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Canada: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Canada: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Canada : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

ISBN: 9781616355906

Keywords: Canada, mortgage, mortgage insurance, mortgages, mortgage insurers, private mortgage

This Informational Annex highlights the Canadian authorities' free-floating exchange rate regime. The exchange rate regime is free from exchange restrictions and multiple currency practices. The Canadian authoritie...

Canada: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Canada: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Canada : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

ISBN: 9781616355906

Keywords: Canada, mortgage, mortgage insurance, mortgages, mortgage insurers, private mortgage

This Informational Annex highlights the Canadian authorities' free-floating exchange rate regime. The exchange rate regime is free from exchange restrictions and multiple currency practices. The Canadian authoritie...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with Canada

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with Canada »

Source: Canada : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

ISBN: 9781616355906

Keywords: Canada, mortgage, mortgage insurance, mortgages, mortgage insurers, private mortgage

This Informational Annex highlights the Canadian authorities' free-floating exchange rate regime. The exchange rate regime is free from exchange restrictions and multiple currency practices. The Canadian authoritie...

Canada
			: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Canada : 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616355906.002

ISBN: 9781616355906

Keywords: Canada, mortgage, mortgage insurance, mortgages, mortgage insurers, private mortgage

This Informational Annex highlights the Canadian authorities' free-floating exchange rate regime. The exchange rate regime is free from exchange restrictions and multiple currency practices. The Canadian authoritie...

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative on Canada, January 29, 2014

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative on Canada, January 29, 2014 »

Source: Canada : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

ISBN: 9781616355906

Keywords: Canada, mortgage, mortgage insurance, mortgages, mortgage insurers, private mortgage

This Informational Annex highlights the Canadian authorities' free-floating exchange rate regime. The exchange rate regime is free from exchange restrictions and multiple currency practices. The Canadian authoritie...

What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs?

What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Masahiro Nozaki , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463935146.006

ISBN: 9781463935146

Keywords: Fiscal policy, IMF, social spending, health spending, dependent variable, public spending, health expenditures,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs?1

What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs?1 »

Source: What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs?

Volume/Issue: 2011/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Masahiro Nozaki , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2011

ISBN: 9781463935146

Keywords: Fiscal policy, IMF, social spending, health spending, dependent variable, public spending, health expenditures,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Expenditure Reform: Key Principles Expenditure reforms should be guided by two objectives: Improving the efficien...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper seeks to identify policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging countries in the wake of the global financial crisis. Issues related to the size and timing of f...

CHAPTER 3 Tax Reform: Principles, Context, and Administration

CHAPTER 3 Tax Reform: Principles, Context, and Administration »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Increasing the Tax 27 Ratio: Principles and Experience For countries looking to substantially increase tax revenue, standard principles (equity, eff...

From Stimulus to Consolidation
			: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Volume: 10

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350420.087

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Health Care Spending Issues in Advanced Economies

Health Care Spending Issues in Advanced Economies »

Source: Health Care Spending Issues in Advanced Economies

Volume: 2010

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Eva Jenkner , and Adam Leive

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2010

ISBN: 9781462369713

Keywords: health care spending, health reforms, cost containment, advanced economies, health care, health spending, health insurance, cost sharing, fee-for-service

This technical note analyzes the health care spending issues in advanced economies. Both public and total health spending have increased substantially in advanced countries. Total health spending increased by more...

Health Care Spending Issues in Advanced Economies

Health Care Spending Issues in Advanced Economies »

Volume: 10

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Eva Jenkner , and Adam Leive

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462369713.005

ISBN: 9781462369713

Keywords: health care spending, health reforms, cost containment, advanced economies, health care, health spending, health insurance, cost sharing, fee-for-service

This technical note analyzes the health care spending issues in advanced economies. Both public and total health spending have increased substantially in advanced countries. Total health spending increased by more...

CHAPTER 5: Conceptual Framework for Classifying Health Systems

CHAPTER 5: Conceptual Framework for Classifying Health Systems »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

Like other socioeconomic systems, a health system is structured by state action or inaction to serve certain social purposes. A state makes conscious decisions in structuring the system to achieve certain ob...

CHAPTER 3: Facts and Myths about Health Care and the Health Sector

CHAPTER 3: Facts and Myths about Health Care and the Health Sector »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Basic Facts about the Health Sector Certain basic facts about the health sector and health care are not widely known. This section explains what macroeconomists should know on thi...

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

Although specific issues confront nations at different stages of development, several issues confront all nations throughout the world. We first present the universal issues, then the ones for each stage....

CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Guide to the Primer

CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Guide to the Primer »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. The Need for a Guide for Macroeconomists Whether working on a low-income country or an advanced economy, it is important that macroeconomists be aware of issues in health economic...

CHAPTER 6: Stages of Health System Development and Health System Performance

CHAPTER 6: Stages of Health System Development and Health System Performance »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Characterizing Different Stages of Health System Development This chapter presents an analytical framework to help macroeconomists understand health systems and assess health poli...

CHAPTER 7: What Role Can Macroeconomists Play?

CHAPTER 7: What Role Can Macroeconomists Play? »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries The CMH was initiated by the WHO as a means of providing an evidence base for economic and financial policymakers in low-income countries on...

CHAPTER 2: Why Is It Critical for Macroeconomists to Understand Health Issues?

CHAPTER 2: Why Is It Critical for Macroeconomists to Understand Health Issues? »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

As a general rule, issues of health care policy have not generally been seen as the domain of macroeconomists. Only in recent years, with the report of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Commission on Mac...

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066182.058

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

This primer explains why macroeconomists need to be concerned with issues of health policy and elaborates the essential information that a macroeconomist should know in providing inputs to discussions on health sec...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

This primer explains why macroeconomists need to be concerned with issues of health policy and elaborates the essential information that a macroeconomist should know in providing inputs to discussions on health sec...

Providing Health Care to HIV Patients in Southern Africa

Providing Health Care to HIV Patients in Southern Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2001/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974140.003

ISBN: 9781451974140

Keywords: Botswana, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Malawi, Lesotho, Health, Health care, Government expenditures, South Africa

The paper provides an economic analysis of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector i Southern Africa. It provides indicators for the scale of the impact, including estimates of tr. costs of various forms treatm...

Providing Health Care to HIV Patients in Southern Africa

Providing Health Care to HIV Patients in Southern Africa »

Source: Providing Health Care to HIV Patients in Southern Africa

Volume/Issue: 2001/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451974140

Keywords: Botswana, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Malawi, Lesotho, Health, Health care, Government expenditures, South Africa

The paper provides an economic analysis of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector i Southern Africa. It provides indicators for the scale of the impact, including estimates of tr. costs of various forms treatm...

Economic Transition and Social Protection

Economic Transition and Social Protection »

Source: Economic Transition and Social Protection : Issues and Agenda for Reform

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451967760

Keywords: Montenegro, Former Soviet Union, Social policy, Subsidies, Transition, Social Protection, health care, social contributions, contribution rates, public spending

This paper briefly describes the factors constraining the social protection policies in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union (BRO). The analysis considers public spending in social pr...

Economic Transition and Social Protection
			: Issues and Agenda for Reform

Economic Transition and Social Protection : Issues and Agenda for Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451967760.003

ISBN: 9781451967760

Keywords: Montenegro, Former Soviet Union, Social policy, Subsidies, Transition, Social Protection, health care, social contributions, contribution rates, public spending

This paper briefly describes the factors constraining the social protection policies in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union (BRO). The analysis considers public spending in social pr...