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Canada
			: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Canada : 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616355906.002

ISBN: 9781616355906

Keywords: Canada, mortgage, mortgage insurance, mortgages, mortgage insurers, private mortgage

This Informational Annex highlights the Canadian authorities' free-floating exchange rate regime. The exchange rate regime is free from exchange restrictions and multiple currency practices. The Canadian authoritie...

What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs?

What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Masahiro Nozaki , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463935146.006

ISBN: 9781463935146

Keywords: Fiscal policy, IMF, social spending, health spending, dependent variable, public spending, health expenditures,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

From Stimulus to Consolidation
			: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Volume: 10

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350420.087

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Health Care Spending Issues in Advanced Economies

Health Care Spending Issues in Advanced Economies »

Volume: 10

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Eva Jenkner , and Adam Leive

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462369713.005

ISBN: 9781462369713

Keywords: health care spending, health reforms, cost containment, advanced economies, health care, health spending, health insurance, cost sharing, fee-for-service

This technical note analyzes the health care spending issues in advanced economies. Both public and total health spending have increased substantially in advanced countries. Total health spending increased by more...

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066182.058

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

This primer explains why macroeconomists need to be concerned with issues of health policy and elaborates the essential information that a macroeconomist should know in providing inputs to discussions on health sec...

Providing Health Care to HIV Patients in Southern Africa

Providing Health Care to HIV Patients in Southern Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2001/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974140.003

ISBN: 9781451974140

Keywords: Botswana, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Malawi, Lesotho, Health, Health care, Government expenditures, South Africa

The paper provides an economic analysis of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector i Southern Africa. It provides indicators for the scale of the impact, including estimates of tr. costs of various forms treatm...

Economic Transition and Social Protection
			: Issues and Agenda for Reform

Economic Transition and Social Protection : Issues and Agenda for Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451967760.003

ISBN: 9781451967760

Keywords: Montenegro, Former Soviet Union, Social policy, Subsidies, Transition, Social Protection, health care, social contributions, contribution rates, public spending

This paper briefly describes the factors constraining the social protection policies in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union (BRO). The analysis considers public spending in social pr...