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How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358279.001

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

Canada: Selected Issues

Canada: Selected Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

ISBN: 9781616355999

Keywords: Canada, oil, gas, natural gas, gas production, gas extraction

This Selected Issues paper looks at the factors behind the accumulation of cash positions by Canadian nonfinancial corporations. Focusing only on listed firms and running a model of changes in cash holdings suggest...

Canada: Selected Issues

Canada: Selected Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

ISBN: 9781616355999

Keywords: Canada, oil, gas, natural gas, gas production, gas extraction

This Selected Issues paper looks at the factors behind the accumulation of cash positions by Canadian nonfinancial corporations. Focusing only on listed firms and running a model of changes in cash holdings suggest...

Canada
			: Selected Issues

Canada : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616355999.002

ISBN: 9781616355999

Keywords: Canada, oil, gas, natural gas, gas production, gas extraction

This Selected Issues paper looks at the factors behind the accumulation of cash positions by Canadian nonfinancial corporations. Focusing only on listed firms and running a model of changes in cash holdings suggest...

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption : A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2013/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Charap , Arthur Ribeiro da Silva , and Pedro Rodriguez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484367247

Keywords: subsidy, income elasticity, gasoline prices, environmental regulations, energy consumption, gasoline consumption, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies, General,

The economic and environmental implications of energy subsidies have received renewed attention from policymakers and economists in recent years. Nevertheless there remains significant uncertainty regarding the mag...

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption
			: A Cross-Country Analysis

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption : A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2013/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Charap , Arthur Ribeiro da Silva , and Pedro Rodriguez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484367247.001

ISBN: 9781484367247

Keywords: subsidy, income elasticity, gasoline prices, environmental regulations, energy consumption, gasoline consumption, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies, General,

The economic and environmental implications of energy subsidies have received renewed attention from policymakers and economists in recent years. Nevertheless there remains significant uncertainty regarding the mag...

Liberia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper:  Annual Progress Report

Liberia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Annual Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2012/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463941055.002

ISBN: 9781463941055

Keywords: roads, civil service, paved roads, judiciary

This report assesses the design, implementation, and effectiveness of Liberia's first Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). The PRS described the objectives for each pillar and sector, often with numerical projections,...

Liberia

Liberia »

Source: Liberia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Annual Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2012/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463941055

Keywords: roads, civil service, paved roads, judiciary

This report assesses the design, implementation, and effectiveness of Liberia's first Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). The PRS described the objectives for each pillar and sector, often with numerical projections,...

Global Economic Governance

Global Economic Governance »

Source: Global Economic Governance : IMF Quota Reform

Volume/Issue: 2011/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Virmani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781463902186

Keywords: Quota Reform, Economic Sovreignity, Voice, International Monetary Fund (IMF), world economy, world growth, purchasing power parity, external trade, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

The paper examines the principles on which a reform of a Quota based global economic institution like the IMF must be based, taking account of both the relative economic power of countries and the need for voice an...

Global Economic Governance
			: IMF Quota Reform

Global Economic Governance : IMF Quota Reform »

Volume/Issue: 2011/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Virmani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902186.001

ISBN: 9781463902186

Keywords: Quota Reform, Economic Sovreignity, Voice, International Monetary Fund (IMF), world economy, world growth, purchasing power parity, external trade, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

The paper examines the principles on which a reform of a Quota based global economic institution like the IMF must be based, taking account of both the relative economic power of countries and the need for voice an...

Liberia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper:  Second Annual Progress Report, 2009-10

Liberia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Second Annual Progress Report, 2009-10 »

Volume/Issue: 2011/214

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462326433.002

ISBN: 9781462326433

Keywords: roads, road, teacher training, feeder roads, completion rate

Poverty has been a major challenge for Liberia. All developmental, governance, and social indicators have shown improvement as a result of a more robust implementation strategy led by the government with the suppor...

Liberia

Liberia »

Source: Liberia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Second Annual Progress Report, 2009-10

Volume/Issue: 2011/214

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462326433

Keywords: roads, road, teacher training, feeder roads, completion rate

Poverty has been a major challenge for Liberia. All developmental, governance, and social indicators have shown improvement as a result of a more robust implementation strategy led by the government with the suppor...

