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Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014

Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014 »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Sage De Clerck , and Tobias Wickens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2020

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484383612.069

ISBN: 9781484383612

Keywords: Financial assets, Balance sheets, Capital, Financial instruments, Social security, assets, taxes, debt, liabilities, goods

The 2007-09 international financial crisis underscored the importance of reliable and timely statistics on the general government and public sectors. Government finance statistics are a basis for fiscal analysis an...

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria »

Volume/Issue: 2020/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550190.001

ISBN: 9781513550190

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Labor policy, Social benefits, Social policy, Inequality, Poverty, Social Protection, Bulgaria, European Union

Absolute poverty has dropped markedly in Bulgaria but income inequality has increased substantially in the aftermath of the GFC. This increase is due to a rise in market income inequality that was compounded by a r...

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria »

Source: Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria

Volume/Issue: 2020/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550190

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Labor policy, Social benefits, Social policy, Inequality, Poverty, Social Protection, Bulgaria, European Union

Absolute poverty has dropped markedly in Bulgaria but income inequality has increased substantially in the aftermath of the GFC. This increase is due to a rise in market income inequality that was compounded by a r...

Zambia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics

Zambia : Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics »

Volume/Issue: 192020/220

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550640.002

ISBN: 9781513550640

Keywords: External sector statistics, Social security funds, Financial statistics, Public financial corporations, Social security, ISCR, CR, GFS, PFU, social security fund

In response to a request from the authorities and as part of the United Kingdom's Department for International Development (DFID) Enhanced Data Dissemination Initiative (EDDI) 2 project, a Government Finance Statis...

Zimbabwe
			: Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics

Zimbabwe : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics »

Volume/Issue: 192020/219

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550602.002

ISBN: 9781513550602

Keywords: Financial statistics, Social security, Social security funds, Pension funds, Social welfare programs, ISCR, CR, GFS, outturn, SOEs

As part of a five-year project of the Enhanced Data Dissemination Initiative (EDDI) 2 Government Finance Statistics (GFS) Module on improving GFS and public-sector debt statistics in selected African countries, a m...

Zambia

Zambia »

Source: Zambia : Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics

Volume/Issue: 192020/220

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550640

Keywords: External sector statistics, Social security funds, Financial statistics, Public financial corporations, Social security, ISCR, CR, GFS, PFU, social security fund

In response to a request from the authorities and as part of the United Kingdom's Department for International Development (DFID) Enhanced Data Dissemination Initiative (EDDI) 2 project, a Government Finance Statis...

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe »

Source: Zimbabwe : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics

Volume/Issue: 192020/219

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550602

Keywords: Financial statistics, Social security, Social security funds, Pension funds, Social welfare programs, ISCR, CR, GFS, outturn, SOEs

As part of a five-year project of the Enhanced Data Dissemination Initiative (EDDI) 2 Government Finance Statistics (GFS) Module on improving GFS and public-sector debt statistics in selected African countries, a m...

Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program

Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program »

Volume/Issue: 2020/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Fruttero , Alexandre Ribeiro Leichsenring , and Luis Henrique Paiva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513547701.001

ISBN: 9781513547701

Keywords: Labor supply, Labor markets, Human capital, Labor force participation, Nonmetropolitan areas, Anti Poverty, Poverty, Welfare, Well Being, Informality

Employment is key to combating poverty. Thus, detractors of social assistance programs argue that they create disincentives to work. While there is substantial evidence showing limited effects of these programs on...

Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program

Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program »

Source: Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program

Volume/Issue: 2020/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Fruttero , Alexandre Ribeiro Leichsenring , and Luis Henrique Paiva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2020

ISBN: 9781513547701

Keywords: Labor supply, Labor markets, Human capital, Labor force participation, Nonmetropolitan areas, Anti Poverty, Poverty, Welfare, Well Being, Informality

Employment is key to combating poverty. Thus, detractors of social assistance programs argue that they create disincentives to work. While there is substantial evidence showing limited effects of these programs on...

Haiti: Selected Issues

Haiti: Selected Issues »

Source: Haiti : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/122

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513541501

Keywords: Poverty, Social safety nets, Development, Expenditures, Poverty reduction, ISCR, CR, EDH, Petrocaribe, social protection

This Selected Issues paper focuses on Haiti near and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before coronavirus disease 2019 became a global pandemic and resulted in unprecedented strains in g...

Haiti: Selected Issues

Haiti: Selected Issues »

Source: Haiti : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/122

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513541501

Keywords: Poverty, Social safety nets, Development, Expenditures, Poverty reduction, ISCR, CR, EDH, Petrocaribe, social protection

This Selected Issues paper focuses on Haiti near and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before coronavirus disease 2019 became a global pandemic and resulted in unprecedented strains in g...

Haiti: Selected Issues

Haiti: Selected Issues »

Source: Haiti : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/122

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513541501

Keywords: Poverty, Social safety nets, Development, Expenditures, Poverty reduction, ISCR, CR, EDH, Petrocaribe, social protection

This Selected Issues paper focuses on Haiti near and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before coronavirus disease 2019 became a global pandemic and resulted in unprecedented strains in g...

