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Italy
			: Selected Issues

Italy : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/284

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498347068.002

ISBN: 9781498347068

Keywords: court, judicial efficiency, employment, courts, judicial system

...

Italy: Selected Issues

Italy: Selected Issues »

Source: Italy : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/284

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498347068

Keywords: court, judicial efficiency, employment, courts, judicial system

...

Italy: Selected Issues

Italy: Selected Issues »

Source: Italy : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/284

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498347068

Keywords: court, judicial efficiency, employment, courts, judicial system

...

Italy: Selected Issues

Italy: Selected Issues »

Source: Italy : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/284

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498347068

Keywords: court, judicial efficiency, employment, courts, judicial system

...

Italy: Selected Issues

Italy: Selected Issues »

Source: Italy : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/284

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498347068

Keywords: court, judicial efficiency, employment, courts, judicial system

...

Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth

Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2014/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianluca Esposito , Sergi Lanau , and Sebastiaan Pompe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475573022.001

ISBN: 9781475573022

Keywords: judicial reform, growth, business environment, efficieny of justice, FDI, firm size, court, courts, court fees, judicial system

The inefficiency of the Italian judicial system has contributed to reduced investments, slow growth and a difficult business environment. The enforcement of civil and commercial claims suffers from excessive delays...

Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth

Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth »

Source: Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth

Volume/Issue: 2014/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianluca Esposito , Sergi Lanau , and Sebastiaan Pompe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475573022

Keywords: judicial reform, growth, business environment, efficieny of justice, FDI, firm size, court, courts, court fees, judicial system

The inefficiency of the Italian judicial system has contributed to reduced investments, slow growth and a difficult business environment. The enforcement of civil and commercial claims suffers from excessive delays...

IMF Completes Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under an EFF Arrangement with Portugal, Approves €1.91 Billion Disbursement

IMF Completes Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under an EFF Arrangement with Portugal, Approves €1.91 Billion Disbursement »

Source: Portugal : Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of End-September Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2013/324

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475518405

Keywords: court, constitutional court, court cases, court rulings, court ruling

This paper discusses Portugal's Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of end-September Performance Criteria (PC). Program implementation has remained broad...

Portugal
			: Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of End-September Performance Criteria

Portugal : Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of End-September Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2013/324

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475518405.002

ISBN: 9781475518405

Keywords: court, constitutional court, court cases, court rulings, court ruling

This paper discusses Portugal's Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of end-September Performance Criteria (PC). Program implementation has remained broad...

Portugal: Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of end-September Performance Criteria

Portugal: Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of end-September Performance Criteria »

Source: Portugal : Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of End-September Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2013/324

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475518405

Keywords: court, constitutional court, court cases, court rulings, court ruling

This paper discusses Portugal's Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of end-September Performance Criteria (PC). Program implementation has remained broad...

Statement by Andrea Montanino, Executive Director for Portugal and Ines Lopes, Advisor to Executive Director

Statement by Andrea Montanino, Executive Director for Portugal and Ines Lopes, Advisor to Executive Director »

Source: Portugal : Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of End-September Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2013/324

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475518405

Keywords: court, constitutional court, court cases, court rulings, court ruling

This paper discusses Portugal's Eighth and Ninth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Applicability of end-September Performance Criteria (PC). Program implementation has remained broad...

Republic of Moldova
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Republic of Moldova : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2013/296

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375259.002

ISBN: 9781484375259

Keywords: pension, pension system, pensioners, pensions, retirement age

This paper discusses the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and National Development Strategy (NDS) for the Republic of Moldova. The NDS 'Moldova 2020' presents a vision of cohesive long-term sustainable economic dev...

Republic of Moldova

Republic of Moldova »

Source: Republic of Moldova : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2013/296

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484375259

Keywords: pension, pension system, pensioners, pensions, retirement age

This paper discusses the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and National Development Strategy (NDS) for the Republic of Moldova. The NDS 'Moldova 2020' presents a vision of cohesive long-term sustainable economic dev...

