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Is There Money on the Table? Evidence on the Magnitude of Profit Shifting in the Extractive Industries

Is There Money on the Table? Evidence on the Magnitude of Profit Shifting in the Extractive Industries »

Volume/Issue: 2021/009

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Beer , and Dan Devlin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513566801.001

ISBN: 9781513566801

Keywords: Corporate income tax, Tax avoidance, Transfer pricing rules, Mining sector, Natural resources, International Corporate Taxation, Multinational Firms, Mining, Petroleum, Profit Shifting

Profit shifting remains a key concern in international tax system debate, but discussions are largely based on aggregate estimates, with less attention paid to individual sectors. Drawing on a novel dataset, we qua...

Is There Money on the Table? Evidence on the Magnitude of Profit Shifting in the Extractive Industries

Is There Money on the Table? Evidence on the Magnitude of Profit Shifting in the Extractive Industries »

Source: Is There Money on the Table? Evidence on the Magnitude of Profit Shifting in the Extractive Industries

Volume/Issue: 2021/009

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Beer , and Dan Devlin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513566801

Keywords: Corporate income tax, Tax avoidance, Transfer pricing rules, Mining sector, Natural resources, International Corporate Taxation, Multinational Firms, Mining, Petroleum, Profit Shifting

Profit shifting remains a key concern in international tax system debate, but discussions are largely based on aggregate estimates, with less attention paid to individual sectors. Drawing on a novel dataset, we qua...

Apéndice Estadístico

Apéndice Estadístico »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

En el apéndice estadístico, se presentan datos históricos y proyecciones. Se divide en siete secciones: supuestos, novedades, datos y convenciones, notas sobre los países, características generales y composi...

Appendice Statistique

Appendice Statistique »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

L’appendice statistique présente des données rétrospectives et des projections. Il comprend sept sections : hypothèses; modifications récentes; données et conventions; notes sur les pays; caractéristiques gé...

Capítulo 1 Ctivas y Políticas Mundiales

Capítulo 1 Ctivas y Políticas Mundiales »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

La economía mundial deja atrás lo peor, pero se expone a reveses Los meses transcurridos desde la Actualización de junio de 2020 de Perspectivas de la economía mundial (informe WEO)...

Capítulo 2 El Gran Confinamiento: UNA Disección de sus Efectos Económicos

Capítulo 2 El Gran Confinamiento: UNA Disección de sus Efectos Económicos »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Para contener la pandemia provocada por el coronavirus (COVID-19) y proteger a poblaciones susceptibles, la mayor parte de los países impusieron estrictas medidas de confinamiento en el primer s...

Capítulo 3 La Mitigación del Cambio Climático: Estrategias que Favorecen la Distribución y el Crecimiento

Capítulo 3 La Mitigación del Cambio Climático: Estrategias que Favorecen la Distribución y el Crecimiento »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Sin nuevas medidas para reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero, el planeta se encuentra en camino de alcanzar temperaturas no vistas en millones de años, con implicaciones potencia...

Chapitre 3 Atténuation des Changements Climatiques : Stratégies Favorables a la Croissance et a la Distribution

Chapitre 3 Atténuation des Changements Climatiques : Stratégies Favorables a la Croissance et a la Distribution »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

En l’absence de nouvelles mesures de réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre, la planète est partie pour connaître des températures jamais atteintes en plusieurs millions d’années, avec...

Chapitre 2 Le Grand Confinement : Analyse de ses Effets Économiques

Chapitre 2 Le Grand Confinement : Analyse de ses Effets Économiques »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Pour endiguer la pandémie de coronavirus (COVID-19) et protéger les populations à risque, la plupart des pays ont imposé des mesures strictes de confinement au premier semestre de 2020. Dans le...

Chapitre 1 Perspectives et Politiques Mondiales

Chapitre 1 Perspectives et Politiques Mondiales »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

L’économie mondiale s’extirpe du gouffre, mais les revers guettent Les mois qui ont suivi la publication de l’édition de juin 2020 de la Mise à jour des Perspectives de l’économie mo...

Deliberaciones del Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI Sobre las Perspectivas, Octubre de 2020

Deliberaciones del Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI Sobre las Perspectivas, Octubre de 2020 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

La Presidenta del Directorio realizó las siguientes observaciones al término de las deliberaciones del Directorio Ejecutivo sobre el Monitor Fiscal, el Informe sobre la estabilidad financiera mu...

