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IMF Executive Board Completes the Combined Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews of the Extended Fund Facility for Pakistan

New
IMF Executive Board Completes the Combined Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews of the Extended Fund Facility for Pakistan »

Source: Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

Pakistan
			: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

New
Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513576732.002

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

Pakistan: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access—Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

New
Pakistan: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access—Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan »

Source: Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

Pakistan: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under The Extended Arrangement Under The Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access—Supplementary Information

New
Pakistan: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under The Extended Arrangement Under The Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access—Supplementary Information »

Source: Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

Statement by Hossein M. Hosseini, Executive Director for Pakistan and Saeed Ahmed, Senior Advisor to Executive Director March 24, 2021

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Statement by Hossein M. Hosseini, Executive Director for Pakistan and Saeed Ahmed, Senior Advisor to Executive Director March 24, 2021 »

Source: Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021
			: Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence

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The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021 : Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence »

Volume/Issue: 2021/024

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513576695.007

ISBN: 9781513576695

An unprecedented policy response and rapid progress in vaccine development have helped pull the global economy from a deep recession. But the outlook is marked by high uncertainty and great divergence. Carefully ca...

The Managing Director’s Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021: Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence

New
The Managing Director’s Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021: Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence »

Source: The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021 : Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence

Volume/Issue: 2021/024

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576695

An unprecedented policy response and rapid progress in vaccine development have helped pull the global economy from a deep recession. But the outlook is marked by high uncertainty and great divergence. Carefully ca...

Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic

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Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic »

Volume/Issue: 2021/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513576589.007

ISBN: 9781513576589

This paper proposes that the Executive Board approve the disbursement of a third tranche of CCRT debt service relief to 28 of the 29 CCRT-eligible members, covering the period April 14, 2021 through October 15, 202...

Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic

New
Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic »

Source: Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic

Volume/Issue: 2021/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576589

This paper proposes that the Executive Board approve the disbursement of a third tranche of CCRT debt service relief to 28 of the 29 CCRT-eligible members, covering the period April 14, 2021 through October 15, 202...

World Bank Group And International Monetary Fund Support For Debt Relief Under The Common Framework And Beyond

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World Bank Group And International Monetary Fund Support For Debt Relief Under The Common Framework And Beyond »

Volume/Issue: 2021/022

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513576039.007

ISBN: 9781513576039

Keywords: Debt relief, Debt sustainability, Debt sustainability analysis, Debt service, Public debt, PP, IDA country, debt treatment, WBG-IMF LIC-DSF, DSSI extension

This paper discusses World Bank and IMF support for addressing fiscal and debt distress in IDA countries, with emphasis on strong continued concessional flows for green, resilient, and inclusive development....

Insolvency Prospects Among Small-and-Medium-Sized Enterprises in Advanced Economies
			: Assessment and Policy Options

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Insolvency Prospects Among Small-and-Medium-Sized Enterprises in Advanced Economies : Assessment and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2021/002

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Federico Diez , Romain Duval , Jiayue Fan , José Garrido , Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan , Chiara Maggi , Maria Martinez Peria , and Nicola Pierri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574561.006

ISBN: 9781513574561

Keywords: Corporate insolvency, Insolvency, Bankruptcy, Small and medium enterprises, Insolvency, Bankruptcy, “Quasi” Equity Injections, Small- and medium-size enterprises, COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has increased insolvency risks, especially among small and medium enterprises (SMEs), which are vastly overrepresented in hard-hit sectors. Without government intervention, even firms that are...

Insolvency Prospects Among Small-and-Medium-Sized Enterprises in Advanced Economies: Assessment and Policy Options

New
Insolvency Prospects Among Small-and-Medium-Sized Enterprises in Advanced Economies: Assessment and Policy Options »

Source: Insolvency Prospects Among Small-and-Medium-Sized Enterprises in Advanced Economies : Assessment and Policy Options

Volume/Issue: 2021/002

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Federico Diez , Romain Duval , Jiayue Fan , José Garrido , Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan , Chiara Maggi , Maria Martinez Peria , and Nicola Pierri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513574561

Keywords: Corporate insolvency, Insolvency, Bankruptcy, Small and medium enterprises, Insolvency, Bankruptcy, “Quasi” Equity Injections, Small- and medium-size enterprises, COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has increased insolvency risks, especially among small and medium enterprises (SMEs), which are vastly overrepresented in hard-hit sectors. Without government intervention, even firms that are...

World Bank Group And International Monetary Fund Support For Debt Relief Under The Common Framework And Beyond

New
World Bank Group And International Monetary Fund Support For Debt Relief Under The Common Framework And Beyond »

Source: World Bank Group And International Monetary Fund Support For Debt Relief Under The Common Framework And Beyond

Volume/Issue: 2021/022

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576039

Keywords: Debt relief, Debt sustainability, Debt sustainability analysis, Debt service, Public debt, PP, IDA country, debt treatment, WBG-IMF LIC-DSF, DSSI extension

This paper discusses World Bank and IMF support for addressing fiscal and debt distress in IDA countries, with emphasis on strong continued concessional flows for green, resilient, and inclusive development....

Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust-  2020-21 Borrowing Agreements with The Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank Of Italy, The German Federal Ministry Of Finance On Behalf Of The Federal Republic Of Germany, And The Swiss National Bank

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Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust- 2020-21 Borrowing Agreements with The Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank Of Italy, The German Federal Ministry Of Finance On Behalf Of The Federal Republic Of Germany, And The Swiss National Bank »

Volume/Issue: 2021/021

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513575933.007

ISBN: 9781513575933

This paper presents to the Executive Board for information the second set of new borrowing agreements for the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust....

Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust—2020–21 Borrowing Agreements with the Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank of Italy, The German Federal Ministry of Finance on Behalf of the Federal Republic of Germany, and The Swiss National Bank

New
Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust—2020–21 Borrowing Agreements with the Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank of Italy, The German Federal Ministry of Finance on Behalf of the Federal Republic of Germany, and The Swiss National Bank »

Source: Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust- 2020-21 Borrowing Agreements with The Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank Of Italy, The German Federal Ministry Of Finance On Behalf Of The Federal Republic Of Germany, And The Swiss National Bank

Volume/Issue: 2021/021

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513575933

This paper presents to the Executive Board for information the second set of new borrowing agreements for the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust....

IMF Executive Board Discusses Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Countries—2021

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IMF Executive Board Discusses Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Countries—2021 »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects In Low-Income Countries-2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513575858

This paper is the sixth in a series that examines macroeconomic developments and prospects in low-income countries (LICs). LICs are defined in this report as the countries eligible to PRGT facilities (69 countries)...

Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects In Low-Income Countries-2021

New
Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects In Low-Income Countries-2021 »

Volume/Issue: 2021/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513575858.007

ISBN: 9781513575858

This paper is the sixth in a series that examines macroeconomic developments and prospects in low-income countries (LICs). LICs are defined in this report as the countries eligible to PRGT facilities (69 countries)...

IMF Policy Paper: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Countries—2021

New
IMF Policy Paper: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Countries—2021 »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects In Low-Income Countries-2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513575858

This paper is the sixth in a series that examines macroeconomic developments and prospects in low-income countries (LICs). LICs are defined in this report as the countries eligible to PRGT facilities (69 countries)...

COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare?

New
COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare? »

Source: COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare?

Volume/Issue: 2021/008

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Mai Chi Dao , Andreas A. Jobst , Aiko Mineshima , Srobona Mitra , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513572772

Keywords: Corporate profits, Bank risk management, Bank capital, Stress testing, Europe, Bank capital;stress test;COVID-19;bank profitability; corporate risk

This paper evaluates the impact of the crisis on European banks' capital under a range of macroeconomic scenarios, using granular data on the size and riskiness of sectoral exposures. The analysis incorporates the...

COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare?

New
COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare? »

Volume/Issue: 2021/008

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Mai Chi Dao , Andreas A. Jobst , Aiko Mineshima , Srobona Mitra , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572772.087

ISBN: 9781513572772

Keywords: Corporate profits, Bank risk management, Bank capital, Stress testing, Europe, Bank capital;stress test;COVID-19;bank profitability; corporate risk

This paper evaluates the impact of the crisis on European banks' capital under a range of macroeconomic scenarios, using granular data on the size and riskiness of sectoral exposures. The analysis incorporates the...

Annex I. Supplementary Information on Korea’s Mitigation Policies

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Annex I. Supplementary Information on Korea’s Mitigation Policies »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Annex II. Pricing Miscellaneous Emissions Sources

New
Annex II. Pricing Miscellaneous Emissions Sources »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Annex III. Burden of Carbon Mitigation Policies on Industries

New
Annex III. Burden of Carbon Mitigation Policies on Industries »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Fiscal Policies for Reinforcing Korea's Climate Mitigation Strategy1

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Fiscal Policies for Reinforcing Korea's Climate Mitigation Strategy1 »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Fiscal Rules in Korea—Some Considerations1

New
Fiscal Rules in Korea—Some Considerations1 »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

IMF Executive Board Approves Temporary Extensions and Modification of Access Limits in the Fund’s Lending Facilities

New
IMF Executive Board Approves Temporary Extensions and Modification of Access Limits in the Fund’s Lending Facilities »

Source: Temporary Extensions and Modifications Of Access Limits In The Fund's Lending Facilities

Volume/Issue: 2021/019

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513575032

Keywords: COVID-19 , Emergency assistance, Credit, Concessional external borrowing, Debt sustainability, PP, emergency financing instrument, fund arrangement, loan disbursement, access limit

The Fund introduced two main sets of temporary adjustments to its lending frameworks in the early months of the pandemic: (i) increases in the limits on access to its emergency financing instruments (April 2020) an...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Republic of Korea

New
IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Republic of Korea »

Source: Republic of Korea : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Korea

Volume/Issue: 2021/064

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574875

Keywords: COVID-19 , Credit, Foreign exchange, Fiscal policy, Consumer price indexes, ISCR, CR, staff statement, staff appraisal, article IV consultation staff report

Korea entered the COVID-19 pandemic with sound macroeconomic fundamentals and a resilient financial system. The initial outbreak led to a sharp decline in economic activity and employment and generated substantial...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Sweden

New
IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Sweden »

Source: Sweden : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/061

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574684

Sweden entered the pandemic with substantial buffers and suffered a relatively shallow recession in 2020. The decline in output was moderated by substantial income and liquidity support as well as structural featur...

Temporary Extensions and Modifications Of Access Limits In The Fund's Lending Facilities

New
Temporary Extensions and Modifications Of Access Limits In The Fund's Lending Facilities »

Volume/Issue: 2021/019

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513575032.007

ISBN: 9781513575032

Keywords: COVID-19 , Emergency assistance, Credit, Concessional external borrowing, Debt sustainability, PP, emergency financing instrument, fund arrangement, loan disbursement, access limit

The Fund introduced two main sets of temporary adjustments to its lending frameworks in the early months of the pandemic: (i) increases in the limits on access to its emergency financing instruments (April 2020) an...

