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Chapter 3. An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Successful Subsidy Reform

Chapter 3. An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Successful Subsidy Reform »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In this chapter, we develop a rigorous and detailed approach to the problem of identifying the potential determinants of a successful subsidy reform. Our analysis builds on the exis...

Chapter 6. Conclusions

Chapter 6. Conclusions »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

Main Lessons and Takeaways In this paper, we have reviewed subsidy reform in many countries in the world with particular attention to the reforms recently undertaken in the Middle Ea...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is going through a period of unprecedented change. 1 Political transitions—ranging in intensity from...

Chapter 5. Issues of Special Interest to the Middle East and North Africa

Chapter 5. Issues of Special Interest to the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

This chapter will cover topics of particular importance to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), based on recent reform experiences: best practices in social safety nets, impact...

Chapter 4. Recent Experiences of Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa

Chapter 4. Recent Experiences of Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In the past three years, subsidy reform in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries has received a new impulse, for two main reasons. 1 First,...

Chapter 2. Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa: Widespread and Expensive

Chapter 2. Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa: Widespread and Expensive »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

The Cost and Role of Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa Countries Subsidies are common in many developing and emerging countries; they are particularly pervasive in the Mi...

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa
			: Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498350433.087

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries price subsidies are common, especially on food and fuels. However, these are neither well targeted nor cost effective as a social protection tool, often benefiti...

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa: Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa: Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries price subsidies are common, especially on food and fuels. However, these are neither well targeted nor cost effective as a social protection tool, often benefiti...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries price subsidies are common, especially on food and fuels. However, these are neither well targeted nor cost effective as a social protection tool, often benefiti...

Annexe 1: Enquête sur les subventions aux carburants et à l’électricité en Afrique subsaharienne29

Annexe 1: Enquête sur les subventions aux carburants et à l’électricité en Afrique subsaharienne29 »

Source: Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

Cette annexe résume les résultats d’une enquête sur les subventions aux carburants et à l’électricité dans les pays d’Afrique subsaharienne (AfSS), obtenus à partir des réponses à un questionnaire distribué...

Annexe 2: Pratiques optimales en matière de fixation des prix de détail des carburants32

Annexe 2: Pratiques optimales en matière de fixation des prix de détail des carburants32 »

Source: Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

Les mécanismes les plus durables de fixation des prix intérieurs des produits pétroliers sont soit la libéralisation intégrale, soit l’ajustement automatique, simple et transparent des prix administrés. Coad...

Chapitre 3. Enseignements tirés des tentatives de réforme des subventions énergétiques28

Chapitre 3. Enseignements tirés des tentatives de réforme des subventions énergétiques28 »

Source: Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

Bien que les facteurs économiques militent fortement en faveur de la réforme des subventions, l’expérience montre que les contraintes politiques l’entravent ou les font dérailler so...

Chapitre 2. Études de cas sur la réforme des subventions à l’électricité

Chapitre 2. Études de cas sur la réforme des subventions à l’électricité »

Source: Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

Kenya 42 Contexte Face à une économie en expansion (tableau 6), la demande d’énergie s’est sensiblement...

Chapitre 1. Études de cas sur la réforme des subventions aux carburants

Chapitre 1. Études de cas sur la réforme des subventions aux carburants »

Source: Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

Ghana 33 Contexte Le Ghana est un pays de plus de 24 millions d’habitants, riche en ressources naturelle...

Chapitre 2. Réforme du secteur de l’électricité: enseignements et options13

Chapitre 2. Réforme du secteur de l’électricité: enseignements et options13 »

Source: Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

Introduction L’Afrique subsaharienne se heurte à des problèmes chroniques dans le secteur de l’électricité, qui revêtent notamment la forme d’une capacité de production insuffisante,...

Chapitre 1. Subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne: Faits saillants

Chapitre 1. Subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne: Faits saillants »

Source: Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

Évolution récente des prix des carburants et répercussions budgétaires 1 Les prix mondiaux du pétrole et des produits pétroliers ont e...

Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne
			: expériences et enseignements

Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements »

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475559187.087

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

La réforme des subventions énergétiques est un problème important et difficile pour les pays d'Afrique subsaharienne. Un nombre relativement important d'études théoriques et empiriques ont été consacrées à cette qu...

Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne: expériences et enseignements

Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne: expériences et enseignements »

Source: Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

La réforme des subventions énergétiques est un problème important et difficile pour les pays d'Afrique subsaharienne. Un nombre relativement important d'études théoriques et empiriques ont été consacrées à cette qu...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Réforme des subventions énergétiques en Afrique subsaharienne : expériences et enseignements

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781475559187

Keywords: électricité, subventions à l'électricité, pays exportateurs, électrification des zones rurales, fonds monétaire, secteur de l'électricité, augmentations des droits de douane, produits pétroliers, consommation d'électricité, prix à l'importation

La réforme des subventions énergétiques est un problème important et difficile pour les pays d'Afrique subsaharienne. Un nombre relativement important d'études théoriques et empiriques ont été consacrées à cette qu...

Appendice A. Estimation des subventions énergétiques avant et après impôts à l'échelle mondiale

Appendice A. Estimation des subventions énergétiques avant et après impôts à l'échelle mondiale »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Le présent appendice décrit les sources de données et les méthodes utilisées pour estimer les subventions aux produits pétroliers, au charbon, au gaz naturel et à l'électricité. Subvent...

Appendice B. Évaluation de l’impact de la réforme des subventions sur l’environnement et la santé

Appendice B. Évaluation de l’impact de la réforme des subventions sur l’environnement et la santé »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Le présent appendice décrit les méthodologies utilisées pour calculer l’impact de la réforme des subventions à l’énergie sur les émissions de CO2 et de SO2 et autres polluants locaux. Nous considérons ici le...

Chapitre 3. Conséquences macroéconomiques, environnementales et sociales

Chapitre 3. Conséquences macroéconomiques, environnementales et sociales »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

En Quoi Les Subventions Brident La Croissance Les subventions à l'énergie brident la croissance de diverses manières. Les effets des subventions sur la croissance dépassent leur impa...

Chapitre 2. Définition et mesure des subventions à l'énergie

Chapitre 2. Définition et mesure des subventions à l'énergie »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Définition et Mesure Les subventions à l'énergie incluent les subventions à la consommation et à la production. La consommation est subventionnée lorsque le prix payé par les consomm...

Chapitre 9. Études de cas d'Europe centrale et orientale et de la Communauté des États indépendants

Chapitre 9. Études de cas d'Europe centrale et orientale et de la Communauté des États indépendants »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Subventions Aux Produits Pétroliers Turquie Contexte Avant la réforme, le secteur pétrolier en Turquie était domin...

Chapitre 8. Études de cas de la région Amérique latine et Caraïbes

Chapitre 8. Études de cas de la région Amérique latine et Caraïbes »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Subventions Aux Produits Pétroliers Brésil Contexte Dans les années 80, avant la période de réforme, les résultats...

Chapitre 5. Études de cas de la région de l’Afrique subsaharienne

Chapitre 5. Études de cas de la région de l’Afrique subsaharienne »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Subventions Aux Produits Pétroliers Ghana Contexte Le Ghana est un pays de plus de 24 millions d’habitants, riche...

Chapitre 7. Études de cas de la région Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord

Chapitre 7. Études de cas de la région Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Subventions Aux Produits Pétroliers République islamique d’Iran Contexte La réforme des subventions est à l’ordre...

Chapitre 6. Études de cas de pays émergents et en développement d’Asie

Chapitre 6. Études de cas de pays émergents et en développement d’Asie »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Subventions Aux Produits Pétroliers Indonésie Contexte La réforme des subventions énergétiques est un défi récurre...

Chapitre 1. Introduction et contexte

Chapitre 1. Introduction et contexte »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

La récente flambée des prix énergétiques internationaux, conjuguée à une répercussion incomplète sur les prix intérieurs, a suscité des appels à l'élimination progressive des subventions à l'énergie...

Chapitre 4. Réforme des subventions à l'énergie: enseignements tirés de l'expérience

Chapitre 4. Réforme des subventions à l'énergie: enseignements tirés de l'expérience »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Aperçu Général Ce chapitre s'inspire d'études de cas nationales en vue d'identifier les ingrédients d'une réforme réussie des subventions. Ces études incluent des réformes de subvent...

La réforme des subventions à  l'énergie
			: Enseignements et conséquences

La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351765.071

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Les subventions à l'énergie ont des conséquences économiques très variées. Leur but est de protéger les consommateurs, mais elles exacerbent les déséquilibres budgétaires, évincent les dépenses publiques prioritair...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Les subventions à l'énergie ont des conséquences économiques très variées. Leur but est de protéger les consommateurs, mais elles exacerbent les déséquilibres budgétaires, évincent les dépenses publiques prioritair...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: La réforme des subventions à l'énergie : Enseignements et conséquences

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484351765

Keywords: subvention à l'énergie, subvention, énergie

Les subventions à l'énergie ont des conséquences économiques très variées. Leur but est de protéger les consommateurs, mais elles exacerbent les déséquilibres budgétaires, évincent les dépenses publiques prioritair...

