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The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Being Poor, Feeling Poorer

Being Poor, Feeling Poorer »

Source: Being Poor, Feeling Poorer : Inequality, Poverty and Poverty Perceptions in the Western Balkans

Volume/Issue: 2016/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zsoka Koczan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475515060

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of, Montenegro, Serbia, Poverty measurement, Cross country analysis

Emerging Europe has undergone a major economic transformation over the past 25 years. Most countries experienced initial drops in output during transition, followed by recovery in the second half of the 1990s. The...

Being Poor, Feeling Poorer
			: Inequality, Poverty and Poverty Perceptions in the Western Balkans

Being Poor, Feeling Poorer : Inequality, Poverty and Poverty Perceptions in the Western Balkans »

Volume/Issue: 2016/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zsoka Koczan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475515060.001

ISBN: 9781475515060

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of, Montenegro, Serbia, Poverty measurement, Cross country analysis

Emerging Europe has undergone a major economic transformation over the past 25 years. Most countries experienced initial drops in output during transition, followed by recovery in the second half of the 1990s. The...

république du Congo
			: Questions générales

république du Congo : Questions générales »

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2014

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498385107.002

ISBN: 9781498385107

Keywords: Secteur bancaire, Accès aux marchés de capitaux, Investissement public, Ressources naturelles, Viabilité de la dette, Assainissement des finances publiques, Dépenses publiques, Politique budgétaire, Documents de la série des questions générales, République du Congo

...

République Du Congo: Questions Générales

République Du Congo: Questions Générales »

Source: république du Congo : Questions générales

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498385107

Keywords: Secteur bancaire, Accès aux marchés de capitaux, Investissement public, Ressources naturelles, Viabilité de la dette, Assainissement des finances publiques, Dépenses publiques, Politique budgétaire, Documents de la série des questions générales, République du Congo

...

République Du Congo: Questions Générales

République Du Congo: Questions Générales »

Source: république du Congo : Questions générales

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498385107

Keywords: Secteur bancaire, Accès aux marchés de capitaux, Investissement public, Ressources naturelles, Viabilité de la dette, Assainissement des finances publiques, Dépenses publiques, Politique budgétaire, Documents de la série des questions générales, République du Congo

...

République Du Congo: Questions Générales

République Du Congo: Questions Générales »

Source: république du Congo : Questions générales

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498385107

Keywords: Secteur bancaire, Accès aux marchés de capitaux, Investissement public, Ressources naturelles, Viabilité de la dette, Assainissement des finances publiques, Dépenses publiques, Politique budgétaire, Documents de la série des questions générales, République du Congo

...

République Du Congo: Questions Générales

République Du Congo: Questions Générales »

Source: république du Congo : Questions générales

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2014

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498385107

Keywords: Secteur bancaire, Accès aux marchés de capitaux, Investissement public, Ressources naturelles, Viabilité de la dette, Assainissement des finances publiques, Dépenses publiques, Politique budgétaire, Documents de la série des questions générales, République du Congo

...

Cyprus: Selected Issues

Cyprus: Selected Issues »

Source: Cyprus : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/314

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498371018

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, recession, expected unemployment

...

Cyprus: Selected Issues

Cyprus: Selected Issues »

Source: Cyprus : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/314

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498371018

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, recession, expected unemployment

...

Cyprus: Selected Issues

Cyprus: Selected Issues »

Source: Cyprus : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/314

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498371018

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, recession, expected unemployment

...

Cyprus: Selected Issues

Cyprus: Selected Issues »

Source: Cyprus : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/314

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498371018

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, recession, expected unemployment

...

Cyprus: Selected Issues

Cyprus: Selected Issues »

Source: Cyprus : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/314

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498371018

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, recession, expected unemployment

...

Cyprus
			: Selected Issues

Cyprus : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/314

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498371018.002

ISBN: 9781498371018

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, recession, expected unemployment

...

Republic of Congo
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498305990.002

ISBN: 9781498305990

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, cash transfers, safety net, fiscal policy, social safety net

...

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498305990

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, cash transfers, safety net, fiscal policy, social safety net

...