Haiti: Selected Issues

Haiti: Selected Issues »

Source: Haiti : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/122

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2020

ISBN: 9781513541501

Keywords: Poverty, Social safety nets, Development, Expenditures, Poverty reduction, ISCR, CR, EDH, Petrocaribe, social protection

This Selected Issues paper focuses on Haiti near and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before coronavirus disease 2019 became a global pandemic and resulted in unprecedented strains in g...

Haiti
			: Selected Issues

Haiti : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2020/122

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513541501.002

ISBN: 9781513541501

Keywords: Poverty, Social safety nets, Development, Expenditures, Poverty reduction, ISCR, CR, EDH, Petrocaribe, social protection

This Selected Issues paper focuses on Haiti near and medium-term challenges and policy priorities and was prepared before coronavirus disease 2019 became a global pandemic and resulted in unprecedented strains in g...

El Salvador

El Salvador »

Source: El Salvador : Technical Assistance Report-Capacity Development on National Accounts Statistics Mission

Volume/Issue: 2020/84

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513538112

Keywords: ISCR, CR, SUT, non-financial, non-financial corporation, national account, SNA

A Technical Assistance (TA) Mission from the Regional Technical Assistance Center for Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic, visited the city of San Salvador, El Salvador, on August 13-24, 2018, to pr...

El Salvador

El Salvador »

Source: El Salvador : Technical Assistance Report-Capacity Development on National Accounts Statistics Mission

Volume/Issue: 2020/84

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513538082

Keywords: External sector, Social security funds, Financial statistics, Financial statements, External sector statistics, ISCR, CR, SUT, non-financial, non-financial corporation

A Technical Assistance (TA) Mission from the Regional Technical Assistance Center for Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic, visited the city of San Salvador, El Salvador, on August 13-24, 2018, to pr...

El Salvador
			: Technical Assistance Report-Capacity Development on National Accounts Statistics Mission

El Salvador : Technical Assistance Report-Capacity Development on National Accounts Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2020/84

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2020

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538112.002

ISBN: 9781513538112

Keywords: ISCR, CR, SUT, non-financial, non-financial corporation, national account, SNA

A Technical Assistance (TA) Mission from the Regional Technical Assistance Center for Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic, visited the city of San Salvador, El Salvador, on August 13-24, 2018, to pr...

El Salvador
			: Technical Assistance Report-Capacity Development on National Accounts Statistics Mission

El Salvador : Technical Assistance Report-Capacity Development on National Accounts Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2020/84

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513538082.002

ISBN: 9781513538082

Keywords: External sector, Social security funds, Financial statistics, Financial statements, External sector statistics, ISCR, CR, SUT, non-financial, non-financial corporation

A Technical Assistance (TA) Mission from the Regional Technical Assistance Center for Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic, visited the city of San Salvador, El Salvador, on August 13-24, 2018, to pr...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Source: Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics Mission

Volume/Issue: 2020/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537252

Keywords: Financial statements, Balance sheets, Accounting procedures, Tax revenue, Social security funds, ISCR, CR, GFS, extrabudgetary, compilation process

This paper on Bosnia and Herzegovina presents the report on the government finance statistics technical assistance mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Further on developing reconciliation processes, the mission prov...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
			: Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics Mission

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2020/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537252.002

ISBN: 9781513537252

Keywords: Financial statements, Balance sheets, Accounting procedures, Tax revenue, Social security funds, ISCR, CR, GFS, extrabudgetary, compilation process

This paper on Bosnia and Herzegovina presents the report on the government finance statistics technical assistance mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Further on developing reconciliation processes, the mission prov...

Myanmar
			: Technical Assistance Report-External Sector Statistics Mission

Myanmar : Technical Assistance Report-External Sector Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2020/46

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513530307.002

ISBN: 9781513530307

Keywords: Accounting, Balance of payments, Bilateral trade, Central banking, Central banks, Commodities, Credit, Current account balances, Data collection, Depreciation

This Technical Assistance Report paper highlights that the work on verifying reasonable size of coverage adjustments for Myanmar's imports was addressed during the mission, using bilateral trade data from Thailand...

Myanmar

Myanmar »

Source: Myanmar : Technical Assistance Report-External Sector Statistics Mission

Volume/Issue: 2020/46

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530307

Keywords: Accounting, Balance of payments, Bilateral trade, Central banking, Central banks, Commodities, Credit, Current account balances, Data collection, Depreciation

This Technical Assistance Report paper highlights that the work on verifying reasonable size of coverage adjustments for Myanmar's imports was addressed during the mission, using bilateral trade data from Thailand...

Effectiveness and Equity in Social Spending - The Case of Spain

Effectiveness and Equity in Social Spending - The Case of Spain »

Source: Effectiveness and Equity in Social Spending - The Case of Spain

Volume/Issue: 2020/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Svetlana Vtyurina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526003

Keywords: Social indicators, Cost of living, National income, Financial crises, Economic growth, Social Protection Expenditure, Redistribution, Spending Efficiency, Spain, WP

Spain is experiencing sustained economic and social disparities in several areas. Social spending policies have a heightened responsibility to respond but are challenged by high public debt and pressures from an ag...

