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Annex I. Supplementary Information on Korea’s Mitigation Policies

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Annex I. Supplementary Information on Korea’s Mitigation Policies »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Annex II. Pricing Miscellaneous Emissions Sources

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Annex II. Pricing Miscellaneous Emissions Sources »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Annex III. Burden of Carbon Mitigation Policies on Industries

New
Annex III. Burden of Carbon Mitigation Policies on Industries »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Fiscal Policies for Reinforcing Korea's Climate Mitigation Strategy1

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Fiscal Policies for Reinforcing Korea's Climate Mitigation Strategy1 »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Fiscal Rules in Korea—Some Considerations1

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Fiscal Rules in Korea—Some Considerations1 »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Republic of Korea
			: Selected Issues

New
Republic of Korea : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574929.002

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Republic of Korea: Selected Issues

New
Republic of Korea: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Canada: Seleced Issues

New
Canada: Seleced Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/055

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574295

Keywords: Income inequality, Carbon tax, Income distribution, Income, Greenhouse gas emissions, ISCR, CR, market income, mobility index, income Gini Coefficient

Selected Issues...

Canada: Seleced Issues

New
Canada: Seleced Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/055

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574295

Keywords: Income inequality, Carbon tax, Income distribution, Income, Greenhouse gas emissions, ISCR, CR, market income, mobility index, income Gini Coefficient

Selected Issues...

Canada: Selected Issues

New
Canada: Selected Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/055

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574295

Keywords: Income inequality, Carbon tax, Income distribution, Income, Greenhouse gas emissions, ISCR, CR, market income, mobility index, income Gini Coefficient

Selected Issues...

Canada
			: Selected Issues

New
Canada : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/055

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574295.002

ISBN: 9781513574295

Keywords: Income inequality, Carbon tax, Income distribution, Income, Greenhouse gas emissions, ISCR, CR, market income, mobility index, income Gini Coefficient

Selected Issues...

France: Selected Issues

France: Selected Issues »

Source: France : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/016

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513566917

Keywords: Greenhouse gas emissions, Productivity, Carbon tax, Solvency, Renewable energy, ISCR, CR, EU Green deal, EU greenhouse gases, zombie firm

Selected Issues...

France: Selected Issues

France: Selected Issues »

Source: France : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/016

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513566917

Keywords: Greenhouse gas emissions, Productivity, Carbon tax, Solvency, Renewable energy, ISCR, CR, EU Green deal, EU greenhouse gases, zombie firm

Selected Issues...

France
			: Selected Issues

France : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/016

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513566917.002

ISBN: 9781513566917

Keywords: Greenhouse gas emissions, Productivity, Carbon tax, Solvency, Renewable energy, ISCR, CR, EU Green deal, EU greenhouse gases, zombie firm

Selected Issues...

Apéndice Estadístico

Apéndice Estadístico »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

En el apéndice estadístico, se presentan datos históricos y proyecciones. Se divide en siete secciones: supuestos, novedades, datos y convenciones, notas sobre los países, características generales y composi...

Appendice Statistique

Appendice Statistique »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

L’appendice statistique présente des données rétrospectives et des projections. Il comprend sept sections : hypothèses; modifications récentes; données et conventions; notes sur les pays; caractéristiques gé...

Capítulo 1 Ctivas y Políticas Mundiales

Capítulo 1 Ctivas y Políticas Mundiales »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

La economía mundial deja atrás lo peor, pero se expone a reveses Los meses transcurridos desde la Actualización de junio de 2020 de Perspectivas de la economía mundial (informe WEO)...

Capítulo 2 El Gran Confinamiento: UNA Disección de sus Efectos Económicos

Capítulo 2 El Gran Confinamiento: UNA Disección de sus Efectos Económicos »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Para contener la pandemia provocada por el coronavirus (COVID-19) y proteger a poblaciones susceptibles, la mayor parte de los países impusieron estrictas medidas de confinamiento en el primer s...

Capítulo 3 La Mitigación del Cambio Climático: Estrategias que Favorecen la Distribución y el Crecimiento

Capítulo 3 La Mitigación del Cambio Climático: Estrategias que Favorecen la Distribución y el Crecimiento »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Sin nuevas medidas para reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero, el planeta se encuentra en camino de alcanzar temperaturas no vistas en millones de años, con implicaciones potencia...

