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Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil »

Volume/Issue: 2020/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nooman Rebei , and Rashid Sbia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513528601.001

ISBN: 9781513528601

Keywords: Oil prices, Supply and demand, Oil production, Purchasing power parity, Real sector, Oil market, Vector autoregressions, Narrative analysis, Bayesian estimation, Kalman filtering

This paper documents the determinants of real oil price in the global market based on SVAR model embedding transitory and permanent shocks on oil demand and supply as well as speculative disturbances. We find evide...

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil1

Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil1 »

Source: Transitory and Permanent Shocks in the Global Market for Crude Oil

Volume/Issue: 2020/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nooman Rebei , and Rashid Sbia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513528601

Keywords: Oil prices, Supply and demand, Oil production, Purchasing power parity, Real sector, Oil market, Vector autoregressions, Narrative analysis, Bayesian estimation, Kalman filtering

This paper documents the determinants of real oil price in the global market based on SVAR model embedding transitory and permanent shocks on oil demand and supply as well as speculative disturbances. We find evide...

Myanmar
			: Technical Assistance Report-External Sector Statistics Mission

Myanmar : Technical Assistance Report-External Sector Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2020/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513530345.002

ISBN: 9781513530345

Keywords: External sector statistics, International investment position, Foreign investment, Foreign banks, Oil sector, ISCR, CR, DICA, FDIS, awareness workshop

This Technical Assistance (TA) report on Myanmar presents outcomes and priority recommendations of mission on external sector statistics (ESS) for the Directorate of Investment and Company Administration (DICA). In...

Myanmar

Myanmar »

Source: Myanmar : Technical Assistance Report-External Sector Statistics Mission

Volume/Issue: 2020/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530345

Keywords: External sector statistics, International investment position, Foreign investment, Foreign banks, Oil sector, ISCR, CR, DICA, FDIS, awareness workshop

This Technical Assistance (TA) report on Myanmar presents outcomes and priority recommendations of mission on external sector statistics (ESS) for the Directorate of Investment and Company Administration (DICA). In...

Colombia

Colombia »

Source: Colombia : Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing

Volume/Issue: 2019/344

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 November 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513520650

Keywords: ISCR, CR, fuel product, CREG, reference price, decile, external stakeholders

Energy Subsidy Reform is a key pillar of Colombia's national development plan. Rising fiscal challenges in Colombia-which have been exacerbated by the adjustment costs associated with recent large migration flows f...

Colombia

Colombia »

Source: Colombia : Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing

Volume/Issue: 2019/344

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513520629

Keywords: Producer prices, Oil prices, Social safety nets, Energy prices, Purchasing power, ISCR, CR, fuel product, CREG, reference price

This paper on Colombia focuses on reforming energy pricing. Rising fiscal challenges in Colombia can risk derailing the government from their commitment to meet both its headline deficit target of 2.4 percent in 20...

Colombia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing

Colombia : Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing »

Volume/Issue: 2019/344

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 November 2019

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513520650.002

ISBN: 9781513520650

Keywords: ISCR, CR, fuel product, CREG, reference price, decile, external stakeholders

Energy Subsidy Reform is a key pillar of Colombia's national development plan. Rising fiscal challenges in Colombia-which have been exacerbated by the adjustment costs associated with recent large migration flows f...

Colombia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing

Colombia : Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing »

Volume/Issue: 2019/344

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513520629.002

ISBN: 9781513520629

Keywords: Producer prices, Oil prices, Social safety nets, Energy prices, Purchasing power, ISCR, CR, fuel product, CREG, reference price

This paper on Colombia focuses on reforming energy pricing. Rising fiscal challenges in Colombia can risk derailing the government from their commitment to meet both its headline deficit target of 2.4 percent in 20...