IMF Policy Paper: Temporary Extensions and Modifications of Access Limits in the Fund’s Lending Facilities

New
IMF Policy Paper: Temporary Extensions and Modifications of Access Limits in the Fund’s Lending Facilities »

Source: Temporary Extensions and Modifications Of Access Limits In The Fund's Lending Facilities

Volume/Issue: 2021/019

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513575032

Keywords: COVID-19 , Emergency assistance, Credit, Concessional external borrowing, Debt sustainability, PP, emergency financing instrument, fund arrangement, loan disbursement, access limit

The Fund introduced two main sets of temporary adjustments to its lending frameworks in the early months of the pandemic: (i) increases in the limits on access to its emergency financing instruments (April 2020) an...

IMF Policy Paper: Temporary Extensions and Modifications of Access Limits in the Fund’s Lending Facilities—Proposed Decisions

New
IMF Policy Paper: Temporary Extensions and Modifications of Access Limits in the Fund’s Lending Facilities—Proposed Decisions »

Source: Temporary Extensions and Modifications Of Access Limits In The Fund's Lending Facilities

Volume/Issue: 2021/019

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513575032

Keywords: COVID-19 , Emergency assistance, Credit, Concessional external borrowing, Debt sustainability, PP, emergency financing instrument, fund arrangement, loan disbursement, access limit

The Fund introduced two main sets of temporary adjustments to its lending frameworks in the early months of the pandemic: (i) increases in the limits on access to its emergency financing instruments (April 2020) an...

Republic of Korea
			: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Korea

New
Republic of Korea : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Korea »

Volume/Issue: 2021/064

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574875.002

ISBN: 9781513574875

Keywords: COVID-19 , Credit, Foreign exchange, Fiscal policy, Consumer price indexes, ISCR, CR, staff statement, staff appraisal, article IV consultation staff report

Korea entered the COVID-19 pandemic with sound macroeconomic fundamentals and a resilient financial system. The initial outbreak led to a sharp decline in economic activity and employment and generated substantial...

Republic of Korea
			: Selected Issues

New
Republic of Korea : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574929.002

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Sweden
			: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

New
Sweden : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2021/061

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574684.002

ISBN: 9781513574684

Sweden entered the pandemic with substantial buffers and suffered a relatively shallow recession in 2020. The decline in output was moderated by substantial income and liquidity support as well as structural featur...

Sweden
			: Selected Issues

New
Sweden : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/062

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574745.002

ISBN: 9781513574745

Selected Issues...

Republic of Korea: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Korea

New
Republic of Korea: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Korea »

Source: Republic of Korea : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Korea

Volume/Issue: 2021/064

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574875

Keywords: COVID-19 , Credit, Foreign exchange, Fiscal policy, Consumer price indexes, ISCR, CR, staff statement, staff appraisal, article IV consultation staff report

Korea entered the COVID-19 pandemic with sound macroeconomic fundamentals and a resilient financial system. The initial outbreak led to a sharp decline in economic activity and employment and generated substantial...

Republic of Korea: Selected Issues

New
Republic of Korea: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Republic of Korea: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New
Republic of Korea: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Korea : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Korea

Volume/Issue: 2021/064

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574875

Keywords: COVID-19 , Credit, Foreign exchange, Fiscal policy, Consumer price indexes, ISCR, CR, staff statement, staff appraisal, article IV consultation staff report

Korea entered the COVID-19 pandemic with sound macroeconomic fundamentals and a resilient financial system. The initial outbreak led to a sharp decline in economic activity and employment and generated substantial...

Statement by Chang Huh, Executive Director for Republic of Korea, Byung Hee Yoo, Senior Advisor to Executive Director, and Jinhyuk Yoo, Advisor to Executive Director March 17, 2021

New
Statement by Chang Huh, Executive Director for Republic of Korea, Byung Hee Yoo, Senior Advisor to Executive Director, and Jinhyuk Yoo, Advisor to Executive Director March 17, 2021 »

Source: Republic of Korea : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Korea

Volume/Issue: 2021/064

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574875

Keywords: COVID-19 , Credit, Foreign exchange, Fiscal policy, Consumer price indexes, ISCR, CR, staff statement, staff appraisal, article IV consultation staff report

Korea entered the COVID-19 pandemic with sound macroeconomic fundamentals and a resilient financial system. The initial outbreak led to a sharp decline in economic activity and employment and generated substantial...

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative March 17, 2021

New
Statement by the IMF Staff Representative March 17, 2021 »

Source: Republic of Korea : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Korea

Volume/Issue: 2021/064

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574875

Keywords: COVID-19 , Credit, Foreign exchange, Fiscal policy, Consumer price indexes, ISCR, CR, staff statement, staff appraisal, article IV consultation staff report

Korea entered the COVID-19 pandemic with sound macroeconomic fundamentals and a resilient financial system. The initial outbreak led to a sharp decline in economic activity and employment and generated substantial...

Sweden: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; and Staff Report

New
Sweden: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; and Staff Report »

Source: Sweden : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/061

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574684

Sweden entered the pandemic with substantial buffers and suffered a relatively shallow recession in 2020. The decline in output was moderated by substantial income and liquidity support as well as structural featur...

Sweden: Selected Issues

New
Sweden: Selected Issues »

Source: Sweden : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/062

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574745

Selected Issues...

Sweden: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New
Sweden: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Sweden : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/061

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574684

Sweden entered the pandemic with substantial buffers and suffered a relatively shallow recession in 2020. The decline in output was moderated by substantial income and liquidity support as well as structural featur...

Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific

New
Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific »

Source: Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific : Opportunities and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2021/007

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , James Daniel , Masahiro Nozaki , Cristian Alonso , Vybhavi Balasundharam , Matthieu Bellon , Chuling Chen , David Corvino , and Joey Kilpatrick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513561394

Keywords: Climate change, Fiscal policy, Environmental taxes, Climate policy, Asia and Pacific, Fiscal policy;Climate change;Environmental taxes;Green economy;Climate change mitigation;Climate change adaptation;Asia and the Pacific

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing policymakers worldwide, and the stakes are particularly high for Asia and the Pacific. This paper analyzes how fiscal policy can address challenges from clima...

Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific
			: Opportunities and Challenges

New
Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific : Opportunities and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2021/007

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , James Daniel , Masahiro Nozaki , Cristian Alonso , Vybhavi Balasundharam , Matthieu Bellon , Chuling Chen , David Corvino , and Joey Kilpatrick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561394.087

ISBN: 9781513561394

Keywords: Climate change, Fiscal policy, Environmental taxes, Climate policy, Asia and Pacific, Fiscal policy;Climate change;Environmental taxes;Green economy;Climate change mitigation;Climate change adaptation;Asia and the Pacific

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing policymakers worldwide, and the stakes are particularly high for Asia and the Pacific. This paper analyzes how fiscal policy can address challenges from clima...

Macroeconomic Research in Low-income Countries
			: Advances Made in Five Key Areas Through a DFID-IMF Collaboration

New
Macroeconomic Research in Low-income Countries : Advances Made in Five Key Areas Through a DFID-IMF Collaboration »

Volume/Issue: 2021/006

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Hites Ahir , Hendre Garbers , Mattia Coppo , Giovanni Melina , Futoshi Narita , Filiz Unsal , Vivian Malta , Xin Tang , Daniel Gurara , Luis-Felipe Zanna , Linda G. Venable , Kangni Kpodar , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513566603.087

ISBN: 9781513566603

Keywords: Low income countries, Debt, Investment policies, Monetary policy, Income inequality, Economic growth, Gender inequality, Public investment spending, Fiscal policy, Income

Despite strong economic growth since 2000, many low-income countries (LICs) still face numerous macroeconomic challenges, even prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the deceleration in real GDP growth during the...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Peru

New
IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Peru »

Source: Peru : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru

Volume/Issue: 2021/063

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574806

Keywords: COVID-19 , Loans, Currencies, Credit, External debt, ISCR, CR, policy buffer, financial system regulator, due diligence

Peru entered the pandemic with a sustained track record of implementing very strong policies amid very strong economic fundamentals and institutional policy frameworks, but was hit hard by the pandemic, which took...

Peru
			: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru

New
Peru : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru »

Volume/Issue: 2021/063

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574806.002

ISBN: 9781513574806

Keywords: COVID-19 , Loans, Currencies, Credit, External debt, ISCR, CR, policy buffer, financial system regulator, due diligence

Peru entered the pandemic with a sustained track record of implementing very strong policies amid very strong economic fundamentals and institutional policy frameworks, but was hit hard by the pandemic, which took...

Macroeconomic Research in Low-income Countries

New
Macroeconomic Research in Low-income Countries »

Source: Macroeconomic Research in Low-income Countries : Advances Made in Five Key Areas Through a DFID-IMF Collaboration

Volume/Issue: 2021/006

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Hites Ahir , Hendre Garbers , Mattia Coppo , Giovanni Melina , Futoshi Narita , Filiz Unsal , Vivian Malta , Xin Tang , Daniel Gurara , Luis-Felipe Zanna , Linda G. Venable , Kangni Kpodar , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566603

Keywords: Low income countries, Debt, Investment policies, Monetary policy, Income inequality, Economic growth, Gender inequality, Public investment spending, Fiscal policy, Income

Despite strong economic growth since 2000, many low-income countries (LICs) still face numerous macroeconomic challenges, even prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the deceleration in real GDP growth during the...

Peru: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru

New
Peru: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru »

Source: Peru : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru

Volume/Issue: 2021/063

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574806

Keywords: COVID-19 , Loans, Currencies, Credit, External debt, ISCR, CR, policy buffer, financial system regulator, due diligence

Peru entered the pandemic with a sustained track record of implementing very strong policies amid very strong economic fundamentals and institutional policy frameworks, but was hit hard by the pandemic, which took...

Peru: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New
Peru: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Peru : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru

Volume/Issue: 2021/063

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574806

Keywords: COVID-19 , Loans, Currencies, Credit, External debt, ISCR, CR, policy buffer, financial system regulator, due diligence

Peru entered the pandemic with a sustained track record of implementing very strong policies amid very strong economic fundamentals and institutional policy frameworks, but was hit hard by the pandemic, which took...

Statement by Mr. Chodos and Mr. Hendrick on Peru March 19, 2021

New
Statement by Mr. Chodos and Mr. Hendrick on Peru March 19, 2021 »

Source: Peru : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru

Volume/Issue: 2021/063

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574806

Keywords: COVID-19 , Loans, Currencies, Credit, External debt, ISCR, CR, policy buffer, financial system regulator, due diligence

Peru entered the pandemic with a sustained track record of implementing very strong policies amid very strong economic fundamentals and institutional policy frameworks, but was hit hard by the pandemic, which took...

Colombia: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Colombia

New
Colombia: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Colombia »

Source: Colombia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Colombia

Volume/Issue: 2021/059

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574608

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Public debt, Credit, Public sector, ISCR, CR, IMF staff estimate, Banco de la República, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

COVID-19 has taken a severe social and economic toll, including almost 60,000 deaths. With over 5 million jobs temporarily affected, Colombia recorded its largest recession on record. Since 2020H2, an uneven recove...

Colombia: Selected Issues

New
Colombia: Selected Issues »

Source: Colombia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574615

Keywords: Income, Potential output, Employment, COVID-19 , Unemployment, ISCR, CR, income balance, production function approach, employment loss

Selected Issues...

Colombia: Selected Issues

New
Colombia: Selected Issues »

Source: Colombia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574615

Keywords: Income, Potential output, Employment, COVID-19 , Unemployment, ISCR, CR, income balance, production function approach, employment loss

Selected Issues...

