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Chapter 7. Concluding Thoughts

Chapter 7. Concluding Thoughts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Encouraging environmentally sustainable growth is a problem faced by all countries. The beauty of fiscal instruments such as environmental taxes or tax-like instruments is that (albeit with some important ca...

Chapter 2. Energy Systems, Environmental Problems, and Current Fiscal Policy: A Quick Look

Chapter 2. Energy Systems, Environmental Problems, and Current Fiscal Policy: A Quick Look »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Fossil fuels are used pervasively to generate electricity, power transportation vehicles, and provide heat for buildings and manufacturing processes. Fuel combustion produces carbon...

Chapter 5. Measuring Nonpollution Externalities from Motor Vehicles

Chapter 5. Measuring Nonpollution Externalities from Motor Vehicles »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter consists of three sections focused on the three major, non-pollution-related externalities from motor vehicles: traffic congestion, traffic accidents, and (to a much le...

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on valuing climate change damage from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The heart of the chapter is about measuring damage fr...

Chapter 3. Rationale for and Design of Fiscal Policy to “Get Energy Prices Right”

Chapter 3. Rationale for and Design of Fiscal Policy to “Get Energy Prices Right” »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

The first part of this chapter discusses why environmental taxes or the equivalent emissions trading systems (ETSs) should be front and center in getting energy prices right, though...

Chapter 1. Summary for Policymakers

Chapter 1. Summary for Policymakers »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Many energy prices in many countries are wrong. They are set at levels that do not reflect environmental damage, notably global warming, air pollution, and various side effects of m...

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter summarizes the corrective tax estimates for coal, natural gas, and motor fuels based on the assumptions discussed in previous chapters, both for selected countries and,...

Getting Energy Prices Right
			: From Principle to Practice

Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice »

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484388570.071

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Energy taxes can produce substantial environmental and revenue benefits and are an important component of countries' fiscal systems. Although the principle that these taxes should reflect global warming, air pollut...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Energy taxes can produce substantial environmental and revenue benefits and are an important component of countries' fiscal systems. Although the principle that these taxes should reflect global warming, air pollut...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

Energy taxes can produce substantial environmental and revenue benefits and are an important component of countries' fiscal systems. Although the principle that these taxes should reflect global warming, air pollut...

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America has made substantial progress in recent years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As result of these efforts, the region has experienced higher growth,...

chapter 3 Central America’s Regional Trends and U.S. Cycles

chapter 3 Central America’s Regional Trends and U.S. Cycles »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction The economies of Central America share a close relationship with the United States, with considerable comovement of GDP growth over a long period of time. The open natur...

chapter 5 Central American Customs Union and Challenges for Tax and Customs Administration

chapter 5 Central American Customs Union and Challenges for Tax and Customs Administration »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction In December 2007, the governments of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua signed the Framework Agreement for the Establishment of the Central Amer...

chapter 4 Equity and Fiscal Policy: Income Distribution Effects of Taxation and Social Spending

chapter 4 Equity and Fiscal Policy: Income Distribution Effects of Taxation and Social Spending »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction Central America’s high levels of poverty and income inequality place the distributional effects of fiscal policy at the center of policy dialogue. Central American gover...

chapter 6 Financial Sector Development: Equity and Private Debt Markets1

chapter 6 Financial Sector Development: Equity and Private Debt Markets1 »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction Banks and their affiliates dominate the financial system. While growing rapidly, financial intermediation in Central America continues to take place mainly through the b...

chapter 1 Introduction and Overview

chapter 1 Introduction and Overview »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America 1 has made substantial progress over the past years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As a result, Central America...

chapter 2 Moving Forward with Economic Integration

chapter 2 Moving Forward with Economic Integration »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction Central America appears to be an ideal candidate for economic integration. Despite differences in economic development, the countries share a common language, history, c...

Central America
			: Economic Progress and Reforms

Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms »

Volume: 08

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067653.087

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America has made substantial progress in recent years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As result of these efforts, the region has experienced higher growth,...

Appendix 4. Calculation of the Sustainable Non-Oil Deficit

Appendix 4. Calculation of the Sustainable Non-Oil Deficit »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

The paper discusses two long-term strategies for the use of oil assets. The first is based on a fixed expenditure rule, which—together with a permanent financing condition constrain...

Appendix 1. Oil and Economic Development in Indonesia14

Appendix 1. Oil and Economic Development in Indonesia14 »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Indonesia’s oil industry is one of the world’s oldest. Indonesia ranks fifteenth among world oil producers, with about 2.4 percent of world oil production. The country has a mixed e...

Appendix 3. Oil and Economic Development in Mexico16

Appendix 3. Oil and Economic Development in Mexico16 »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Mexico is the world’s fifth largest oil producer and its tenth largest oil exporter. Mexico began to export oil in 1911, and its oil output expanded at an average annual rate of 6 p...

Appendix 2. Oil and Economic Development in Nigeria15

Appendix 2. Oil and Economic Development in Nigeria15 »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Nigeria has an abundance of hydrocarbon resources. It is the thirteenth largest oil producer in the world, the third largest oil producer in Africa, and the most prolific oil produc...

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Chapter 6. Conclusion »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

In the near future, Azerbaijan is expected to benefit from a substantial, but short-lived, oil- and gas-related revenue windfall. Even under conservative assumptions, revenues accruing to the country are exp...

Chapter 3. Country Experiences with Managing Natural Resource Windfalls

Chapter 3. Country Experiences with Managing Natural Resource Windfalls »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

It is ironic that what should be a blessing has often turned into a curse. A natural resource boom, effectively managed, should provide a country with the resources to finance essential economic reforms, inc...

Chapter 2. Economic Theory and Natural Resource Booms

Chapter 2. Economic Theory and Natural Resource Booms »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Studies of experiences of countries rich in exhaustible natural resources reveal that natural-resource-driven booms have often led to deterioration in macroeconomic performance and uneven development of indu...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Azerbaijan has a substantial endowment of oil and gas deposits, estimated to be the third largest in the Caspian region. Oil production in Azerbaijan is projected to increase sharply starting in 2005, and to...

Chapter 5. Strategy for Managing Oil Wealth

Chapter 5. Strategy for Managing Oil Wealth »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

With this significant asset stock, the key challenge for the government will be to strike the right balance between current expenditures and conserving assets for future generations. The government’s decisio...

Chapter 4. The Oil Sector in Azerbaijan

Chapter 4. The Oil Sector in Azerbaijan »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Azerbaijan has a rich natural resource endowment and a long history of oil and gas exploration. Oil and gas reserves in the country are estimated to be the third largest in the Caspian region....

Managing Oil Wealth
			: The Case of Azerbaijan

Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063082.058

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Oil and gas production in Azerbaijan were projected to increase sharply in 2005 and 2006, respectively, reaching peaks of 1.3 million barrels a day in 2009 and 20 billion cubic meters a year in 2010. Although expec...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Oil and gas production in Azerbaijan were projected to increase sharply in 2005 and 2006, respectively, reaching peaks of 1.3 million barrels a day in 2009 and 20 billion cubic meters a year in 2010. Although expec...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Oil and gas production in Azerbaijan were projected to increase sharply in 2005 and 2006, respectively, reaching peaks of 1.3 million barrels a day in 2009 and 20 billion cubic meters a year in 2010. Although expec...