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Energy, Efficiency Gains and Economic Development: When Will Global Energy Demand Saturate?

Energy, Efficiency Gains and Economic Development: When Will Global Energy Demand Saturate? »

Source: Energy, Efficiency Gains and Economic Development: When Will Global Energy Demand Saturate?

Volume/Issue: 2020/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Bogmans , Lama Kiyasseh , Akito Matsumoto , and Andrea Pescatori

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513561240

Keywords: Personal income, Manufacturing, Consumption, Energy prices, Oil prices, Energy demand, economic growth, climate change, WP, income elasticity

Not anytime soon. Using a novel dataset covering 127 countries and spanning two centuries, we find evidence for an energy Kuznets curve, with an initial decline of energy demand at low levels of per capita income f...

Energy, Efficiency Gains and Economic Development: When Will Global Energy Demand Saturate?

Energy, Efficiency Gains and Economic Development: When Will Global Energy Demand Saturate? »

Volume/Issue: 2020/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Bogmans , Lama Kiyasseh , Akito Matsumoto , and Andrea Pescatori

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561240.001

ISBN: 9781513561240

Keywords: Personal income, Manufacturing, Consumption, Energy prices, Oil prices, Energy demand, economic growth, climate change, WP, income elasticity

Not anytime soon. Using a novel dataset covering 127 countries and spanning two centuries, we find evidence for an energy Kuznets curve, with an initial decline of energy demand at low levels of per capita income f...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514017.086

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Economic activity in Europe has slowed on the back of weakness in trade and manufacturing. For most of the region, the slowdown remains externally driven. However, some signs of softer domestic demand have started...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Economic activity in Europe has slowed on the back of weakness in trade and manufacturing. For most of the region, the slowdown remains externally driven. However, some signs of softer domestic demand have started...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Economic activity in Europe has slowed on the back of weakness in trade and manufacturing. For most of the region, the slowdown remains externally driven. However, some signs of softer domestic demand have s...

1. Facing Spillovers from Trade and Manufacturing

1. Facing Spillovers from Trade and Manufacturing »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Figure 1.1. Global Trade and Manufacturing Sources: IMF, Global Data Source; and IMF...

2. Wage Growth and Inflation in Europe: A Puzzle?

2. Wage Growth and Inflation in Europe: A Puzzle? »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Wages have been rising faster than productivity in many European countries, yet signs of underlying consumer price pressures remain limited. To shed light on this pu...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320450.001

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Source: Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data »

Volume/Issue: 2019/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dongyeol Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498315845.001

ISBN: 9781498315845

Keywords: External shocks, Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Business cycles, Industrial structure, Business Cycle, Comovement, Trade Linkage, Vertical Linkage, Korean economy

Through the 2000s, Korea's export and import linkages to advanced and emerging markets increased significantly. At the same time, the correlation of output growth between Korea and these economies rose. This paper...

Transmission of Domestic and External Shocks through Input-Output Network: Evidence from Korean Industries

Transmission of Domestic and External Shocks through Input-Output Network: Evidence from Korean Industries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dongyeol Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498315821.001

ISBN: 9781498315821

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Supply and demand, Business cycles, Manufacturing sector, Transmission of Shocks, Vertical Linkage, Trade Linkage, Aggregate Fluctuations, Korean economy

In the last two decades, manufacturing industries in Korea have become more concentrated, and interconnectedness across industries and to foreign countries has risen via vertical relationships and trade linkages. T...

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data1

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data1 »

Source: Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data

Volume/Issue: 2019/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dongyeol Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498315845

Keywords: External shocks, Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Business cycles, Industrial structure, Business Cycle, Comovement, Trade Linkage, Vertical Linkage, Korean economy

Through the 2000s, Korea's export and import linkages to advanced and emerging markets increased significantly. At the same time, the correlation of output growth between Korea and these economies rose. This paper...

Transmission of Domestic and External Shocks through Input-Output Network: Evidence from Korean Industries1

Transmission of Domestic and External Shocks through Input-Output Network: Evidence from Korean Industries1 »

Source: Transmission of Domestic and External Shocks through Input-Output Network: Evidence from Korean Industries

Volume/Issue: 2019/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dongyeol Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498315821

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Supply and demand, Business cycles, Manufacturing sector, Transmission of Shocks, Vertical Linkage, Trade Linkage, Aggregate Fluctuations, Korean economy

In the last two decades, manufacturing industries in Korea have become more concentrated, and interconnectedness across industries and to foreign countries has risen via vertical relationships and trade linkages. T...

