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Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries
			: Macroeconomic Dimensions

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries : Macroeconomic Dimensions »

Volume/Issue: 2016/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji , Jana Gieck-Bricco , and Vera Kehayova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513596013.001

ISBN: 9781513596013

Keywords: Natural disasters, Food decline, food, food crisis, food supply, food security, food production, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country's vulnerability to food crisis in the...

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries : Macroeconomic Dimensions

Volume/Issue: 2016/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji , Jana Gieck-Bricco , and Vera Kehayova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513596013

Keywords: Natural disasters, Food decline, food, food crisis, food supply, food security, food production, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country's vulnerability to food crisis in the...

Republic of Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique »

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513539065.002

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Chapter 3. An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Successful Subsidy Reform

Chapter 3. An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Successful Subsidy Reform »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In this chapter, we develop a rigorous and detailed approach to the problem of identifying the potential determinants of a successful subsidy reform. Our analysis builds on the exis...

Chapter 6. Conclusions

Chapter 6. Conclusions »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

Main Lessons and Takeaways In this paper, we have reviewed subsidy reform in many countries in the world with particular attention to the reforms recently undertaken in the Middle Ea...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is going through a period of unprecedented change. 1 Political transitions—ranging in intensity from...

Chapter 5. Issues of Special Interest to the Middle East and North Africa

Chapter 5. Issues of Special Interest to the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

This chapter will cover topics of particular importance to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), based on recent reform experiences: best practices in social safety nets, impact...

Chapter 4. Recent Experiences of Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa

Chapter 4. Recent Experiences of Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In the past three years, subsidy reform in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries has received a new impulse, for two main reasons. 1 First,...

Chapter 2. Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa: Widespread and Expensive

Chapter 2. Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa: Widespread and Expensive »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

The Cost and Role of Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa Countries Subsidies are common in many developing and emerging countries; they are particularly pervasive in the Mi...

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa
			: Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498350433.087

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries price subsidies are common, especially on food and fuels. However, these are neither well targeted nor cost effective as a social protection tool, often benefiti...

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa: Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa: Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries price subsidies are common, especially on food and fuels. However, these are neither well targeted nor cost effective as a social protection tool, often benefiti...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries price subsidies are common, especially on food and fuels. However, these are neither well targeted nor cost effective as a social protection tool, often benefiti...

Chapter 2. Growth Inclusiveness in Senegal4

Chapter 2. Growth Inclusiveness in Senegal4 »

Source: Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal’s recent growth performance from the perspective of its poverty-reducing and distributional characteristics has been mixed. Poverty has fallen in the last two decades, although poverty r...

Chapter 1. Growth Performance, Outlook, and Challenges 1

Chapter 1. Growth Performance, Outlook, and Challenges 1 »

Source: Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal’s growth was relatively strong during 1995–2005, but the more recent growth performance has been disappointing. A number of structural obstacles will need to be addressed to put Senegal...

Senegal
			: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability »

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484379660.087

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal's growth has been sluggish in recent years with implications for poverty reduction. Average growth was relatively strong in 1995-2005 and accompanied by a large drop in poverty incidence. Due partly to a se...

Senegal: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Senegal: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal's growth has been sluggish in recent years with implications for poverty reduction. Average growth was relatively strong in 1995-2005 and accompanied by a large drop in poverty incidence. Due partly to a se...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal's growth has been sluggish in recent years with implications for poverty reduction. Average growth was relatively strong in 1995-2005 and accompanied by a large drop in poverty incidence. Due partly to a se...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

Chapter 9. Case Studies from Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

Chapter 9. Case Studies from Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Turkey Context Prior to reforms, the Turkish petroleum sector was dominated by state-o...

Chapter 6. Case Studies from Emerging and Developing Asia

Chapter 6. Case Studies from Emerging and Developing Asia »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Indonesia Context Reforming fuel subsidies has been a persistent policy challenge. The...

Chapter 8. Case Studies from the Latin America and Caribbean Region

Chapter 8. Case Studies from the Latin America and Caribbean Region »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Brazil Context Brazil’s economic performance in the prereform era of the 1980s was cha...

Chapter 7. Case Studies from the Middle East and North Africa Region

Chapter 7. Case Studies from the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Islamic Republic of Iran Context Subsidy reform has been on the policy agenda since th...