Examen des Perspectives par le Conseil D’Administration du FMI, Octobre 2020

Examen des Perspectives par le Conseil D’Administration du FMI, Octobre 2020 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Observations du Président à l’issue de la séance consacrée à l’examen par le conseil d’administration du Moniteur des finances publiques, du Rapport sur la stabilité financière dans le monde et...

Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial Temas Seleccionados

Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial Temas Seleccionados »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Archivos de Perspectivas de la economía mundial Perspect...

Perspectives de L’Économie Mondiale Questions D’Actualité

Perspectives de L’Économie Mondiale Questions D’Actualité »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Derniers numéros des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale Perspectives de l’économie...

Résumé

Résumé »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

L’économie mondiale a commencé à s’extirper du gouffre dans lequel elle s’était enfoncée lors du « Grand Confinement » d’avril. Mais la pandémie de COVID19 continuant de se propager, de nombreux pays ont ral...

Resumen Ejecutivo

Resumen Ejecutivo »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

La economía mundial está comenzando a dejar atrás los mínimos en los que cayó durante el Gran Confinamiento del mes de abril. Pero como la pandemia de COVID-19 continúa propagándose, muchos países han dismin...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561868.081

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561776.081

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561752.081

ISBN: 9781513561752

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561769.081

ISBN: 9781513561769

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561790.081

ISBN: 9781513561790

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Remittances in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia: the Gravity Model

Remittances in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia: the Gravity Model »

Volume/Issue: 2020/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550206.001

ISBN: 9781513550206

Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Oil exporting countries, Inward remittances, Outward remittances, Exchange rate depreciation, international remittances, migration, gravity model, WP, receive country

Remitances are an important source of external financing in low- and middle-income countries. This paper uses the gravity model to analyze remittance flows in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries. S...

Remittances in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia: the Gravity Model

Remittances in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia: the Gravity Model »

Source: Remittances in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia: the Gravity Model

Volume/Issue: 2020/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550206

Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Oil exporting countries, Inward remittances, Outward remittances, Exchange rate depreciation, international remittances, migration, gravity model, WP, receive country

Remitances are an important source of external financing in low- and middle-income countries. This paper uses the gravity model to analyze remittance flows in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries. S...

Republic of Congo
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2020/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2020

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537092.002

ISBN: 9781513537092

Keywords: Oil sector, Fiscal policy, Oil revenues, Tax policy, Tax revenue, ISCR, CR, Congolese authority, non-oil, arrears

Selected Issues...

République du Congo: Questions Générales

République du Congo: Questions Générales »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513537092

Keywords: Oil sector, Fiscal policy, Oil revenues, Tax policy, Tax revenue, ISCR, CR, Congolese authority, non-oil, arrears

Selected Issues...

République du Congo: Questions Générales

République du Congo: Questions Générales »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513537092

Keywords: Oil sector, Fiscal policy, Oil revenues, Tax policy, Tax revenue, ISCR, CR, Congolese authority, non-oil, arrears

Selected Issues...

République du Congo: Questions Générales

République du Congo: Questions Générales »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513537092

Keywords: Oil sector, Fiscal policy, Oil revenues, Tax policy, Tax revenue, ISCR, CR, Congolese authority, non-oil, arrears

Selected Issues...

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil »

Volume/Issue: 2020/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nooman Rebei , and Rashid Sbia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513528601.001

ISBN: 9781513528601

Keywords: Oil prices, Supply and demand, Oil production, Purchasing power parity, Real sector, Oil market, Vector autoregressions, Narrative analysis, Bayesian estimation, Kalman filtering

This paper documents the determinants of real oil price in the global market based on SVAR model embedding transitory and permanent shocks on oil demand and supply as well as speculative disturbances. We find evide...

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil1

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil1 »

Source: Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil

Volume/Issue: 2020/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nooman Rebei , and Rashid Sbia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513528601

Keywords: Oil prices, Supply and demand, Oil production, Purchasing power parity, Real sector, Oil market, Vector autoregressions, Narrative analysis, Bayesian estimation, Kalman filtering

This paper documents the determinants of real oil price in the global market based on SVAR model embedding transitory and permanent shocks on oil demand and supply as well as speculative disturbances. We find evide...

