange restrictions, foreign exchange market

This paper reviews developments and issues in the exchange arrangements and currency convertibility of IMF members. Against the backdrop of continuing financial globalization and a series of emerging market crises...

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION »

Source: International Capital Markets, August 2001

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060562

Keywords: debt, bond, bonds, interest, banking

During the year ending May 2001, the global economic slowdown and greater synchronization between economic and financial cycles gave rise to reappraisals of financial risk, portfolio rebalancing, and asset r...

CHAPTER II DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS IN MATURE CAPITAL MARKETS

CHAPTER II DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS IN MATURE CAPITAL MARKETS »

Source: International Capital Markets, August 2001

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060562

Keywords: debt, bond, bonds, interest, banking

Slowing economic growth and mounting concerns about corporate earnings and high corporate leverage initially caused a sharp decline in equity prices and widening credit spreads in late 2000. The fall in equi...

CHAPTER III EMERGING MARKET FINANCING

CHAPTER III EMERGING MARKET FINANCING »

Source: International Capital Markets, August 2001

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060562

Keywords: debt, bond, bonds, interest, banking

Although emerging market issuance of international bonds, equities, and syndicated loans rose in 2000 to the highest level since 1997, access to the international capital markets was characterized by an “on-...

CHAPTER IV THE CHANGING STRUCTURE OF THE MAJOR GOVERNMENT SECURITIES MARKETS: IMPLICATIONS FOR PRIVATE FINANCIAL MARKETS AND KEY POLICY ISSUES

CHAPTER IV THE CHANGING STRUCTURE OF THE MAJOR GOVERNMENT SECURITIES MARKETS: IMPLICATIONS FOR PRIVATE FINANCIAL MARKETS AND KEY POLICY ISSUES »

Source: International Capital Markets, August 2001

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060562

Keywords: debt, bond, bonds, interest, banking

Introduction Partly because of their unique characteristics, especially their minimal credit risk, government securities and the deep, liquid markets in which they are traded have co...

CHAPTER V FINANCIAL SECTOR CONSOLIDATION IN EMERGING MARKETS

CHAPTER V FINANCIAL SECTOR CONSOLIDATION IN EMERGING MARKETS »

Source: International Capital Markets, August 2001

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060562

Keywords: debt, bond, bonds, interest, banking

The financial services industry has been subject to dramatic changes over the past decades, as a result of advances in information technology, deregulation, and globalization. These changes have reduced marg...

CHAPTER VI STAFF APPRAISAL

CHAPTER VI STAFF APPRAISAL »

Source: International Capital Markets, August 2001

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060562

Keywords: debt, bond, bonds, interest, banking

As in previous years, the current International Capital Markets report considers a number of issues related to the functioning of key international financial markets. In particular, this year’s report review...

International Capital Markets, August 2001

International Capital Markets, August 2001 »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060562.083

ISBN: 9781589060562

Keywords: debt, bond, bonds, interest, banking

This paper reports the on-off nature of emerging market access to international capital markets appears to have become a key characteristic of international financial markets. Emerging market borrowers have begun t...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: International Capital Markets, August 2001

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060562

Keywords: debt, bond, bonds, interest, banking

This paper reports the on-off nature of emerging market access to international capital markets appears to have become a key characteristic of international financial markets. Emerging market borrowers have begun t...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: International Capital Markets, August 2001

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060562

Keywords: debt, bond, bonds, interest, banking

This paper reports the on-off nature of emerging market access to international capital markets appears to have become a key characteristic of international financial markets. Emerging market borrowers have begun t...

Official Financing for Developing Countries

Official Financing for Developing Countries »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060388.081

ISBN: 9781589060388

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt service, debt relief, interest

This paper reports an updated assessment of movements in official financing for developing countries during 1997-1999. The composition of official financing flows changed too; as a result of the Asian crisis Member...

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

During 1999 and into the first half of 2000, global financial conditions generally improved in tandem with the strong rebound in the global economy. Following the most severe market turbulence—especially for...

CHAPTER II DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS IN MATURE CAPITAL MARKETS

CHAPTER II DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS IN MATURE CAPITAL MARKETS »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

Throughout most of the 12-month period ending in June 2000, developments in international capital markets continued to be strongly influenced by the perception that the U.S. economy offered the highest risk-...