Colombia: Selected Issues

New
Colombia: Selected Issues »

Source: Colombia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574615

Keywords: Income, Potential output, Employment, COVID-19 , Unemployment, ISCR, CR, income balance, production function approach, employment loss

Selected Issues...

Colombia: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New
Colombia: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Colombia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Colombia

Volume/Issue: 2021/059

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574608

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Public debt, Credit, Public sector, ISCR, CR, IMF staff estimate, Banco de la República, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

COVID-19 has taken a severe social and economic toll, including almost 60,000 deaths. With over 5 million jobs temporarily affected, Colombia recorded its largest recession on record. Since 2020H2, an uneven recove...

IMF Executive Board Approves US$50 million Disbursement to Sierra Leone to Address the Continuing Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

New
IMF Executive Board Approves US$50 million Disbursement to Sierra Leone to Address the Continuing Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic »

Source: Sierra Leone : Request for Disbursement under the Rapid Credit Facility

Volume/Issue: 2021/058

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574578

Keywords: Public debt, COVID-19 , External debt, Budget planning and preparation, Arrears, ISCR, CR, emergency financing from the IMF, financing situation, financing gap

Sierra Leone continues to grapple with the serious and persistent economic and social effects of the pandemic. Containment measures and trade disruptions in 2020 weakened domestic demand and exports and caused dome...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Colombia

New
IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Colombia »

Source: Colombia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Colombia

Volume/Issue: 2021/059

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574608

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Public debt, Credit, Public sector, ISCR, CR, IMF staff estimate, Banco de la República, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

COVID-19 has taken a severe social and economic toll, including almost 60,000 deaths. With over 5 million jobs temporarily affected, Colombia recorded its largest recession on record. Since 2020H2, an uneven recove...

Colombia
			: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Colombia

New
Colombia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Colombia »

Volume/Issue: 2021/059

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574608.002

ISBN: 9781513574608

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Public debt, Credit, Public sector, ISCR, CR, IMF staff estimate, Banco de la República, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

COVID-19 has taken a severe social and economic toll, including almost 60,000 deaths. With over 5 million jobs temporarily affected, Colombia recorded its largest recession on record. Since 2020H2, an uneven recove...

Colombia
			: Selected Issues

New
Colombia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574615.002

ISBN: 9781513574615

Keywords: Income, Potential output, Employment, COVID-19 , Unemployment, ISCR, CR, income balance, production function approach, employment loss

Selected Issues...

Sierra Leone
			: Request for Disbursement under the Rapid Credit Facility

New
Sierra Leone : Request for Disbursement under the Rapid Credit Facility »

Volume/Issue: 2021/058

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574578.002

ISBN: 9781513574578

Keywords: Public debt, COVID-19 , External debt, Budget planning and preparation, Arrears, ISCR, CR, emergency financing from the IMF, financing situation, financing gap

Sierra Leone continues to grapple with the serious and persistent economic and social effects of the pandemic. Containment measures and trade disruptions in 2020 weakened domestic demand and exports and caused dome...

Sierra Leone: Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility

New
Sierra Leone: Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility »

Source: Sierra Leone : Request for Disbursement under the Rapid Credit Facility

Volume/Issue: 2021/058

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574578

Keywords: Public debt, COVID-19 , External debt, Budget planning and preparation, Arrears, ISCR, CR, emergency financing from the IMF, financing situation, financing gap

Sierra Leone continues to grapple with the serious and persistent economic and social effects of the pandemic. Containment measures and trade disruptions in 2020 weakened domestic demand and exports and caused dome...

Sierra Leone: Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility—Debt Sustainability Analysis1

New
Sierra Leone: Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility—Debt Sustainability Analysis1 »

Source: Sierra Leone : Request for Disbursement under the Rapid Credit Facility

Volume/Issue: 2021/058

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574578

Keywords: Public debt, COVID-19 , External debt, Budget planning and preparation, Arrears, ISCR, CR, emergency financing from the IMF, financing situation, financing gap

Sierra Leone continues to grapple with the serious and persistent economic and social effects of the pandemic. Containment measures and trade disruptions in 2020 weakened domestic demand and exports and caused dome...

Statement by Mr. Romero Tarazona on Colombia March 19, 2021

New
Statement by Mr. Romero Tarazona on Colombia March 19, 2021 »

Source: Colombia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Colombia

Volume/Issue: 2021/059

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574608

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Public debt, Credit, Public sector, ISCR, CR, IMF staff estimate, Banco de la República, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

COVID-19 has taken a severe social and economic toll, including almost 60,000 deaths. With over 5 million jobs temporarily affected, Colombia recorded its largest recession on record. Since 2020H2, an uneven recove...

Statement by Ms. Ita Mary Mannathoko, Executive Director for Sierra Leone and Mr. James Garang, Advisor to the Executive Director March 15, 2021

New
Statement by Ms. Ita Mary Mannathoko, Executive Director for Sierra Leone and Mr. James Garang, Advisor to the Executive Director March 15, 2021 »

Source: Sierra Leone : Request for Disbursement under the Rapid Credit Facility

Volume/Issue: 2021/058

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574578

Keywords: Public debt, COVID-19 , External debt, Budget planning and preparation, Arrears, ISCR, CR, emergency financing from the IMF, financing situation, financing gap

Sierra Leone continues to grapple with the serious and persistent economic and social effects of the pandemic. Containment measures and trade disruptions in 2020 weakened domestic demand and exports and caused dome...

