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Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries
			: Macroeconomic Dimensions

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries : Macroeconomic Dimensions »

Volume/Issue: 2016/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji , Jana Gieck-Bricco , and Vera Kehayova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513596013.001

ISBN: 9781513596013

Keywords: Natural disasters, Food decline, food, food crisis, food supply, food security, food production, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country's vulnerability to food crisis in the...

Republic of Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique »

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513539065.002

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa
			: Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498350433.087

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries price subsidies are common, especially on food and fuels. However, these are neither well targeted nor cost effective as a social protection tool, often benefiti...

Senegal
			: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability »

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484379660.087

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal's growth has been sluggish in recent years with implications for poverty reduction. Average growth was relatively strong in 1995-2005 and accompanied by a large drop in poverty incidence. Due partly to a se...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons »

Volume: 12

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366547.087

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Petroleum Product Subsidies
			: Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise »

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455239108.004

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Jersey
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program Update:  Detailed Assessment of Observance of AML/CFT

Jersey : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Detailed Assessment of Observance of AML/CFT »

Volume/Issue: 2009/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451820232.002

ISBN: 9781451820232

Keywords: money laundering, regulatory requirements, terrorist financing, due diligence, criminal justice

Jersey has put in place a comprehensive and robust Antimoney Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework with a high level of compliance with almost all aspects of the Financial Action...

Jersey
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program Update:  Financial System Stability Assessment

Jersey : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2009/282

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451820256.002

ISBN: 9781451820256

Keywords: money laundering, insurance business, risk management, internal controls

This paper examines the Financial System Stability Assessment on Jersey. Most banks in Jersey are branches or subsidiaries of large international groups, to which they provide financing. This close relationship red...

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon
			: Why Does it Matter?

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon : Why Does it Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972535.003

ISBN: 9781451946123

Keywords: Cameroon, Fiscal transparency, Governance, Oil producing countries, Oil sector, Transparency, African economies, EITI, oil revenue, public expenditure

There has been a growing recognition of the importance of transparency for economic growth and social development in oil producing countries. This paper analyzes transparency issues in Cameroon's oil sector. It sho...

Guernsey-Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom
			: Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision

Guernsey-Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom : Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2003/364

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814217.002

ISBN: 9781451814217

Keywords: guernsey, money laundering, international standards, banking supervision, securities regulation

The financial services sector plays a dominant role in the economy of Guernsey. The report is organized in two volumes. Volume I provides the findings and the Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSCs...

Jersey
			: Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom:  Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision

Jersey : Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom: Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2003/368

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814255.002

ISBN: 9781451814255

Keywords: jersey, money laundering, insurance business, international standards, banking supervision

This review of financial sector regulation and supervision in Jersey in the context of the offshore financial center assessment program contains technical advice and recommendations. The report provides a general o...

Jersey
			: Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom:  Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume II-Detailed Assessment of Observance of Standards and Cod

Jersey : Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom: Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume II-Detailed Assessment of Observance of Standards and Cod »

Volume/Issue: 2003/369

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814262.002

ISBN: 9781451814262

Keywords: jersey, insurance business, internal controls, money laundering, international standards

This report reviews the assessment of Jersey's compliance with the Basel core principles for effective banking supervision based on the Core Principles. It provides a detailed assessment of the antimoney laundering...

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451968958.003

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

Controlling Pollution
			: Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060005.051

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

Explores different ways of controlling pollution through -green-taxes or permits, and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages. While many countries use environmental taxes, interest in tradable permits is grow...

Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756060.071

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

The coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide is provided to assist balance of payments compilers in the conduct of an internationally coordinated survey of security holdings being conducted under the auspices...

Ukraine's Gas Arrears
			: Issues and Recommendations

Ukraine's Gas Arrears : Issues and Recommendations »

Volume/Issue: 1996/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Amer Bisat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974010.003

ISBN: 9781451974010

Keywords: gas, gas import, local distribution, gas distribution, gas sector

This paper discusses issues related to the gas arrears ‘crisis’ in Ukraine. It concludes that the problem, which can be traced to policy distortions, can be contained through an acceleration of struct...

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China »

Volume/Issue: 1995/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Khan , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971248.003

ISBN: 9781451971248

Keywords: China, Sub-Saharan Africa, crops, agricultural growth, agricultural land, food production, agricultural products

Agriculture remains the dominant sector in the economies of most Sub-Saharan African countries. However, the experience of agricultural growth in the region stands in sharp contrast to the robust performance of agr...

Price Liberalization in Russia
			: Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year

Price Liberalization in Russia : Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , and Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752956.084

ISBN: 9781557752956

Keywords: wage, wages, inflation, minimum wage, milk

Prices in the Russian Federation have been decontrolled in several steps since early 1991, after decades of near fixity. This paper documents and analyzes the behavior of prices, income, consumption, and savings be...

Issues and Developments in international Trade Policy
			: Occa Paper No.63

Issues and Developments in international Trade Policy : Occa Paper No.63 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750372.084

ISBN: 9781557750372

...

Trade Policy Issues and Developments

Trade Policy Issues and Developments »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Shailendra Anjaria , and Arne Petersen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934461.084

ISBN: 9780939934461

Keywords: Trade policy

...

Developments in International Trade Policy

Developments in International Trade Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750600.084

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

This paper contains further work by the Fund staff on trade issues and developments following the pattern of the surveys prepared in 1978 and 1981, mainly focusing on commercial policies of the major trading nation...

Finance & Development, March 1970

Finance & Development, March 1970 »

Volume/Issue: 7/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1970

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352974.022

ISBN: 9781616352974

Keywords: animal production, milk, milking, breeding, pasture production

This paper discusses achievement and failure of science in increasing world animal production. The paper highlights that the application of modern animal production technology is virtually confined to Western Europ...