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498305990

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, cash transfers, safety net, fiscal policy, social safety net

...

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498305990

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, cash transfers, safety net, fiscal policy, social safety net

...

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/273

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498305990

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, cash transfers, safety net, fiscal policy, social safety net

...

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics »

Volume/Issue: 2014/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Greetje Everaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498317207.001

ISBN: 9781498317207

Keywords: Structural Unemployment, unemployment rate, nairu, beveridge, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search, Public Policy,

While the unemployment rate in the Baltics has fallen sharply from its crisis-peaks, it remains close to double digits. This paper estimates the structural component of the jobless rate in the three Baltic countrie...

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics1

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics1 »

Source: Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics

Volume/Issue: 2014/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Greetje Everaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498317207

Keywords: Structural Unemployment, unemployment rate, nairu, beveridge, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search, Public Policy,

While the unemployment rate in the Baltics has fallen sharply from its crisis-peaks, it remains close to double digits. This paper estimates the structural component of the jobless rate in the three Baltic countrie...

Republic of Kazakhstan
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484355671.002

ISBN: 9781484355671

Keywords: External debt, Exchange rate policy, Economic growth, Kazakhstan, Debt sustainability, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, Selected Issues Papers, Reserves adequacy, unemployment

This Selected Issues paper analyzes whether Kazakhstan has made progress in achieving a more equal income distribution, lower poverty, and a higher level of employment. Given the overarching structural challenges f...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2014

ISBN: 9781484355671

Keywords: External debt, Exchange rate policy, Economic growth, Kazakhstan, Debt sustainability, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, Selected Issues Papers, Reserves adequacy, unemployment

This Selected Issues paper analyzes whether Kazakhstan has made progress in achieving a more equal income distribution, lower poverty, and a higher level of employment. Given the overarching structural challenges f...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2014

ISBN: 9781484355671

Keywords: External debt, Exchange rate policy, Economic growth, Kazakhstan, Debt sustainability, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, Selected Issues Papers, Reserves adequacy, unemployment

This Selected Issues paper analyzes whether Kazakhstan has made progress in achieving a more equal income distribution, lower poverty, and a higher level of employment. Given the overarching structural challenges f...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2014

ISBN: 9781484355671

Keywords: External debt, Exchange rate policy, Economic growth, Kazakhstan, Debt sustainability, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, Selected Issues Papers, Reserves adequacy, unemployment

This Selected Issues paper analyzes whether Kazakhstan has made progress in achieving a more equal income distribution, lower poverty, and a higher level of employment. Given the overarching structural challenges f...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2014

ISBN: 9781484355671

Keywords: External debt, Exchange rate policy, Economic growth, Kazakhstan, Debt sustainability, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, Selected Issues Papers, Reserves adequacy, unemployment

This Selected Issues paper analyzes whether Kazakhstan has made progress in achieving a more equal income distribution, lower poverty, and a higher level of employment. Given the overarching structural challenges f...

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/199

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498308007

Keywords: youth unemployment, labor market, employment

This Selected Issues paper assesses the youth unemployment problem in advanced European economies, especially the euro area. Youth unemployment rates increased sharply in the euro area after the crisis. Much of the...

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/199

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498308007

Keywords: youth unemployment, labor market, employment

This Selected Issues paper assesses the youth unemployment problem in advanced European economies, especially the euro area. Youth unemployment rates increased sharply in the euro area after the crisis. Much of the...

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/199

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498308007

Keywords: youth unemployment, labor market, employment

This Selected Issues paper assesses the youth unemployment problem in advanced European economies, especially the euro area. Youth unemployment rates increased sharply in the euro area after the crisis. Much of the...

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/199

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498308007

Keywords: youth unemployment, labor market, employment

This Selected Issues paper assesses the youth unemployment problem in advanced European economies, especially the euro area. Youth unemployment rates increased sharply in the euro area after the crisis. Much of the...

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/199

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498308007

Keywords: youth unemployment, labor market, employment

This Selected Issues paper assesses the youth unemployment problem in advanced European economies, especially the euro area. Youth unemployment rates increased sharply in the euro area after the crisis. Much of the...