Chapter 2. Growth Inclusiveness in Senegal4

Chapter 2. Growth Inclusiveness in Senegal4 »

Source: Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal’s recent growth performance from the perspective of its poverty-reducing and distributional characteristics has been mixed. Poverty has fallen in the last two decades, although poverty r...

Chapter 1. Growth Performance, Outlook, and Challenges 1

Chapter 1. Growth Performance, Outlook, and Challenges 1 »

Source: Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal’s growth was relatively strong during 1995–2005, but the more recent growth performance has been disappointing. A number of structural obstacles will need to be addressed to put Senegal...

Senegal
			: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability »

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484379660.087

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal's growth has been sluggish in recent years with implications for poverty reduction. Average growth was relatively strong in 1995-2005 and accompanied by a large drop in poverty incidence. Due partly to a se...

Senegal: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Senegal: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal's growth has been sluggish in recent years with implications for poverty reduction. Average growth was relatively strong in 1995-2005 and accompanied by a large drop in poverty incidence. Due partly to a se...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal's growth has been sluggish in recent years with implications for poverty reduction. Average growth was relatively strong in 1995-2005 and accompanied by a large drop in poverty incidence. Due partly to a se...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

Chapter 9. Case Studies from Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

Chapter 9. Case Studies from Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Turkey Context Prior to reforms, the Turkish petroleum sector was dominated by state-o...

Chapter 6. Case Studies from Emerging and Developing Asia

Chapter 6. Case Studies from Emerging and Developing Asia »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Indonesia Context Reforming fuel subsidies has been a persistent policy challenge. The...

Chapter 8. Case Studies from the Latin America and Caribbean Region

Chapter 8. Case Studies from the Latin America and Caribbean Region »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Brazil Context Brazil’s economic performance in the prereform era of the 1980s was cha...

Chapter 7. Case Studies from the Middle East and North Africa Region

Chapter 7. Case Studies from the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Islamic Republic of Iran Context Subsidy reform has been on the policy agenda since th...

Chapter 5. Case Studies from the Sub-Saharan Africa Region

Chapter 5. Case Studies from the Sub-Saharan Africa Region »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Ghana Context Ghana is a country of over 24 million people, rich in natural resources,...

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...

Chapter 1. Introduction and Background

Chapter 1. Introduction and Background »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

The recent surge in international energy prices, combined with incomplete pass-through to domestic prices, has prompted calls to phase out energy subsidies. 1 International energy...

Chapter 3. Macroeconomic, Environmental, and Social Implications

Chapter 3. Macroeconomic, Environmental, and Social Implications »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

How Subsidies Depress Growth Energy subsidies depress growth through a number of channels. The effects of subsidies on growth go beyond their adverse impact on fiscal balances and pu...

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Overview This chapter provides insights from country case studies to identify ingredients for successful subsidy reform. The country case studies include both successful and unsucces...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Appendix 2 Good Practices in Retail Fuel Price-Setting Mechanisms32

Appendix 2 Good Practices in Retail Fuel Price-Setting Mechanisms32 »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The most sustainable schemes for domestic pricing of petroleum products would be either full liberalization or transparent and simple automatic adjustment mechanisms for administered prices. Coady and others...

Appendix 1: Survey of Fuel and Electricity Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa29

Appendix 1: Survey of Fuel and Electricity Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa29 »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

This apppendix summarizes the results of a survey on fuel and electricity subsidies in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries based on the responses to a questionnaire circulated to International Monetary Fund...

Chapter 1. Case Studies in Fuel Subsidy Reform

Chapter 1. Case Studies in Fuel Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Ghana 33 Context Ghana is a country of over 24 million people, rich in natural resources, including arab...

Chapter 2. Case Studies of Electricity Subsidy Reform

Chapter 2. Case Studies of Electricity Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Kenya 40 Context With an expanding economy (Table 6), Kenya has experienced a substantial increase in en...

Chapter 2. Electricity Sector Reform: Lessons and Policy Options13

Chapter 2. Electricity Sector Reform: Lessons and Policy Options13 »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Introduction SSA faces chronic power problems, including insufficient generation capacity, low access, poor reliability, and high costs and tariffs. The combined power generation cap...