Liberia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper:  Annual Progress Report

Liberia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Annual Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2012/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463941055.002

ISBN: 9781463941055

Keywords: roads, civil service, paved roads, judiciary

This report assesses the design, implementation, and effectiveness of Liberia's first Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). The PRS described the objectives for each pillar and sector, often with numerical projections,...

Liberia

Liberia »

Source: Liberia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Annual Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2012/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463941055

Keywords: roads, civil service, paved roads, judiciary

This report assesses the design, implementation, and effectiveness of Liberia's first Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). The PRS described the objectives for each pillar and sector, often with numerical projections,...

IMF Completes First Review Under an EFF with Portugal and Approves €3.98 Billion Disbursement

IMF Completes First Review Under an EFF with Portugal and Approves €3.98 Billion Disbursement »

Source: Portugal : First Review Under the Extended Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2011/279

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902971

Keywords: court, fiscal risks, budget law, government deficit, fiscal consolidation

Macroeconomic imbalances are large, and structural problems are deep-rooted in Portugal. The new government's strong commitment to program implementation is encouraging. Fiscal performance so far demonstrates the n...

Portugal
			: First Review Under the Extended Arrangement

Portugal : First Review Under the Extended Arrangement »

Volume/Issue: 2011/279

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902971.002

ISBN: 9781463902971

Keywords: court, fiscal risks, budget law, government deficit, fiscal consolidation

Macroeconomic imbalances are large, and structural problems are deep-rooted in Portugal. The new government's strong commitment to program implementation is encouraging. Fiscal performance so far demonstrates the n...

Portugal

Portugal »

Source: Portugal : First Review Under the Extended Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2011/279

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902971

Keywords: court, fiscal risks, budget law, government deficit, fiscal consolidation

Macroeconomic imbalances are large, and structural problems are deep-rooted in Portugal. The new government's strong commitment to program implementation is encouraging. Fiscal performance so far demonstrates the n...

Statement by Arrigo Sadun, Executive Director for Portugal and José Cardoso, Advisor to Executive Director September 12, 2011

Statement by Arrigo Sadun, Executive Director for Portugal and José Cardoso, Advisor to Executive Director September 12, 2011 »

Source: Portugal : First Review Under the Extended Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2011/279

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902971

Keywords: court, fiscal risks, budget law, government deficit, fiscal consolidation

Macroeconomic imbalances are large, and structural problems are deep-rooted in Portugal. The new government's strong commitment to program implementation is encouraging. Fiscal performance so far demonstrates the n...

Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands
			: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes-FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes-FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2011/91

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455230099.002

ISBN: 9781455230099

Keywords: money laundering, legal framework, due diligence, terrorist financing

There is terrorism and terrorist financing (TF) risk, but it appears limited based on available information. The Netherlands has criminalized money laundering (ML) fully in line with the requirements under the Vien...

Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands

Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands »

Source: Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes-FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2011/91

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2011

ISBN: 9781455230099

Keywords: money laundering, legal framework, due diligence, terrorist financing

There is terrorism and terrorist financing (TF) risk, but it appears limited based on available information. The Netherlands has criminalized money laundering (ML) fully in line with the requirements under the Vien...

The Impact of Legislation on Credit Risk-Comparative Evidence From the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany

The Impact of Legislation on Credit Risk-Comparative Evidence From the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany »

Volume/Issue: 2011/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philipp Schmieder , and Christian Schmieder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455220991.001

ISBN: 9781455220991

Keywords: Corporate Credit Risk, Recovery Rates, court, bankruptcies, banking, bankruptcy procedures, bankruptcy legislation, Corporation and Securities Law, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

This study investigates the link between bankruptcy and security legislation and potential credit losses faced by banks based on a cross-country study for the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK) and Germany...

The Impact of Legislation on Credit Risk-Comparative Evidence From the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany1

The Impact of Legislation on Credit Risk-Comparative Evidence From the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany1 »

Source: The Impact of Legislation on Credit Risk-Comparative Evidence From the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany

Volume/Issue: 2011/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philipp Schmieder , and Christian Schmieder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455220991

Keywords: Corporate Credit Risk, Recovery Rates, court, bankruptcies, banking, bankruptcy procedures, bankruptcy legislation, Corporation and Securities Law, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

This study investigates the link between bankruptcy and security legislation and potential credit losses faced by banks based on a cross-country study for the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK) and Germany...