Euro Area Policies
			: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/199

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498308007.002

ISBN: 9781498308007

Keywords: youth unemployment, labor market, employment

This Selected Issues paper assesses the youth unemployment problem in advanced European economies, especially the euro area. Youth unemployment rates increased sharply in the euro area after the crisis. Much of the...

Haiti

Haiti »

Source: Haiti : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2014/154

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498329019

Keywords: food security, social services, living conditions, detention centers, street children

This paper focuses on Haiti's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and 2014-2016 Three-Year Investment Program. The Haiti Strategic Development Plan presents the new framework for the planning, programming, and managem...

Haiti
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Haiti : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2014/154

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498329019.002

ISBN: 9781498329019

Keywords: food security, social services, living conditions, detention centers, street children

This paper focuses on Haiti's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and 2014-2016 Three-Year Investment Program. The Haiti Strategic Development Plan presents the new framework for the planning, programming, and managem...

Hysteresis in Unemployment and Jobless Recoveries

Hysteresis in Unemployment and Jobless Recoveries »

Source: Hysteresis in Unemployment and Jobless Recoveries

Volume/Issue: 2014/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dmitry Plotnikov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484371749

Keywords: hysteresis, sunspots, unemployment rate, recession, jobless, General,

This paper develops and estimates a general equilibrium rational expectations model with search and multiple equilibria where aggregate shocks have a permanent effect on the unemployment rate. If agents' wealth dec...

Hysteresis in Unemployment and Jobless Recoveries

Hysteresis in Unemployment and Jobless Recoveries »

Volume/Issue: 2014/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dmitry Plotnikov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371749.006

ISBN: 9781484371749

Keywords: hysteresis, sunspots, unemployment rate, recession, jobless, General,

This paper develops and estimates a general equilibrium rational expectations model with search and multiple equilibria where aggregate shocks have a permanent effect on the unemployment rate. If agents' wealth dec...

Do Forecasters Believe in Okun’s Law? An Assessment of Unemployment and Output Forecasts

Do Forecasters Believe in Okun’s Law? An Assessment of Unemployment and Output Forecasts »

Source: Do Forecasters Believe in Okun's Law? An Assessment of Unemployment and Output Forecasts

Volume/Issue: 2014/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laurence Ball , João Tovar Jalles , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475584097

Keywords: forecast revisions, Okun&;amp;#x2019;s Law, Great Recession, forecast assessment, unemployment rate, unemployment forecasts, recession, employment, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Forecasting and Simulation

This paper provides an assessment of the consistency of unemployment and output forecasts. We show that, consistent with Okun's Law, forecasts of real GDP growth and the change in unemployment are negatively correl...

Do Forecasters Believe in Okun's Law? An Assessment of Unemployment and Output Forecasts

Do Forecasters Believe in Okun's Law? An Assessment of Unemployment and Output Forecasts »

Volume/Issue: 2014/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laurence Ball , João Tovar Jalles , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475584097.001

ISBN: 9781475584097

Keywords: forecast revisions, Okun&;amp;#x2019;s Law, Great Recession, forecast assessment, unemployment rate, unemployment forecasts, recession, employment, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Forecasting and Simulation

This paper provides an assessment of the consistency of unemployment and output forecasts. We show that, consistent with Okun's Law, forecasts of real GDP growth and the change in unemployment are negatively correl...

Bulgaria

Bulgaria »

Source: Bulgaria : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2014/24

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484396339

Keywords: social protection, social assistance, social transfers, social protection spending

This Selected Issues paper reviews recent developments in growth and employment in Bulgaria and highlights key constraints to growth suggested by cross-country competitiveness studies. Bulgaria's GDP has grown subs...

Bulgaria
			: Selected Issues Paper

Bulgaria : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2014/24

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396339.002

ISBN: 9781484396339

Keywords: social protection, social assistance, social transfers, social protection spending

This Selected Issues paper reviews recent developments in growth and employment in Bulgaria and highlights key constraints to growth suggested by cross-country competitiveness studies. Bulgaria's GDP has grown subs...