Chapter 5. Case Studies from the Sub-Saharan Africa Region

Chapter 5. Case Studies from the Sub-Saharan Africa Region »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Ghana Context Ghana is a country of over 24 million people, rich in natural resources,...

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...

Chapter 1. Introduction and Background

Chapter 1. Introduction and Background »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

The recent surge in international energy prices, combined with incomplete pass-through to domestic prices, has prompted calls to phase out energy subsidies. 1 International energy...

Chapter 3. Macroeconomic, Environmental, and Social Implications

Chapter 3. Macroeconomic, Environmental, and Social Implications »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

How Subsidies Depress Growth Energy subsidies depress growth through a number of channels. The effects of subsidies on growth go beyond their adverse impact on fiscal balances and pu...

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Overview This chapter provides insights from country case studies to identify ingredients for successful subsidy reform. The country case studies include both successful and unsucces...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Appendix 2 Good Practices in Retail Fuel Price-Setting Mechanisms32

Appendix 2 Good Practices in Retail Fuel Price-Setting Mechanisms32 »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The most sustainable schemes for domestic pricing of petroleum products would be either full liberalization or transparent and simple automatic adjustment mechanisms for administered prices. Coady and others...

Appendix 1: Survey of Fuel and Electricity Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa29

Appendix 1: Survey of Fuel and Electricity Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa29 »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

This apppendix summarizes the results of a survey on fuel and electricity subsidies in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries based on the responses to a questionnaire circulated to International Monetary Fund...

Chapter 1. Case Studies in Fuel Subsidy Reform

Chapter 1. Case Studies in Fuel Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Ghana 33 Context Ghana is a country of over 24 million people, rich in natural resources, including arab...

Chapter 2. Case Studies of Electricity Subsidy Reform

Chapter 2. Case Studies of Electricity Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Kenya 40 Context With an expanding economy (Table 6), Kenya has experienced a substantial increase in en...

Chapter 2. Electricity Sector Reform: Lessons and Policy Options13

Chapter 2. Electricity Sector Reform: Lessons and Policy Options13 »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Introduction SSA faces chronic power problems, including insufficient generation capacity, low access, poor reliability, and high costs and tariffs. The combined power generation cap...

Chapter 1. Energy Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA): Stylized Facts

Chapter 1. Energy Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA): Stylized Facts »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Recent Developments in Fuel Pricing and Fiscal Implications 1 International oil and oil products prices rose sharply in 2003–2012 in tw...

Chapter 3. Lessons Learned from Attempts to Reform Energy Subsidies28

Chapter 3. Lessons Learned from Attempts to Reform Energy Subsidies28 »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

Although the economics make a compelling case for subsidy reform, experience shows that political constraints have often prevented or derailed reform. Understanding the political economy behind stalled refor...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons »

Volume: 12

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366547.087

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Petroleum Product Subsidies
			: Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise »

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455239108.004

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Jersey
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program Update:  Detailed Assessment of Observance of AML/CFT

Jersey : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Detailed Assessment of Observance of AML/CFT »

Volume/Issue: 2009/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451820232.002

ISBN: 9781451820232

Keywords: money laundering, regulatory requirements, terrorist financing, due diligence, criminal justice

Jersey has put in place a comprehensive and robust Antimoney Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework with a high level of compliance with almost all aspects of the Financial Action...

Jersey
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program Update:  Financial System Stability Assessment

Jersey : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2009/282

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451820256.002

ISBN: 9781451820256

Keywords: money laundering, insurance business, risk management, internal controls

This paper examines the Financial System Stability Assessment on Jersey. Most banks in Jersey are branches or subsidiaries of large international groups, to which they provide financing. This close relationship red...

Jersey

Jersey »

Source: Jersey : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Detailed Assessment of Observance of AML/CFT

Volume/Issue: 2009/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451820232

Keywords: money laundering, regulatory requirements, terrorist financing, due diligence, criminal justice

Jersey has put in place a comprehensive and robust Antimoney Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework with a high level of compliance with almost all aspects of the Financial Action...

Jersey

Jersey »

Source: Jersey : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Financial System Stability Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2009/282

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451820256

Keywords: money laundering, insurance business, risk management, internal controls

This paper examines the Financial System Stability Assessment on Jersey. Most banks in Jersey are branches or subsidiaries of large international groups, to which they provide financing. This close relationship red...