International Fuel Tax Assessment
			: An Application to Chile

International Fuel Tax Assessment : An Application to Chile »

Volume/Issue: 2011/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , and Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462315338.001

ISBN: 9781462315338

Keywords: gasoline tax, diesel tax, externalities, optimal tax, welfare gains, road, fuel economy, trucks, fuel tax, Energy: Government Policy,

Gasoline and diesel fuel are heavily taxed in many developed and some emerging and developing countries. Outside of the United States and Europe, however, there has been little attempt to quantify the external cost...

International Fuel Tax Assessment

International Fuel Tax Assessment »

Source: International Fuel Tax Assessment : An Application to Chile

Volume/Issue: 2011/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , and Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462315338

Keywords: gasoline tax, diesel tax, externalities, optimal tax, welfare gains, road, fuel economy, trucks, fuel tax, Energy: Government Policy,

Gasoline and diesel fuel are heavily taxed in many developed and some emerging and developing countries. Outside of the United States and Europe, however, there has been little attempt to quantify the external cost...

Rwanda
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper:  Progress Report

Rwanda : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2011/154

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455289677.002

ISBN: 9781455289677

Keywords: road, road network, hiv, family planning, roads

Rwanda's Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS) covers the period 2008-12 and provides a medium-term framework for achieving the country's long-term development aspirations as embodied in Rwand...

Rwanda

Rwanda »

Source: Rwanda : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2011/154

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455289677

Keywords: road, road network, hiv, family planning, roads

Rwanda's Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS) covers the period 2008-12 and provides a medium-term framework for achieving the country's long-term development aspirations as embodied in Rwand...

Reforming the Tax System to Promote Environmental Objectives
			: An Application to Mauritius

Reforming the Tax System to Promote Environmental Objectives : An Application to Mauritius »

Volume/Issue: 2011/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455263417.001

ISBN: 9781455263417

Keywords: green taxes, global warming, congestion, vehicle taxes, taxes, tax system, excise tax, environmental taxes, Agricultural And Natural Resource Economics,

Fiscal instruments are potentially among the most effective, and cost-effective, options for addressing externalities related to poor air quality, urban road congestion, and greenhouse gases. This paper takes a cas...

Reforming the Tax System to Promote Environmental Objectives

Reforming the Tax System to Promote Environmental Objectives »

Source: Reforming the Tax System to Promote Environmental Objectives : An Application to Mauritius

Volume/Issue: 2011/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455263417

Keywords: green taxes, global warming, congestion, vehicle taxes, taxes, tax system, excise tax, environmental taxes, Agricultural And Natural Resource Economics,

Fiscal instruments are potentially among the most effective, and cost-effective, options for addressing externalities related to poor air quality, urban road congestion, and greenhouse gases. This paper takes a cas...

IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates

IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates »

Source: IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2010/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mick Silver

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209538

Keywords: International Comparison Program, household goods, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

The IMF's main uses of the International Comparison Program's (ICP) estimates of purchasing power parity (PPP)-adjusted Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are as an element of the formula used to help guide decisions on...

IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates

IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates »

Volume/Issue: 2010/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mick Silver

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209538.001

ISBN: 9781455209538

Keywords: International Comparison Program, household goods, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

The IMF's main uses of the International Comparison Program's (ICP) estimates of purchasing power parity (PPP)-adjusted Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are as an element of the formula used to help guide decisions on...

Climate Policy and the Recovery

Climate Policy and the Recovery »

Source: Climate Policy and the Recovery

Volume/Issue: 2009/28

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Benjamin Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

ISBN: 9781455220946

Keywords: Climatic changes, Climate change, fiscal policy, carbon taxation, emissions trading, fiscal stimulus, emissions, carbon pricing, greenhouse gas, greenhouse gases

Negotiations toward a successor to the Kyoto Protocol on climate change have come to a critical point, and domestic climate policies are being developed, as the world seeks to recover from the deepest economic cris...

Climate Policy and the Recovery

Climate Policy and the Recovery »

Volume/Issue: 2009/28

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Benjamin Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455220946.004

ISBN: 9781455220946

Keywords: Climatic changes, Climate change, fiscal policy, carbon taxation, emissions trading, fiscal stimulus, emissions, carbon pricing, greenhouse gas, greenhouse gases

Negotiations toward a successor to the Kyoto Protocol on climate change have come to a critical point, and domestic climate policies are being developed, as the world seeks to recover from the deepest economic cris...