Chapter 1. Energy Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA): Stylized Facts

Chapter 1. Energy Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA): Stylized Facts »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Recent Developments in Fuel Pricing and Fiscal Implications 1 International oil and oil products prices rose sharply in 2003–2012 in tw...

Chapter 3. Lessons Learned from Attempts to Reform Energy Subsidies28

Chapter 3. Lessons Learned from Attempts to Reform Energy Subsidies28 »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Although the economics make a compelling case for subsidy reform, experience shows that political constraints have often prevented or derailed reform. Understanding the political economy behind stalled refor...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons »

Volume: 12

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366547.087

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Libya
			: Selected Issues

Libya : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/151

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484387399.002

ISBN: 9781484387399

Keywords: prices, electricity, electricity subsidies, electricity tariffs, pricing

The cost of energy subsidies is large, and reduces the fiscal space available for public expenditure priorities, including education, health, and infrastructure. Libya's ample hydrocarbon wealth will allow it to re...

Libya

Libya »

Source: Libya : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/151

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484387399

Keywords: prices, electricity, electricity subsidies, electricity tariffs, pricing

The cost of energy subsidies is large, and reduces the fiscal space available for public expenditure priorities, including education, health, and infrastructure. Libya's ample hydrocarbon wealth will allow it to re...

The Electricity Sector in FYR Macedonia

The Electricity Sector in FYR Macedonia »

Source: The Electricity Sector in FYR Macedonia

Volume/Issue: 2011/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Tieman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216772

Keywords: FYR Macedonia, Liberalization, EU acquis, ECT, subsidy, electricity sector, subsidization, Electric Utilities, Industry Studies: Utilities and Transportation: Government Policy, Energy and the Macroeconomy

This paper describes the current state of the Macedonian electricity sector. It looks at ongoing structural changes, driven by the gradual adoption of the EU acquis on energy, and comes up with estimates for electr...

The Electricity Sector in FYR Macedonia

The Electricity Sector in FYR Macedonia »

Volume/Issue: 2011/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Tieman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455216772.001

ISBN: 9781455216772

Keywords: FYR Macedonia, Liberalization, EU acquis, ECT, subsidy, electricity sector, subsidization, Electric Utilities, Industry Studies: Utilities and Transportation: Government Policy, Energy and the Macroeconomy

This paper describes the current state of the Macedonian electricity sector. It looks at ongoing structural changes, driven by the gradual adoption of the EU acquis on energy, and comes up with estimates for electr...

Islamic Republic of Iran
			: Selected Issues Paper

Islamic Republic of Iran : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2010/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981803.002

ISBN: 9781451981803

Keywords: electricity, energy policy, energy efficiency, electricity production, petroleum products

This Selected Issues paper discusses the economics of energy price reform in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Economic policies in Iran have traditionally relied on the abundant availability of energy at a low price t...

Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2010/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451981803

Keywords: electricity, energy policy, energy efficiency, electricity production, petroleum products

This Selected Issues paper discusses the economics of energy price reform in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Economic policies in Iran have traditionally relied on the abundant availability of energy at a low price t...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note

Volume/Issue: 2008/270

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451800944

Keywords: electricity, health sector, health financing, health care, pharmaceutical sector

This Joint Staff Advisory Note focuses on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) for Albania. The note analyzes the National Strategy for Development and Integration (NSDI) program, which represents a signific...

Albania
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note

Albania : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Volume/Issue: 2008/270

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451800944.002

ISBN: 9781451800944

Keywords: electricity, health sector, health financing, health care, pharmaceutical sector

This Joint Staff Advisory Note focuses on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) for Albania. The note analyzes the National Strategy for Development and Integration (NSDI) program, which represents a signific...

Quasi-Fiscal Deficits and Energy Conditionality in Selected CIS Countries

Quasi-Fiscal Deficits and Energy Conditionality in Selected CIS Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2006/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tapio Saavalainen , and Joy Mylène Berge

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863031.001

ISBN: 9781451863031

Keywords: quasi-fiscal deficit, transition, conditionality, electricity, fiscal deficit, fiscal deficits, quasi-fiscal deficits

Quasi-fiscal deficits of public utility companies are common in all member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). They constitute a significant impediment to efficient resource allocation and en...