CHAPTER III EMERGING MARKET FINANCING

CHAPTER III EMERGING MARKET FINANCING »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

Emerging market asset prices saw strong increases in 1999 (see Table 3.1) as fundamentals in many countries improved and the domestic and external financing situation of most emerging markets continued to re...

CHAPTER IV OVER-THE-COUNTER DERIVATIVES MARKETS

CHAPTER IV OVER-THE-COUNTER DERIVATIVES MARKETS »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

The virulence of the 1998 turbulence in the mature financial markets took market participants and authorities by surprise, and some have acknowledged that they do not fully understand the rapidly changing st...

CHAPTER V PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT IN CRISIS PREVENTION AND RESOLUTION: MARKET VIEWS AND RECENT EXPERIENCE

CHAPTER V PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT IN CRISIS PREVENTION AND RESOLUTION: MARKET VIEWS AND RECENT EXPERIENCE »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

A prominent feature of the international financial landscape in recent years has been the occurrence of several financial crises—Mexico in 1994–95, Asia in 1997, Russia in 1998, and Brazil in 1998–99. In con...

CHAPTER VI THE ROLE OF FOREIGN BANKS IN EMERGING MARKETS

CHAPTER VI THE ROLE OF FOREIGN BANKS IN EMERGING MARKETS »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

For many emerging markets, one of the most striking structural changes in their financial systems during the 1990s has been the growing presence of foreign-owned financial institutions, especially in the ban...

CHAPTER VII STAFF APPRAISAL

CHAPTER VII STAFF APPRAISAL »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

As in previous years, the current International Capital Markets report considers a number of issues related to the functioning of key international financial markets and efforts to improve the management of...

International Capital Markets
			: Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000) »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759498.083

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

Following a review and assesment of recent developments in capital market and banking systems, this year's International Capital Markets report review and assesses recent developments in mature and emerging financi...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

Following a review and assesment of recent developments in capital market and banking systems, this year's International Capital Markets report review and assesses recent developments in mature and emerging financi...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

Following a review and assesment of recent developments in capital market and banking systems, this year's International Capital Markets report review and assesses recent developments in mature and emerging financi...

Anexo. Exposición sumaria del Presidente del Directorio Ejecutivo1

Anexo. Exposición sumaria del Presidente del Directorio Ejecutivo1 »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

Los directores expresaron su satisfacción por el fortalecímiento de la economía mundial durante 1999, impulsado por la rápida recuperación de la mayoría de las economías asiáticas afectadas por la crisis, lo...

Annexe. Résumé du Président par intérim1

Annexe. Résumé du Président par intérim1 »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

Les administrateurs se félicitent que l’économie mondiale affiche, en 1999, un regain de vigueur dû à la reprise rapide de la plupart des pays asiatiques frappés par la crise, aux premiers signes du renverse...

Apéndice estadístico

Apéndice estadístico »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

El apéndice estadístico presenta datos históricos y proyecciones. Se divide en cuatro secciones: supuestos, datos y convenciones, clasificación de los países y cuadros estadísticos. En la primera se...

Appendice statistique

Appendice statistique »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

L’appendice statistique présente des données rétrospectives et des projections. Il comprend quatre sections: hypothèses, données et conventions, classification des pays et tableaux statistiques. La...

I. Perspectivas de la economía mundial y desafíos que plantea el ajuste internacional

I. Perspectivas de la economía mundial y desafíos que plantea el ajuste internacional »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

La situación económica y financiera mundial mejoró apreciablemente una vez superadas las turbulencias que afectaron a los mercados emergentes en 1997–98 y que dieron origen a temores de una compresión genera...

I. Perspectives économiques et enjeux de l’ajustement dans le monde

I. Perspectives économiques et enjeux de l’ajustement dans le monde »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

La situation économique et financière internationale s’est nettement améliorée après les turbulences qui ont agité les marchés émergents en 1997–98 et fait craindre une compression généralisée du crédit et u...

II. De la crisis a la recuperación en las economías de mercados emergentes

II. De la crisis a la recuperación en las economías de mercados emergentes »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

Las economías de mercados emergentes han estado expuestas a una gran inestabilidad financiera y macroeconómica en los años noventa. Para muchas de estas economías, sobre todo en Asia pero en cierta medida ta...