Effectiveness and Equity in Social Spending - The Case of Spain

Effectiveness and Equity in Social Spending - The Case of Spain »

Volume/Issue: 2020/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Svetlana Vtyurina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526003.001

ISBN: 9781513526003

Keywords: Social indicators, Cost of living, National income, Financial crises, Economic growth, Social Protection Expenditure, Redistribution, Spending Efficiency, Spain, WP

Spain is experiencing sustained economic and social disparities in several areas. Social spending policies have a heightened responsibility to respond but are challenged by high public debt and pressures from an ag...

Finland

Finland »

Source: Finland : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/6

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526232

Keywords: Marginal effective tax rate, Tax rates, Tax reforms, Effective tax rate, Income distribution, ISCR, CR, out-of-work, benefit system, employment rate

This Selected Issues paper investigates impact of promoting labor supply through tax and benefit reform in Finland. A comprehensive reform of the tax-benefit system could support the government's objective of incre...

Finland
			: Selected Issues

Finland : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2020/6

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526232.002

ISBN: 9781513526232

Keywords: Marginal effective tax rate, Tax rates, Tax reforms, Effective tax rate, Income distribution, ISCR, CR, out-of-work, benefit system, employment rate

This Selected Issues paper investigates impact of promoting labor supply through tax and benefit reform in Finland. A comprehensive reform of the tax-benefit system could support the government's objective of incre...

Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think?1

Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think?1 »

Source: Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think?

Volume/Issue: 2019/288

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Mulas-Granados , Richard Varghese , Vizhdan Boranova , Alice deChalendar , and Judith Wallenstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2019

ISBN: 9781513519906

Keywords: Labor market characteristics, Labor market regulations, Unemployment, Social welfare programs, Labor markets, Automation, Future of Work, Robotization, Education, Reskilling

We exploit a survey data set that contains information on how 11,000 workers across advanced and emerging market economies perceive the main forces shaping the future of work. In general, workers feel more positive...

Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think?

Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/288

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Mulas-Granados , Richard Varghese , Vizhdan Boranova , Alice deChalendar , and Judith Wallenstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513519906.001

ISBN: 9781513519906

Keywords: Labor market characteristics, Labor market regulations, Unemployment, Social welfare programs, Labor markets, Automation, Future of Work, Robotization, Education, Reskilling

We exploit a survey data set that contains information on how 11,000 workers across advanced and emerging market economies perceive the main forces shaping the future of work. In general, workers feel more positive...

Informality and Aggregate Productivity: The Case of Mexico

Informality and Aggregate Productivity: The Case of Mexico »

Volume/Issue: 2019/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , and Cian Ruane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513519920.001

ISBN: 9781513519920

Keywords: Social safety nets, Economic conditions, Informal sector, Social security, Labor costs, Informality, Misallocation, Productivity, Growth, Mexico.

We assess the aggregate productivity impact of distortions arising from labor regulations in Mexico and how they interact with informality. Using employment surveys and a firm-level economic census, we document a n...

Informality and Aggregate Productivity: The Case of Mexico

Informality and Aggregate Productivity: The Case of Mexico »

Source: Informality and Aggregate Productivity: The Case of Mexico

Volume/Issue: 2019/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , and Cian Ruane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513519920

Keywords: Social safety nets, Economic conditions, Informal sector, Social security, Labor costs, Informality, Misallocation, Productivity, Growth, Mexico.

We assess the aggregate productivity impact of distortions arising from labor regulations in Mexico and how they interact with informality. Using employment surveys and a firm-level economic census, we document a n...

Ukraine
			: Technical Assistance Report-Enhancing the Medium-Term Budget Framework and Preparing Expenditure Baseline

Ukraine : Technical Assistance Report-Enhancing the Medium-Term Budget Framework and Preparing Expenditure Baseline »

Volume/Issue: 2019/353

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513521084.002

ISBN: 9781513521084

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Price indexes, Budget estimates, Fiscal space, Budgetary process, ISCR, CR, medium-term, budget process, baseline

This Technical Assistance paper on Ukraine focuses on enhancing the medium-term budget framework and preparing expenditure baselines. While the inclusion of a contingency provision in the budget is prudent, it will...

Ukraine

Ukraine »

Source: Ukraine : Technical Assistance Report-Enhancing the Medium-Term Budget Framework and Preparing Expenditure Baseline

Volume/Issue: 2019/353

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513521084

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Price indexes, Budget estimates, Fiscal space, Budgetary process, ISCR, CR, medium-term, budget process, baseline

This Technical Assistance paper on Ukraine focuses on enhancing the medium-term budget framework and preparing expenditure baselines. While the inclusion of a contingency provision in the budget is prudent, it will...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Republic of Madagascar
			: Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics Mission

Republic of Madagascar : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2019/332

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513518596.002

ISBN: 9781513518596

Keywords: Social security funds, Fiscal data, Financial statements, Data processing, Government accounting, ISCR, CR, GFS, OGT, subsectors

This Technical Assistance paper on the Republic of Madagascar explains the need for the Malagasy authorities to adopt the Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014 concepts, definitions, and methodology as p...

Republic of Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar »

Source: Republic of Madagascar : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics Mission

Volume/Issue: 2019/332

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513518596

Keywords: Social security funds, Fiscal data, Financial statements, Data processing, Government accounting, ISCR, CR, GFS, OGT, subsectors

This Technical Assistance paper on the Republic of Madagascar explains the need for the Malagasy authorities to adopt the Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014 concepts, definitions, and methodology as p...