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
			: Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening Oversight over State-Owned Corporations, PPPs and Fiscal Risks

New
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan : Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening Oversight over State-Owned Corporations, PPPs and Fiscal Risks »

Volume/Issue: 2021/057

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574530.002

ISBN: 9781513574530

Keywords: Fiscal risks, Public investment and public-private partnerships (PPP), Financial statements, Contingent liabilities, Public enterprises, ISCR, CR, SOC law, PPP project, SOCS liability

This remote mission provided the authorities with advice in fiscal risk management. The mission covered three interrelated topics: (i) the Public Finance and Expenditure Management (PFEM) Law and fiscal risks over...

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

New
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan »

Source: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan : Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening Oversight over State-Owned Corporations, PPPs and Fiscal Risks

Volume/Issue: 2021/057

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574530

Keywords: Fiscal risks, Public investment and public-private partnerships (PPP), Financial statements, Contingent liabilities, Public enterprises, ISCR, CR, SOC law, PPP project, SOCS liability

This remote mission provided the authorities with advice in fiscal risk management. The mission covered three interrelated topics: (i) the Public Finance and Expenditure Management (PFEM) Law and fiscal risks over...

IMF Executive Board Completes the 2021 Article IV Consultation with Samoa

New
IMF Executive Board Completes the 2021 Article IV Consultation with Samoa »

Source: Samoa : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/056

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574424

Keywords: Public debt, External debt, Credit, Natural disasters, Stress testing, ISCR, CR, U.S. dollar, IMF disbursement, due diligence

Samoa has shown resilience to past economic shocks, underpinned by the authorities' strong commitment to support the economy and financial assistance provided by the international community. Samoa was among the fir...

Samoa
			: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

New
Samoa : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2021/056

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574424.002

ISBN: 9781513574424

Keywords: Public debt, External debt, Credit, Natural disasters, Stress testing, ISCR, CR, U.S. dollar, IMF disbursement, due diligence

Samoa has shown resilience to past economic shocks, underpinned by the authorities' strong commitment to support the economy and financial assistance provided by the international community. Samoa was among the fir...

Samoa: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; and Staff Report

New
Samoa: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; and Staff Report »

Source: Samoa : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/056

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574424

Keywords: Public debt, External debt, Credit, Natural disasters, Stress testing, ISCR, CR, U.S. dollar, IMF disbursement, due diligence

Samoa has shown resilience to past economic shocks, underpinned by the authorities' strong commitment to support the economy and financial assistance provided by the international community. Samoa was among the fir...

Samoa: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis

New
Samoa: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Samoa : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/056

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574424

Keywords: Public debt, External debt, Credit, Natural disasters, Stress testing, ISCR, CR, U.S. dollar, IMF disbursement, due diligence

Samoa has shown resilience to past economic shocks, underpinned by the authorities' strong commitment to support the economy and financial assistance provided by the international community. Samoa was among the fir...

Samoa: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New
Samoa: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Samoa : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/056

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574424

Keywords: Public debt, External debt, Credit, Natural disasters, Stress testing, ISCR, CR, U.S. dollar, IMF disbursement, due diligence

Samoa has shown resilience to past economic shocks, underpinned by the authorities' strong commitment to support the economy and financial assistance provided by the international community. Samoa was among the fir...

Canada: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release and Staff Report

New
Canada: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release and Staff Report »

Source: Canada : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/054

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574264

Keywords: COVID-19 , Public debt, Income, Central bank policy rate, Fiscal stance, ISCR, CR, vaccine rollout, supply bottleneck, vaccine dose

The Canadian economy was operating at close to capacity and had strong policy buffers when the COVID-19 pandemic hit. Economic and social restrictions put in place in March 2020 helped to mitigate the first wave of...

Canada: Seleced Issues

New
Canada: Seleced Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/055

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574295

Keywords: Income inequality, Carbon tax, Income distribution, Income, Greenhouse gas emissions, ISCR, CR, market income, mobility index, income Gini Coefficient

Selected Issues...

Canada: Seleced Issues

New
Canada: Seleced Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/055

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574295

Keywords: Income inequality, Carbon tax, Income distribution, Income, Greenhouse gas emissions, ISCR, CR, market income, mobility index, income Gini Coefficient

Selected Issues...

Canada: Selected Issues

New
Canada: Selected Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/055

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574295

Keywords: Income inequality, Carbon tax, Income distribution, Income, Greenhouse gas emissions, ISCR, CR, market income, mobility index, income Gini Coefficient

Selected Issues...

Canada: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New
Canada: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Canada : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/054

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574264

Keywords: COVID-19 , Public debt, Income, Central bank policy rate, Fiscal stance, ISCR, CR, vaccine rollout, supply bottleneck, vaccine dose

The Canadian economy was operating at close to capacity and had strong policy buffers when the COVID-19 pandemic hit. Economic and social restrictions put in place in March 2020 helped to mitigate the first wave of...

Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision
			: National Progress and Gaps

New
Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision : National Progress and Gaps »

Volume: 2021

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Ljubica Dordevic , Caio Ferreira , Moses Kitonga , and Katharine Seal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513566658.087

ISBN: 9781513566658

Keywords: Bank supervision, Bank regulation, Basel Core Principles, Global financial crisis of 2008-2009, Macroprudential policy, Bank Supervision;Bank Regulation;Basel Accords;Basel Core Principles;Global Financial Crisis;Prudential Requirements

The paper employs two complementary strategies. First, it is pursues textual analysis (text mining) of the assessment reports to identify successes and challenges the authorities are facing. Second, it analyzes the...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Canada

New
IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Canada »

Source: Canada : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/054

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574264

Keywords: COVID-19 , Public debt, Income, Central bank policy rate, Fiscal stance, ISCR, CR, vaccine rollout, supply bottleneck, vaccine dose

The Canadian economy was operating at close to capacity and had strong policy buffers when the COVID-19 pandemic hit. Economic and social restrictions put in place in March 2020 helped to mitigate the first wave of...