The Effects of the Financial Crisison Public-Private Partnerships

The Effects of the Financial Crisison Public-Private Partnerships »

Source: The Effects of the Financial Crisison Public-Private Partnerships

Volume/Issue: 2009/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451872910

Keywords: value-for-money, private sector participation, telecoms, quality of service

The paper investigates the impact of the global financial crisis on public-private partnerships (PPPs) and the circumstances under which providing support to new and existing projects is justified. Based on country...

The Effects of the Financial Crisison Public-Private Partnerships

The Effects of the Financial Crisison Public-Private Partnerships »

Volume/Issue: 2009/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872910.001

ISBN: 9781451872910

Keywords: value-for-money, private sector participation, telecoms, quality of service

The paper investigates the impact of the global financial crisis on public-private partnerships (PPPs) and the circumstances under which providing support to new and existing projects is justified. Based on country...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870114.001

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Africa’s Burgeoning Ties with China Maximizing the benefits of China’s increasing economic engagement with Africa

Africa’s Burgeoning Ties with China Maximizing the benefits of China’s increasing economic engagement with Africa »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Afrique–Chine: des liens plus étroits - Comment tirer le meilleur parti de l’engagement économique croissant de la Chine en Afrique

Afrique–Chine: des liens plus étroits - Comment tirer le meilleur parti de l’engagement économique croissant de la Chine en Afrique »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

BACK TO BASICS

BACK TO BASICS »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

BOOK REVIEWS

BOOK REVIEWS »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Boom des matières premières: Vague porteuse - L’envolée des prix des matières premières pourrait avoir des effets durables

Boom des matières premières: Vague porteuse - L’envolée des prix des matières premières pourrait avoir des effets durables »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Climate Change and the Economy

Climate Change and the Economy »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Commodities Boom: Riding a Wave

Commodities Boom: Riding a Wave »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

COUNTRY FOCUS SOUTH AFRICA

COUNTRY FOCUS SOUTH AFRICA »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Courrier: des lecteurs

Courrier: des lecteurs »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

En bref

En bref »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Entre nous: Risques internes - Lorsque les remous financiers ont des répercussions majeures, les dérivés de crédit donnent un signal d’alarme utile pour l’ensemble de l’économie

Entre nous: Risques internes - Lorsque les remous financiers ont des répercussions majeures, les dérivés de crédit donnent un signal d’alarme utile pour l’ensemble de l’économie »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Finance & Development, March 2008

Finance & Development, March 2008 »

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922349.022

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Finances & Développement, mars 2008 »

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930009.022

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Global Warming and Agriculture

Global Warming and Agriculture »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

The Greening of Markets Financial markets can play a valuable role in addressing climate change

The Greening of Markets Financial markets can play a valuable role in addressing climate change »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Gros plan: Afrique du sud - L’Afrique du Sud connaît sa plus longue période d’expansion grâce à des politiques judicieuses. Mais l’inflation s’est accrue, les pénuries d’électricité limitent la croissance, le déficit courant se creuse et accroît la vulnérabilité, et le chômage reste élevé.

Gros plan: Afrique du sud - L’Afrique du Sud connaît sa plus longue période d’expansion grâce à des politiques judicieuses. Mais l’inflation s’est accrue, les pénuries d’électricité limitent la croissance, le déficit courant se creuse et accroît la vulnérabilité, et le chômage reste élevé. »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Hausse des températures, hausse des risques: Rendre le développement plus durable contribuera à remédier au changement climatique

Hausse des températures, hausse des risques: Rendre le développement plus durable contribuera à remédier au changement climatique »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

IN BRIEF

IN BRIEF »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Jobs on Another Shore

Jobs on Another Shore »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

L’abc de l’économie: Régimes de change: fixes ou flottants?