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Shan Chen , Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , Swarnali Hannan , and Adil Mohommad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513518312.001

ISBN: 9781513518312

Keywords: Bilateral trade, Balance of trade, Patterns of trade, Trading systems, Trade policy, Managed trade deal, spillover effects., WP, extra purchase, size-based

The trade discussions between the U.S. and China are on-going. Not much is known about the shape and nature of a potential agreement, but it seems possible that it would include elements of managed trade. This pape...

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?1

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?1 »

Source: Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?

Volume/Issue: 2019/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Shan Chen , Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , Swarnali Hannan , and Adil Mohommad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513518312

Keywords: Bilateral trade, Balance of trade, Patterns of trade, Trading systems, Trade policy, Managed trade deal, spillover effects., WP, extra purchase, size-based

The trade discussions between the U.S. and China are on-going. Not much is known about the shape and nature of a potential agreement, but it seems possible that it would include elements of managed trade. This pape...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

4. Capital Flows to MENAP and the CCA: Opportunities and Risks

4. Capital Flows to MENAP and the CCA: Opportunities and Risks »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Capital flows to the Middle East and Central Asian countries have been resilient even as global financial conditions tightened in 2014–16. Such flows have helped finance current account and fisc...

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Boosting Competitiveness for Higher and More Inclusive Growth

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Boosting Competitiveness for Higher and More Inclusive Growth »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Global trade tensions and slowing growth in key trading partners are affecting the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region. However, despite a decline in export growth, growth will remain broadly...

5. Fiscal Institutions and Fiscal Outcomes

5. Fiscal Institutions and Fiscal Outcomes »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Countries in the Middle East and Central Asia are facing significant fiscal challenges, amid volatile oil prices, subdued growth, and conflicts. Weak fiscal institutions have contributed to spen...

Global Developments: Implications for the Middle East and Central Asia Region

Global Developments: Implications for the Middle East and Central Asia Region »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Global developments continue to impact the Middle East and Central Asia (MCD) region. Average growth worldwide has once more been revised down and is anticipated to...

1. MENAP Oil-Exporting Countries: Transitioning to a Sustainable Fiscal Position and Higher Growth

1. MENAP Oil-Exporting Countries: Transitioning to a Sustainable Fiscal Position and Higher Growth »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Growth in the near term remains subdued for oil exporters in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, amid volatile oil prices, precarious global growth, elevated...

2. MENAP Oil-Importing Countries: Addressing Fiscal Challenges amid Social Pressures

2. MENAP Oil-Importing Countries: Addressing Fiscal Challenges amid Social Pressures »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Growth in oil-importing countries in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region is expected to be muted in coming years, and lower than comparators. High public debt...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514000.086

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Growth in the near term remains subdued for oil exporters in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, amid volatile oil prices, precarious global growth, elevated fiscal vulnerabilit...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Growth in the near term remains subdued for oil exporters in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, amid volatile oil prices, precarious global growth, elevated fiscal vulnerabilit...

Lebanon
			: Selected Issues

Lebanon : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/313

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513517070.002

ISBN: 9781513517070

Keywords: Energy sector, Tariff structures, Capital expenditure, Energy policy, Purchasing power, ISCR, CR, private generator, electricity sector, non-technical

This Selected Issues on Lebanon studies the inefficiencies related to the electricity sector and assesses the potential impact of the 2019 reform plan. The paper also focuses on its impact on business competitivene...

Lebanon

Lebanon »

Source: Lebanon : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/313

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513517070

Keywords: Energy sector, Tariff structures, Capital expenditure, Energy policy, Purchasing power, ISCR, CR, private generator, electricity sector, non-technical

This Selected Issues on Lebanon studies the inefficiencies related to the electricity sector and assesses the potential impact of the 2019 reform plan. The paper also focuses on its impact on business competitivene...

Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17

Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17 »

Source: Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17

Volume/Issue: 2019/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Majdi Debbich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514567

Keywords: Oil producing countries, National income, Oil production, Economic growth, Development, conflict, nighttime lights, WP, nightlights, real GDP

This paper uses an untapped source of satellite-recorded nightlights and gas flaring data to characterize the contraction of economic activity in Yemen throughout the ongoing conflict that erupted in 2015. Using es...

Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17

Assessing Oil and Non-Oil GDP Growth from Space: An Application to Yemen 2012-17 »

Volume/Issue: 2019/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Majdi Debbich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514567.001

ISBN: 9781513514567

Keywords: Oil producing countries, National income, Oil production, Economic growth, Development, conflict, nighttime lights, WP, nightlights, real GDP

This paper uses an untapped source of satellite-recorded nightlights and gas flaring data to characterize the contraction of economic activity in Yemen throughout the ongoing conflict that erupted in 2015. Using es...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320450.001

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Source: Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks »

Source: Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Volume/Issue: 2019/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheikh Gueye , Asithandile Mbelu , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498317795

Keywords: Bank credit, Commodity price shocks, Oil prices, Oil revenues, Oil exporting countries, Oil price, non-performing loans, credit growth, deposit growth, bank ownership

This paper studies the impact of declining oil prices on banks in sub-Saharan African oil-exporting countries. Results indicate that banks respond differently to an oil shock depending on their ownership: (i) domes...

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheikh Gueye , Asithandile Mbelu , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498317795.001

ISBN: 9781498317795

Keywords: Bank credit, Commodity price shocks, Oil prices, Oil revenues, Oil exporting countries, Oil price, non-performing loans, credit growth, deposit growth, bank ownership

This paper studies the impact of declining oil prices on banks in sub-Saharan African oil-exporting countries. Results indicate that banks respond differently to an oil shock depending on their ownership: (i) domes...

If Not Now, When? Energy Price Reform in Arab Countries; April 2017 Rabat, Morocco

If Not Now, When? Energy Price Reform in Arab Countries; April 2017 Rabat, Morocco »

Source: If Not Now, When? Energy Price Reform in Arab Countries; April 2017 Rabat, Morocco

Volume/Issue: 2017/030

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2017

ISBN: 9781498346733

Keywords: Social safety nets, Economic conditions, Oil prices, Purchasing power, Price controls, oil importer, energy price, reference price, energy subsidy, price gap

Regulating energy prices has been a common practice around the world. The objective is, generally, to facilitate access to energy products, which are central to people's well-being and countries' economic developme...

If Not Now, When? Energy Price Reform in Arab Countries; April 2017 Rabat, Morocco

If Not Now, When? Energy Price Reform in Arab Countries; April 2017 Rabat, Morocco »

Volume/Issue: 2017/030

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498346733.007

ISBN: 9781498346733

Keywords: Social safety nets, Economic conditions, Oil prices, Purchasing power, Price controls, oil importer, energy price, reference price, energy subsidy, price gap

Regulating energy prices has been a common practice around the world. The objective is, generally, to facilitate access to energy products, which are central to people's well-being and countries' economic developme...

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues »

Source: High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues

Volume/Issue: 2017/012

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2017

ISBN: 9781498347044

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Accounting, Accounting systems, Agricultural subsidies, Agriculture, Anti-money laundering, Arrears policy, Balance sheets, Budgeting, Budgets

This is a high-level report on progress in addressing recurring issues identified by the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). The Board endorsed the proposal in the Chairman's Summing Up for the Independent Evaluat...

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/012

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498347044.007

ISBN: 9781498347044

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Accounting, Accounting systems, Agricultural subsidies, Agriculture, Anti-money laundering, Arrears policy, Balance sheets, Budgeting, Budgets

This is a high-level report on progress in addressing recurring issues identified by the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). The Board endorsed the proposal in the Chairman's Summing Up for the Independent Evaluat...

Winning the Oil Lottery
			: The Impact of Natural Resource Extraction on Growth

Winning the Oil Lottery : The Impact of Natural Resource Extraction on Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2016/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tiago Cavalcanti , Daniel Da Mata , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513587752.001

ISBN: 9781513587752

Keywords: Oil and Gas, Urbanization, oil, drilling, oil discoveries, oil production, gas, General, All Countries,

This paper provides evidence of the causal impact of oil discoveries on development. Novel data on the drilling of 20,000 oil wells in Brazil allows us to exploit a quasi-experiment: Municipalities where oil was di...