Quasi-Fiscal Deficits and Energy Conditionality in Selected CIS Countries

Quasi-Fiscal Deficits and Energy Conditionality in Selected CIS Countries »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Deficits and Energy Conditionality in Selected CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2006/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tapio Saavalainen , and Joy Mylène Berge

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

ISBN: 9781451863031

Keywords: quasi-fiscal deficit, transition, conditionality, electricity, fiscal deficit, fiscal deficits, quasi-fiscal deficits

Quasi-fiscal deficits of public utility companies are common in all member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). They constitute a significant impediment to efficient resource allocation and en...

I Overview and Policy Conclusions

I Overview and Policy Conclusions »

Source: Kosovo : Gearing Policies toward Growth and Development

Series: Books

Author(s): Rakia Moalla-Fetini , Shehadah Hussein , Heikki Hatanpaa , and Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064225

Keywords: wage, wages, banking, salaries, tax revenues

Nearly 5 years into the postconflict transition, Kosovo finds itself at a critical juncture. While there are many positive signs, including progress in institution building and noteworthy macroeconomic stabi...

II Recent Economic Trends, Short-Term Vulnerabilities, and Medium-Term Challenges

II Recent Economic Trends, Short-Term Vulnerabilities, and Medium-Term Challenges »

Source: Kosovo : Gearing Policies toward Growth and Development

Series: Books

Author(s): Rakia Moalla-Fetini , Shehadah Hussein , Heikki Hatanpaa , and Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064225

Keywords: wage, wages, banking, salaries, tax revenues

Kosovo staged a very strong recovery after the end of the conflict. However, the economy’s heavy reliance on foreign inflows renders the gains achieved so far fragile and the economy vulnerable, while signif...

III Fiscal Strategy, and Tax and Expenditure Systems

III Fiscal Strategy, and Tax and Expenditure Systems »

Source: Kosovo : Gearing Policies toward Growth and Development

Series: Books

Author(s): Rakia Moalla-Fetini , Shehadah Hussein , Heikki Hatanpaa , and Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064225

Keywords: wage, wages, banking, salaries, tax revenues

Kosovo has made strides in building capacity and institutions for autonomous fiscal management; at the same time, an excellent tax performance has laid a strong fiscal foundation, offering a unique opportuni...

IV Monetary Developments and the Financial Sector

IV Monetary Developments and the Financial Sector »

Source: Kosovo : Gearing Policies toward Growth and Development

Series: Books

Author(s): Rakia Moalla-Fetini , Shehadah Hussein , Heikki Hatanpaa , and Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064225

Keywords: wage, wages, banking, salaries, tax revenues

A major challenge faced by Kosovo after the end of the conflict was to choose a monetary framework, reestablish a secure payment system, and rebuild its financial sector. The confiscation and freezing of for...

Kosovo
			: Gearing Policies toward Growth and Development

Kosovo : Gearing Policies toward Growth and Development »

Series: Books

Author(s): Rakia Moalla-Fetini , Shehadah Hussein , Heikki Hatanpaa , and Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064225.071

ISBN: 9781589064225

Keywords: wage, wages, banking, salaries, tax revenues

This report builds on two previous similar reports from 2001 and 2002-Kosovo: Macroeconomic Issues and Fiscal Sustainability (2001) and Kosovo: Institutions and Policies for Reconstruction and Growth (2002). It is...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Kosovo : Gearing Policies toward Growth and Development

Series: Books

Author(s): Rakia Moalla-Fetini , Shehadah Hussein , Heikki Hatanpaa , and Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064225

Keywords: wage, wages, banking, salaries, tax revenues

This report builds on two previous similar reports from 2001 and 2002-Kosovo: Macroeconomic Issues and Fiscal Sustainability (2001) and Kosovo: Institutions and Policies for Reconstruction and Growth (2002). It is...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Kosovo : Gearing Policies toward Growth and Development

Series: Books

Author(s): Rakia Moalla-Fetini , Shehadah Hussein , Heikki Hatanpaa , and Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064225

Keywords: wage, wages, banking, salaries, tax revenues

This report builds on two previous similar reports from 2001 and 2002-Kosovo: Macroeconomic Issues and Fiscal Sustainability (2001) and Kosovo: Institutions and Policies for Reconstruction and Growth (2002). It is...

V Structural Reforms

V Structural Reforms »

Source: Kosovo : Gearing Policies toward Growth and Development

Series: Books

Author(s): Rakia Moalla-Fetini , Shehadah Hussein , Heikki Hatanpaa , and Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064225

Keywords: wage, wages, banking, salaries, tax revenues

Although the achievements in the fiscal and financial management areas reviewed in the previous chapters have been remarkable, progress in structural reforms has been more limited, as noted in the following:...