Chapitre 3 Atténuation des Changements Climatiques : Stratégies Favorables a la Croissance et a la Distribution

Chapitre 3 Atténuation des Changements Climatiques : Stratégies Favorables a la Croissance et a la Distribution »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

En l’absence de nouvelles mesures de réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre, la planète est partie pour connaître des températures jamais atteintes en plusieurs millions d’années, avec...

Chapitre 2 Le Grand Confinement : Analyse de ses Effets Économiques

Chapitre 2 Le Grand Confinement : Analyse de ses Effets Économiques »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Pour endiguer la pandémie de coronavirus (COVID-19) et protéger les populations à risque, la plupart des pays ont imposé des mesures strictes de confinement au premier semestre de 2020. Dans le...

Chapitre 1 Perspectives et Politiques Mondiales

Chapitre 1 Perspectives et Politiques Mondiales »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

L’économie mondiale s’extirpe du gouffre, mais les revers guettent Les mois qui ont suivi la publication de l’édition de juin 2020 de la Mise à jour des Perspectives de l’économie mo...

Deliberaciones del Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI Sobre las Perspectivas, Octubre de 2020

Deliberaciones del Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI Sobre las Perspectivas, Octubre de 2020 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

La Presidenta del Directorio realizó las siguientes observaciones al término de las deliberaciones del Directorio Ejecutivo sobre el Monitor Fiscal, el Informe sobre la estabilidad financiera mu...

Examen des Perspectives par le Conseil D’Administration du FMI, Octobre 2020

Examen des Perspectives par le Conseil D’Administration du FMI, Octobre 2020 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Observations du Président à l’issue de la séance consacrée à l’examen par le conseil d’administration du Moniteur des finances publiques, du Rapport sur la stabilité financière dans le monde et...

Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial Temas Seleccionados

Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial Temas Seleccionados »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Archivos de Perspectivas de la economía mundial Perspect...

Perspectives de L’Économie Mondiale Questions D’Actualité

Perspectives de L’Économie Mondiale Questions D’Actualité »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Derniers numéros des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale Perspectives de l’économie...

Résumé

Résumé »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

L’économie mondiale a commencé à s’extirper du gouffre dans lequel elle s’était enfoncée lors du « Grand Confinement » d’avril. Mais la pandémie de COVID19 continuant de se propager, de nombreux pays ont ral...

Resumen Ejecutivo

Resumen Ejecutivo »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

La economía mundial está comenzando a dejar atrás los mínimos en los que cayó durante el Gran Confinamiento del mes de abril. Pero como la pandemia de COVID-19 continúa propagándose, muchos países han dismin...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561868.081

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561776.081

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561752.081

ISBN: 9781513561752

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561769.081

ISBN: 9781513561769

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561790.081

ISBN: 9781513561790

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Reconsidering Climate Mitigation Policy in the UK

Reconsidering Climate Mitigation Policy in the UK »

Volume/Issue: 2020/268

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Arregui , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561264.001

ISBN: 9781513561264

Keywords: Carbon tax, Greenhouse gas emissions, Public expenditure review, Transportation, Climate change, net-zero, UK climate mitigation, carbon pricing, feebate, international carbon price floor.

The UK has pledged to cut greenhouse gases 57 percent below 1990 levels by 2030, to be emisisons neutral by 2050, and to phase out internal combustion engine vehicles by 2030. Much progress has been made, but fully...

Reconsidering Climate Mitigation Policy in the UK

Reconsidering Climate Mitigation Policy in the UK »

Source: Reconsidering Climate Mitigation Policy in the UK

Volume/Issue: 2020/268

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Arregui , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513561264

Keywords: Carbon tax, Greenhouse gas emissions, Public expenditure review, Transportation, Climate change, net-zero, UK climate mitigation, carbon pricing, feebate, international carbon price floor.

The UK has pledged to cut greenhouse gases 57 percent below 1990 levels by 2030, to be emisisons neutral by 2050, and to phase out internal combustion engine vehicles by 2030. Much progress has been made, but fully...