Is Labor Market Mismatch a Big Deal in Japan?

Is Labor Market Mismatch a Big Deal in Japan? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ippei Shibata

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484392270.001

ISBN: 9781484392270

Keywords: mismatch, vacancies, Japanese labor market, employment, unemployed, unemployment rate, labor market, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence

Despite its low unemployment rate, the recent shift in the Japanese Beveridge curve indicates increased labor mismatch. This paper quantifies the age, employment-type (full or part-time), and occupational mismatch...

Is Labor Market Mismatch a Big Deal in Japan?

Is Labor Market Mismatch a Big Deal in Japan? »

Source: Is Labor Market Mismatch a Big Deal in Japan?

Volume/Issue: 2013/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ippei Shibata

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484392270

Keywords: mismatch, vacancies, Japanese labor market, employment, unemployed, unemployment rate, labor market, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence

Despite its low unemployment rate, the recent shift in the Japanese Beveridge curve indicates increased labor mismatch. This paper quantifies the age, employment-type (full or part-time), and occupational mismatch...

Sweden
			: Selected Issues

Sweden : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484382554.002

ISBN: 9781484382554

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, rate of unemployment, natural rate of unemployment

This 2013 Article IV Consultation examines the performance of Sweden's fiscal policies to counter effects of global financial crisis. Economic growth in Sweden has been moderate since global financial crisis of 200...

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Sweden : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484382554

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, rate of unemployment, natural rate of unemployment

This 2013 Article IV Consultation examines the performance of Sweden's fiscal policies to counter effects of global financial crisis. Economic growth in Sweden has been moderate since global financial crisis of 200...

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Sweden : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484382554

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, rate of unemployment, natural rate of unemployment

This 2013 Article IV Consultation examines the performance of Sweden's fiscal policies to counter effects of global financial crisis. Economic growth in Sweden has been moderate since global financial crisis of 200...

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Sweden : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484382554

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, rate of unemployment, natural rate of unemployment

This 2013 Article IV Consultation examines the performance of Sweden's fiscal policies to counter effects of global financial crisis. Economic growth in Sweden has been moderate since global financial crisis of 200...

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Sweden : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484382554

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, rate of unemployment, natural rate of unemployment

This 2013 Article IV Consultation examines the performance of Sweden's fiscal policies to counter effects of global financial crisis. Economic growth in Sweden has been moderate since global financial crisis of 200...

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Sweden: 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Sweden : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484382554

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, rate of unemployment, natural rate of unemployment

This 2013 Article IV Consultation examines the performance of Sweden's fiscal policies to counter effects of global financial crisis. Economic growth in Sweden has been moderate since global financial crisis of 200...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2013/179

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

ISBN: 9781484336670

Keywords: unemployment, labor market, employment, unemployment rates, labor force

The Macedonian labor market exhibits a high unemployment rate, yet does not demonstrate obvious and large enough constraints on the demand or supply side. Considerable achievements can be made by maintaining macroe...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Selected Issues

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2013/179

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

ISBN: 9781484336670

Keywords: unemployment, labor market, employment, unemployment rates, labor force

The Macedonian labor market exhibits a high unemployment rate, yet does not demonstrate obvious and large enough constraints on the demand or supply side. Considerable achievements can be made by maintaining macroe...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
			: Selected Issues Paper

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2013/179

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336670.002

ISBN: 9781484336670

Keywords: unemployment, labor market, employment, unemployment rates, labor force

The Macedonian labor market exhibits a high unemployment rate, yet does not demonstrate obvious and large enough constraints on the demand or supply side. Considerable achievements can be made by maintaining macroe...

Does Public-Sector Employment Fully Crowd Out Private-Sector Employment?

Does Public-Sector Employment Fully Crowd Out Private-Sector Employment? »

Source: Does Public-Sector Employment Fully Crowd Out Private-Sector Employment?

Volume/Issue: 2013/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar , and Junghwan Mok

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2013

ISBN: 9781484329412

Keywords: unemployment, public employment, employment rate, public-sector employment, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Public Policy, Other,

We quantify the extent to which public-sector employment crowds out private-sector employment using specially assembled datasets for a large cross-section of developing and advanced countries, and discuss the impli...