Firm Size, Life Cycle Dynamics and Growth Constraints: Evidence from Mexico*

Firm Size, Life Cycle Dynamics and Growth Constraints: Evidence from Mexico* »

Source: Firm Size, Life Cycle Dynamics and Growth Constraints: Evidence from Mexico

Volume/Issue: 2019/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Saborowski , and Florian Misch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498311137

Keywords: Social security, Economic growth, Development, Services industry, Manufacturing sector, Firm size, Firm growth, Life cycle dynamics, Distortions, Klenow

This paper examines the variation in life cycle growth across the universe of Mexican firms. We establish two stylized facts to motivate our analysis: first, we show that firm size matters for development by illust...

Firm Size, Life Cycle Dynamics and Growth Constraints: Evidence from Mexico

Firm Size, Life Cycle Dynamics and Growth Constraints: Evidence from Mexico »

Volume/Issue: 2019/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Saborowski , and Florian Misch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498311137.001

ISBN: 9781498311137

Keywords: Social security, Economic growth, Development, Services industry, Manufacturing sector, Firm size, Firm growth, Life cycle dynamics, Distortions, Klenow

This paper examines the variation in life cycle growth across the universe of Mexican firms. We establish two stylized facts to motivate our analysis: first, we show that firm size matters for development by illust...

Global Declining Competition1

Global Declining Competition1 »

Source: Global Declining Competition

Volume/Issue: 2019/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Jiayue Fan , and Carolina Villegas-Sánchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498311113

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Employment, Production, Production functions, Markups, Market power, TFP, Firm size, markup

Using a new firm-level dataset on private and listed firms from 20 countries, we document five stylized facts on market power in global markets. First, competition has declined around the world, measured as a moder...

Global Declining Competition

Global Declining Competition »

Volume/Issue: 2019/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Jiayue Fan , and Carolina Villegas-Sánchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498311113.001

ISBN: 9781498311113

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Employment, Production, Production functions, Markups, Market power, TFP, Firm size, markup

Using a new firm-level dataset on private and listed firms from 20 countries, we document five stylized facts on market power in global markets. First, competition has declined around the world, measured as a moder...

Sector-Level Productivity, Structural Change, and Rebalancing in China

Sector-Level Productivity, Structural Change, and Rebalancing in China »

Volume/Issue: 2013/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malhar Nabar , and Kai Yan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475525854.001

ISBN: 9781475525854

Keywords: structural change, service sector, manufacturing sector, productivity growth, industrial sector, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Asia including Middle East,

This paper studies structural changes underlying China's remarkable and unprecedented growth in recent years. While patterns of structural transformation across China's provinces are broadly in line with internatio...

Sector-Level Productivity, Structural Change, and Rebalancing in China

Sector-Level Productivity, Structural Change, and Rebalancing in China »

Source: Sector-Level Productivity, Structural Change, and Rebalancing in China

Volume/Issue: 2013/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malhar Nabar , and Kai Yan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475525854

Keywords: structural change, service sector, manufacturing sector, productivity growth, industrial sector, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Asia including Middle East,

This paper studies structural changes underlying China's remarkable and unprecedented growth in recent years. While patterns of structural transformation across China's provinces are broadly in line with internatio...

Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Source: Anchoring Growth : The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , and Robert Tchaidze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2013

ISBN: 9781616357290

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developing countries, Economic growth, Agricultural sector, Fiscal reforms, Manufacturing sector, Labor markets, Labor productivity, Services sector, Total factor productivity

Fostering and sustaining robust economic growth is an imperative across advanced, emerging, and low-income countries alike. Countries will need to focus on supply-side reforms to raise their potential output and an...

Anchoring Growth
			: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Anchoring Growth : The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , and Robert Tchaidze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616357290.006

ISBN: 9781616357290

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developing countries, Economic growth, Agricultural sector, Fiscal reforms, Manufacturing sector, Labor markets, Labor productivity, Services sector, Total factor productivity

Fostering and sustaining robust economic growth is an imperative across advanced, emerging, and low-income countries alike. Countries will need to focus on supply-side reforms to raise their potential output and an...

The Impact of Uncertainty Shocks on the UK Economy

The Impact of Uncertainty Shocks on the UK Economy »

Volume/Issue: 2013/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephanie Denis , and Prakash Kannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552690.001

ISBN: 9781475552690

Keywords: Uncertainty, industrial production, unemployment, recession, unemployment rate, General, GBR,

This paper quantifies the economic impact of uncertainty shocks in the UK using data that span the recent Great Recession. We find that uncertainty shocks have a significant impact on economic activity in the UK, d...

The Impact of Uncertainty Shocks on the UK Economy

The Impact of Uncertainty Shocks on the UK Economy »

Source: The Impact of Uncertainty Shocks on the UK Economy

Volume/Issue: 2013/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephanie Denis , and Prakash Kannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

ISBN: 9781475552690

Keywords: Uncertainty, industrial production, unemployment, recession, unemployment rate, General, GBR,

This paper quantifies the economic impact of uncertainty shocks in the UK using data that span the recent Great Recession. We find that uncertainty shocks have a significant impact on economic activity in the UK, d...