Guernsey

Guernsey »

Source: Guernsey : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes-FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455213719

Keywords: money laundering, legal framework, law enforcement, due diligence

Bailiwick of Guernsey has a Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework that provides the basis for an AML/CFT regime. It has a program to review and enhance AML/CFT leg...

Guernsey
			: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes-FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Guernsey : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes-FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455213719.002

ISBN: 9781455213719

Keywords: money laundering, legal framework, law enforcement, due diligence

Bailiwick of Guernsey has a Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework that provides the basis for an AML/CFT regime. It has a program to review and enhance AML/CFT leg...

Liberia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy:  Progress Report

Liberia : Poverty Reduction Strategy: Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2010/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455202461.002

ISBN: 9781455202461

Keywords: girls, rape, civil service, court, civil service reform

Liberia made slow progress on the implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). The impact of the global economic crisis affected implementation and slowed the pace of growth. With the development of the...

Liberia

Liberia »

Source: Liberia : Poverty Reduction Strategy: Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2010/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455202461

Keywords: girls, rape, civil service, court, civil service reform

Liberia made slow progress on the implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). The impact of the global economic crisis affected implementation and slowed the pace of growth. With the development of the...

Republic of Serbia
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program Update:  Technical Note on Corporate and Household Debt Restructuring

Republic of Serbia : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Technical Note on Corporate and Household Debt Restructuring »

Volume/Issue: 2010/152

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 May 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205684.002

ISBN: 9781455205684

Keywords: creditors, debt, restructuring, creditor, court

This Technical Note assesses Corporate and Household Debt Restructuring in Serbia. As of June 2009, nonperforming loans (NPLs) in the banking system constituted 16.5 percent of total loans, owing primarily to the c...

Republic of Serbia

Republic of Serbia »

Source: Republic of Serbia : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Technical Note on Corporate and Household Debt Restructuring

Volume/Issue: 2010/152

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455205684

Keywords: creditors, debt, restructuring, creditor, court

This Technical Note assesses Corporate and Household Debt Restructuring in Serbia. As of June 2009, nonperforming loans (NPLs) in the banking system constituted 16.5 percent of total loans, owing primarily to the c...

Germany

Germany »

Source: Germany : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451981810

Keywords: law enforcement, money laundering, legal assistance, professional secrecy, competent authorities

This Detailed Assessment Report reviews antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) measures for Germany. The report reveals that Germany has introduced a number of measures in recent ye...

Germany
			: Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Germany : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981810x.002

ISBN: 9781451981810

Keywords: law enforcement, money laundering, legal assistance, professional secrecy, competent authorities

This Detailed Assessment Report reviews antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) measures for Germany. The report reveals that Germany has introduced a number of measures in recent ye...

Austria

Austria »

Source: Austria : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2009/298

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451802481

Keywords: court, due diligence, money laundering, law enforcement, terrorist financing

This paper presents a Detailed Assessment Report on Antimoney Laundering (AML) and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (CFT) for Austria. The authorities have designed and are implementing a comprehensive AML/CFT...

Austria
			: Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Austria : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2009/298

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451802481.002

ISBN: 9781451802481

Keywords: court, due diligence, money laundering, law enforcement, terrorist financing

This paper presents a Detailed Assessment Report on Antimoney Laundering (AML) and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (CFT) for Austria. The authorities have designed and are implementing a comprehensive AML/CFT...

The Challenge of Enforcement in Securities Markets

The Challenge of Enforcement in Securities Markets »

Source: The Challenge of Enforcement in Securities Markets : Mission Impossible?

Volume/Issue: 2009/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Carvajal , and Jennifer Elliott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873153

Keywords: court, securities regulation, court order, securities regulators, courts, Enforcement,

Weaknesses in the enforcement of regulation have been targeted by the G-20 as a priority concern for reform. But enforcement efforts in securities markets have proven difficult and uneven. The recent scandal in the...