Canada
			: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

New
Canada : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2021/054

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574264.002

ISBN: 9781513574264

Keywords: COVID-19 , Public debt, Income, Central bank policy rate, Fiscal stance, ISCR, CR, vaccine rollout, supply bottleneck, vaccine dose

The Canadian economy was operating at close to capacity and had strong policy buffers when the COVID-19 pandemic hit. Economic and social restrictions put in place in March 2020 helped to mitigate the first wave of...

Canada
			: Selected Issues

New
Canada : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/055

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574295.002

ISBN: 9781513574295

Keywords: Income inequality, Carbon tax, Income distribution, Income, Greenhouse gas emissions, ISCR, CR, market income, mobility index, income Gini Coefficient

Selected Issues...

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative March 12, 2021

New
Statement by the IMF Staff Representative March 12, 2021 »

Source: Canada : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/054

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574264

Keywords: COVID-19 , Public debt, Income, Central bank policy rate, Fiscal stance, ISCR, CR, vaccine rollout, supply bottleneck, vaccine dose

The Canadian economy was operating at close to capacity and had strong policy buffers when the COVID-19 pandemic hit. Economic and social restrictions put in place in March 2020 helped to mitigate the first wave of...

Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision: National Progress and Gaps

New
Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision: National Progress and Gaps »

Source: Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision : National Progress and Gaps

Volume: 2021

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Ljubica Dordevic , Caio Ferreira , Moses Kitonga , and Katharine Seal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566658

Keywords: Bank supervision, Bank regulation, Basel Core Principles, Global financial crisis of 2008-2009, Macroprudential policy, Bank Supervision;Bank Regulation;Basel Accords;Basel Core Principles;Global Financial Crisis;Prudential Requirements

The paper employs two complementary strategies. First, it is pursues textual analysis (text mining) of the assessment reports to identify successes and challenges the authorities are facing. Second, it analyzes the...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Malaysia

New
IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Malaysia »

Source: Malaysia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia

Volume/Issue: 2021/053

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574202

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), Fiscal policy, Public debt, ISCR, CR, procurement rule, Malaysian authorities, open economy

Malaysia entered the pandemic from a robust economic position but has nonetheless been significantly affected. A synchronous fiscal, monetary and financial policy response has helped cushion the economic impact. As...

Malaysia
			: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia

New
Malaysia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia »

Volume/Issue: 2021/053

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574202.002

ISBN: 9781513574202

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), Fiscal policy, Public debt, ISCR, CR, procurement rule, Malaysian authorities, open economy

Malaysia entered the pandemic from a robust economic position but has nonetheless been significantly affected. A synchronous fiscal, monetary and financial policy response has helped cushion the economic impact. As...

Malaysia: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia

New
Malaysia: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia »

Source: Malaysia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia

Volume/Issue: 2021/053

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574202

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), Fiscal policy, Public debt, ISCR, CR, procurement rule, Malaysian authorities, open economy

Malaysia entered the pandemic from a robust economic position but has nonetheless been significantly affected. A synchronous fiscal, monetary and financial policy response has helped cushion the economic impact. As...

Malaysia: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New
Malaysia: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Malaysia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia

Volume/Issue: 2021/053

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574202

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), Fiscal policy, Public debt, ISCR, CR, procurement rule, Malaysian authorities, open economy

Malaysia entered the pandemic from a robust economic position but has nonetheless been significantly affected. A synchronous fiscal, monetary and financial policy response has helped cushion the economic impact. As...

Statement by Alisara Mahasandana, Executive Director for Malaysia, and Zaidi Mahyuddin, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director February 22, 2021

New
Statement by Alisara Mahasandana, Executive Director for Malaysia, and Zaidi Mahyuddin, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director February 22, 2021 »

Source: Malaysia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia

Volume/Issue: 2021/053

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574202

Keywords: COVID-19 , External debt, Anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), Fiscal policy, Public debt, ISCR, CR, procurement rule, Malaysian authorities, open economy

Malaysia entered the pandemic from a robust economic position but has nonetheless been significantly affected. A synchronous fiscal, monetary and financial policy response has helped cushion the economic impact. As...

Fund Staff Re-Examine the Case for Using Financial Incentives in Support of Debt Restructuring Operations

New
Fund Staff Re-Examine the Case for Using Financial Incentives in Support of Debt Restructuring Operations »

Source: Fund Support for Debt- and Debt-Service-Reduction Operations

Volume/Issue: 2021/018

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574110

Keywords: Debt relief, Debt restructuring, Debt reduction, Currencies, Financial crises, PP, fund staff, DDSR Policy, Fund-financing of buyback, Fund-supported DDSROs

The note concludes that the Fund could support a member's use of buybacks, cash sweeteners, or collateral in the context of a Fund-supported program, provided that (i) debt restructurings using buybacks, cash sweet...

Fund Support for Debt- and Debt-Service-Reduction Operations

New
Fund Support for Debt- and Debt-Service-Reduction Operations »

Source: Fund Support for Debt- and Debt-Service-Reduction Operations

Volume/Issue: 2021/018

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574110

Keywords: Debt relief, Debt restructuring, Debt reduction, Currencies, Financial crises, PP, fund staff, DDSR Policy, Fund-financing of buyback, Fund-supported DDSROs

The note concludes that the Fund could support a member's use of buybacks, cash sweeteners, or collateral in the context of a Fund-supported program, provided that (i) debt restructurings using buybacks, cash sweet...