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region »

Volume/Issue: 2020/1

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , Ling Zhu , Yang Yang , Tian Zhang , Erik Roos , Andrea Pescatori , and Akito Matsumoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2020

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513525938.087

ISBN: 9781513525938

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Oil exporting countries, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Oil prices, Oil revenues, Supply and demand, Producer prices, Public financial management, Oil-exporting countries, DPPP

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region...

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region »

Source: The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region

Volume/Issue: 2020/1

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , Ling Zhu , Yang Yang , Tian Zhang , Erik Roos , Andrea Pescatori , and Akito Matsumoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2020

Language: Arabic

ISBN: 9781513525938

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Oil exporting countries, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Oil prices, Oil revenues, Supply and demand, Producer prices, Public financial management, Oil-exporting countries, DPPP

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region...

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region »

Source: The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region

Volume/Issue: 2020/1

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , Ling Zhu , Yang Yang , Tian Zhang , Erik Roos , Andrea Pescatori , and Akito Matsumoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513525907

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Oil exporting countries, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Oil prices, Oil revenues, Supply and demand, Producer prices, Public financial management, Oil-exporting countries, DPPP

The oil market is undergoing fundamental change. New technologies are increasing the supply of oil from old and new sources, while rising concerns over the environment are seeing the world gradually moving away fro...

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region »

Volume/Issue: 2020/1

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , Ling Zhu , Yang Yang , Tian Zhang , Erik Roos , Andrea Pescatori , and Akito Matsumoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513525907.087

ISBN: 9781513525907

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Oil exporting countries, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Oil prices, Oil revenues, Supply and demand, Producer prices, Public financial management, Oil-exporting countries, DPPP

The oil market is undergoing fundamental change. New technologies are increasing the supply of oil from old and new sources, while rising concerns over the environment are seeing the world gradually moving away fro...

Republic of Congo
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2020/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513528052.002

ISBN: 9781513528052

Keywords: Oil sector, Fiscal policy, Oil revenues, Tax policy, Tax revenue, ISCR, CR, Congolese authority, non-oil, arrears

This Selected Issues paper discusses reforms that could generate higher revenues from the non-oil sector through measures to rationalize the tax code, broaden the tax base, and increase administrative efficiency. T...

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513528052

Keywords: Oil sector, Fiscal policy, Oil revenues, Tax policy, Tax revenue, ISCR, CR, Congolese authority, non-oil, arrears

This Selected Issues paper discusses reforms that could generate higher revenues from the non-oil sector through measures to rationalize the tax code, broaden the tax base, and increase administrative efficiency. T...

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513528052

Keywords: Oil sector, Fiscal policy, Oil revenues, Tax policy, Tax revenue, ISCR, CR, Congolese authority, non-oil, arrears

This Selected Issues paper discusses reforms that could generate higher revenues from the non-oil sector through measures to rationalize the tax code, broaden the tax base, and increase administrative efficiency. T...

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues

Republic of Congo: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Congo : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513528052

Keywords: Oil sector, Fiscal policy, Oil revenues, Tax policy, Tax revenue, ISCR, CR, Congolese authority, non-oil, arrears

This Selected Issues paper discusses reforms that could generate higher revenues from the non-oil sector through measures to rationalize the tax code, broaden the tax base, and increase administrative efficiency. T...

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Shan Chen , Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , Swarnali Hannan , and Adil Mohommad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513518312.001

ISBN: 9781513518312

Keywords: Bilateral trade, Balance of trade, Patterns of trade, Trading systems, Trade policy, Managed trade deal, spillover effects., WP, extra purchase, size-based

The trade discussions between the U.S. and China are on-going. Not much is known about the shape and nature of a potential agreement, but it seems possible that it would include elements of managed trade. This pape...

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?1

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?1 »

Source: Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?

Volume/Issue: 2019/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Shan Chen , Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , Swarnali Hannan , and Adil Mohommad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513518312

Keywords: Bilateral trade, Balance of trade, Patterns of trade, Trading systems, Trade policy, Managed trade deal, spillover effects., WP, extra purchase, size-based

The trade discussions between the U.S. and China are on-going. Not much is known about the shape and nature of a potential agreement, but it seems possible that it would include elements of managed trade. This pape...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation?

Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation? »

Source: Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation?

Volume/Issue: 2019/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valentina Flamini , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513509358

Keywords: Economic growth, Supply and demand, Public expenditures and education, Capital expenditure, Public expenditures and health, SDGs, development, fiscal policy, public spending, Brazil

Following a benchmarking exercise, we estimate the spending required to reach satisfactory progress in the Sustainable Development Goals in the health, education, and infrastructure sectors in Brazil. We find that...

Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation?

Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valentina Flamini , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513509358.001

ISBN: 9781513509358

Keywords: Economic growth, Supply and demand, Public expenditures and education, Capital expenditure, Public expenditures and health, SDGs, development, fiscal policy, public spending, Brazil

Following a benchmarking exercise, we estimate the spending required to reach satisfactory progress in the Sustainable Development Goals in the health, education, and infrastructure sectors in Brazil. We find that...

Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17

Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17 »

Source: Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17

Volume/Issue: 2019/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Majdi Debbich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514567

Keywords: Oil producing countries, National income, Oil production, Economic growth, Development, conflict, nighttime lights, WP, nightlights, real GDP

This paper uses an untapped source of satellite-recorded nightlights and gas flaring data to characterize the contraction of economic activity in Yemen throughout the ongoing conflict that erupted in 2015. Using es...

Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17

Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17 »

Volume/Issue: 2019/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Majdi Debbich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514567.001

ISBN: 9781513514567

Keywords: Oil producing countries, National income, Oil production, Economic growth, Development, conflict, nighttime lights, WP, nightlights, real GDP

This paper uses an untapped source of satellite-recorded nightlights and gas flaring data to characterize the contraction of economic activity in Yemen throughout the ongoing conflict that erupted in 2015. Using es...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320801.001

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks »

Source: Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Volume/Issue: 2019/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheikh Gueye , Asithandile Mbelu , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498317795

Keywords: Bank credit, Commodity price shocks, Oil prices, Oil revenues, Oil exporting countries, Oil price, non-performing loans, credit growth, deposit growth, bank ownership

This paper studies the impact of declining oil prices on banks in sub-Saharan African oil-exporting countries. Results indicate that banks respond differently to an oil shock depending on their ownership: (i) domes...

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheikh Gueye , Asithandile Mbelu , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498317795.001

ISBN: 9781498317795

Keywords: Bank credit, Commodity price shocks, Oil prices, Oil revenues, Oil exporting countries, Oil price, non-performing loans, credit growth, deposit growth, bank ownership

This paper studies the impact of declining oil prices on banks in sub-Saharan African oil-exporting countries. Results indicate that banks respond differently to an oil shock depending on their ownership: (i) domes...

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , and Ling Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314749.001

ISBN: 9781498314749

Keywords: Consumption, Public investments, Poverty, Capital, Real interest rates, Fiscal policy, oil exporters, permanent income hypothesis, fiscal rules, PIH

We examine the existing fiscal policy paradigm in commodity-exporting countries. First, we argue that its centerpiece-the permanent income hypothesis (PIH)-is not consistent with either intergenerational equity or...

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries1

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries1 »

Source: Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , and Ling Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498314749

Keywords: Consumption, Public investments, Poverty, Capital, Real interest rates, Fiscal policy, oil exporters, permanent income hypothesis, fiscal rules, PIH

We examine the existing fiscal policy paradigm in commodity-exporting countries. First, we argue that its centerpiece-the permanent income hypothesis (PIH)-is not consistent with either intergenerational equity or...

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2019/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Giri , Saad Quayyum , and Rujun Yin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498313087.001

ISBN: 9781498313087

Keywords: Commodity markets, Commodity price fluctuations, Comparative advantage, Natural resources, International trade agreements, Diversification, Education, Trade, Natural Resource Rent, Commodity Exporter

We identify key factors, from large set of potential determinants, that explain the variation in export diversification across countries and over time using Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA), which addresses model unc...