The Challenge of Enforcement in Securities Markets
			: Mission Impossible?

The Challenge of Enforcement in Securities Markets : Mission Impossible? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Carvajal , and Jennifer Elliott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873153.001

ISBN: 9781451873153

Keywords: court, securities regulation, court order, securities regulators, courts, Enforcement,

Weaknesses in the enforcement of regulation have been targeted by the G-20 as a priority concern for reform. But enforcement efforts in securities markets have proven difficult and uneven. The recent scandal in the...

Financial Deepening in the CFA Franc Zone

Financial Deepening in the CFA Franc Zone »

Source: Financial Deepening in the CFA Franc Zone : The Role of Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2009/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dhaneshwar Ghura , Kangni Kpodar , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

ISBN: 9781451872606

Keywords: Financial deepening CFA Franc zone, property rights, financial liberalization, financial markets, financial system,

During the 1980s and early 1990s many Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries undertook reforms to promote financial sector deepening. Nevertheless, financial sectors in SSA countries remain among the shallowest in the...

Financial Deepening in the CFA Franc Zone
			: The Role of Institutions

Financial Deepening in the CFA Franc Zone : The Role of Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2009/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dhaneshwar Ghura , Kangni Kpodar , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872606.001

ISBN: 9781451872606

Keywords: Financial deepening CFA Franc zone, property rights, financial liberalization, financial markets, financial system,

During the 1980s and early 1990s many Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries undertook reforms to promote financial sector deepening. Nevertheless, financial sectors in SSA countries remain among the shallowest in the...

Ponzi Schemes in the Caribbean

Ponzi Schemes in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2009/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Carvajal , Hunter Monroe , Catherine Pattillo , and Brian Wynter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872422.001

ISBN: 9781451872422

Keywords: Pyramid schemes, Ponzi schemes, investors, court, courts, regulatory framework, supreme court,

In several Caribbean states, unregulated investment schemes grew quickly in recent years by claiming unusually high monthly returns and through a system of referrals by existing members. These are features shared w...

Ponzi Schemes in the Caribbean

Ponzi Schemes in the Caribbean »

Source: Ponzi Schemes in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2009/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Carvajal , Hunter Monroe , Catherine Pattillo , and Brian Wynter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872422

Keywords: Pyramid schemes, Ponzi schemes, investors, court, courts, regulatory framework, supreme court,

In several Caribbean states, unregulated investment schemes grew quickly in recent years by claiming unusually high monthly returns and through a system of referrals by existing members. These are features shared w...

External Debt and Economic Reform

External Debt and Economic Reform »

Source: External Debt and Economic Reform : Does a Pain Reliever Delay the Necessary Treatment?

Volume/Issue: 2007/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866148

Keywords: economic reform, external borrowing, foreign aid, external financing, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Recent literature argues that conflict in shifting adjustment costs between different socioeconomic groups delays necessary reforms and finds that such reforms often follow economic crises. This paper expands these...

External Debt and Economic Reform
			: Does a Pain Reliever Delay the Necessary Treatment?

External Debt and Economic Reform : Does a Pain Reliever Delay the Necessary Treatment? »

Volume/Issue: 2007/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866148.001

ISBN: 9781451866148

Keywords: economic reform, external borrowing, foreign aid, external financing, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Recent literature argues that conflict in shifting adjustment costs between different socioeconomic groups delays necessary reforms and finds that such reforms often follow economic crises. This paper expands these...

Denmark

Denmark »

Source: Denmark : Detailed Assessment of Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2007/2

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451811131

Keywords: money laundering, terrorist financing, law enforcement, legal assistance, money remitters

This paper discusses key findings of the Detailed Assessment of Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) for Denmark. It describes and analyzes AML/CFT measures in place in Denmark,...

Denmark
			: Detailed Assessment of Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Denmark : Detailed Assessment of Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2007/2

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451811131.002

ISBN: 9781451811131

Keywords: money laundering, terrorist financing, law enforcement, legal assistance, money remitters

This paper discusses key findings of the Detailed Assessment of Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) for Denmark. It describes and analyzes AML/CFT measures in place in Denmark,...