A Requiem for the Fiscal Theory of the Price Level

A Requiem for the Fiscal Theory of the Price Level »

Volume/Issue: 2019/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roger Farmer , and Pawel Zabczyk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516196.001

ISBN: 9781513516196

Keywords: Real interest rates, Negative interest rates, Economic theory, Interest rate policy, Interest rate modelling, fiscal policy, monetary policy, fiscal theory of the price level, price level determination, overlapping generations model

The Fiscal Theory of the Price Level (FTPL) is the claim that, in a popular class of theoretical models, the price level is sometimes determined by fiscal policy rather than monetary policy. The models where this c...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco »

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Babacar Sarr , Mokhtar Benlamine , and Zsuzsa Munkacsi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513513768.001

ISBN: 9781513513768

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Bankruptcy, Banks, Basket of currency peg, Capital, Capital accumulation, Capital flows, Capital formation, Commodity markets, Commodity prices

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects and sequencing of (LMRs) and product (PMRs) market reforms in Morocco. It finds that introducing LMRs and PMRs simultaneously would add about 2.5 percentage points (pp)...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Babacar Sarr , Mokhtar Benlamine , and Zsuzsa Munkacsi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513513768

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Bankruptcy, Banks, Basket of currency peg, Capital, Capital accumulation, Capital flows, Capital formation, Commodity markets, Commodity prices

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects and sequencing of (LMRs) and product (PMRs) market reforms in Morocco. It finds that introducing LMRs and PMRs simultaneously would add about 2.5 percentage points (pp)...

A Requiem for the Fiscal Theory of the Price Level*

A Requiem for the Fiscal Theory of the Price Level* »

Source: A Requiem for the Fiscal Theory of the Price Level

Volume/Issue: 2019/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roger Farmer , and Pawel Zabczyk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513516196

Keywords: Real interest rates, Negative interest rates, Economic theory, Interest rate policy, Interest rate modelling, fiscal policy, monetary policy, fiscal theory of the price level, price level determination, overlapping generations model

The Fiscal Theory of the Price Level (FTPL) is the claim that, in a popular class of theoretical models, the price level is sometimes determined by fiscal policy rather than monetary policy. The models where this c...

Japan's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Japan's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Volume/Issue: 2019/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yugo Koshima

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514529.001

ISBN: 9781513514529

Keywords: Public sector savings, Public sector investments, Public sector borrowing, Public sector finance, Economic growth, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Japanese Government Bonds, Fiscal Investment and Loan Fund, Fiscal Risks, Pension Reforms

This paper compiles and reviews the evolution of Japan's Public Sector Balance Sheet (PSBS). In the past, large crossholdings of assets and liabilities within the public sector played a role in sustaining a high l...

Japan's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Japan's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Source: Japan's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Volume/Issue: 2019/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yugo Koshima

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514529

Keywords: Public sector savings, Public sector investments, Public sector borrowing, Public sector finance, Economic growth, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Japanese Government Bonds, Fiscal Investment and Loan Fund, Fiscal Risks, Pension Reforms

This paper compiles and reviews the evolution of Japan's Public Sector Balance Sheet (PSBS). In the past, large crossholdings of assets and liabilities within the public sector played a role in sustaining a high l...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320450.001

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Source: Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Djibouti

Djibouti »

Source: Djibouti : Technical Assistance Report-Financial Soundness Indicators Mission

Volume/Issue: 2019/234

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498326797

Keywords: source data, FSI, BSU, CBD, DTs

In response to a request of the Central Bank of Djibouti (CBD), a mission from the International Monetary Fund's (IMF's) Statistics Department (STA) visited Djibouti during March 4-11, 2018, to provide technical as...

Djibouti

Djibouti »

Source: Djibouti : Technical Assistance Report-Financial Soundness Indicators Mission

Volume/Issue: 2019/234

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498326780

Keywords: Social security funds, Financial statistics, Monetary statistics, Exchange rate markets, Commercial banks, source data, FSI, BSU, CBD, DTs

This Technical Assistance Report on Djibouti provides details of IMF mission to aid on the financial soundness indicators (FSI). The mission achieved the said objectives and assisted the Banking Supervision Unit (B...

Djibouti
			: Technical Assistance Report-Financial Soundness Indicators Mission

Djibouti : Technical Assistance Report-Financial Soundness Indicators Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2019/234

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2019

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498326797.002

ISBN: 9781498326797

Keywords: source data, FSI, BSU, CBD, DTs

In response to a request of the Central Bank of Djibouti (CBD), a mission from the International Monetary Fund's (IMF's) Statistics Department (STA) visited Djibouti during March 4-11, 2018, to provide technical as...