Winning the Oil Lottery

Winning the Oil Lottery »

Source: Winning the Oil Lottery : The Impact of Natural Resource Extraction on Growth

Volume/Issue: 2016/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tiago Cavalcanti , Daniel Da Mata , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513587752

Keywords: Oil and Gas, Urbanization, oil, drilling, oil discoveries, oil production, gas, General, All Countries,

This paper provides evidence of the causal impact of oil discoveries on development. Novel data on the drilling of 20,000 oil wells in Brazil allows us to exploit a quasi-experiment: Municipalities where oil was di...

Republic of Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique »

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513539065.002

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues

Republic of Mozambique: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513539065

Keywords: gas, lng, gas projects, gas prices, gas production, Mozambique, Sub-Saharan Africa

This Selected Issues paper examines the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of natural gas project for Mozambique. Results, which are based on the IMF Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries model, suggest that, b...

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences?

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences? »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences?

Volume/Issue: 2015/064

Series: Policy Papers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498343916

Keywords: Oil product prices, Demand elasticity, Energy prices, Oil prices, Pricing policy, energy price, GCC country, energy product, electricity tariff, GCC

Energy prices in the GCC countries are low by international standards. These low prices have co-existed with rapid economic development in the region over the past 50 years, but the costs of this policy have also r...

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences?

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-Energy Price Reforms in the GCC-What Can Be Learned From International Experiences? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/064

Series: Policy Papers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498343916.007

ISBN: 9781498343916

Keywords: Oil product prices, Demand elasticity, Energy prices, Oil prices, Pricing policy, energy price, GCC country, energy product, electricity tariff, GCC

Energy prices in the GCC countries are low by international standards. These low prices have co-existed with rapid economic development in the region over the past 50 years, but the costs of this policy have also r...

CHAPTER 1 Overview

CHAPTER 1 Overview »

Source: Excerpt: Power Play : Energy and Manufacturing in North America

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513527628

Keywords: North American Free Trade Agreement, Economic integration, Energy sector, Foreign investment, Oil prices, MISC PUBS, energy price, electricity price, energy production, gas production

The technology advance brought about by the combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing has completely revolutionized North Americas energy industry since the mid-20...

Excerpt: Power Play
			: Energy and Manufacturing in North America

Excerpt: Power Play : Energy and Manufacturing in North America »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513527628.073

ISBN: 9781513527628

Keywords: North American Free Trade Agreement, Economic integration, Energy sector, Foreign investment, Oil prices, MISC PUBS, energy price, electricity price, energy production, gas production

Excerpt: Power Play...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt: Power Play : Energy and Manufacturing in North America

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513527628

Keywords: North American Free Trade Agreement, Economic integration, Energy sector, Foreign investment, Oil prices, MISC PUBS, energy price, electricity price, energy production, gas production

Excerpt: Power Play...

CAPÍTULO 1 Generalidades

CAPÍTULO 1 Generalidades »

Source: Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Roberto Cardarelli , and Lusine Lusinyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513550787

El avance tecnológico logrado por la combinación de la perforación horizontal y la fracturación hidráulica ha revolucionado por completo el sector energético de América del Norte de...

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Roberto Cardarelli , and Lusine Lusinyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550787.073

ISBN: 9781513550787

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Roberto Cardarelli , and Lusine Lusinyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513550787

Extracto: Juego de poder: Energía e industria en América del Norte...

Norway
			: Selected Issues

Norway : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513503165.002

ISBN: 9781513503165

Keywords: oil, gas, oil and gas, oil prices, gas sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Norway's economy that has a maturing oil and gas industry. Norway's half century of good fortune from its oil and gas wealth may have peaked. Oil and gas production will continue...