Climate Mitigation Policy in Denmark: A Prototype for Other Countries

Climate Mitigation Policy in Denmark: A Prototype for Other Countries »

Source: Climate Mitigation Policy in Denmark: A Prototype for Other Countries

Volume/Issue: 2020/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicoletta Batini , Ian Parry , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513560960

Keywords: Carbon tax, Greenhouse gas emissions, Consumption, Climate change, Agricultural commodities, Denmark climate mitigation, carbon pricing, feebate, revenue recycling, border carbon adjustment

Denmark has a highly ambitious goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions 70 percent below 1990 levels by 2030. While there is general agreement that carbon pricing should be the centerpiece of Denmark's mitigation...

Climate Mitigation Policy in Denmark: A Prototype for Other Countries

Climate Mitigation Policy in Denmark: A Prototype for Other Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2020/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicoletta Batini , Ian Parry , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513560960.001

ISBN: 9781513560960

Keywords: Carbon tax, Greenhouse gas emissions, Consumption, Climate change, Agricultural commodities, Denmark climate mitigation, carbon pricing, feebate, revenue recycling, border carbon adjustment

Denmark has a highly ambitious goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions 70 percent below 1990 levels by 2030. While there is general agreement that carbon pricing should be the centerpiece of Denmark's mitigation...

Climate-Related Stress Testing: Transition Risks in Norway1

Climate-Related Stress Testing: Transition Risks in Norway1 »

Source: Climate-Related Stress Testing: Transition Risks in Norway

Volume/Issue: 2020/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierpaolo Grippa , and Samuel Mann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513559674

Keywords: Carbon tax, Oil sector, Oil, gas and mining taxes, Oil prices, Greenhouse gas emissions, Climate change, transition risk, carbon emissions, carbon price, environmental policy

This paper explores three possible transmission channels for transition risk shocks to the financial system in Norway. First, we estimate the direct firm-level impact of a substantial increase in domestic carbon pr...

Climate-Related Stress Testing: Transition Risks in Norway

Climate-Related Stress Testing: Transition Risks in Norway »

Volume/Issue: 2020/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierpaolo Grippa , and Samuel Mann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513559674.001

ISBN: 9781513559674

Keywords: Carbon tax, Oil sector, Oil, gas and mining taxes, Oil prices, Greenhouse gas emissions, Climate change, transition risk, carbon emissions, carbon price, environmental policy

This paper explores three possible transmission channels for transition risk shocks to the financial system in Norway. First, we estimate the direct firm-level impact of a substantial increase in domestic carbon pr...

Chapter 7. Concluding Thoughts

Chapter 7. Concluding Thoughts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Encouraging environmentally sustainable growth is a problem faced by all countries. The beauty of fiscal instruments such as environmental taxes or tax-like instruments is that (albeit with some important ca...

Chapter 2. Energy Systems, Environmental Problems, and Current Fiscal Policy: A Quick Look

Chapter 2. Energy Systems, Environmental Problems, and Current Fiscal Policy: A Quick Look »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Fossil fuels are used pervasively to generate electricity, power transportation vehicles, and provide heat for buildings and manufacturing processes. Fuel combustion produces carbon...

Chapter 5. Measuring Nonpollution Externalities from Motor Vehicles

Chapter 5. Measuring Nonpollution Externalities from Motor Vehicles »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter consists of three sections focused on the three major, non-pollution-related externalities from motor vehicles: traffic congestion, traffic accidents, and (to a much le...

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on valuing climate change damage from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The heart of the chapter is about measuring damage fr...

Chapter 3. Rationale for and Design of Fiscal Policy to “Get Energy Prices Right”

Chapter 3. Rationale for and Design of Fiscal Policy to “Get Energy Prices Right” »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

The first part of this chapter discusses why environmental taxes or the equivalent emissions trading systems (ETSs) should be front and center in getting energy prices right, though...

Chapter 1. Summary for Policymakers

Chapter 1. Summary for Policymakers »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Many energy prices in many countries are wrong. They are set at levels that do not reflect environmental damage, notably global warming, air pollution, and various side effects of m...

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter summarizes the corrective tax estimates for coal, natural gas, and motor fuels based on the assumptions discussed in previous chapters, both for selected countries and,...