L’abc de l’économie: Régimes de change: fixes ou flottants? »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

L’écologisation des marchés: Les marchés financiers peuvent jouer un rôle utile dans la lutte face au changement climatique

L’écologisation des marchés: Les marchés financiers peuvent jouer un rôle utile dans la lutte face au changement climatique »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Le changement climatique et l’économie: L’économie ne pâtira pas forcément de la réduction des gaz à effet de serre

Le changement climatique et l’économie: L’économie ne pâtira pas forcément de la réduction des gaz à effet de serre »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Le prix du changement climatique: Les pays doivent encourager les ménages et les entreprises à combattre le changement climatique et à s’y adapter

Le prix du changement climatique: Les pays doivent encourager les ménages et les entreprises à combattre le changement climatique et à s’y adapter »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Les emplois exportables: La délocalisation des emplois de services à l’étranger pourrait influer sur les économies des pays industrialisés et sur leur perception de la mondialisation

Les emplois exportables: La délocalisation des emplois de services à l’étranger pourrait influer sur les économies des pays industrialisés et sur leur perception de la mondialisation »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Lettre de la Rédaction: Des produits de base coûteux

Lettre de la Rédaction: Des produits de base coûteux »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Notes de lecture: Leçons de l’histoire

Notes de lecture: Leçons de l’histoire »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Paroles d’économistes: en quête de règles

Paroles d’économistes: en quête de règles »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Paying for Climate Change

Paying for Climate Change »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

PEOPLE IN ECONOMICS

PEOPLE IN ECONOMICS »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

PICTURE THIS

PICTURE THIS »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Pleins feux: Énergie: consommation de plus en plus insoutenable

Pleins feux: Énergie: consommation de plus en plus insoutenable »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Réchauffement climatique et agriculture: Si rien n’est fait pour diminuer les émissions de carbone, la productivité agricole va fortement chuter, surtout dans les pays en développement

Réchauffement climatique et agriculture: Si rien n’est fait pour diminuer les émissions de carbone, la productivité agricole va fortement chuter, surtout dans les pays en développement »

Source: Finances & Développement, mars 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451930009

Keywords: prix ??du pétrole, OPEP, pétrole brut, prix du pétrole brut, émissions de carbone, prix ??des produits de base, pays de l'OPEP, pays exportateurs, commerce mondial, Organisation mondiale du commerce

Ce numéro, intitulé « Boom des matières premières : pour combien de temps encore ? », pose la question suivante : comment l'économie va-t-elle évoluer après le niveau record des prix des matières premières observée...

Rising Temperatures, Rising Risks

Rising Temperatures, Rising Risks »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

STRAIGHT TALK

STRAIGHT TALK »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Testing for Purchasing Power Parity in Cointegrated Panels

Testing for Purchasing Power Parity in Cointegrated Panels »

Volume/Issue: 2007/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johan Lyhagen , Pär Österholm , and Mikael Carlsson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868500.001

ISBN: 9781451868500

Keywords: Panel cointegration, Maximum likelihood, Fully modified OLS, Dynamic OLS, cointegration, statistics, econometrics

This paper applies the maximum likelihood panel cointegration method of Larsson and Lyhagen (2007) to test the strong PPP hypothesis using data for the G7 countries. This method is robust in several important dimen...

Testing for Purchasing Power Parity in Cointegrated Panels

Testing for Purchasing Power Parity in Cointegrated Panels »

Source: Testing for Purchasing Power Parity in Cointegrated Panels

Volume/Issue: 2007/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johan Lyhagen , Pär Österholm , and Mikael Carlsson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868500

Keywords: Panel cointegration, Maximum likelihood, Fully modified OLS, Dynamic OLS, cointegration, statistics, econometrics

This paper applies the maximum likelihood panel cointegration method of Larsson and Lyhagen (2007) to test the strong PPP hypothesis using data for the G7 countries. This method is robust in several important dimen...

Interpreting EU Funds Data for Macroeconomic Analysis in the New Member States

Interpreting EU Funds Data for Macroeconomic Analysis in the New Member States »

Volume/Issue: 2007/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Sierhej , and Christoph Rosenberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866414.001

ISBN: 9781451866414

Keywords: EU transfers, new member states, EU funds data, rural development, nuclear safety, nuclear plants, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

Drawing on a dataset suitable for macroeconomic analysis, the paper provides an overview of the magnitudes, purpose and institutional implications of EU-related transfers to and from the new member states. A rough...

Interpreting EU Funds Data for Macroeconomic Analysis in the New Member States

Interpreting EU Funds Data for Macroeconomic Analysis in the New Member States »

Source: Interpreting EU Funds Data for Macroeconomic Analysis in the New Member States

Volume/Issue: 2007/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Sierhej , and Christoph Rosenberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866414

Keywords: EU transfers, new member states, EU funds data, rural development, nuclear safety, nuclear plants, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

Drawing on a dataset suitable for macroeconomic analysis, the paper provides an overview of the magnitudes, purpose and institutional implications of EU-related transfers to and from the new member states. A rough...