J-Curve of Productivity and Growth
			: Indian Manufacturing Post-Liberalization

J-Curve of Productivity and Growth : Indian Manufacturing Post-Liberalization »

Volume/Issue: 2011/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Virmani , and Danish Hashim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455298730.001

ISBN: 9781455298730

Keywords: Indian manufacturing, productivity &;amp;#x0026; output growth, J-curve hypothesis, productivity growth, output growth, manufacturing sector, import liberalization, manufacturing industries, One, Two

Most estimates of Indian manufacturing productivity find a slowdown in the 1990s. This has puzzled analysts, given that 1990s reforms were deeper and wider than the 1980s reforms that raised the growth rate of the...

J-Curve of Productivity and Growth

J-Curve of Productivity and Growth »

Source: J-Curve of Productivity and Growth : Indian Manufacturing Post-Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 2011/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Virmani , and Danish Hashim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455298730

Keywords: Indian manufacturing, productivity &;amp;#x0026; output growth, J-curve hypothesis, productivity growth, output growth, manufacturing sector, import liberalization, manufacturing industries, One, Two

Most estimates of Indian manufacturing productivity find a slowdown in the 1990s. This has puzzled analysts, given that 1990s reforms were deeper and wider than the 1980s reforms that raised the growth rate of the...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Source: Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498331319.007

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Source: Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849370.001

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

Article VIII, Section 2(b), of the Fund Agreement and the Unenforceability of Certain Exchange Contracts: A Note

Article VIII, Section 2(b), of the Fund Agreement and the Unenforceability of Certain Exchange Contracts: A Note »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 4 No. 2

Volume: IV

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1955

ISBN: 9781451960150

Keywords: raw materials, member country, manufactured goods, liberalization of trade, quantitative restrictions

This paper reviews the impact of liberalization of intra-European trade in the framework of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). Commercial relations have been most intensive between the indus...

Canada’s Capital Inflow, 1946–53

Canada’s Capital Inflow, 1946–53 »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 4 No. 2

Volume: IV

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1955

ISBN: 9781451960150

Keywords: raw materials, member country, manufactured goods, liberalization of trade, quantitative restrictions

This paper reviews the impact of liberalization of intra-European trade in the framework of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). Commercial relations have been most intensive between the indus...

Financial Accounts in a System of Economic Accounts

Financial Accounts in a System of Economic Accounts »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 4 No. 2

Volume: IV

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1955

ISBN: 9781451960150

Keywords: raw materials, member country, manufactured goods, liberalization of trade, quantitative restrictions

This paper reviews the impact of liberalization of intra-European trade in the framework of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). Commercial relations have been most intensive between the indus...

Foreign Exchange Budgets in Latin America

Foreign Exchange Budgets in Latin America »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 4 No. 2

Volume: IV

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1955

ISBN: 9781451960150

Keywords: raw materials, member country, manufactured goods, liberalization of trade, quantitative restrictions

This paper reviews the impact of liberalization of intra-European trade in the framework of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). Commercial relations have been most intensive between the indus...

IMF Staff papers
			: Volume 4 No. 2

IMF Staff papers : Volume 4 No. 2 »

Volume: IV

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1955

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960150.024

ISBN: 9781451960150

Keywords: raw materials, member country, manufactured goods, liberalization of trade, quantitative restrictions

This paper reviews the impact of liberalization of intra-European trade in the framework of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). Commercial relations have been most intensive between the indus...

India’s Postwar Demand for Imports

India’s Postwar Demand for Imports »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 4 No. 2

Volume: IV

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1955

ISBN: 9781451960150

Keywords: raw materials, member country, manufactured goods, liberalization of trade, quantitative restrictions

This paper reviews the impact of liberalization of intra-European trade in the framework of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). Commercial relations have been most intensive between the indus...

Latin American Medium-Term Import Stabilization Policies and the Adequacy of Reserves

Latin American Medium-Term Import Stabilization Policies and the Adequacy of Reserves »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 4 No. 2

Volume: IV

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1955

ISBN: 9781451960150

Keywords: raw materials, member country, manufactured goods, liberalization of trade, quantitative restrictions

This paper reviews the impact of liberalization of intra-European trade in the framework of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). Commercial relations have been most intensive between the indus...

The Liberalization of Intra-European Trade in the Framework of OEEC

The Liberalization of Intra-European Trade in the Framework of OEEC »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 4 No. 2

Volume: IV

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1955

ISBN: 9781451960150

Keywords: raw materials, member country, manufactured goods, liberalization of trade, quantitative restrictions

This paper reviews the impact of liberalization of intra-European trade in the framework of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). Commercial relations have been most intensive between the indus...