Getting Energy Prices Right
			: From Principle to Practice

Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice »

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484388570.071

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Energy taxes can produce substantial environmental and revenue benefits and are an important component of countries' fiscal systems. Although the principle that these taxes should reflect global warming, air pollut...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Energy taxes can produce substantial environmental and revenue benefits and are an important component of countries' fiscal systems. Although the principle that these taxes should reflect global warming, air pollut...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Energy taxes can produce substantial environmental and revenue benefits and are an important component of countries' fiscal systems. Although the principle that these taxes should reflect global warming, air pollut...

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption : A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2013/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Charap , Arthur Ribeiro da Silva , and Pedro Rodriguez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484367247

Keywords: subsidy, income elasticity, gasoline prices, environmental regulations, energy consumption, gasoline consumption, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies, General,

The economic and environmental implications of energy subsidies have received renewed attention from policymakers and economists in recent years. Nevertheless there remains significant uncertainty regarding the mag...

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption
			: A Cross-Country Analysis

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption : A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2013/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Charap , Arthur Ribeiro da Silva , and Pedro Rodriguez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484367247.001

ISBN: 9781484367247

Keywords: subsidy, income elasticity, gasoline prices, environmental regulations, energy consumption, gasoline consumption, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies, General,

The economic and environmental implications of energy subsidies have received renewed attention from policymakers and economists in recent years. Nevertheless there remains significant uncertainty regarding the mag...

Republic of Madagascar
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Republic of Madagascar : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2007/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451825428.002

ISBN: 9781451825428

Keywords: family planning, hiv/aids, hiv, green revolution

The Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) on the Republic of Madagascar explain the Madagascar Action Plan (MAP) to accelerate and better coordinate the development process. The National Leadership Institute of...

Republic of Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar »

Source: Republic of Madagascar : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2007/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451825428

Keywords: family planning, hiv/aids, hiv, green revolution

The Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) on the Republic of Madagascar explain the Madagascar Action Plan (MAP) to accelerate and better coordinate the development process. The National Leadership Institute of...

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection »

Volume/Issue: 2002/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846850.001

ISBN: 9781451846850

Keywords: Property Rights, Rule of Law, and Environmental Policy, law, environmental policy, environmental tax, environmental stringency, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

We develop and test a theory of the rule of law and environmental policy formation. In our model an increase in the degree of rule of law has two opposing partial effects on environmental policy: first, a greater s...

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection »

Source: The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

Volume/Issue: 2002/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451846850

Keywords: Property Rights, Rule of Law, and Environmental Policy, law, environmental policy, environmental tax, environmental stringency, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

We develop and test a theory of the rule of law and environmental policy formation. In our model an increase in the degree of rule of law has two opposing partial effects on environmental policy: first, a greater s...

Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica

Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica »

Source: Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica

Volume/Issue: 2001/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nalin Kishor , Muthukumara Mani , and Luis Constantino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451857153

Keywords: trade and environment, log export ban (LEB), sustainable management, forest, forests, environmental benefits, environmental costs, timber trade, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Forestry, Log Export Ban

An increasing number of tropical timber producing nations have enacted bans on export of logs. Proponents argue that a log export ban is a second-best policy tool for addressing environmental externalities; it also...

Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica

Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica »

Volume/Issue: 2001/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nalin Kishor , Muthukumara Mani , and Luis Constantino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857153.001

ISBN: 9781451857153

Keywords: trade and environment, log export ban (LEB), sustainable management, forest, forests, environmental benefits, environmental costs, timber trade, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Forestry, Log Export Ban

An increasing number of tropical timber producing nations have enacted bans on export of logs. Proponents argue that a log export ban is a second-best policy tool for addressing environmental externalities; it also...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence
			: Environmental Policy Consequences

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856965.001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence »

Source: Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

The Complier Pays Principle

The Complier Pays Principle »

Source: The Complier Pays Principle : The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management

Volume/Issue: 2000/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , R. Paris , and I. Ruzicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451847109

Keywords: Sustainable management, forestry taxation, forest, forest management, environmental damage, forests, sustainable forest management

This paper examines the role and impact of taxation on sustainable forest management. It is shown that fiscal instruments neither reinforce nor substitute for traditional regulatory approaches. Far from encouraging...