Cameroon

Cameroon »

Source: Cameroon : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Third Annual Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2006/260

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451808186

Keywords: road, expenditure, roads, road network, mtef

The Annual Progress Report for Cameroon assesses the major achievements of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper under the staff-monitored program (SMP). It highlights the coherence in government action, the introdu...

Cameroon
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Third Annual Progress Report

Cameroon : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Third Annual Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2006/260

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451808186.002

ISBN: 9781451808186

Keywords: road, expenditure, roads, road network, mtef

The Annual Progress Report for Cameroon assesses the major achievements of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper under the staff-monitored program (SMP). It highlights the coherence in government action, the introdu...

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation »

Volume/Issue: 2006/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863840.001

ISBN: 9781451863840

Keywords: aviation taxes, aviation fuel, fuel tax, airlines, airline, air transport, Air Transportation,

This paper examines the case for internationally coordinated indirect taxes on aviation (as a source of general revenue-not (necessarily) as a source of development finance). The case for such taxes is strong: the...

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation »

Source: Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Volume/Issue: 2006/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863840

Keywords: aviation taxes, aviation fuel, fuel tax, airlines, airline, air transport, Air Transportation,

This paper examines the case for internationally coordinated indirect taxes on aviation (as a source of general revenue-not (necessarily) as a source of development finance). The case for such taxes is strong: the...

Determinants of Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure

Determinants of Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure »

Source: Determinants of Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure

Volume/Issue: 2006/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue , Mona Hammami , and Jean-François Ruhashyankiko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863598

Keywords: Public-Private Partnerships, Infrastructures, telecommunication sector, telecommunications, private sector participation, toll roads, Publicly Provided Goods: Other, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation

This paper presents an empirical analysis of the cross-country and cross-industry determinants of public-private partnership (PPP) arrangements. We find that PPPs tend to be more common in countries where governmen...

Determinants of Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure

Determinants of Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure »

Volume/Issue: 2006/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue , Mona Hammami , and Jean-François Ruhashyankiko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863598.001

ISBN: 9781451863598

Keywords: Public-Private Partnerships, Infrastructures, telecommunication sector, telecommunications, private sector participation, toll roads, Publicly Provided Goods: Other, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation

This paper presents an empirical analysis of the cross-country and cross-industry determinants of public-private partnership (PPP) arrangements. We find that PPPs tend to be more common in countries where governmen...

Republic of the Marshall Islands
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of the Marshall Islands : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2006/97

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451825923.002

ISBN: 9781451825923

Keywords: rmi, tax revenue, fiscal management, fiscal sustainability, capital expenditure

This Selected Issues paper outlines economic developments in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) since independence in 1986, focusing on the challenges posed by dependence on foreign grants, and progress tow...

Republic of the Marshall Islands

Republic of the Marshall Islands »

Source: Republic of the Marshall Islands : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2006/97

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451825923

Keywords: rmi, tax revenue, fiscal management, fiscal sustainability, capital expenditure

This Selected Issues paper outlines economic developments in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) since independence in 1986, focusing on the challenges posed by dependence on foreign grants, and progress tow...

Public-Private Partnerships
			: A Public Economics Perspective

Public-Private Partnerships : A Public Economics Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2006/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863376.001

ISBN: 9781451863376

Keywords: private-finance initiative, build-operate-transfer, road, roads, traffic volume, access roads, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: Procurement

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) involve the supply by the private sector of infrastructure and services deriving from infrastructure assets which have traditionally been supplied by the public sector. PPPs are s...

Public-Private Partnerships

Public-Private Partnerships »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships : A Public Economics Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2006/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863376

Keywords: private-finance initiative, build-operate-transfer, road, roads, traffic volume, access roads, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: Procurement

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) involve the supply by the private sector of infrastructure and services deriving from infrastructure assets which have traditionally been supplied by the public sector. PPPs are s...

Zambia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Zambia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2005/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841244.002

ISBN: 9781451841244

Keywords: road, feeder roads, education, roads, access roads

This paper reviews Zambia's Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Implementation Progress Report. The report reviews the status of the Poverty Reducing Programs (PRPs) for July 2003-June 2004. It notes imp...

