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Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320450.001

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheikh Gueye , Asithandile Mbelu , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498317795.001

ISBN: 9781498317795

Keywords: Bank credit, Commodity price shocks, Oil prices, Oil revenues, Oil exporting countries, Oil price, non-performing loans, credit growth, deposit growth, bank ownership

This paper studies the impact of declining oil prices on banks in sub-Saharan African oil-exporting countries. Results indicate that banks respond differently to an oil shock depending on their ownership: (i) domes...

If Not Now, When? Energy Price Reform in Arab Countries; April 2017 Rabat, Morocco

If Not Now, When? Energy Price Reform in Arab Countries; April 2017 Rabat, Morocco »

Volume/Issue: 2017/030

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498346733.007

ISBN: 9781498346733

Keywords: Social safety nets, Economic conditions, Oil prices, Purchasing power, Price controls, oil importer, energy price, reference price, energy subsidy, price gap

Regulating energy prices has been a common practice around the world. The objective is, generally, to facilitate access to energy products, which are central to people's well-being and countries' economic developme...

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/012

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498347044.007

ISBN: 9781498347044

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Accounting, Accounting systems, Agricultural subsidies, Agriculture, Anti-money laundering, Arrears policy, Balance sheets, Budgeting, Budgets

This is a high-level report on progress in addressing recurring issues identified by the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). The Board endorsed the proposal in the Chairman's Summing Up for the Independent Evaluat...

Winning the Oil Lottery
			: The Impact of Natural Resource Extraction on Growth

Winning the Oil Lottery : The Impact of Natural Resource Extraction on Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2016/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tiago Cavalcanti , Daniel Da Mata , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513587752.001

ISBN: 9781513587752

Keywords: Oil and Gas, Urbanization, oil, drilling, oil discoveries, oil production, gas, General, All Countries,

This paper provides evidence of the causal impact of oil discoveries on development. Novel data on the drilling of 20,000 oil wells in Brazil allows us to exploit a quasi-experiment: Municipalities where oil was di...

Republic of Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique »

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513539065.002

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences?

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/064

Series: Policy Papers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498343916.007

ISBN: 9781498343916

Keywords: Oil product prices, Demand elasticity, Energy prices, Oil prices, Pricing policy, energy price, GCC country, energy product, electricity tariff, GCC

Energy prices in the GCC countries are low by international standards. These low prices have co-existed with rapid economic development in the region over the past 50 years, but the costs of this policy have also r...

Excerpt: Power Play
			: Energy and Manufacturing in North America

Excerpt: Power Play : Energy and Manufacturing in North America »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513527628.073

ISBN: 9781513527628

Keywords: North American Free Trade Agreement, Economic integration, Energy sector, Foreign investment, Oil prices, MISC PUBS, energy price, electricity price, energy production, gas production

Excerpt: Power Play...

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Roberto Cardarelli , and Lusine Lusinyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550787.073

ISBN: 9781513550787

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte...

Norway
			: Selected Issues

Norway : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513503165.002

ISBN: 9781513503165

Keywords: oil, gas, oil and gas, oil prices, gas sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Norway's economy that has a maturing oil and gas industry. Norway's half century of good fortune from its oil and gas wealth may have peaked. Oil and gas production will continue...

Iraq
			: Selected Issues

Iraq : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/236

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513521923.002

ISBN: 9781513521923

Keywords: oil, energy, prices

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the Iraqi oil sector and analyzes the developments and prospects after the twin shock. The Iraqi economy was affected by the two major challenges during 2014-ISIS insurgency an...

Malaysia
			: Selected Issues

Malaysia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498345767.002

ISBN: 9781498345767

Keywords: oil, energy, prices, gas

This Selected Issues paper examines the implications of lower crude oil prices on Malaysia's economy. Although Malaysia's net oil exports are now very small as a share of GDP, its gas exports are sizeable. The pape...

Mexico
			: Selected Issues

Mexico : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/320

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498395434.002

ISBN: 9781498395434

Keywords: gas, energy, natural gas, oil, electricity

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the impact of Mexico's energy reform on hydrocarbons production. These reforms aim to increase oil and gas production by eliminating the state oil company's (PEMEX) monopoly on e...

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers »

Volume/Issue: 2014/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498342926.007

ISBN: 9781498342926

Keywords: Bilateral surveillance, Financial risk, Macroprudential Policy, Monetary policy, Multilateral surveillance, Spillovers, Surveillance, Asset prices, Assets, Balance sheets

...

Case Studies on Energy Subsidy Reform-Lessons and Implications - Supplement

Case Studies on Energy Subsidy Reform-Lessons and Implications - Supplement »

Volume/Issue: 2013/005

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498342407.007

ISBN: 9781498342407

Keywords: Background papers, Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Oil, Subsidies, Economic conditions, Fiscal sector

This supplement presents country case studies reviewing energy subsidy reform experiences, which are the basis for the reform lessons identified in the main paper. The selection of countries for the case studies re...

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2013/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498342391.007

ISBN: 9781498342391

Keywords: Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Subsidies, Social safety nets, Consumer subsidies, Economic growth, Government expenditures, Oil exporting countries, energy subsidy

Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. While aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd-out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond?

Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Jose Gijon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455266449.001

ISBN: 9781455266449

Keywords: Gas exporters, Energy economics, Vector autoregressions, gas prices, oil prices, gas exports, gas price, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation, Open Economy Macroeconomics

We show that US natural gas prices have decoupled from oil prices following substantial institutional and technological changes. We then examine how this interrelationship has evolved in Europe using data for Alger...