Money Laundering (Jersey) Order 2008

Money Laundering (Jersey) Order 2008 »

Source: Jersey : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Detailed Assessment of Observance of AML/CFT

Volume/Issue: 2009/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451820232

Keywords: money laundering, regulatory requirements, terrorist financing, due diligence, criminal justice

Jersey has put in place a comprehensive and robust Antimoney Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework with a high level of compliance with almost all aspects of the Financial Action...

Proceeds Of Crime (Jersey) Law 1999

Proceeds Of Crime (Jersey) Law 1999 »

Source: Jersey : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Detailed Assessment of Observance of AML/CFT

Volume/Issue: 2009/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451820232

Keywords: money laundering, regulatory requirements, terrorist financing, due diligence, criminal justice

Jersey has put in place a comprehensive and robust Antimoney Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework with a high level of compliance with almost all aspects of the Financial Action...

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon
			: Why Does it Matter?

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon : Why Does it Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972535.003

ISBN: 9781451946123

Keywords: Cameroon, Fiscal transparency, Governance, Oil producing countries, Oil sector, Transparency, African economies, EITI, oil revenue, public expenditure

There has been a growing recognition of the importance of transparency for economic growth and social development in oil producing countries. This paper analyzes transparency issues in Cameroon's oil sector. It sho...

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon »

Source: Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon : Why Does it Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2006/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451946123

Keywords: Cameroon, Fiscal transparency, Governance, Oil producing countries, Oil sector, Transparency, African economies, EITI, oil revenue, public expenditure

There has been a growing recognition of the importance of transparency for economic growth and social development in oil producing countries. This paper analyzes transparency issues in Cameroon's oil sector. It sho...

Guernsey-Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom

Guernsey-Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom »

Source: Guernsey-Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom : Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision

Volume/Issue: 2003/364

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451814217

Keywords: guernsey, money laundering, international standards, banking supervision, securities regulation

The financial services sector plays a dominant role in the economy of Guernsey. The report is organized in two volumes. Volume I provides the findings and the Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSCs...

Guernsey-Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom
			: Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision

Guernsey-Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom : Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2003/364

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814217.002

ISBN: 9781451814217

Keywords: guernsey, money laundering, international standards, banking supervision, securities regulation

The financial services sector plays a dominant role in the economy of Guernsey. The report is organized in two volumes. Volume I provides the findings and the Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSCs...

Jersey
			: Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom:  Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision

Jersey : Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom: Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2003/368

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814255.002

ISBN: 9781451814255

Keywords: jersey, money laundering, insurance business, international standards, banking supervision

This review of financial sector regulation and supervision in Jersey in the context of the offshore financial center assessment program contains technical advice and recommendations. The report provides a general o...

Jersey
			: Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom:  Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume II-Detailed Assessment of Observance of Standards and Cod

Jersey : Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom: Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume II-Detailed Assessment of Observance of Standards and Cod »

Volume/Issue: 2003/369

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814262.002

ISBN: 9781451814262

Keywords: jersey, insurance business, internal controls, money laundering, international standards

This report reviews the assessment of Jersey's compliance with the Basel core principles for effective banking supervision based on the Core Principles. It provides a detailed assessment of the antimoney laundering...

Jersey

Jersey »

Source: Jersey : Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom: Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume I-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision

Volume/Issue: 2003/368

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451814255

Keywords: jersey, money laundering, insurance business, international standards, banking supervision

This review of financial sector regulation and supervision in Jersey in the context of the offshore financial center assessment program contains technical advice and recommendations. The report provides a general o...

Jersey

Jersey »

Source: Jersey : Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom: Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector Volume II-Detailed Assessment of Observance of Standards and Cod

Volume/Issue: 2003/369

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451814262

Keywords: jersey, insurance business, internal controls, money laundering, international standards

This report reviews the assessment of Jersey's compliance with the Basel core principles for effective banking supervision based on the Core Principles. It provides a detailed assessment of the antimoney laundering...

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Source: Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451968958.003

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

Controlling Pollution

Controlling Pollution »

Source: Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

In December 1997, 160 nations meeting in Kyoto, Japan agreed to cut back emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. While ratified by only a very small number of countries so far, the “Kyoto Pro...

Controlling Pollution
			: Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060005.051

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

Explores different ways of controlling pollution through -green-taxes or permits, and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages. While many countries use environmental taxes, interest in tradable permits is grow...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

Explores different ways of controlling pollution through -green-taxes or permits, and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages. While many countries use environmental taxes, interest in tradable permits is grow...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

Explores different ways of controlling pollution through -green-taxes or permits, and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages. While many countries use environmental taxes, interest in tradable permits is grow...

Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756060.071

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

The coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide is provided to assist balance of payments compilers in the conduct of an internationally coordinated survey of security holdings being conducted under the auspices...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

The coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide is provided to assist balance of payments compilers in the conduct of an internationally coordinated survey of security holdings being conducted under the auspices...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

The coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide is provided to assist balance of payments compilers in the conduct of an internationally coordinated survey of security holdings being conducted under the auspices...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

Survey Background The Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS) was undertaken in response to recommendations contained in the Report on the Measurement of International Capital...

II. Allocation of Portfolio Investment Assets Among Major Partner Countries

II. Allocation of Portfolio Investment Assets Among Major Partner Countries »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

TABLE II.1 PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS OF EQUITY SECURITIES AT END-DECEMBER 1997 (in millions of US dollars) C...

III. CPIS Data of Individual Countries

III. CPIS Data of Individual Countries »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

ARGENTINA’S PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT ASSETS AT END-DECEMBER 1997 (in millions of US dollars) Country of Nonresident I...

IV. Survey Notes of Individual Countries

IV. Survey Notes of Individual Countries »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

Argentina Institutions Responsible for Data Collection and Compilation CPIS data were compiled and estimated by the National Directorate of Internation...

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China »

Source: Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China

Volume/Issue: 1995/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Khan , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451971248

Keywords: China, Sub-Saharan Africa, crops, agricultural growth, agricultural land, food production, agricultural products

Agriculture remains the dominant sector in the economies of most Sub-Saharan African countries. However, the experience of agricultural growth in the region stands in sharp contrast to the robust performance of agr...

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China »

Volume/Issue: 1995/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Khan , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971248.003

ISBN: 9781451971248

Keywords: China, Sub-Saharan Africa, crops, agricultural growth, agricultural land, food production, agricultural products

Agriculture remains the dominant sector in the economies of most Sub-Saharan African countries. However, the experience of agricultural growth in the region stands in sharp contrast to the robust performance of agr...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Price Liberalization in Russia : Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , and Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752956

Keywords: wage, wages, inflation, minimum wage, milk

Income and production developments in the Russian Federation began to diverge conspicuously in the late 1980s, when increases in the measured real wage significantly outstripped gains in measured productivit...

II. Prices and Shortages

II. Prices and Shortages »

Source: Price Liberalization in Russia : Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , and Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752956

Keywords: wage, wages, inflation, minimum wage, milk

Price reforms in Russia were carried out in several steps. Partial liberalization measures coupled with administrative price increases caused a sizable jump in producer prices in January 1991, and a comparab...

III. Household Incomes

III. Household Incomes »

Source: Price Liberalization in Russia : Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , and Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752956

Keywords: wage, wages, inflation, minimum wage, milk

An important phenomenon of the late 1980s was the growth of nominal incomes and wages considerably in excess of price increases or any conceivable advances in labor productivity. The ensuing growing macroeco...

IV. Household Expenditure and Saving

IV. Household Expenditure and Saving »

Source: Price Liberalization in Russia : Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , and Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752956

Keywords: wage, wages, inflation, minimum wage, milk

The emergence of substantial open inflation in 1991, the surge in measured real incomes in that year, the anticipated price jumps of April 1991 and January 1992, and the fall in measured real incomes in 1992...

Price Liberalization in Russia
			: Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year

Price Liberalization in Russia : Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , and Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752956.084

ISBN: 9781557752956

Keywords: wage, wages, inflation, minimum wage, milk

Prices in the Russian Federation have been decontrolled in several steps since early 1991, after decades of near fixity. This paper documents and analyzes the behavior of prices, income, consumption, and savings be...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Price Liberalization in Russia : Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , and Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752956

Keywords: wage, wages, inflation, minimum wage, milk

Prices in the Russian Federation have been decontrolled in several steps since early 1991, after decades of near fixity. This paper documents and analyzes the behavior of prices, income, consumption, and savings be...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: Price Liberalization in Russia : Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , and Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752956

Keywords: wage, wages, inflation, minimum wage, milk

Table 1. Industrial Producer Price Index (Monthly percentage change unless otherwise specified)...