Republic of Zambia: Addendum to the Second PRSP Implementation Progress Report 2004

Republic of Zambia: Addendum to the Second PRSP Implementation Progress Report 2004 »

Source: Zambia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2005/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451841244

Keywords: road, feeder roads, education, roads, access roads

This paper reviews Zambia's Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Implementation Progress Report. The report reviews the status of the Poverty Reducing Programs (PRPs) for July 2003-June 2004. It notes imp...

Republic of Zambia: Second PRSP Implementation Progress Report 2004: Supplement on Policies and Objectives for 2005

Republic of Zambia: Second PRSP Implementation Progress Report 2004: Supplement on Policies and Objectives for 2005 »

Source: Zambia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2005/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451841244

Keywords: road, feeder roads, education, roads, access roads

This paper reviews Zambia's Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Implementation Progress Report. The report reviews the status of the Poverty Reducing Programs (PRPs) for July 2003-June 2004. It notes imp...

Zambia

Zambia »

Source: Zambia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2005/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451841244

Keywords: road, feeder roads, education, roads, access roads

This paper reviews Zambia's Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Implementation Progress Report. The report reviews the status of the Poverty Reducing Programs (PRPs) for July 2003-June 2004. It notes imp...

Cambodia

Cambodia »

Source: Cambodia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2004/333

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451821802

Keywords: road, roads, mtef, expenditure, expenditures

This paper examines Cambodia's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress. The Cambodian economy grew by 5.2 percent in 2003 compared with 5.5 percent in 2002, led by continued growth in garments exports, a rebound...

Cambodia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Cambodia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2004/333

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451821802.002

ISBN: 9781451821802

Keywords: road, roads, mtef, expenditure, expenditures

This paper examines Cambodia's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress. The Cambodian economy grew by 5.2 percent in 2003 compared with 5.5 percent in 2002, led by continued growth in garments exports, a rebound...

Zambia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Zambia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2004/181

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922097.002

ISBN: 9781451922097

Keywords: road, expenditure, roads, per, feeder roads

This paper reviews Zambia's First Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Implementation Progress Report covering January 2002-June 2003. The report describes the first one and half years of the implementation of t...

Zambia

Zambia »

Source: Zambia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2004/181

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451922097

Keywords: road, expenditure, roads, per, feeder roads

This paper reviews Zambia's First Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Implementation Progress Report covering January 2002-June 2003. The report describes the first one and half years of the implementation of t...

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso »

Source: Burkina Faso : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2004/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451803709

Keywords: rural roads, expenditure, per, rural development, rural road

Progress toward growth objectives suffered from exogenous shocks. A substantial improvement was observed in certain social indicators, particularly in the health and education sectors. The Poverty Reduction Strateg...

Burkina Faso
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Burkina Faso : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2004/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451803709.002

ISBN: 9781451803709

Keywords: rural roads, expenditure, per, rural development, rural road

Progress toward growth objectives suffered from exogenous shocks. A substantial improvement was observed in certain social indicators, particularly in the health and education sectors. The Poverty Reduction Strateg...

Cameroon

Cameroon »

Source: Cameroon : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2003/249

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451808056

Keywords: primary school, road, roads, primary education, road network

The paper provides an overview of recent economic and social developments in Cameroon. The state and the dynamics of poverty has been analyzed. The pillars of the short- and medium-term growth and poverty reduction...

Cameroon
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Cameroon : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2003/249

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451808056.002

ISBN: 9781451808056

Keywords: primary school, road, roads, primary education, road network

The paper provides an overview of recent economic and social developments in Cameroon. The state and the dynamics of poverty has been analyzed. The pillars of the short- and medium-term growth and poverty reduction...

Taxation and Pricing of Petroleum Products in Developing Countries
			: A Framework for Analysis with Application to Nigeria

Taxation and Pricing of Petroleum Products in Developing Countries : A Framework for Analysis with Application to Nigeria »

Volume/Issue: 2003/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shahabuddin Hossain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846232.001

ISBN: 9781451846232

Keywords: petroleum product prices, efficiency, equity, revenue, border prices, externalities, road user charge, road, per, expenditure

Using the modern theory of public economics as the point of departure, this paper outlines a basic principle for setting taxes and/or prices of commodities based on two key criteria, efficiency and equity. The pape...