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications »

Source: Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2019/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Giri , Saad Quayyum , and Rujun Yin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498313087

Keywords: Commodity markets, Commodity price fluctuations, Comparative advantage, Natural resources, International trade agreements, Diversification, Education, Trade, Natural Resource Rent, Commodity Exporter

We identify key factors, from large set of potential determinants, that explain the variation in export diversification across countries and over time using Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA), which addresses model unc...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Source: Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393178.001

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

Republic of Armenia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment

Republic of Armenia : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2019/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396933.002

ISBN: 9781484396933

Keywords: Accounting standards, Accounting systems, Accrual accounting, Audit process, Auditing, Bank accounting, Budget approval, Budget classification, Budget deficits, Budget execution

This paper discusses results of a technical assistance report prepared to evaluate the quality of Armenia's public investment institutions in the planning, budgeting, and implementation stages of public investment...

Republic of Armenia

Republic of Armenia »

Source: Republic of Armenia : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2019/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484396933

Keywords: Accounting standards, Accounting systems, Accrual accounting, Audit process, Auditing, Bank accounting, Budget approval, Budget classification, Budget deficits, Budget execution

This paper discusses results of a technical assistance report prepared to evaluate the quality of Armenia's public investment institutions in the planning, budgeting, and implementation stages of public investment...

Update on the Standard Template to Collect Data on Government Revenues from Natural Resources

Update on the Standard Template to Collect Data on Government Revenues from Natural Resources »

Volume/Issue: 2017/028

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498347020.007

ISBN: 9781498347020

Keywords: Tax revenue, Social security funds, Non-tax revenue, External sector statistics, Personal income taxes, EITI, resource revenue, SDT, template, government revenue

The paper presents an update on the status of the standard template to collect data on government revenues from natural resources, originally presented to the Executive Board in January 2014. The paper discusses: (...

Update on the Standard Template to Collect Data on Government Revenues from Natural Resources

Update on the Standard Template to Collect Data on Government Revenues from Natural Resources »

Source: Update on the Standard Template to Collect Data on Government Revenues from Natural Resources

Volume/Issue: 2017/028

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2017

ISBN: 9781498347020

Keywords: Tax revenue, Social security funds, Non-tax revenue, External sector statistics, Personal income taxes, EITI, resource revenue, SDT, template, government revenue

The paper presents an update on the status of the standard template to collect data on government revenues from natural resources, originally presented to the Executive Board in January 2014. The paper discusses: (...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Source: The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

Volume/Issue: 2016/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2016

ISBN: 9781498345750

Keywords: Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fund administrative budget, Net income of Fund, SDR interest rates, Real interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, Expenditures, Accounting

The medium-term income projections have been updated from the April 2015 outlook and the February review of the adequacy of precautionary balances. The main changes to the outlook stem from a more gradual rise in t...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2016/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498345750.007

ISBN: 9781498345750

Keywords: Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fund administrative budget, Net income of Fund, SDR interest rates, Real interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, Expenditures, Accounting

The medium-term income projections have been updated from the April 2015 outlook and the February review of the adequacy of precautionary balances. The main changes to the outlook stem from a more gradual rise in t...

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences?

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences? »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences?

Volume/Issue: 2015/064

Series: Policy Papers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498343916

Keywords: Oil product prices, Demand elasticity, Energy prices, Oil prices, Pricing policy, energy price, GCC country, energy product, electricity tariff, GCC

Energy prices in the GCC countries are low by international standards. These low prices have co-existed with rapid economic development in the region over the past 50 years, but the costs of this policy have also r...

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences?

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/064

Series: Policy Papers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498343916.007

ISBN: 9781498343916

Keywords: Oil product prices, Demand elasticity, Energy prices, Oil prices, Pricing policy, energy price, GCC country, energy product, electricity tariff, GCC

Energy prices in the GCC countries are low by international standards. These low prices have co-existed with rapid economic development in the region over the past 50 years, but the costs of this policy have also r...

CHAPTER 1 Overview

CHAPTER 1 Overview »

Source: Excerpt: Power Play : Energy and Manufacturing in North America

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513527628

Keywords: North American Free Trade Agreement, Economic integration, Energy sector, Foreign investment, Oil prices, MISC PUBS, energy price, electricity price, energy production, gas production

The technology advance brought about by the combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing has completely revolutionized North Americas energy industry since the mid-20...

