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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616354138.084

ISBN: 9781616354138

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Pension reforms, Pensions, pension, retirement, pension spending, public pension

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

A Fiscal Indicator for Assessing First and Second Pillar Pension Reforms

A Fiscal Indicator for Assessing First and Second Pillar Pension Reforms »

Volume/Issue: 2011/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mauricio Soto , Frank Eich , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926571.006

ISBN: 9781463926571

Keywords: Fiscal policy, explicit and implicit government debt, pension obligations and reforms, population aging, pension, budget balance, pension reforms, public finances, pension obligations,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

The Pension Puzzle
			: Prerequisites and Policy Choices in Pension Design

The Pension Puzzle : Prerequisites and Policy Choices in Pension Design »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): N. Barr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061118.051

ISBN: 9781589061118

Keywords: pension, pensions, pension systems, funded schemes, pensioners

Looks at the policy choices involved in creating pension schemes, particularly whether it is advisable to move away from government pay-as-you-go pensions toward private or publicly funded plans. Examines the reaso...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060968.051

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Would Saving U.S. Social Security Raise National Saving?

Would Saving U.S. Social Security Raise National Saving? »

Volume/Issue: 1999/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Jan Walliser

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971484.003

ISBN: 9781451971484

Keywords: Savings, Social security, United States, United States, National saving, budget, private saving, individual accounts, budget office

Analysts agree that raising national saving is one of the key objectives of social security reform in the United States. Hence, to judge the merits of proposals requires a comparison of saving responses. The paper...

Economic Transition and Social Protection
			: Issues and Agenda for Reform

Economic Transition and Social Protection : Issues and Agenda for Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451967760.003

ISBN: 9781451967760

Keywords: Montenegro, Former Soviet Union, Social policy, Subsidies, Transition, Social Protection, health care, social contributions, contribution rates, public spending

This paper briefly describes the factors constraining the social protection policies in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union (BRO). The analysis considers public spending in social pr...

Fiscal Policy
			: Issues During the Transition in Russia

Fiscal Policy : Issues During the Transition in Russia »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sergei Alexashenko , and Augusto López-Claros

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757036.084

ISBN: 9781557757036

Keywords: pension, pensions, subsidies, expenditure, expenditures

Since 1992, the Russian Federation has moved away from a command economy and has laid the foundation of a market-based system. This paper examines some of the key fiscal policy issues that arose in 1992-96, the per...

Pension Regimes and Saving

Pension Regimes and Saving »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756404.084

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

Public pension systems around the world have been criticized in recent years for some serious flaws, including the excessive burden they impose on the public finances and their depressing impact on saving rates. Th...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974034.003

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756206.084

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

This paper discusses a study analyzing aging populations and public pension schemes. An aging society is characterized by a growing proportion of the retired to the active working population. The study examines the...

Confronting Budget Deficits

Confronting Budget Deficits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756152.051

ISBN: 9781557756152

Keywords: unemployment, health care, social welfare, welfare programs, social security

The phenomenon of substantial peacetime budget deficits over the past20 years has been traced to the burden of entitlements, a slowdown ineconomic productivity, and demographic and macroeconomic shifts in theindust...

Social Protection in Transition Countries
			: Emerging Issues

Social Protection in Transition Countries : Emerging Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1996/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Ke-young Chu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972535.003

ISBN: 9781451972535

Keywords: Social policy, Tax policy, benefits, payroll, wage, pensions, informal sector

The paper discusses the social protection implications of the weakening financial and administrative capacity of countries undergoing economic transition. The formal sector is shrinking, and unemployment and undere...