Taxation and Pricing of Petroleum Products in Developing Countries

Taxation and Pricing of Petroleum Products in Developing Countries »

Source: Taxation and Pricing of Petroleum Products in Developing Countries : A Framework for Analysis with Application to Nigeria

Volume/Issue: 2003/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shahabuddin Hossain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451846232

Keywords: petroleum product prices, efficiency, equity, revenue, border prices, externalities, road user charge, road, per, expenditure

Using the modern theory of public economics as the point of departure, this paper outlines a basic principle for setting taxes and/or prices of commodities based on two key criteria, efficiency and equity. The pape...

Rationing Rules and Outcomes
			: The Experience of Singapore's Vehicle Quota System

Rationing Rules and Outcomes : The Experience of Singapore's Vehicle Quota System »

Volume/Issue: 2001/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ling Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855814.001

ISBN: 9781451855814

Keywords: licenses, transferability, subcategorization, motor vehicle, motor vehicles, bids, bidders, motorcycles, Licences,

Since 1990, Singapore has sought to control motor vehicle ownership by means of an auction quota system, whereby prospective vehicle buyers need to obtain a quota license before they can make their purchase. This p...

Rationing Rules and Outcomes

Rationing Rules and Outcomes »

Source: Rationing Rules and Outcomes : The Experience of Singapore's Vehicle Quota System

Volume/Issue: 2001/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ling Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451855814

Keywords: licenses, transferability, subcategorization, motor vehicle, motor vehicles, bids, bidders, motorcycles, Licences,

Since 1990, Singapore has sought to control motor vehicle ownership by means of an auction quota system, whereby prospective vehicle buyers need to obtain a quota license before they can make their purchase. This p...

Dedicated Road Funds

Dedicated Road Funds »

Source: Dedicated Road Funds : A Preliminary View on a World Bank Initiative

Volume/Issue: 1997/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Barry Potter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451971378

Keywords: Budgetary policy, World Bank, Road Funds, Budget Management Policy, Budget Policy, road, road maintenance, budget, road fund

In the past, Road Funds have been criticized as inconsistent with effective expenditure control, as distorting the allocation of public sector resources, and as incompatible with efficient management of government...

Dedicated Road Funds
			: A Preliminary View on a World Bank Initiative

Dedicated Road Funds : A Preliminary View on a World Bank Initiative »

Volume/Issue: 1997/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Barry Potter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971378.003

ISBN: 9781451971378

Keywords: Budgetary policy, World Bank, Road Funds, Budget Management Policy, Budget Policy, road, road maintenance, budget, road fund

In the past, Road Funds have been criticized as inconsistent with effective expenditure control, as distorting the allocation of public sector resources, and as incompatible with efficient management of government...

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes »

Volume/Issue: 1995/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nancy Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843613.001

ISBN: 9781451843613

Keywords: purchasing power parity, civil service

International comparison of economic aggregates, expressed in domestic currencies, requires their conversion into a common numeraire currency such as the U.S. dollar or the SDR. Since market (or official) exchange...

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes »

Source: A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

Volume/Issue: 1995/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nancy Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

ISBN: 9781451843613

Keywords: purchasing power parity, civil service

International comparison of economic aggregates, expressed in domestic currencies, requires their conversion into a common numeraire currency such as the U.S. dollar or the SDR. Since market (or official) exchange...

Robustness of Macroeconomic Indicators of Capital Mobility

Robustness of Macroeconomic Indicators of Capital Mobility »

Volume/Issue: 1992/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrique Mendoza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853391.001

ISBN: 9781451853391

Keywords: capital mobility, mobility, capital markets, risk aversion, capital controls, Research Department,

The performance of macroeconomic indicators of capital mobility is examined in the context of an intertemporal equilibrium model of a small open economy. Recursive numerical solution methods are used to compute mea...

Robustness of Macroeconomic Indicators of Capital Mobility

Robustness of Macroeconomic Indicators of Capital Mobility »

Source: Robustness of Macroeconomic Indicators of Capital Mobility

Volume/Issue: 1992/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrique Mendoza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

ISBN: 9781451853391

Keywords: capital mobility, mobility, capital markets, risk aversion, capital controls, Research Department,

The performance of macroeconomic indicators of capital mobility is examined in the context of an intertemporal equilibrium model of a small open economy. Recursive numerical solution methods are used to compute mea...

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries
			: Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights »

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845396.001

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...