Excerpt: Power Play
			: Energy and Manufacturing in North America

Excerpt: Power Play : Energy and Manufacturing in North America »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513527628.073

ISBN: 9781513527628

Keywords: North American Free Trade Agreement, Economic integration, Energy sector, Foreign investment, Oil prices, MISC PUBS, energy price, electricity price, energy production, gas production

This is an excerpt from Power Play: Energy and Manufacturing in North America, and it is taken from unconnected page proofs. This book tells the story of the energy-manufacturing nexus from the perspective of Canad...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt: Power Play : Energy and Manufacturing in North America

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513527628

Keywords: North American Free Trade Agreement, Economic integration, Energy sector, Foreign investment, Oil prices, MISC PUBS, energy price, electricity price, energy production, gas production

This is an excerpt from Power Play: Energy and Manufacturing in North America, and it is taken from unconnected page proofs. This book tells the story of the energy-manufacturing nexus from the perspective of Canad...

CAPÍTULO 1 Generalidades

CAPÍTULO 1 Generalidades »

Source: Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Roberto Cardarelli , and Lusine Lusinyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513550787

El avance tecnológico logrado por la combinación de la perforación horizontal y la fracturación hidráulica ha revolucionado por completo el sector energético de América del Norte de...

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Roberto Cardarelli , and Lusine Lusinyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550787.073

ISBN: 9781513550787

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Roberto Cardarelli , and Lusine Lusinyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513550787

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte...

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers »

Volume/Issue: 2014/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498342926.007

ISBN: 9781498342926

Keywords: Bilateral surveillance, Financial risk, Macroprudential Policy, Monetary policy, Multilateral surveillance, Spillovers, Surveillance, Asset prices, Assets, Balance sheets

...

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers »

Source: 2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2014/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498342926

Keywords: Bilateral surveillance, Financial risk, Macroprudential Policy, Monetary policy, Multilateral surveillance, Spillovers, Surveillance, Asset prices, Assets, Balance sheets

...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Source: The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

Volume/Issue: 2014/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2014

ISBN: 9781498343435

Keywords: Access limits, Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Fund budget, Fund financial position, Net income of Fund, Accounting, Accounting standards, Bank deposits

The medium-term income projections have been updated since the last estimate provided to the Executive Board in April 2013. Lending income is higher compared with the earlier estimates as a result of new arrangemen...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2014/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498343435.007

ISBN: 9781498343435

Keywords: Access limits, Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Fund budget, Fund financial position, Net income of Fund, Accounting, Accounting standards, Bank deposits

The medium-term income projections have been updated since the last estimate provided to the Executive Board in April 2013. Lending income is higher compared with the earlier estimates as a result of new arrangemen...

Back to Basics: What Is the Output Gap? - Economists look for the difference between what an economy is producing and what it can produce

Back to Basics: What Is the Output Gap? - Economists look for the difference between what an economy is producing and what it can produce »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Beyond the Household: Remittances that migrants send home to their families also have a major impact on the overall economy

Beyond the Household: Remittances that migrants send home to their families also have a major impact on the overall economy »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

A Big Question on Small States: Can they overcome their size-related vulnerabilities and grow faster and more consistently?

A Big Question on Small States: Can they overcome their size-related vulnerabilities and grow faster and more consistently? »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Book Reviews

Book Reviews »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

A Bumpy Road Ahead: Latin America needs large and sustained productivity gains to maintain its recent strong growth

A Bumpy Road Ahead: Latin America needs large and sustained productivity gains to maintain its recent strong growth »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Capital Flight Risk: Natural-resource-rich countries risk capital flight as multinational corporations seek to avoid taxes

Capital Flight Risk: Natural-resource-rich countries risk capital flight as multinational corporations seek to avoid taxes »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Closer to Home: Despite all the talk of globalization, business cycles seem to be becoming more regional

Closer to Home: Despite all the talk of globalization, business cycles seem to be becoming more regional »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

A Drop in the Bucket: Successful management of water must balance development needs and economic considerations

A Drop in the Bucket: Successful management of water must balance development needs and economic considerations »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

The Elusive Revival: The expected boost in growth from natural resource booms is not yet happening

The Elusive Revival: The expected boost in growth from natural resource booms is not yet happening »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Eurasia’s Next Frontier: For the Caucasus and Central Asia, natural resource wealth holds the key to achieving emerging market status