Djibouti
			: Technical Assistance Report-Financial Soundness Indicators Mission

Djibouti : Technical Assistance Report-Financial Soundness Indicators Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2019/234

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498326780.002

ISBN: 9781498326780

Keywords: Social security funds, Financial statistics, Monetary statistics, Exchange rate markets, Commercial banks, source data, FSI, BSU, CBD, DTs

This Technical Assistance Report on Djibouti provides details of IMF mission to aid on the financial soundness indicators (FSI). The mission achieved the said objectives and assisted the Banking Supervision Unit (B...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Portugal
			: Selected Issues

Portugal : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498325196.002

ISBN: 9781498325196

Keywords: Social security, Pension funds, Pension reforms, Pensions, Private savings, pension scheme, sample average, save rate, asset allocation, household save rate

This Selected Issues paper focuses on cross-country differences in savings rates in advanced European countries. It explores a range of demographic, fiscal and financial factors that could explain why household sav...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320801.001

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Portugal: Selected Issues Paper

Portugal: Selected Issues Paper »

Source: Portugal : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498325196

Keywords: Social security, Pension funds, Pension reforms, Pensions, Private savings, pension scheme, sample average, save rate, asset allocation, household save rate

This Selected Issues paper focuses on cross-country differences in savings rates in advanced European countries. It explores a range of demographic, fiscal and financial factors that could explain why household sav...

Portugal: Selected Issues Paper

Portugal: Selected Issues Paper »

Source: Portugal : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498325196

Keywords: Social security, Pension funds, Pension reforms, Pensions, Private savings, pension scheme, sample average, save rate, asset allocation, household save rate

This Selected Issues paper focuses on cross-country differences in savings rates in advanced European countries. It explores a range of demographic, fiscal and financial factors that could explain why household sav...

Income Inequality and Government Transfers in Mexico

Income Inequality and Government Transfers in Mexico »

Volume/Issue: 2019/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Frederic Lambert , and Hyunmin Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320863.001

ISBN: 9781498320863

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Demographic indicators, North American Free Trade Agreement, Development policy, inequality, poverty, social policies, Mexico, government transfer

We analyze microdata from Mexico's survey on household income and expenditures (ENIGH) to study the evolution of income inequality in Mexico over 2004-16, identify its sources, and investigate how it was affected...

Informality and the Challenge of Pension Adequacy: Outlook and Reform Options for Peru

Informality and the Challenge of Pension Adequacy: Outlook and Reform Options for Peru »

Volume/Issue: 2019/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Freudenberg , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498318525.001

ISBN: 9781498318525

Keywords: Pension funds, Social safety nets, Wage indexation, Labor market reforms, Minimum wages, Pension System, Contribution Density, Replacement Rates, Peru, replacement rate

Past reforms have put the Peruvian pension system on a largely fiscally sustainable path, but the system faces important challenges in providing adequate pension levels for a large share of the population. Using ad...

Income Inequality and Government Transfers in Mexico

Income Inequality and Government Transfers in Mexico »

Source: Income Inequality and Government Transfers in Mexico

Volume/Issue: 2019/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Frederic Lambert , and Hyunmin Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320863

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Demographic indicators, North American Free Trade Agreement, Development policy, inequality, poverty, social policies, Mexico, government transfer

We analyze microdata from Mexico's survey on household income and expenditures (ENIGH) to study the evolution of income inequality in Mexico over 2004-16, identify its sources, and investigate how it was affected...

Informality and the Challenge of Pension Adequacy: Outlook and Reform Options for Peru

Informality and the Challenge of Pension Adequacy: Outlook and Reform Options for Peru »

Source: Informality and the Challenge of Pension Adequacy: Outlook and Reform Options for Peru

Volume/Issue: 2019/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Freudenberg , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498318525

Keywords: Pension funds, Social safety nets, Wage indexation, Labor market reforms, Minimum wages, Pension System, Contribution Density, Replacement Rates, Peru, replacement rate

Past reforms have put the Peruvian pension system on a largely fiscally sustainable path, but the system faces important challenges in providing adequate pension levels for a large share of the population. Using ad...

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers »

Source: A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending : Background Papers

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498318907

Keywords: Social spending and Fund-supported programs, Social safety nets, Social security, Old age pensions, Social welfare programs, social spend, social protection, CSOs, help country, IMF

This Supplement presents an account of the extensive consultations and the results of various analyses that supported the development of 'A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending.'...

A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending
			: Background Papers

A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending : Background Papers »

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498318907.007

ISBN: 9781498318907

Keywords: Social spending and Fund-supported programs, Social safety nets, Social security, Old age pensions, Social welfare programs, social spend, social protection, CSOs, help country, IMF

This Supplement presents an account of the extensive consultations and the results of various analyses that supported the development of 'A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending.'...

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers »

Source: A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending : Background Papers

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498318907

Keywords: Social spending and Fund-supported programs, Social safety nets, Social security, Old age pensions, Social welfare programs, social spend, social protection, CSOs, help country, IMF

This Supplement presents an account of the extensive consultations and the results of various analyses that supported the development of 'A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending.'...

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers »

Source: A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending : Background Papers

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498318907

Keywords: Social spending and Fund-supported programs, Social safety nets, Social security, Old age pensions, Social welfare programs, social spend, social protection, CSOs, help country, IMF

This Supplement presents an account of the extensive consultations and the results of various analyses that supported the development of 'A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending.'...

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers »

Source: A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending : Background Papers

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498318907

Keywords: Social spending and Fund-supported programs, Social safety nets, Social security, Old age pensions, Social welfare programs, social spend, social protection, CSOs, help country, IMF

This Supplement presents an account of the extensive consultations and the results of various analyses that supported the development of 'A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending.'...