Kyrgyz Republic
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Kyrgyz Republic : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2004/200

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451821420.002

ISBN: 9781451821420

Keywords: pension, retirement, civil service, court, retirement pension

This paper on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) on the Kyrgyz Republic explains macroeconomic, structural, and social policies in support of growth and poverty reduction, as well as associated external...

Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyz Republic »

Source: Kyrgyz Republic : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2004/200

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451821420

Keywords: pension, retirement, civil service, court, retirement pension

This paper on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) on the Kyrgyz Republic explains macroeconomic, structural, and social policies in support of growth and poverty reduction, as well as associated external...

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures
			: Theory and Evidence

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2003/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Per Fredriksson , Muthukumara Mani , and Richard Damania

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858594.001

ISBN: 9781451858594

Keywords: rule of law, lobbying, political instability, bureaucracy, judicial efficiency, political stability, political economy, common law, judicial system, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper examines the reasons why corruption and policy distortions tend to exhibit a high degree of persistence in certain regimes. We identify circumstances under which a firm seeks to evade regulations by (1)...

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures »

Source: The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2003/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Per Fredriksson , Muthukumara Mani , and Richard Damania

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451858594

Keywords: rule of law, lobbying, political instability, bureaucracy, judicial efficiency, political stability, political economy, common law, judicial system, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper examines the reasons why corruption and policy distortions tend to exhibit a high degree of persistence in certain regimes. We identify circumstances under which a firm seeks to evade regulations by (1)...

Annex 1 Civil Service Reform in Fund-and Bank-Supported Programs

Annex 1 Civil Service Reform in Fund-and Bank-Supported Programs »

Source: Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

Fund-Supported Programs Table A1.1 presents data on conditionality in IMF programs related to civil service reforms, as well as broader discussion of intended reforms...

Annex 2 Country Notes

Annex 2 Country Notes »

Source: Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

Benin 1. Size and Structure of Civilian Central Government Benin’s Civilian Central Government (excluding education, health, and police) is organized i...

Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780821350959.071

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

Civil service reform is often essential to bring about governanceimprovements that are needed for sustainable poverty reduction.A workshop hosted by the World Bank and the IMF in September 2001provided a forum to r...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

Civil service reform is often essential to bring about governanceimprovements that are needed for sustainable poverty reduction.A workshop hosted by the World Bank and the IMF in September 2001provided a forum to r...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

Civil service reform is often essential to bring about governanceimprovements that are needed for sustainable poverty reduction.A workshop hosted by the World Bank and the IMF in September 2001provided a forum to r...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

This paper sets out the principal aspects of civil service reform that were discussed at a workshop for World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF, or the Fund) staff on Septem...

II The Goals of Civil Service Reform

II The Goals of Civil Service Reform »

Source: Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

Reforming the civil service is not a goal in its own right. Moreover, there is no single best “model” of public administration. Given vested interests that must be confronted, civil...

III Civil Service Reforms in Bank- and Fund-Supported Programs

III Civil Service Reforms in Bank- and Fund-Supported Programs »

Source: Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

Both the Bank and the Fund have included various dimensions of civil service reform in the programs they support. The immediate objectives of Bank-Fund involvement have been to:...

IV The Effectiveness of Bank and Fund Interventions

IV The Effectiveness of Bank and Fund Interventions »

Source: Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

Civil service reforms have been only modestly successful in terms of meeting either macrofiscal or structural objectives. What has been especially problematic is the simultaneous ac...

V Bank-Fund Collaboration in Civil Service Reform

V Bank-Fund Collaboration in Civil Service Reform »

Source: Civil Service Reform Strengthening World Bank and IMF Collaboration

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 04 June 2002

ISBN: 9780821350959

Keywords: civil service, wage, civil service reform, wages, salaries

The Bank and the Fund have a long history of working together on civil service reform. On occasion, structural reform measures are included in both Bank- and Fund-supported programs...