Does Public-Sector Employment Fully Crowd Out Private-Sector Employment?

Does Public-Sector Employment Fully Crowd Out Private-Sector Employment? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar , and Junghwan Mok

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484329412.001

ISBN: 9781484329412

Keywords: unemployment, public employment, employment rate, public-sector employment, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Public Policy, Other,

We quantify the extent to which public-sector employment crowds out private-sector employment using specially assembled datasets for a large cross-section of developing and advanced countries, and discuss the impli...

Morocco
			: Selected Issues

Morocco : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/110

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340769.002

ISBN: 9781484340769

Keywords: unemployment, labor market, employment, youth unemployment, labor force

Morocco has made substantial progress in increasing inclusive growth over the past decade, but additional efforts in terms of growth-enhancing structural reforms are needed. Preserving economic efficiency and foste...

Morocco

Morocco »

Source: Morocco : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/110

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484340769

Keywords: unemployment, labor market, employment, youth unemployment, labor force

Morocco has made substantial progress in increasing inclusive growth over the past decade, but additional efforts in terms of growth-enhancing structural reforms are needed. Preserving economic efficiency and foste...

Morocco: Selected Issues

Morocco: Selected Issues »

Source: Morocco : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/110

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484340769

Keywords: unemployment, labor market, employment, youth unemployment, labor force

Morocco has made substantial progress in increasing inclusive growth over the past decade, but additional efforts in terms of growth-enhancing structural reforms are needed. Preserving economic efficiency and foste...

Labor Market Policies and IMF Advice in Advanced Economies during the Great Recession

Labor Market Policies and IMF Advice in Advanced Economies during the Great Recession »

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Florence Jaumotte , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301289.006

ISBN: 9781484301289

Keywords: Labor market institutions, Unemployment, Great Recession, employment, employment protection, labor market, unemployment insurance

This paper does two things. First, it articulates what are the main implications of theoretical and empirical research for design of labor market policies and labor market institutions. Second, in this light, the p...

Labor Market Policies and IMF Advice in Advanced Economies during the Great Recession

Labor Market Policies and IMF Advice in Advanced Economies during the Great Recession »

Source: Labor Market Policies and IMF Advice in Advanced Economies during the Great Recession

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Florence Jaumotte , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484301289

Keywords: Labor market institutions, Unemployment, Great Recession, employment, employment protection, labor market, unemployment insurance

This paper does two things. First, it articulates what are the main implications of theoretical and empirical research for design of labor market policies and labor market institutions. Second, in this light, the p...

A Framework for Efficient Government Investment

A Framework for Efficient Government Investment »

Source: A Framework for Efficient Government Investment

Volume/Issue: 2013/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Warner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475579147

Keywords: Welfare economics, scope and performance of government, externalities, cost-benefit analysis, subsidy, private returns, rates of return, investment projects, Structure and Scope of Government, Business Taxes and Subsidies

Welfare economics, scope and performance of government, externalities, public goods, cost-benefit analysis, subsidies economize on spending without losing effectiveness by modifying the conceptual framework guiding...

A Framework for Efficient Government Investment

A Framework for Efficient Government Investment »

Volume/Issue: 2013/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Warner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579147.001

ISBN: 9781475579147

Keywords: Welfare economics, scope and performance of government, externalities, cost-benefit analysis, subsidy, private returns, rates of return, investment projects, Structure and Scope of Government, Business Taxes and Subsidies

Welfare economics, scope and performance of government, externalities, public goods, cost-benefit analysis, subsidies economize on spending without losing effectiveness by modifying the conceptual framework guiding...

Macroeconomic Evaluation of Labor Market Reform in Germany

Macroeconomic Evaluation of Labor Market Reform in Germany »

Volume/Issue: 2013/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tom Krebs , and Martin Scheffel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062702.001

ISBN: 9781589062702

Keywords: Labor Market Reform, unemployed, unemployment rate, labor market, employment

In 2005 the German government implemented the so-called Hartz IV reform, which amounted to a complete overhaul of the German unemployment insurance system and resulted in a significant reduction in unemployment ben...