Fund Support for Debt- and Debt-Service-Reduction Operations

New
Fund Support for Debt- and Debt-Service-Reduction Operations »

Volume/Issue: 2021/018

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574110.007

ISBN: 9781513574110

Keywords: Debt relief, Debt restructuring, Debt reduction, Currencies, Financial crises, PP, fund staff, DDSR Policy, Fund-financing of buyback, Fund-supported DDSROs

The note concludes that the Fund could support a member's use of buybacks, cash sweeteners, or collateral in the context of a Fund-supported program, provided that (i) debt restructurings using buybacks, cash sweet...

Review of The Method of Valuation of The SDR-Proposed Extension of The Valuation Of The SDR Basket and Modification of The Date Of Effect of A New Basket

New
Review of The Method of Valuation of The SDR-Proposed Extension of The Valuation Of The SDR Basket and Modification of The Date Of Effect of A New Basket »

Volume/Issue: 2021/017

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574035.007

ISBN: 9781513574035

Keywords: Currencies, SDR interest rate, Freely usable currencies, PP, SDR valuation review, SDR user, SDR allocation workstream, SDR interest basket, SDR workstreams

On March 5, 2021, the IMF's Executive Board approved an extension of the current Special Drawing Right (SDR) valuation basket by ten months from September 30, 2021 to July 31, 2022. The IMF normally reviews the com...

Rising Corporate Market Power
			: Emerging Policy Issues

New
Rising Corporate Market Power : Emerging Policy Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ufuk Akcigit , Wenjie Chen , Federico Diez , Romain Duval , Philipp Engler , Jiayue Fan , Chiara Maggi , Marina Mendes Tavares , Daniel Schwarz , Ippei Shibata , and Carolina Villegas-Sánchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513512082.006

ISBN: 9781513512082

Keywords: Market competitions, Digital economy, Monetary policy, Business environment, Market power;business dynamism;Mergers and acquisitions;competition policy;digital economy;monetary policy

Corporate market power has risen in recent decades, and new estimates in this note suggest that the likely wave of small and medium-sized enterprise bankruptcies from the ongoing pandemic will further strengthen ma...

Review of The Method of Valuation of The SDR-Proposed Extension of The Valuation Of The SDR Basket and Modification of The Date Of Effect of A New Basket

New
Review of The Method of Valuation of The SDR-Proposed Extension of The Valuation Of The SDR Basket and Modification of The Date Of Effect of A New Basket »

Source: Review of The Method of Valuation of The SDR-Proposed Extension of The Valuation Of The SDR Basket and Modification of The Date Of Effect of A New Basket

Volume/Issue: 2021/017

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574035

Keywords: Currencies, SDR interest rate, Freely usable currencies, PP, SDR valuation review, SDR user, SDR allocation workstream, SDR interest basket, SDR workstreams

On March 5, 2021, the IMF's Executive Board approved an extension of the current Special Drawing Right (SDR) valuation basket by ten months from September 30, 2021 to July 31, 2022. The IMF normally reviews the com...

Rising Corporate Market Power: Emerging Policy Issues

New
Rising Corporate Market Power: Emerging Policy Issues »

Source: Rising Corporate Market Power : Emerging Policy Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ufuk Akcigit , Wenjie Chen , Federico Diez , Romain Duval , Philipp Engler , Jiayue Fan , Chiara Maggi , Marina Mendes Tavares , Daniel Schwarz , Ippei Shibata , and Carolina Villegas-Sánchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513512082

Keywords: Market competitions, Digital economy, Monetary policy, Business environment, Market power;business dynamism;Mergers and acquisitions;competition policy;digital economy;monetary policy

Corporate market power has risen in recent decades, and new estimates in this note suggest that the likely wave of small and medium-sized enterprise bankruptcies from the ongoing pandemic will further strengthen ma...

Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth

Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth »

Source: Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth

Volume/Issue: 2021/072

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Baduel , Asel Isakova , and Anna Ter-Martirosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513572642

Keywords: Labor markets, Aging, Education, Poverty, Income, inequality, inclusive growth, youth employment, elderly poverty, intergenerational mobility

Sharing economic benefits equitably across all segments of society includes addressing the specific challenges of different generations. At present, youth and elderly are particularly vulnerable to poverty relative...

Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth

Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2021/072

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Baduel , Asel Isakova , and Anna Ter-Martirosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572642.001

ISBN: 9781513572642

Keywords: Labor markets, Aging, Education, Poverty, Income, inequality, inclusive growth, youth employment, elderly poverty, intergenerational mobility

Sharing economic benefits equitably across all segments of society includes addressing the specific challenges of different generations. At present, youth and elderly are particularly vulnerable to poverty relative...

Resource Misallocation Among Listed Firms in China: The Evolving Role of State-Owned Enterprises

Resource Misallocation Among Listed Firms in China: The Evolving Role of State-Owned Enterprises »

Volume/Issue: 2021/075

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilia Jurzyk , and Cian Ruane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571928.001

ISBN: 9781513571928

Keywords: Capital productivity, Public enterprises, Productivity, Total factor productivity, Labor productivity, State-Owned Enterprises, Misallocation, WP, private firm, firm distortion

We document that publicly listed Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are less productive and profitable than publicly listed firms in which the state has no ownership stake. In particular, Chinese listed SOEs ar...

Resource Misallocation Among Listed Firms in China: The Evolving Role of State-Owned Enterprises

Resource Misallocation Among Listed Firms in China: The Evolving Role of State-Owned Enterprises »

Source: Resource Misallocation Among Listed Firms in China: The Evolving Role of State-Owned Enterprises

Volume/Issue: 2021/075

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilia Jurzyk , and Cian Ruane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571928

Keywords: Capital productivity, Public enterprises, Productivity, Total factor productivity, Labor productivity, State-Owned Enterprises, Misallocation, WP, private firm, firm distortion

We document that publicly listed Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are less productive and profitable than publicly listed firms in which the state has no ownership stake. In particular, Chinese listed SOEs ar...