Early Ideas on Sovereign Bankruptcy Reorganization

Early Ideas on Sovereign Bankruptcy Reorganization »

Source: Early Ideas on Sovereign Bankruptcy Reorganization : A Survey

Volume/Issue: 2002/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth Rogoff , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451847789

Keywords: Sovereign Bankruptcy, Debt Crises, International Bankruptcy Court, Chapter 11, sovereign debt, court, debt restructuring, debt crisis, international debt, History of Thought since 1925: Other

This paper surveys early intellectual antecedents of the Krueger (2001) proposal for creating bankruptcy reorganization procedures at the international level. We focus on actual proposals for new procedures made fr...

Early Ideas on Sovereign Bankruptcy Reorganization
			: A Survey

Early Ideas on Sovereign Bankruptcy Reorganization : A Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2002/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth Rogoff , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847789.001

ISBN: 9781451847789

Keywords: Sovereign Bankruptcy, Debt Crises, International Bankruptcy Court, Chapter 11, sovereign debt, court, debt restructuring, debt crisis, international debt, History of Thought since 1925: Other

This paper surveys early intellectual antecedents of the Krueger (2001) proposal for creating bankruptcy reorganization procedures at the international level. We focus on actual proposals for new procedures made fr...

The Case Against Harry Dexter White

The Case Against Harry Dexter White »

Source: The Case Against Harry Dexter White : Still Not Proven

Volume/Issue: 2000/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2000

ISBN: 9781451856880

Keywords: Fund, Harry Dexter White, Bretton Woods, McCarthyism, grand jury, national archives, mythology, memoirs

Harry Dexter White, the principal architect of the international financial system established at the end of the Second World War, was arguably the most important U. S. government economist of the 20th century. His...

The Case Against Harry Dexter White
			: Still Not Proven

The Case Against Harry Dexter White : Still Not Proven »

Volume/Issue: 2000/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856880.001

ISBN: 9781451856880

Keywords: Fund, Harry Dexter White, Bretton Woods, McCarthyism, grand jury, national archives, mythology, memoirs

Harry Dexter White, the principal architect of the international financial system established at the end of the Second World War, was arguably the most important U. S. government economist of the 20th century. His...

The Enforcement of Property Rights and Underdevelopment

The Enforcement of Property Rights and Underdevelopment »

Source: The Enforcement of Property Rights and Underdevelopment

Volume/Issue: 1999/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , and Scott Freeman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451854961

Keywords: Property rights, multiple equilibria, expropriation, development, economic reform, legal reform, capital punishment

This paper formalizes the role of legal infrastructure in economic development in a general equilibrium model with endogenously determined property rights enforcement. It illustrates the mutual importance of proper...

The Enforcement of Property Rights and Underdevelopment

The Enforcement of Property Rights and Underdevelopment »

Volume/Issue: 1999/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , and Scott Freeman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854961.001

ISBN: 9781451854961

Keywords: Property rights, multiple equilibria, expropriation, development, economic reform, legal reform, capital punishment

This paper formalizes the role of legal infrastructure in economic development in a general equilibrium model with endogenously determined property rights enforcement. It illustrates the mutual importance of proper...

Annexes

Annexes »

Source: DTS, or et monnaies : Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451925913

Keywords: taux de change, taux de change, système monétaire, fonds monétaire, banque centrale, système monétaire européen, dispositions de change, système monétaire international, tribunal, risques de change

Annexe A. Evaluation du droit de tirage spécial (règle 0-1) La valeur du droit de tirage spécial sera égale à la somme des montants suivants des monnaies énumérées ci-après:...

Appendices

Appendices »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

...

Appendix A. Allocation of Special Drawing Rights for the Third Basic Period: Proposal by the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund October 25, 1978

Appendix A. Allocation of Special Drawing Rights for the Third Basic Period: Proposal by the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund October 25, 1978 »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

Part I. Need to Supplement Reserves 1. Basis for Allocation This proposal to allocate special drawing rights is made in accordance with my conclusion t...

Appendix B. SDRs—Use in Settlement of Financial Obligations and in Loans

Appendix B. SDRs—Use in Settlement of Financial Obligations and in Loans »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

a. Use In Settlement of Financial Obligations A. In accordance with Article XIX, Section 2(c), the Fund prescribes that: 1. A participa...