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers

IMF Policy Paper: A Strategy For IMF Engagement on Social Spending—Background Papers »

Source: A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending : Background Papers

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498318907

Keywords: Social spending and Fund-supported programs, Social safety nets, Social security, Old age pensions, Social welfare programs, social spend, social protection, CSOs, help country, IMF

This Supplement presents an account of the extensive consultations and the results of various analyses that supported the development of 'A Strategy for IMF Engagement on Social Spending.'...

Informality and Gender Gaps Going Hand in Hand

Informality and Gender Gaps Going Hand in Hand »

Volume/Issue: 2019/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vivian Malta , Lisa Kolovich , Angelica Martinez , and Marina Mendes Tavares

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314718.001

ISBN: 9781498314718

Keywords: Demographic indicators, Labor force participation, Nonmetropolitan areas, Social security, Human capital, Informal Economy, Gender Gaps, sub-Saharan Africa, Senegal., gender gap

In sub-Saharan Africa women work relatively more in the informal sector than men. Many factors could explain this difference, including women's lower education levels, legal barriers, social norms and demographic c...

Informality and Gender Gaps Going Hand in Hand

Informality and Gender Gaps Going Hand in Hand »

Source: Informality and Gender Gaps Going Hand in Hand

Volume/Issue: 2019/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vivian Malta , Lisa Kolovich , Angelica Martinez , and Marina Mendes Tavares

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498314718

Keywords: Demographic indicators, Labor force participation, Nonmetropolitan areas, Social security, Human capital, Informal Economy, Gender Gaps, sub-Saharan Africa, Senegal., gender gap

In sub-Saharan Africa women work relatively more in the informal sector than men. Many factors could explain this difference, including women's lower education levels, legal barriers, social norms and demographic c...

Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment

Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment »

Volume/Issue: 2019/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mariya Brussevich , Era Dabla-Norris , and Salma Khalid

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498303743.001

ISBN: 9781498303743

Keywords: Labor force participation, Labor market flexibility, Labor productivity, Human capital, Social safety nets, Automation, Technological Change, Jobs, Female Labor Force, Occupational Choice

Using individual level data on task composition at work for 30 advanced and emerging economies, we find that women, on average, perform more routine tasks than men?tasks that are more prone to automation. To quanti...

Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment

Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment »

Source: Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment

Volume/Issue: 2019/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mariya Brussevich , Era Dabla-Norris , and Salma Khalid

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498303743

Keywords: Labor force participation, Labor market flexibility, Labor productivity, Human capital, Social safety nets, Automation, Technological Change, Jobs, Female Labor Force, Occupational Choice

Using individual level data on task composition at work for 30 advanced and emerging economies, we find that women, on average, perform more routine tasks than men?tasks that are more prone to automation. To quanti...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Source: Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission, (October 1-5, 2018)

Volume/Issue: 2019/104

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498311045

Keywords: Financial statements, Real sector, Accounting reporting, Accounting standards, Balance sheets, GFS, compilation process, reconciliation process, extrabudgetary, Srpska

This Technical Assistance Report discusses details of the mission conducted to support the Bosnia and Herzegovina authorities, with a specific focus on the Republic of Srpska (RS), in improving government finance s...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
			: Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission, (October 1-5, 2018)

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission, (October 1-5, 2018) »

Volume/Issue: 2019/104

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498311045.002

ISBN: 9781498311045

Keywords: Financial statements, Real sector, Accounting reporting, Accounting standards, Balance sheets, GFS, compilation process, reconciliation process, extrabudgetary, Srpska

This Technical Assistance Report discusses details of the mission conducted to support the Bosnia and Herzegovina authorities, with a specific focus on the Republic of Srpska (RS), in improving government finance s...

Zimbabwe
			: Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission

Zimbabwe : Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2019/103

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498310925.002

ISBN: 9781498310925

Keywords: Public financial corporations, Social security funds, Public corporations, Financial statements, Public sector, subsectors, public corporation, COA, general government, public sector corporation

This Technical Assistance Report discusses that the authorities are making some progress towards higher quality and more comprehensive Government Finance Statistics, however, sufficient information for meaningful m...

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe »

Source: Zimbabwe : Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission

Volume/Issue: 2019/103

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498310925

Keywords: Public financial corporations, Social security funds, Public corporations, Financial statements, Public sector, subsectors, public corporation, COA, general government, public sector corporation

This Technical Assistance Report discusses that the authorities are making some progress towards higher quality and more comprehensive Government Finance Statistics, however, sufficient information for meaningful m...

Self-Employment and Support for the Dutch Pension Reform

Self-Employment and Support for the Dutch Pension Reform »

Volume/Issue: 2019/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Izabela Karpowicz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302807.001

ISBN: 9781498302807

Keywords: Social security, Demographic indicators, Pension reforms, Pension funds, Household survey data, pension reform, self-employment, self-employed, pension system, freedom of choice

The Netherlands' pension system is characterized by high participation rates, adequate retirement income, strong capitalization and sustainability. Pressure points are arising, however, due to population aging and...

Self-Employment and Support for the Dutch Pension Reform

Self-Employment and Support for the Dutch Pension Reform »

Source: Self-Employment and Support for the Dutch Pension Reform

Volume/Issue: 2019/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Izabela Karpowicz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302807

Keywords: Social security, Demographic indicators, Pension reforms, Pension funds, Household survey data, pension reform, self-employment, self-employed, pension system, freedom of choice

The Netherlands' pension system is characterized by high participation rates, adequate retirement income, strong capitalization and sustainability. Pressure points are arising, however, due to population aging and...