Bangladesh: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Bangladesh: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Bangladesh : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2002

ISBN: 9781451804096

Keywords: privatization, electricity, privatization commission, electricity supply, electricity tariffs

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines Bangladesh's nonfinancial state-owned enterprises. The paper argues that, given the overall policy environment and external vulnerabilities, the usefulne...

Bangladesh: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Bangladesh: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Bangladesh : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2002

ISBN: 9781451804096

Keywords: privatization, electricity, privatization commission, electricity supply, electricity tariffs

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines Bangladesh's nonfinancial state-owned enterprises. The paper argues that, given the overall policy environment and external vulnerabilities, the usefulne...

Bangladesh: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Bangladesh: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Bangladesh : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2002

ISBN: 9781451804096

Keywords: privatization, electricity, privatization commission, electricity supply, electricity tariffs

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines Bangladesh's nonfinancial state-owned enterprises. The paper argues that, given the overall policy environment and external vulnerabilities, the usefulne...

Bangladesh: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Bangladesh: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Bangladesh : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2002

ISBN: 9781451804096

Keywords: privatization, electricity, privatization commission, electricity supply, electricity tariffs

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines Bangladesh's nonfinancial state-owned enterprises. The paper argues that, given the overall policy environment and external vulnerabilities, the usefulne...

Bangladesh
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Bangladesh : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2002/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804096.002

ISBN: 9781451804096

Keywords: privatization, electricity, privatization commission, electricity supply, electricity tariffs

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines Bangladesh's nonfinancial state-owned enterprises. The paper argues that, given the overall policy environment and external vulnerabilities, the usefulne...

Republic of Armenia
			: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Republic of Armenia : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2001/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451801446.002

ISBN: 9781451801446

Keywords: electricity, capital expenditures, debt service, tax revenues, state budget

This report provides an overview of the recent economic developments in Armenia by analyzing its output growth, prices, wages, employment, public finances and social safety net, monetary and exchange rate developme...

Republic of Armenia

Republic of Armenia »

Source: Republic of Armenia : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2001/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451801446

Keywords: electricity, capital expenditures, debt service, tax revenues, state budget

This report provides an overview of the recent economic developments in Armenia by analyzing its output growth, prices, wages, employment, public finances and social safety net, monetary and exchange rate developme...

The Great Contractions in Russia, the Baltics and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

The Great Contractions in Russia, the Baltics and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: The Great Contractions in Russia, the Baltics and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union : A View From the Supply Side

Volume/Issue: 2000/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

ISBN: 9781451845105

Keywords: Output, transition, growth, electricity, real gdp, tfp, electricity consumption, growth rates

The output contractions during the initial transition stages in the Baltics and in Russia and the other CIS countries are examined across several dimensions, and the reliability of the available official statistics...

The Great Contractions in Russia, the Baltics and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union
			: A View From the Supply Side

The Great Contractions in Russia, the Baltics and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union : A View From the Supply Side »

Volume/Issue: 2000/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845105.001

ISBN: 9781451845105

Keywords: Output, transition, growth, electricity, real gdp, tfp, electricity consumption, growth rates

The output contractions during the initial transition stages in the Baltics and in Russia and the other CIS countries are examined across several dimensions, and the reliability of the available official statistics...

Payment Arrears in the Gas and Electric Power Sectors of the Russian Federation and Ukraine

Payment Arrears in the Gas and Electric Power Sectors of the Russian Federation and Ukraine »

Volume/Issue: 1997/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Gürgen , and Hrant Bagratian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981117.001

ISBN: 9781451981117

Keywords: payments arrears, gas, electric power, electricity, electric power sectors, electric power sector

This paper discusses payments arrears in the Russian Federation and Ukraine, with emphasis on the gas and electric power sectors. Payments arrears, which were triggered primarily by the dislocations experienced dur...

Payment Arrears in the Gas and Electric Power Sectors of the Russian Federation and Ukraine

Payment Arrears in the Gas and Electric Power Sectors of the Russian Federation and Ukraine »

Source: Payment Arrears in the Gas and Electric Power Sectors of the Russian Federation and Ukraine

Volume/Issue: 1997/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Gürgen , and Hrant Bagratian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

ISBN: 9781451981117

Keywords: payments arrears, gas, electric power, electricity, electric power sectors, electric power sector

This paper discusses payments arrears in the Russian Federation and Ukraine, with emphasis on the gas and electric power sectors. Payments arrears, which were triggered primarily by the dislocations experienced dur...