Appendix C. SDRs—Use as Security

Appendix C. SDRs—Use as Security »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

a. Use of SDRs By Participants In Pledges In accordance with Article XIX, Section 2(c), the Fund prescribes that: 1. A participant, by agreement with another participant,...

Appendix D. SDRs—Use in Swap and Forward Operations and in Donations

Appendix D. SDRs—Use in Swap and Forward Operations and in Donations »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

a. Use of SDRs By Participants In Swap Operations In accordance with Article XIX, Section 2(c), the Fund prescribes that: 1. A participant, by agreement with another part...

Appendix E. Trust Fund

Appendix E. Trust Fund »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

a. Diversification of Investments 1. The Fund, recognizing that the SDR is the unit of account in which the assets of the Trust established by Decision No. 5069-(76/72), adopted May...

Currencies

Currencies »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

Surveillance over Exchange Rate Policies Article IV, Section 3(a) of the Second Amendment provides that “The Fund shall oversee the international monetary system in order to ensure i...

Droits de tirage spéciaux (DTS)

Droits de tirage spéciaux (DTS) »

Source: DTS, or et monnaies : Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451925913

Keywords: taux de change, taux de change, système monétaire, fonds monétaire, banque centrale, système monétaire européen, dispositions de change, système monétaire international, tribunal, risques de change

Evaluation du droit de tirage spécial (DTS) Aux termes des Statuts initiaux, l’unité de compte du Fonds était le dollar or, soit le dollar des Etats-Unis d’Amérique, du poids et du t...

Gold

Gold »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

Obligations Involving Gold The Second Amendment of the Articles has abolished the former official price of gold and all the former obligations of members and the Fund to pay or to re...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: DTS, or et monnaies : Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451925913

Keywords: taux de change, taux de change, système monétaire, fonds monétaire, banque centrale, système monétaire européen, dispositions de change, système monétaire international, tribunal, risques de change

La présente brochure est la troisième étude consacrée aux changements qui se sont produits dans le droit monétaire, tant au niveau international qu’interne, à la suite de l’effondrement du système des parité...

Monnaies

Monnaies »

Source: DTS, or et monnaies : Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451925913

Keywords: taux de change, taux de change, système monétaire, fonds monétaire, banque centrale, système monétaire européen, dispositions de change, système monétaire international, tribunal, risques de change

Article IV du deuxième amendement Dans son communiqué du 30 avril 1978, le Comité intérimaire a décrit l’incidence du deuxième amendement sur les dispositions de change dans les term...

Or

Or »

Source: DTS, or et monnaies : Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451925913

Keywords: taux de change, taux de change, système monétaire, fonds monétaire, banque centrale, système monétaire européen, dispositions de change, système monétaire international, tribunal, risques de change

Evaluation de l’or Le deuxième amendement a abrogé le prix officiel de l’or, mais l’ancien prix officiel a été conservé à certaines fins limitativement prévues par les Statuts...

Résumé

Résumé »

Source: DTS, or et monnaies : Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451925913

Keywords: taux de change, taux de change, système monétaire, fonds monétaire, banque centrale, système monétaire européen, dispositions de change, système monétaire international, tribunal, risques de change

DTS 1. La composition du panier de monnaies qui sert à déterminer la valeur du DTS a été modifiée avec effet du 1er juillet 1978 conformément à une décision qui énonce par ailleurs l...

Resumé

Resumé »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

Monetary law continues to develop and change as a result of the objectives of making the SDR the principal reserve asset and gradually reducing the role of gold in the international monetary system, and of t...

SDRs, Currencies, & Gold
			: 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981742.054

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

This paper presents the fourth survey of certain changes in international and national monetary law and practice in relation to special drawing rights (SDRs), currencies, and gold. SDRs have characteristics that en...