Macroeconomic Evaluation of Labor Market Reform in Germany1

Macroeconomic Evaluation of Labor Market Reform in Germany1 »

Source: Macroeconomic Evaluation of Labor Market Reform in Germany

Volume/Issue: 2013/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tom Krebs , and Martin Scheffel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2013

ISBN: 9781589062702

Keywords: Labor Market Reform, unemployed, unemployment rate, labor market, employment

In 2005 the German government implemented the so-called Hartz IV reform, which amounted to a complete overhaul of the German unemployment insurance system and resulted in a significant reduction in unemployment ben...

Republic of Latvia
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Latvia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/29

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475578522.002

ISBN: 9781475578522

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, nairu, employment, natural unemployment rate

This note presents estimates of potential growth and the output gap in Latvia. The estimates suggest that the output has marked below potential in the early 2000s but the output gap becomes positive and large after...

Republic of Latvia

Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/29

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475578522

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, nairu, employment, natural unemployment rate

This note presents estimates of potential growth and the output gap in Latvia. The estimates suggest that the output has marked below potential in the early 2000s but the output gap becomes positive and large after...

Republic of Latvia: Selected Issues

Republic of Latvia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/29

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475578522

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, nairu, employment, natural unemployment rate

This note presents estimates of potential growth and the output gap in Latvia. The estimates suggest that the output has marked below potential in the early 2000s but the output gap becomes positive and large after...

Okun's Law
			: Fit at 50?

Okun's Law : Fit at 50? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laurence Ball , Daniel Leigh , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574265.001

ISBN: 9781475574265

Keywords: Unemploymnent, Okun&;amp;#x2019;s law, Economic fluctuations, employment, recession, unemployment rate, jobless, Economic fluctuations.,

This paper asks how well Okun's Law fits short-run unemployment movements in the United States since 1948 and in twenty advanced economies since 1980. We find that Okun's Law isa strong and stable relationship in m...

Okun's Law

Okun's Law »

Source: Okun's Law : Fit at 50?

Volume/Issue: 2013/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laurence Ball , Daniel Leigh , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475574265

Keywords: Unemploymnent, Okun&;amp;#x2019;s law, Economic fluctuations, employment, recession, unemployment rate, jobless, Economic fluctuations.,

This paper asks how well Okun's Law fits short-run unemployment movements in the United States since 1948 and in twenty advanced economies since 1980. We find that Okun's Law isa strong and stable relationship in m...

Sudan
			: Selected Issues Paper

Sudan : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2012/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616355722.002

ISBN: 9781616355722

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, price subsidies, fiscal cost, direct impact

This selected issues paper on Sudan was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information...

Sudan

Sudan »

Source: Sudan : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2012

ISBN: 9781616355722

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, price subsidies, fiscal cost, direct impact

This selected issues paper on Sudan was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information...

Sudan: Selected Issues Paper

Sudan: Selected Issues Paper »

Source: Sudan : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2012

ISBN: 9781616355722

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, price subsidies, fiscal cost, direct impact

This selected issues paper on Sudan was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information...

Sudan: Selected Issues Paper

Sudan: Selected Issues Paper »

Source: Sudan : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2012

ISBN: 9781616355722

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, price subsidies, fiscal cost, direct impact

This selected issues paper on Sudan was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information...

Sudan: Selected Issues Paper

Sudan: Selected Issues Paper »

Source: Sudan : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2012

ISBN: 9781616355722

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, price subsidies, fiscal cost, direct impact

This selected issues paper on Sudan was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information...

Sudan: Selected Issues Paper

Sudan: Selected Issues Paper »

Source: Sudan : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2012

ISBN: 9781616355722

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, price subsidies, fiscal cost, direct impact

This selected issues paper on Sudan was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information...

Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy
			: Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases

Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy : Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases »

Volume/Issue: 2012/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , and Ruben Atoyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475512878.001

ISBN: 9781475512878

Keywords: government expenditure and related policies, welfare, social assistance, gas consumption, gas demand, gas imports, gas pricing policy, welfare., General,

Ukraine's gas pricing policy subsidizes gas and heating for all households. As the cost of imported gas rises, this policy increasingly weighs on government finances, sustains energy over-consumption, dampens inves...

Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy

Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy »

Source: Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy : Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases

Volume/Issue: 2012/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , and Ruben Atoyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475512878

Keywords: government expenditure and related policies, welfare, social assistance, gas consumption, gas demand, gas imports, gas pricing policy, welfare., General,

Ukraine's gas pricing policy subsidizes gas and heating for all households. As the cost of imported gas rises, this policy increasingly weighs on government finances, sustains energy over-consumption, dampens inves...

Emerging Market Business Cycles

Emerging Market Business Cycles »

Source: Emerging Market Business Cycles : The Role of Labor Market Frictions

Volume/Issue: 2012/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Boz , Ceyhun Bora Durdu , and Nan Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475511208

Keywords: search frictions, unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, bargaining, unemployed, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Emerging economies are characterized by higher consumption and real wage variability relative to output and a strongly countercyclical current account. A real business cycle model of a small open economy that embed...

Emerging Market Business Cycles
			: The Role of Labor Market Frictions

Emerging Market Business Cycles : The Role of Labor Market Frictions »

Volume/Issue: 2012/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Boz , Ceyhun Bora Durdu , and Nan Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475511208.001

ISBN: 9781475511208

Keywords: search frictions, unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, bargaining, unemployed, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Emerging economies are characterized by higher consumption and real wage variability relative to output and a strongly countercyclical current account. A real business cycle model of a small open economy that embed...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

Four years after the onset of the global financial crisis, low-income countries (LICs), especially those that have benefited from high commodity prices, have begun to register stron...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Finance & Development, June 2011
			: Finance & Development, June 2011

Finance & Development, June 2011 : Finance & Development, June 2011 »

Volume/Issue: 48/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455215829.022

ISBN: 9781455215829

Keywords: Finance and Development, aging, elderly, unemployment, aging populations, elderly people, life expectancy, youth unemployment, retirement, pensioners

'Wising Up to the Costs of Aging' looks at how falling fertility and rising life expectancy have combined to threaten the ability of many countries to provide a decent standard of living for the old without imposin...

Finance & Development, June 2011

Finance & Development, June 2011 »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2011 : Finance & Development, June 2011

Volume/Issue: 48/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2012

Language: Chinese

ISBN: 9781455215829

Keywords: Finance and Development, aging, elderly, unemployment, aging populations, elderly people, life expectancy, youth unemployment, retirement, pensioners

'Wising Up to the Costs of Aging' looks at how falling fertility and rising life expectancy have combined to threaten the ability of many countries to provide a decent standard of living for the old without imposin...

Japan
			: Selected Issues

Japan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2012/209

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475506341.002

ISBN: 9781475506341

Keywords: pension, basic pension, pension benefit, life expectancy, pension system

Japan has a universal public pension system. Social security spending is a key fiscal policy challenge in Japan. The 2004 pension reforms have increased the ratio of the government subsidy to the basic pension bene...

Japan

Japan »

Source: Japan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/209

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506341

Keywords: pension, basic pension, pension benefit, life expectancy, pension system

Japan has a universal public pension system. Social security spending is a key fiscal policy challenge in Japan. The 2004 pension reforms have increased the ratio of the government subsidy to the basic pension bene...

Japan: Selected Issues

Japan: Selected Issues »

Source: Japan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/209

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506341

Keywords: pension, basic pension, pension benefit, life expectancy, pension system

Japan has a universal public pension system. Social security spending is a key fiscal policy challenge in Japan. The 2004 pension reforms have increased the ratio of the government subsidy to the basic pension bene...