Algeria
			: Selected Issues Paper

Algeria : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2011/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455216604.002

ISBN: 9781455216604

Keywords: gas prices, oil prices, gas exports, gas production

This paper assesses recent developments in gas markets and the implications for Algerian gas demand and prices. Algeria's gas production is stable but its share in global gas production has been on a downward trend...

Nepal - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank

Nepal - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank »

Volume/Issue: 2008/001

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498334075.007

ISBN: 9781498334075

Keywords: Asian Development Bank, Assessment letters, Currency pegs, Economic growth, Accounting, Auditing, Bank licensing, Banking systems, Banks, Budget coverage

Assessment Letters or Statements may be prepared for member countries with Fund-supported programs; receiving Fund emergency assistance; with staff-monitored programs; or surveillance-only cases. They are typically...

IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14 »

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451938630.023

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007

IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007 »

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929805.026

ISBN: 9781451929805

Keywords: oil prices, oil market, oil sector, oil revenues, higher oil prices

IMF research summaries on (1) oil market developments and the global economy (by Selim Elekdag), and (2) credit booms (by Marco Terrones); country study on India (by Helene Poirson); call for papers for November 20...

Ukraine
			: Selected Issues

Ukraine : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2007/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451839098.002

ISBN: 9781451839098

Keywords: energy, tariffs, energy sector, international monetary fund

This Selected Issues paper analyses the impact that rising energy import prices might have on growth and inflation in Ukraine. The paper examines how rising gas prices might elevate macrofiscal risks in Ukraine's s...

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2006/329

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451835090.002

ISBN: 9781451835090

Keywords: oil fields, oil resources, oil exploration, oil companies, Sao Tome and Principe,

The paper reviews the background and the existing institutional framework for oil sector development in São Tomé and Príncipe and the challenges faced in implementing transparency rules in all oil-related transacti...

United Kingdom
			: Selected Issues

United Kingdom : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2006/87

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814309.002

ISBN: 9781451814309

Keywords: energy, energy price, energy production

This Selected Issues paper on the United Kingdom reviews the IMF's Global Economy Model, which incorporates energy to examine the impact of rising energy prices on the United Kingdom. The model incorporates energy...

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon
			: Why Does it Matter?

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon : Why Does it Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972535.003

ISBN: 9781451946123

Keywords: Cameroon, Fiscal transparency, Governance, Oil producing countries, Oil sector, Transparency, African economies, EITI, oil revenue, public expenditure

There has been a growing recognition of the importance of transparency for economic growth and social development in oil producing countries. This paper analyzes transparency issues in Cameroon's oil sector. It sho...

India
			: Selected Issues

India : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2006/56

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451818635.002

ISBN: 9781451818635

Keywords: petroleum products, natural gas, petroleum prices, crude oil

This Selected Issues paper for India reports that rapid growth is presenting new challenges to macroeconomic policy, although ensuring the sustainability of this growth requires broad-based fiscal and structural re...

Republic of Kazakhstan
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2005/240

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451820966.002

ISBN: 9781451820966

Keywords: oil sector, hydrocarbon sector, oil extraction

This Selected Issues paper on the Republic of Kazakhstan underlies growth of the non-oil sector, fiscal management of oil wealth, and bank credit growth. The share of tradables in the non-oil sector has declined si...

Angola
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Angola : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2005/125

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451800531.002

ISBN: 9781451800531

Keywords: oil prices, oil production, oil companies

This Selected Issues paper on Angola reports that oil production in Angola accounts for about half of GDP and about 75 percent of government revenue. The projections for the government's fiscal position in the medi...

What Hinders Investment in the Oil Sector?

What Hinders Investment in the Oil Sector? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/021

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498331838.007

ISBN: 9781498331838

Keywords: Economic growth, Investment, Oil revenues, Oil sector, Oil producing countries, Oil production, Oil prices, Foreign investment, PP, non-OPEC

...

Azerbaijan Republic
			: Selected Issues

Azerbaijan Republic : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2005/17

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451802665.002

ISBN: 9781451802665

Keywords: natural gas, oil products, oil prices, petroleum products, gas prices

This Selected Issues paper on Azerbaijan Republic reports that the government has made substantial progress in dealing with energy-related subsidies. The domestic market for oil products has been tightly regulated...

Trinidad and Tobago
			: Selected Issues

Trinidad and Tobago : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2005/6

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451837636.002

ISBN: 9781451837636

Keywords: natural gas, crude oil, oil and gas, oil production, lng

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the energy sector and labor market developments in Trinidad and Tobago. It discusses monetary and exchange rate policy and describes the institutional setting and economic struct...

Republic of Kazakhstan
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2003/211

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451820904.002

ISBN: 9781451820904

Keywords: crude oil, oil and gas, natural gas, petroleum sector, million barrels

This Selected Issues paper reviews the developments, issues, and prospects of the petroleum sector of Kazakhstan, and analyzes the recent strong economic growth, the links between the oil and the non-oil sector, an...

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy
			: The Case of Romania

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy : The Case of Romania »

Volume/Issue: 2003/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974546.003

ISBN: 9781451974546

Keywords: Europe, European Economic and Monetary Union, Social security, Romania, energy sector, quasi-fiscal activities, macroeconomic stabilization, transition, energy, natural gas

This paper assesses the main issues faced by the energy sector in a transition economy such as Romania and their macroeconomic dimension. It examines how the size of quasi-fiscal subsidies, owing mainly to inapprop...

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451968958.003

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

Republic of Kazakhstan
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2002/64

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451820850.002

ISBN: 9781451820850

Keywords: petroleum exports, petroleum production, pipeline system, petroleum sector, pipeline capacity, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs,

This Selected Issues paper presents a brief overview of developments and prospects for the petroleum sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The paper conducts a comprehensive assessment of fiscal vulnerability, fisc...