II. Économies de marché émergentes: de la crise à la reprise

II. Économies de marché émergentes: de la crise à la reprise »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

Les années 90 auront été marquées, dans les marchés émergents, par une forte instabilité financière et macroéconomique. Pour nombre d’entre eux—en Asie surtout, mais aussi, dans une certaine mesure, en Améri...

III. Crecimiento en Estados Unidos, Europa y Japón: ¿Divergencias duraderas o coyunturales?

III. Crecimiento en Estados Unidos, Europa y Japón: ¿Divergencias duraderas o coyunturales? »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

Aunque tanto en Estados Unidos como en Europa y Japón la inflación ha venido disminuyendo desde principios de los años noventa, hasta llegar a valores que indican una razonable estabilidad de precios, se obs...

III. Croissance aux Etats-Unis, en Europe et au Japon: les divergences sont-elles durables ou conjoncturelles?

III. Croissance aux Etats-Unis, en Europe et au Japon: les divergences sont-elles durables ou conjoncturelles? »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

Si les États-Unis, l’Europe et le Japon enregistrent, depuis le début des années 90, un repli de l’inflation vers des taux qui correspondent à une assez bonne stabilité des prix, leurs performances different...

IV. Préserver la stabilité macroéconomique dans des conditions de faible inflation

IV. Préserver la stabilité macroéconomique dans des conditions de faible inflation »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

Les années 90 ont apporté des succès économiques notables, mais aussi un certain nombre de problèmes nouveaux. Parmi les succès, la stabilité raisonnable des prix établie dans les pays industrialisés et les...

IV. Protección de la estabilidad macroeconómica en condiciones de baja inflación

IV. Protección de la estabilidad macroeconómica en condiciones de baja inflación »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

Los años noventa han sido testigo de algunos notables logros económicos pero también de nuevos problemas. Entre los logros particularmente admirables cabe destacar la razonable estabilidad de los precios de...

Perspectivas de la economía mundial
			: octubre de 1999

Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999 »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758415.083

ISBN: 9781557758415

El informe sobre las Perspectivas de la economía mundial, publicado dos veces al año en inglés, francés, español y árabe, presenta análisis realizados por economistas del cuerpo técnico del FMI sobre la evolución e...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

El informe sobre las Perspectivas de la economía mundial, publicado dos veces al año en inglés, francés, español y árabe, presenta análisis realizados por economistas del cuerpo técnico del FMI sobre la evolución e...

Temas seleccionados de distintas ediciones de Perspectivas de la economía mundial, 1992–99

Temas seleccionados de distintas ediciones de Perspectivas de la economía mundial, 1992–99 »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

I. Metodología: Cifras agregadas, modelos y pronósticos Exactitud de las proyecciones presentadas en...

V. Système commercial international: évolution récente et dossiers d’actualité

V. Système commercial international: évolution récente et dossiers d’actualité »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

Cinq ans après la conclusion du Cycle d’Uruguay, la Conférence ministérielle de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) qui se tiendra à Seattle en décembre 1999 devrait ouvrir une nouvelle série de négoci...

V. Tendencias y cuestiones que se plantean en el sistema de comercio mundial

V. Tendencias y cuestiones que se plantean en el sistema de comercio mundial »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

En diciembre de 1999, cinco años después de la conclusión de las negociaciones de la Ronda Uruguay, se pondrá en marcha en la ciudad de Seattle una nueva ronda de negociaciones comerciales multilaterales en...

VI. Croissance de l’Afrique subsaharienne: résultats, obstacles et conditions d’une amélioration

VI. Croissance de l’Afrique subsaharienne: résultats, obstacles et conditions d’une amélioration »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

Les crises des marchés de capitaux qui se sont propagées récemment à travers le monde n’ont pas épargné les pays d’Afrique subsaharienne, touchés à la fois par les répercussions commerciales de ces turbulenc...