Norway: Selected Issues

Norway: Selected Issues »

Source: Norway : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513503165

Keywords: oil, gas, oil and gas, oil prices, gas sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Norway's economy that has a maturing oil and gas industry. Norway's half century of good fortune from its oil and gas wealth may have peaked. Oil and gas production will continue...

Norway: Selected Issues

Norway: Selected Issues »

Source: Norway : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513503165

Keywords: oil, gas, oil and gas, oil prices, gas sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Norway's economy that has a maturing oil and gas industry. Norway's half century of good fortune from its oil and gas wealth may have peaked. Oil and gas production will continue...

Norway: Selected Issues

Norway: Selected Issues »

Source: Norway : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513503165

Keywords: oil, gas, oil and gas, oil prices, gas sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Norway's economy that has a maturing oil and gas industry. Norway's half century of good fortune from its oil and gas wealth may have peaked. Oil and gas production will continue...

Norway: Selected Issues

Norway: Selected Issues »

Source: Norway : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513503165

Keywords: oil, gas, oil and gas, oil prices, gas sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Norway's economy that has a maturing oil and gas industry. Norway's half century of good fortune from its oil and gas wealth may have peaked. Oil and gas production will continue...

Iraq
			: Selected Issues

Iraq : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/236

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513521923.002

ISBN: 9781513521923

Keywords: oil, energy, prices

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the Iraqi oil sector and analyzes the developments and prospects after the twin shock. The Iraqi economy was affected by the two major challenges during 2014-ISIS insurgency an...

Iraq: Selected Issues

Iraq: Selected Issues »

Source: Iraq : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/236

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513521923

Keywords: oil, energy, prices

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the Iraqi oil sector and analyzes the developments and prospects after the twin shock. The Iraqi economy was affected by the two major challenges during 2014-ISIS insurgency an...

Iraq: Selected Issues

Iraq: Selected Issues »

Source: Iraq : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/236

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513521923

Keywords: oil, energy, prices

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the Iraqi oil sector and analyzes the developments and prospects after the twin shock. The Iraqi economy was affected by the two major challenges during 2014-ISIS insurgency an...

Malaysia
			: Selected Issues

Malaysia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498345767.002

ISBN: 9781498345767

Keywords: oil, energy, prices, gas

This Selected Issues paper examines the implications of lower crude oil prices on Malaysia's economy. Although Malaysia's net oil exports are now very small as a share of GDP, its gas exports are sizeable. The pape...

Malaysia: Selected Issues

Malaysia: Selected Issues »

Source: Malaysia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498345767

Keywords: oil, energy, prices, gas

This Selected Issues paper examines the implications of lower crude oil prices on Malaysia's economy. Although Malaysia's net oil exports are now very small as a share of GDP, its gas exports are sizeable. The pape...

Malaysia: Selected Issues

Malaysia: Selected Issues »

Source: Malaysia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498345767

Keywords: oil, energy, prices, gas

This Selected Issues paper examines the implications of lower crude oil prices on Malaysia's economy. Although Malaysia's net oil exports are now very small as a share of GDP, its gas exports are sizeable. The pape...

Mexico
			: Selected Issues

Mexico : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/320

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498395434.002

ISBN: 9781498395434

Keywords: gas, energy, natural gas, oil, electricity

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the impact of Mexico's energy reform on hydrocarbons production. These reforms aim to increase oil and gas production by eliminating the state oil company's (PEMEX) monopoly on e...

Mexico: Selected Issues

Mexico: Selected Issues »

Source: Mexico : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/320

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2014

ISBN: 9781498395434

Keywords: gas, energy, natural gas, oil, electricity

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the impact of Mexico's energy reform on hydrocarbons production. These reforms aim to increase oil and gas production by eliminating the state oil company's (PEMEX) monopoly on e...