Eurasia’s Next Frontier: For the Caucasus and Central Asia, natural resource wealth holds the key to achieving emerging market status »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Extracting Resource Revenue: For countries with abundant oil, gas, and mineral deposits, formulating tax and spending policies can be tricky

Extracting Resource Revenue: For countries with abundant oil, gas, and mineral deposits, formulating tax and spending policies can be tricky »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Finance and Development, September 2013

Finance and Development, September 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484353653.022

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

From the Editor: All That Glitters

From the Editor: All That Glitters »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

In Brief

In Brief »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

On the Edge: How oil markets will adjust to high prices is unclear

On the Edge: How oil markets will adjust to high prices is unclear »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

People in Economics: A Class Act - Prakash Loungani profiles Stanley Fischer, academic, IMF deputy, and central bank governor extraordinaire

People in Economics: A Class Act - Prakash Loungani profiles Stanley Fischer, academic, IMF deputy, and central bank governor extraordinaire »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Picture This: Minerals of the Future - A secure, green, and innovation-filled future awaits us, but only with the help of rocks buried deep in the ground

Picture This: Minerals of the Future - A secure, green, and innovation-filled future awaits us, but only with the help of rocks buried deep in the ground »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Strength in Lending: Strong balance sheets help banks sustain credit to the economy during crises

Strength in Lending: Strong balance sheets help banks sustain credit to the economy during crises »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Too Much of a Good Thing?: For natural resource riches to drive growth and reduce poverty, countries must balance spending now with investing in the future

Too Much of a Good Thing?: For natural resource riches to drive growth and reduce poverty, countries must balance spending now with investing in the future »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center West 2 Subaccount

Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center West 2 Subaccount »

Source: Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center West 2 Subaccount

Volume/Issue: 2013/050

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2013

ISBN: 9781498341684

Keywords: Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center, Executive Board decisions, External financing, Framework Administered Account, Lapse of time approval, Technical Assistance, West Africa, Anti-money laundering, Banks, Combating the financing of terrorism

In March 2009, the Fund established a new Framework Administered Account to administer external financial resources for selected Fund activities (the 'SFA Instrument'). The financing of activities under the terms o...

Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Government of Australia Subaccount for Selected Fund Activities

Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Government of Australia Subaccount for Selected Fund Activities »

Source: Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Government of Australia Subaccount for Selected Fund Activities

Volume/Issue: 2013/051

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2013

ISBN: 9781498341677

Keywords: Executive Board decisions, External financing, Framework Administered Account, Lapse of time approval, Technical Assistance, Anti-money laundering, Banks, Combating the financing of terrorism, Development, Financial assistance

In March 2009, the Fund adopted the Instrument to establish a new Framework Administered Account to administer external financial resources for Selected Fund Activities (the 'SFA Instrument').1 The financing of act...

Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center West 2 Subaccount

Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center West 2 Subaccount »

Volume/Issue: 2013/050

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498341684.007

ISBN: 9781498341684

Keywords: Africa Regional Technical Assistance Center, Executive Board decisions, External financing, Framework Administered Account, Lapse of time approval, Technical Assistance, West Africa, Anti-money laundering, Banks, Combating the financing of terrorism

In March 2009, the Fund established a new Framework Administered Account to administer external financial resources for selected Fund activities (the 'SFA Instrument'). The financing of activities under the terms o...

Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Government of Australia Subaccount for Selected Fund Activities

Framework Administered Account for Selected Fund Activities - Government of Australia Subaccount for Selected Fund Activities »

Volume/Issue: 2013/051

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498341677.007

ISBN: 9781498341677

Keywords: Executive Board decisions, External financing, Framework Administered Account, Lapse of time approval, Technical Assistance, Anti-money laundering, Banks, Combating the financing of terrorism, Development, Financial assistance

In March 2009, the Fund adopted the Instrument to establish a new Framework Administered Account to administer external financial resources for Selected Fund Activities (the 'SFA Instrument').1 The financing of act...

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Volume/Issue: 2013/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781498342391

Keywords: Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Subsidies, Social safety nets, Consumer subsidies, Economic growth, Government expenditures, Oil exporting countries, energy subsidy

Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. While aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd-out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in...