The Complier Pays Principle
			: The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management

The Complier Pays Principle : The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management »

Volume/Issue: 2000/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , R. Paris , and I. Ruzicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847109.001

ISBN: 9781451847109

Keywords: Sustainable management, forestry taxation, forest, forest management, environmental damage, forests, sustainable forest management

This paper examines the role and impact of taxation on sustainable forest management. It is shown that fiscal instruments neither reinforce nor substitute for traditional regulatory approaches. Far from encouraging...

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment »

Volume/Issue: 1998/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856613.001

ISBN: 9781451856613

Keywords: abatement, marginal cost of public funds, pollution taxation, public goods, Samuelson rule, second-best, public spending, environment, environmental quality, taxation

The paper studies the setting of optimal fiscal policy in a second-best world with environmental externalities. The optimal second-best pollution tax is shown to lie below the first-best Pigovian tax, particularly...

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Volume/Issue: 1998/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451856613

Keywords: abatement, marginal cost of public funds, pollution taxation, public goods, Samuelson rule, second-best, public spending, environment, environmental quality, taxation

The paper studies the setting of optimal fiscal policy in a second-best world with environmental externalities. The optimal second-best pollution tax is shown to lie below the first-best Pigovian tax, particularly...

IMF and the Environment

IMF and the Environment »

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): Ved Gandhi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757371.038

ISBN: 9781557757371

Keywords: environment, environmental issues, environmental degradation, environmental problems, environmental policies

In recent years, observers have called on the IMF to pay closer attention to certain issues that do not fall directly within its mandate, such as the environment. This booklet reviews IMF's approach to environmenta...

The IMF and the Environment

The IMF and the Environment »

Source: IMF and the Environment

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): Ved Gandhi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 1998

ISBN: 9781557757371

Keywords: environment, environmental issues, environmental degradation, environmental problems, environmental policies

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was founded in 1944 to promote international monetary stability and cooperation. It does this by providing policy advice, financing, and techni...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: IMF and the Environment

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): Ved Gandhi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 1998

ISBN: 9781557757371

Keywords: environment, environmental issues, environmental degradation, environmental problems, environmental policies

In recent years, observers have called on the IMF to pay closer attention to certain issues that do not fall directly within its mandate, such as the environment. This booklet reviews IMF's approach to environmenta...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes
			: A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes : A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes »

Volume/Issue: 1998/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849707.001

ISBN: 9781451849707

Keywords: Abatement, environmental taxes, double dividend, endogenous growth, green tax reform, optimal taxation, pollution., pollution, environment, environmental quality

This paper reviews recent literature on the macroeconomic effects of environmental taxes. It attempts to delineate the conditions under which a cleaner environment is compatible with attaining macroeconomic objecti...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes : A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes

Volume/Issue: 1998/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451849707

Keywords: Abatement, environmental taxes, double dividend, endogenous growth, green tax reform, optimal taxation, pollution., pollution, environment, environmental quality

This paper reviews recent literature on the macroeconomic effects of environmental taxes. It attempts to delineate the conditions under which a cleaner environment is compatible with attaining macroeconomic objecti...

Towards a Market Economy
			: Structures of Governance

Towards a Market Economy : Structures of Governance »

Volume/Issue: 1997/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre Dhonte , and Ishan Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842746.001

ISBN: 9781451842746

Keywords: Economic policy, environment

This paper proposes an operational interpretation of the concept of economic governance. It argues that the capacity of governments to credibly ensure a secure economic environment provides an important benchmark a...

Towards a Market Economy

Towards a Market Economy »

Source: Towards a Market Economy : Structures of Governance

Volume/Issue: 1997/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre Dhonte , and Ishan Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451842746

Keywords: Economic policy, environment

This paper proposes an operational interpretation of the concept of economic governance. It argues that the capacity of governments to credibly ensure a secure economic environment provides an important benchmark a...

12 Concluding Remarks

12 Concluding Remarks »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Let me conclude the seminar with two observations that are highly relevant to our discussions of the past two days and then with a few remarks on the future direction of Fund work i...

9 Economy-Wide Policies and the Environment: Developing Countries

9 Economy-Wide Policies and the Environment: Developing Countries »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

During the 1980s, economic crises in many developing countries resulted in economic hardship, characterized by severe internal and external imbalances. Stabilization and adjustment...