VI. El crecimiento en África al sur del Sahara: Evolución, obstáculos y política económica

VI. El crecimiento en África al sur del Sahara: Evolución, obstáculos y política económica »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial : octubre de 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781557758415

Cuando las repercusiones de la turbulencia que afectó recientemente a los mercados financieros llegaron a las distintas economías del mundo, los países de África al sur del Sahara sintieron los efectos adver...

Perspectives de l'économie mondiale
			: Octobre 1999

Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999 »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758408.083

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

Les Perspectives de l'économie mondiale (PEM), publiées deux fois l'an en anglais, français, espagnol et arabe, présentent des analyses de l'évolution économique mondiale à court et moyen termes, préparées par les...

World Economic Outlook
			: A Survey by the staff of the International Monetary Fund

World Economic Outlook : A Survey by the staff of the International Monetary Fund »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210589.083

ISBN: 9781455210589

Keywords: inflation, interest, debt, monetary policy, restructuring, payments, debtor countries, external debt, price stability, loans

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

Les Perspectives de l'économie mondiale (PEM), publiées deux fois l'an en anglais, français, espagnol et arabe, présentent des analyses de l'évolution économique mondiale à court et moyen termes, préparées par les...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Perspectives de l'économie mondiale : Octobre 1999

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781557758408

Keywords: inflation, intérêts, dette, politique monétaire, restructuration, paiements, pays débiteurs, dette extérieure, stabilité des prix, prêts

Les Perspectives de l'économie mondiale (PEM), publiées deux fois l'an en anglais, français, espagnol et arabe, présentent des analyses de l'évolution économique mondiale à court et moyen termes, préparées par les...

I World Economic Outlook and the Challenges of Global Adjustment

I World Economic Outlook and the Challenges of Global Adjustment »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1999 : Safeguarding Macroeconomci Stability at Low Inflation

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781557758392

Keywords: inflation, interest, debt, monetary policy, restructuring

Global economic and financial conditions have improved markedly after the turbulence in emerging markets in 1997–98, which gave rise to fears of a widespread credit crunch and global recession, and most of t...

II From Crisis to Recovery in the Emerging Market Economies

II From Crisis to Recovery in the Emerging Market Economies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1999 : Safeguarding Macroeconomci Stability at Low Inflation

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781557758392

Keywords: inflation, interest, debt, monetary policy, restructuring

The emerging market economies have experienced a great deal of financial volatility and macroeconomic instability in the 1990s. For many of them, especially in Asia but to some extent also in Latin America,...

III Growth Divergences in the United States, Europe, and Japan: Trend or Cyclical?

III Growth Divergences in the United States, Europe, and Japan: Trend or Cyclical? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1999 : Safeguarding Macroeconomci Stability at Low Inflation

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781557758392

Keywords: inflation, interest, debt, monetary policy, restructuring

While the United States, Europe, and Japan have all experienced declines in inflation since the early 1990s to rates representing reasonable price stability, their growth and labor market performance have di...

IV Safeguarding Macroeconomic Stability at Low Inflation

IV Safeguarding Macroeconomic Stability at Low Inflation »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1999 : Safeguarding Macroeconomci Stability at Low Inflation

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781557758392

Keywords: inflation, interest, debt, monetary policy, restructuring

The 1990s have witnessed some notable economic achievements but a number of new challenges have also arisen. The establishment of reasonable price stability in the industrial countries and of low rates of in...

V Trends and Issues in the Global Trading System

V Trends and Issues in the Global Trading System »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1999 : Safeguarding Macroeconomci Stability at Low Inflation

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781557758392

Keywords: inflation, interest, debt, monetary policy, restructuring

A new, multilateral trade Round will be launched at the Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Seattle in December 1999, five years after the conclusion of the Uruguay R...

VI Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Performance, Impediments, and Policy Requirements

VI Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Performance, Impediments, and Policy Requirements »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1999 : Safeguarding Macroeconomci Stability at Low Inflation

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781557758392

Keywords: inflation, interest, debt, monetary policy, restructuring

When recent turmoil in financial markets disrupted economies across the globe, the countries of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) were adversely affected through trade and the decline in commodity prices induced by t...