The Impact of Rapid Aging and Pension Reform on Savings and the Labor Supply

The Impact of Rapid Aging and Pension Reform on Savings and the Labor Supply »

Volume/Issue: 2019/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui He , Lei Ning , and Dongming Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302890.001

ISBN: 9781498302890

Keywords: Pension reforms, Social security, Household survey data, Labor supply, Social welfare programs, Demographic Change, Pension Reform, Saving, Life Cycle, Heterogeneous Agent Model

We study, both empirically and quantitatively, the role of savings and the labor supply in self-insurance channels over the life cycle when one faces not only idiosyncratic income risks, but also changes in longevi...

The Impact of Rapid Aging and Pension Reform on Savings and the Labor Supply1

The Impact of Rapid Aging and Pension Reform on Savings and the Labor Supply1 »

Source: The Impact of Rapid Aging and Pension Reform on Savings and the Labor Supply

Volume/Issue: 2019/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui He , Lei Ning , and Dongming Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302890

Keywords: Pension reforms, Social security, Household survey data, Labor supply, Social welfare programs, Demographic Change, Pension Reform, Saving, Life Cycle, Heterogeneous Agent Model

We study, both empirically and quantitatively, the role of savings and the labor supply in self-insurance channels over the life cycle when one faces not only idiosyncratic income risks, but also changes in longevi...

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare »

Source: Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2019/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Devin D'Angelo , and Brooks Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484398081

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Personal income taxes, Social welfare programs, Fiscal policy, Fiscal redistribution, progressivity, targeting, transfers, taxes

Fiscal policy is a key tool for achieving distributional objectives in advanced economies. This paper embeds the discussion of fiscal redistribution within the standard social welfare framework, which lends itself...

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare »

Volume/Issue: 2019/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Devin D'Angelo , and Brooks Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398081.001

ISBN: 9781484398081

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Personal income taxes, Social welfare programs, Fiscal policy, Fiscal redistribution, progressivity, targeting, transfers, taxes

Fiscal policy is a key tool for achieving distributional objectives in advanced economies. This paper embeds the discussion of fiscal redistribution within the standard social welfare framework, which lends itself...

The Russian State's Size and its Footprint: Have They Increased?

The Russian State's Size and its Footprint: Have They Increased? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriel Di Bella , Oksana Dynnikova , and Slavi Slavov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302791.001

ISBN: 9781498302791

Keywords: Economic growth, Social security funds, Total factor productivity, Private investments, Foreign investment, Russian State, State-Owned Enterprises, Transition Economies, state 's share, SOEs

The short answer: The size of the Russian State has not increased much in the last few years, but its economic footprint remains significant. Concretely, the state's size increased from about 32 percent of GDP in 2...

The Russian State's Size and its Footprint: Have They Increased?*

The Russian State's Size and its Footprint: Have They Increased?* »

Source: The Russian State's Size and its Footprint: Have They Increased?

Volume/Issue: 2019/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriel Di Bella , Oksana Dynnikova , and Slavi Slavov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302791

Keywords: Economic growth, Social security funds, Total factor productivity, Private investments, Foreign investment, Russian State, State-Owned Enterprises, Transition Economies, state 's share, SOEs

The short answer: The size of the Russian State has not increased much in the last few years, but its economic footprint remains significant. Concretely, the state's size increased from about 32 percent of GDP in 2...

Malta
			: Selected Issues

Malta : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498300629.002

ISBN: 9781498300629

Keywords: Economic growth, Labor market reforms, Social security, Poverty, Business cycles, low-skilled, percent of population, childcare, social inclusion, risk of poverty

This Selected Issues paper assesses the marginal impact of promoting inclusive growth in Malta. The paper uses a multi-country simulation model, the IMF's Flexible System of Global Models calibrated for Malta, is u...

Malta

Malta »

Source: Malta : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2019

ISBN: 9781498300629

Keywords: Economic growth, Labor market reforms, Social security, Poverty, Business cycles, low-skilled, percent of population, childcare, social inclusion, risk of poverty

This Selected Issues paper assesses the marginal impact of promoting inclusive growth in Malta. The paper uses a multi-country simulation model, the IMF's Flexible System of Global Models calibrated for Malta, is u...

The Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands
			: Selected Issues

The Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398579.002

ISBN: 9781484398579

Keywords: Netherlands, Europe, Savings, Capital, Investment, Demographic indicators, Industry, self-employment, MNCs, self-employed

This Selected Issues papers provide details of the sources and uses of the non-financial corporation saving and highlights the role of multinational corporations (MNCs). The paper also discusses the implications to...

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands Selected Issues

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands Selected Issues »

Source: The Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484398579

Keywords: Netherlands, Europe, Savings, Capital, Investment, Demographic indicators, Industry, self-employment, MNCs, self-employed

This Selected Issues papers provide details of the sources and uses of the non-financial corporation saving and highlights the role of multinational corporations (MNCs). The paper also discusses the implications to...

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands Selected Issues

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands Selected Issues »

Source: The Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484398579

Keywords: Netherlands, Europe, Savings, Capital, Investment, Demographic indicators, Industry, self-employment, MNCs, self-employed

This Selected Issues papers provide details of the sources and uses of the non-financial corporation saving and highlights the role of multinational corporations (MNCs). The paper also discusses the implications to...