6 Environmental Accounting: A Framework for Assessment and Policy Integration

6 Environmental Accounting: A Framework for Assessment and Policy Integration »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

The compartmentalization of human activities and a corresponding neglect of ecological and socioeconomic interdependence have been blamed for policy failures in both environment and...

3 How Macroeconomic Policies Affect the Environment: What Do We Know?

3 How Macroeconomic Policies Affect the Environment: What Do We Know? »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

The International Monetary Fund is a monetary institution charged with the responsibility of promoting international financial and exchange stability through the adoption of sound m...

5 How the Environment Affects the Macroeconomy

5 How the Environment Affects the Macroeconomy »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Standard texts in economic development have little or nothing to say about the natural or non-built environment. A well-known review of the state of development economics, for examp...

4 Macroeconomic Policies and the Environment

4 Macroeconomic Policies and the Environment »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Summary of Findings and Conclusions It is by now widely agreed that links between the environment and the economy are too important to be ignored. This holds true for all countries,...

Macroeconomics and the Environment

Macroeconomics and the Environment »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755360.071

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Microeconomic policies, dealing with individual industries and economic sectors, have traditionally addressed environmental concerns, but increasingly the environment is being viewed in terms of the macro economy....

8 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Norwegian Experience

8 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Norwegian Experience »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

The links between macroeconomic policymaking and the environment are numerous. Some are obvious although sometimes difficult to quantify, others are more elusive. For instance, ener...

1 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Summary and Conclusions

1 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Summary and Conclusions »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Two themes dominated the discussions at the seminar. How do macroeconomic policies and the environment interact? How important is it that the Fund staff become aware of this interac...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Microeconomic policies, dealing with individual industries and economic sectors, have traditionally addressed environmental concerns, but increasingly the environment is being viewed in terms of the macro economy....

7 National Accounts and the Environment

7 National Accounts and the Environment »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

The environment is generally accepted as an area of government and popular concern, and it is of great importance to have information on the environment properly reflected in statis...

11 Panel Discussion

11 Panel Discussion »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Vito Tanzi: This panel discussion is the most informal part of the seminar. Certain questions were given to individual speakers, in the hope that they would spend a...

Session 1 Analytics

Session 1 Analytics »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Issues of Interest Session 1 was intended to address the issues relating to...

Session 3 Experience

Session 3 Experience »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Issues of Interest Session 3 was intended to draw on the experience of industrial and developing countries to see what lessons can be learned about the interrelationships between mac...

Session 2 Integration of Economic and Environmental Accounts

Session 2 Integration of Economic and Environmental Accounts »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Issues of Interest Session 2 was intended to address the following questions . Are fu...

Session 4 Looking Ahead

Session 4 Looking Ahead »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Issues of Interest Session 4 consisted of luncheon remarks by Stanley Fischer on “What Is Reasonable to Expect of the IMF on the Environment?” followed by panel discussions in which...

2 Welcoming Remarks

2 Welcoming Remarks »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

It is a great pleasure for me to welcome you to the IMF Seminar on Macroeconomics and the Environment. Most of you are from Washington, but some guests have come from as far away as...

10 What Is Reasonable to Expect of the IMF on the Environment?

10 What Is Reasonable to Expect of the IMF on the Environment? »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

To a remarkable extent, the work of the IMF is still guided by its original mandate, as spelled out in the Articles of Agreement. In 1944, the founding fathers charged the IMF with,...

Books

Books »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Central Banking: The Challenges Ahead Maintaining Price Stability

Central Banking: The Challenges Ahead Maintaining Price Stability »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Cities in the Developing World: Agenda for Action Following Habitat II

Cities in the Developing World: Agenda for Action Following Habitat II »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Development Focus How Do the Urban Poor Manage in an Economic Crisis?

Development Focus How Do the Urban Poor Manage in an Economic Crisis? »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

The Difficult Art of Economic Forecasting

The Difficult Art of Economic Forecasting »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Expanding the Measure of Wealth

Expanding the Measure of Wealth »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Finance & Development, December 1996

Finance & Development, December 1996 »

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451951899.022

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Foreign Exchange Markets: Structure and Systemic Risks

Foreign Exchange Markets: Structure and Systemic Risks »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Global Financial Markets: Moving Up the Learning Curve

Global Financial Markets: Moving Up the Learning Curve »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Index 1996–Volume 33

Index 1996–Volume 33 »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...