World Economic Outlook, October 1999
			: Safeguarding Macroeconomci Stability at Low Inflation

World Economic Outlook, October 1999 : Safeguarding Macroeconomci Stability at Low Inflation »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758392.081

ISBN: 9781557758392

Keywords: inflation, interest, debt, monetary policy, restructuring

Supporting Studies for the World Economic Outlook, prepared by IMF staff, provide a more detailed analysis of issues recently covered in the main pubication. The current edition includes studies of globalization an...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1999 : Safeguarding Macroeconomci Stability at Low Inflation

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781557758392

Keywords: inflation, interest, debt, monetary policy, restructuring

Supporting Studies for the World Economic Outlook, prepared by IMF staff, provide a more detailed analysis of issues recently covered in the main pubication. The current edition includes studies of globalization an...

Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility
			: Developments and Issues

Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757951.083

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

This study reviews the developments and issues in the exchange arrangements and currency convertibility of IMF members. The principal information source for this report is the Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

This study reviews the developments and issues in the exchange arrangements and currency convertibility of IMF members. The principal information source for this report is the Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements...

I Introduction and Overview

I Introduction and Overview »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758521

Keywords: debt, bonds, loans, interest, restructuring

The period since last year’s International Capital Markets report has witnessed some of the most severe financial market turbulence in the postwar period. The effects of the Asian financial crisis were initi...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

During the past decade, most economies have become more open, as evidenced by the increase in world exports of goods and services as a share of GDP from about 18 percent in 1987 to about 23 percent in 1997....

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Developments in the convertibility of members’ currencies for current payments and transfers over the period 1993–97 have clearly been toward more liberal exchange systems for payments and transfers for curr...

II Developments, Trends, and Issues in the Mature Financial Markets

II Developments, Trends, and Issues in the Mature Financial Markets »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758521

Keywords: debt, bonds, loans, interest, restructuring

During the last twelve months, mature markets have experienced severe turbulence. 1 Following the crisis in Russia and amid news of difficulties at a major hedge fund (LTCM), thes...

III Controls on Capital Movements

III Controls on Capital Movements »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

This section reviews the structure of and trends in controls on capital movements and some of the issues and approaches the IMF has adopted to address capital account issues in the context of its technical a...

III Emerging Markets: The Contraction in External Financing and Its Impact on Financial Systems

III Emerging Markets: The Contraction in External Financing and Its Impact on Financial Systems »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758521

Keywords: debt, bonds, loans, interest, restructuring

The turmoil that began as the “Asian crisis” in 1997 spread far more widely in 1998 as the pattern of rolling crises continued. After the substantial turmoil experienced in late 1997, the outlook for emergin...

International Capital Markets
			: Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999)

International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999) »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758521.083

ISBN: 9781557758521

Keywords: debt, bonds, loans, interest, restructuring

Following a review and assessment of recent developments in capital market and banking systems, this year's International Capital Markets report reviews and assesses recent developments in mature and emerging finan...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758521

Keywords: debt, bonds, loans, interest, restructuring

Following a review and assessment of recent developments in capital market and banking systems, this year's International Capital Markets report reviews and assesses recent developments in mature and emerging finan...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758521

Keywords: debt, bonds, loans, interest, restructuring

Following a review and assessment of recent developments in capital market and banking systems, this year's International Capital Markets report reviews and assesses recent developments in mature and emerging finan...

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

According to the IMF’s official classification of exchange arrangements, there has been a gradual move away from pegged regimes into more flexible arrangements. This classification scheme has, however, a num...

IV Managing Global Finance: Private and Public Policy Challenges Raised by Last Fall’s Mature Market Turbulence

IV Managing Global Finance: Private and Public Policy Challenges Raised by Last Fall’s Mature Market Turbulence »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758521

Keywords: debt, bonds, loans, interest, restructuring

The severe turbulence that erupted in the immediate aftermath of Russia’s effective default and devaluation has raised a number of questions about the adequacy of the current lines of defense against systemi...

IX An Operational View of the Foreign Exchange Market

IX An Operational View of the Foreign Exchange Market »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

This section discusses the characteristics and typical practices of the foreign exchange market and the interactions with regulatory or market-based policy interventions. Written from an operational perspect...

Part I

Part I »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

...

Part II

Part II »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

...

Part III

Part III »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

...

Stastical Appendix

Stastical Appendix »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Table A1. Restrictions Maintained by Countries with Article XIV Status, 1997 1...