V. Concluding Remarks

V. Concluding Remarks »

Source: Price Liberalization in Russia : Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , and Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752956

Keywords: wage, wages, inflation, minimum wage, milk

In considering the aftermath of price liberalization in Russia, a number of essential points emerge from an analysis of the data available for 1992. Some of these findings raise questions of interpretation a...

Developments in International Trade Policy

Developments in International Trade Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750600.084

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

This paper contains further work by the Fund staff on trade issues and developments following the pattern of the surveys prepared in 1978 and 1981, mainly focusing on commercial policies of the major trading nation...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Developments in International Trade Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

This paper contains further work by the Fund staff on trade issues and developments following the pattern of the surveys prepared in 1978 and 1981, mainly focusing on commercial policies of the major trading nation...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Developments in International Trade Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

This paper contains further work by the Fund staff on trade issues and developments following the pattern of the surveys prepared in 1978 and 1981, mainly focusing on commercial policies of the major trading nation...

I Introduction and Overview

I Introduction and Overview »

Source: Developments in International Trade Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

This paper contains further work by the Fund staff on trade issues and developments following the pattern of the surveys prepared in 1978 and 1981, 1...

II Trade Trends and Economic Setting

II Trade Trends and Economic Setting »

Source: Developments in International Trade Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

Changing Trade Trends and Patterns Since 1973, the growth of international trade has been slower and more uneven than in the previous two decades, and there have been significant shi...

III Industrial Trade Policies

III Industrial Trade Policies »

Source: Developments in International Trade Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

This section reviews the principal trends in the evolution of international trade in manufactures, discusses briefly some estimates of levels of protection, and describes recent tra...

IV Agricultural Trade Policies

IV Agricultural Trade Policies »

Source: Developments in International Trade Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

This section discusses, somewhat extensively, the principal trends in international agricultural trade, agricultural policy objectives and instruments employed in major trading nati...

V Evolving International Trading System

V Evolving International Trading System »

Source: Developments in International Trade Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

With the conclusion of the Tokyo Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations (MTN) in 1979, tariff reductions and a wide-ranging set of new rules governing international trade came int...

Book Notices

Book Notices »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1970

ISBN: 9781616352974

Keywords: animal production, milk, milking, breeding, pasture production

This paper discusses achievement and failure of science in increasing world animal production. The paper highlights that the application of modern animal production technology is virtually confined to Western Europ...

The Brain Drain as a Social Safety Valve

The Brain Drain as a Social Safety Valve »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1970

ISBN: 9781616352974

Keywords: animal production, milk, milking, breeding, pasture production

This paper discusses achievement and failure of science in increasing world animal production. The paper highlights that the application of modern animal production technology is virtually confined to Western Europ...

Economic Cooperation in East Africa

Economic Cooperation in East Africa »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1970

ISBN: 9781616352974

Keywords: animal production, milk, milking, breeding, pasture production

This paper discusses achievement and failure of science in increasing world animal production. The paper highlights that the application of modern animal production technology is virtually confined to Western Europ...

Finance and Development Interviews William S. Gaud of the International Finance Corporation

Finance and Development Interviews William S. Gaud of the International Finance Corporation »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1970

ISBN: 9781616352974

Keywords: animal production, milk, milking, breeding, pasture production

This paper discusses achievement and failure of science in increasing world animal production. The paper highlights that the application of modern animal production technology is virtually confined to Western Europ...

Finance & Development, March 1970

Finance & Development, March 1970 »

Volume/Issue: 7/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1970

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352974.022

ISBN: 9781616352974

Keywords: animal production, milk, milking, breeding, pasture production

This paper discusses achievement and failure of science in increasing world animal production. The paper highlights that the application of modern animal production technology is virtually confined to Western Europ...

Foreign Investment Legislation in Africa

Foreign Investment Legislation in Africa »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1970

ISBN: 9781616352974

Keywords: animal production, milk, milking, breeding, pasture production

This paper discusses achievement and failure of science in increasing world animal production. The paper highlights that the application of modern animal production technology is virtually confined to Western Europ...

Industrial Development in an Open Economy: the Case of Norway

Industrial Development in an Open Economy: the Case of Norway »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1970

ISBN: 9781616352974

Keywords: animal production, milk, milking, breeding, pasture production

This paper discusses achievement and failure of science in increasing world animal production. The paper highlights that the application of modern animal production technology is virtually confined to Western Europ...