Japan: Selected Issues

Japan: Selected Issues »

Source: Japan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/209

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506341

Keywords: pension, basic pension, pension benefit, life expectancy, pension system

Japan has a universal public pension system. Social security spending is a key fiscal policy challenge in Japan. The 2004 pension reforms have increased the ratio of the government subsidy to the basic pension bene...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with Nigeria

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with Nigeria »

Source: Nigeria : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506679

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, primary deficit, fiscal policy, tax policy

The Nigerian economy remained strong, with a non-oil real GDP of 8.3 percent and an overall real GDP of 6.7 percent. A modest fiscal consolidation took place in 2011 as a response to the substantial monetary tight...

Nigeria
			: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Nigeria : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475506679.002

ISBN: 9781475506679

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, primary deficit, fiscal policy, tax policy

The Nigerian economy remained strong, with a non-oil real GDP of 8.3 percent and an overall real GDP of 6.7 percent. A modest fiscal consolidation took place in 2011 as a response to the substantial monetary tight...

Nigeria

Nigeria »

Source: Nigeria : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506679

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, primary deficit, fiscal policy, tax policy

The Nigerian economy remained strong, with a non-oil real GDP of 8.3 percent and an overall real GDP of 6.7 percent. A modest fiscal consolidation took place in 2011 as a response to the substantial monetary tight...

Nigeria: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis

Nigeria: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Nigeria : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506679

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, primary deficit, fiscal policy, tax policy

The Nigerian economy remained strong, with a non-oil real GDP of 8.3 percent and an overall real GDP of 6.7 percent. A modest fiscal consolidation took place in 2011 as a response to the substantial monetary tight...

Nigeria: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Nigeria: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Nigeria : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506679

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, primary deficit, fiscal policy, tax policy

The Nigerian economy remained strong, with a non-oil real GDP of 8.3 percent and an overall real GDP of 6.7 percent. A modest fiscal consolidation took place in 2011 as a response to the substantial monetary tight...

Statement by Mr. Moeketsi Majoro, Executive Director for Nigeria, February 22, 2012

Statement by Mr. Moeketsi Majoro, Executive Director for Nigeria, February 22, 2012 »

Source: Nigeria : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506679

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, primary deficit, fiscal policy, tax policy

The Nigerian economy remained strong, with a non-oil real GDP of 8.3 percent and an overall real GDP of 6.7 percent. A modest fiscal consolidation took place in 2011 as a response to the substantial monetary tight...

Jordan
			: Selected Issues

Jordan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2012/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503845.002

ISBN: 9781475503845

Keywords: subsidies, price subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidies

This Selected Issues Paper focuses on economic condition, energy subsidies, and oil prices in Jordan. Energy price subsidies pose a serious fiscal risk in the present context of increasing and volatile internationa...

Jordan

Jordan »

Source: Jordan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503845

Keywords: subsidies, price subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidies

This Selected Issues Paper focuses on economic condition, energy subsidies, and oil prices in Jordan. Energy price subsidies pose a serious fiscal risk in the present context of increasing and volatile internationa...

Jordan: Selected Issues

Jordan: Selected Issues »

Source: Jordan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503845

Keywords: subsidies, price subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidies

This Selected Issues Paper focuses on economic condition, energy subsidies, and oil prices in Jordan. Energy price subsidies pose a serious fiscal risk in the present context of increasing and volatile internationa...

Jordan: Selected Issues

Jordan: Selected Issues »

Source: Jordan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503845

Keywords: subsidies, price subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidies

This Selected Issues Paper focuses on economic condition, energy subsidies, and oil prices in Jordan. Energy price subsidies pose a serious fiscal risk in the present context of increasing and volatile internationa...

Jordan: Selected Issues

Jordan: Selected Issues »

Source: Jordan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503845

Keywords: subsidies, price subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidies

This Selected Issues Paper focuses on economic condition, energy subsidies, and oil prices in Jordan. Energy price subsidies pose a serious fiscal risk in the present context of increasing and volatile internationa...

Jordan: Selected Issues

Jordan: Selected Issues »

Source: Jordan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503845

Keywords: subsidies, price subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidies

This Selected Issues Paper focuses on economic condition, energy subsidies, and oil prices in Jordan. Energy price subsidies pose a serious fiscal risk in the present context of increasing and volatile internationa...