DTS, or et monnaies
			: Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique

DTS, or et monnaies : Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451925913.054

ISBN: 9781451925913

Keywords: taux de change, taux de change, système monétaire, fonds monétaire, banque centrale, système monétaire européen, dispositions de change, système monétaire international, tribunal, risques de change

...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

This paper presents the fourth survey of certain changes in international and national monetary law and practice in relation to special drawing rights (SDRs), currencies, and gold. SDRs have characteristics that en...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

This paper presents the fourth survey of certain changes in international and national monetary law and practice in relation to special drawing rights (SDRs), currencies, and gold. SDRs have characteristics that en...

Special Drawing Rights (SDRs)

Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) »

Source: SDRs, Currencies, & Gold : 4th Survey of New Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451981742

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank

Introduction The Prefatory Note to this pamphlet recalls that an objective of the Second Amendment of the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund is that the special...

Appendices

Appendices »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

...

Appendix A. Interim Valuation of the SDR: New Rule O-3

Appendix A. Interim Valuation of the SDR: New Rule O-3 »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

1. Effective July 1, 1974, and subject to the addition of the amount of each currency listed in paragraph (a), which will be calculated in the manner set out in SM/74/142, dated June 13, 1974, on the last bu...

Appendix B. Rates for Computations and Adjustment of the Fund’s Holdings of Currencies

Appendix B. Rates for Computations and Adjustment of the Fund’s Holdings of Currencies »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

The following decision is adopted in order to facilitate the conduct of the operations of the Fund involving currencies for which rates are not maintained within the margins under Article IV, Section 3 of th...

Appendix C. Proposed Second Amendment: Exchange Arrangements and Par Values

Appendix C. Proposed Second Amendment: Exchange Arrangements and Par Values »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

Article IV: Obligations Regarding Exchange Arrangements Section 1. General obligations of members Recognizing that the essential purpos...

Appendix D. Surveillance over Exchange Rate Policies

Appendix D. Surveillance over Exchange Rate Policies »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

1. The Executive Board has discussed the implementation of Article IV of the proposed second amendment of the Articles of Agreement and has approved the attached document entitled Surveillance over Exchange...

Appendix E. Gold Clause Joint Resolution

Appendix E. Gold Clause Joint Resolution »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

[Public Resolution—No. 10—73d Congress] [H.J. Res. 192] Joint Resolution To assure uniform value to the coins and currencies of the United States. Where...

Conclusions

Conclusions »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

Floating Currencies The breakdown of the par value system of the original Articles of the Fund and the failure of the Fund’s efforts to substitute a comparable system based on centra...

Floating Currencies

Floating Currencies »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

Effects on New Legislation The proposed second amendment of the Articles of Agreement is responsible for three classes of legislation that members of the Fund have adopted or are in...

Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451958195.054

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

This paper examines legal developments in area of floating currencies, special drawing rights, and gold in the IMF. It highlights that the breakdown of the par value system of the original Articles of the IMF and t...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

This paper examines legal developments in area of floating currencies, special drawing rights, and gold in the IMF. It highlights that the breakdown of the par value system of the original Articles of the IMF and t...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

This paper examines legal developments in area of floating currencies, special drawing rights, and gold in the IMF. It highlights that the breakdown of the par value system of the original Articles of the IMF and t...

Gold

Gold »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

Valuation Under the Articles of Agreement The section above, entitled Special Drawing Rights, deals to a large extent with efforts to find a suitable unit of account in lieu of gold...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

The changes that have occurred in international monetary arrangements in the period since August 15, 1971 have provoked novel problems of international and domestic monetary law. It is useful to recall brief...

Special Drawing Rights (SDRs)

Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) »

Source: Floating Currencies, SDR's & Gold Further Legal Developments

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1977

ISBN: 9781451958195

Keywords: of the, exchange arrangements, iv, exchange rates, exchange rate

International Agreements: A Survey A number of units of account defined in terms of gold can be found in treaty law, among them the Poincaré franc, 86...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: International Monetary Fund & Private Business Transactions

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 1965

ISBN: 9781451939897

Keywords: exchange control, exchange control regulations, court, courts, exchange controls

This paper analyzes legal impact of the Articles of Agreement of the IMF on the business transactions of private persons and corporations. At the heart of the Articles is the simple idea that the member states of t...