Italy
			: Selected Issues

Italy : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484397787.002

ISBN: 9781484397787

Keywords: Europe, Italy, Tax reforms, Tax evasion, Tax rates, Tax revenue, Tax incentives, REI, means test, welfare system

This Selected Issues paper uses the tax-benefit microsimulation model for the European Union (EUROMOD) to evaluate possible reforms to modernize Italy's social safety net as well as ways to lower the tax wedge on l...

Italy

Italy »

Source: Italy : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484397787

Keywords: Europe, Italy, Tax reforms, Tax evasion, Tax rates, Tax revenue, Tax incentives, REI, means test, welfare system

This Selected Issues paper uses the tax-benefit microsimulation model for the European Union (EUROMOD) to evaluate possible reforms to modernize Italy's social safety net as well as ways to lower the tax wedge on l...

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Technical Assistance Report—Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Technical Assistance Report—Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission »

Source: Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission

Volume/Issue: 2019/36

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484397336

Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Europe, Real sector, Financial statements, Accounting reporting, Accounting standards, Balance sheets, GFS, reconciliation process, extrabudgetary

This technical assistance report (TA) report specifies mission's efforts to support the Bosnia and Herzegovina authorities, with a specific focus on the Republic of Srpska (RS), in improving government finance stat...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
			: Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Report on Government Finance Statistics Technical Assistance Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2019/36

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484397336.002

ISBN: 9781484397336

Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Europe, Real sector, Financial statements, Accounting reporting, Accounting standards, Balance sheets, GFS, reconciliation process, extrabudgetary

This technical assistance report (TA) report specifies mission's efforts to support the Bosnia and Herzegovina authorities, with a specific focus on the Republic of Srpska (RS), in improving government finance stat...

Republic of Armenia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment

Republic of Armenia : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2019/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396933.002

ISBN: 9781484396933

Keywords: Accounting standards, Accounting systems, Accrual accounting, Audit process, Auditing, Bank accounting, Budget approval, Budget classification, Budget deficits, Budget execution

This paper discusses results of a technical assistance report prepared to evaluate the quality of Armenia's public investment institutions in the planning, budgeting, and implementation stages of public investment...

Republic of Armenia

Republic of Armenia »

Source: Republic of Armenia : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2019/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484396933

Keywords: Accounting standards, Accounting systems, Accrual accounting, Audit process, Auditing, Bank accounting, Budget approval, Budget classification, Budget deficits, Budget execution

This paper discusses results of a technical assistance report prepared to evaluate the quality of Armenia's public investment institutions in the planning, budgeting, and implementation stages of public investment...

Finance & Development, December 2018

Finance & Development, December 2018 »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2018

Volume/Issue: 55/004

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 December 2018

Language: Russian

ISBN: 9781484386309

Keywords: Finance and Development, Social safety nets, Poverty, Development, Unemployment, Social security, Financial crises, Economies, social protection, develop economy

Finance and Development...

Finance & Development, December 2018

Finance & Development, December 2018 »

Volume/Issue: 55/004

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 December 2018

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484386309.022

ISBN: 9781484386309

Keywords: Finance and Development, Social safety nets, Poverty, Development, Unemployment, Social security, Financial crises, Economies, social protection, develop economy

Finance and Development...

À la Recherche de l’équilibre

À la Recherche de l’équilibre »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2018

Volume/Issue: 55/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2018

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484386293

Keywords: Finance and Development, social protection, develop economy, advanced economy, protection system, IMF

Finance and Development...

Atelier: de Crise

Atelier: de Crise »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2018

Volume/Issue: 55/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2018

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484386293

Keywords: Finance and Development, social protection, develop economy, advanced economy, protection system, IMF

Finance and Development...

Changer la: Donne

Changer la: Donne »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2018

Volume/Issue: 55/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2018

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484386293

Keywords: Finance and Development, social protection, develop economy, advanced economy, protection system, IMF

Finance and Development...

Cibler les plus: Démunis

Cibler les plus: Démunis »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2018

Volume/Issue: 55/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2018

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484386293

Keywords: Finance and Development, social protection, develop economy, advanced economy, protection system, IMF

Finance and Development...

Créer une Marge de Manœuvre Budgétaire

Créer une Marge de Manœuvre Budgétaire »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2018

Volume/Issue: 55/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2018

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484386293

Keywords: Finance and Development, social protection, develop economy, advanced economy, protection system, IMF

Finance and Development...

En Première Ligne: Un répit budgétaire

En Première Ligne: Un répit budgétaire »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2018

Volume/Issue: 55/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2018

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484386293

Keywords: Finance and Development, social protection, develop economy, advanced economy, protection system, IMF

Finance and Development...

En transition

En transition »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2018

Volume/Issue: 55/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2018

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484386293

Keywords: Finance and Development, social protection, develop economy, advanced economy, protection system, IMF

Finance and Development...

Entre Nous: Halte au Blanchiment

Entre Nous: Halte au Blanchiment »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2018

Volume/Issue: 55/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2018

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484386293

Keywords: Finance and Development, social protection, develop economy, advanced economy, protection system, IMF

Finance and Development...