Mexico: Selected Issues

Mexico: Selected Issues »

Source: Mexico : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/320

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2014

ISBN: 9781498395434

Keywords: gas, energy, natural gas, oil, electricity

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the impact of Mexico's energy reform on hydrocarbons production. These reforms aim to increase oil and gas production by eliminating the state oil company's (PEMEX) monopoly on e...

Mexico: Selected Issues

Mexico: Selected Issues »

Source: Mexico : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/320

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2014

ISBN: 9781498395434

Keywords: gas, energy, natural gas, oil, electricity

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the impact of Mexico's energy reform on hydrocarbons production. These reforms aim to increase oil and gas production by eliminating the state oil company's (PEMEX) monopoly on e...

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers »

Volume/Issue: 2014/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498342926.007

ISBN: 9781498342926

Keywords: Bilateral surveillance, Financial risk, Macroprudential Policy, Monetary policy, Multilateral surveillance, Spillovers, Surveillance, Asset prices, Assets, Balance sheets

...

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers »

Source: 2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2014/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498342926

Keywords: Bilateral surveillance, Financial risk, Macroprudential Policy, Monetary policy, Multilateral surveillance, Spillovers, Surveillance, Asset prices, Assets, Balance sheets

...

Case Studies on Energy Subsidy Reform-Lessons and Implications - Supplement

Case Studies on Energy Subsidy Reform-Lessons and Implications - Supplement »

Source: Case Studies on Energy Subsidy Reform-Lessons and Implications - Supplement

Volume/Issue: 2013/005

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781498342407

Keywords: Background papers, Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Oil, Subsidies, Economic conditions, Fiscal sector

This supplement presents country case studies reviewing energy subsidy reform experiences, which are the basis for the reform lessons identified in the main paper. The selection of countries for the case studies re...

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Volume/Issue: 2013/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781498342391

Keywords: Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Subsidies, Social safety nets, Consumer subsidies, Economic growth, Government expenditures, Oil exporting countries, energy subsidy

Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. While aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd-out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in...

Case Studies on Energy Subsidy Reform-Lessons and Implications - Supplement

Case Studies on Energy Subsidy Reform-Lessons and Implications - Supplement »

Volume/Issue: 2013/005

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498342407.007

ISBN: 9781498342407

Keywords: Background papers, Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Oil, Subsidies, Economic conditions, Fiscal sector

This supplement presents country case studies reviewing energy subsidy reform experiences, which are the basis for the reform lessons identified in the main paper. The selection of countries for the case studies re...

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2013/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498342391.007

ISBN: 9781498342391

Keywords: Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Subsidies, Social safety nets, Consumer subsidies, Economic growth, Government expenditures, Oil exporting countries, energy subsidy

Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. While aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd-out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

Four years after the onset of the global financial crisis, low-income countries (LICs), especially those that have benefited from high commodity prices, have begun to register stron...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond?

Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Jose Gijon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455266449.001

ISBN: 9781455266449

Keywords: Gas exporters, Energy economics, Vector autoregressions, gas prices, oil prices, gas exports, gas price, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation, Open Economy Macroeconomics

We show that US natural gas prices have decoupled from oil prices following substantial institutional and technological changes. We then examine how this interrelationship has evolved in Europe using data for Alger...

Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond?1

Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond?1 »

Source: Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond?

Volume/Issue: 2011/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Jose Gijon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455266449

Keywords: Gas exporters, Energy economics, Vector autoregressions, gas prices, oil prices, gas exports, gas price, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation, Open Economy Macroeconomics

We show that US natural gas prices have decoupled from oil prices following substantial institutional and technological changes. We then examine how this interrelationship has evolved in Europe using data for Alger...

Algeria

Algeria »

Source: Algeria : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2011/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216604

Keywords: gas prices, oil prices, gas exports, gas production

This paper assesses recent developments in gas markets and the implications for Algerian gas demand and prices. Algeria's gas production is stable but its share in global gas production has been on a downward trend...

Algeria: Selected Issues

Algeria: Selected Issues »

Source: Algeria : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2011/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216604

Keywords: gas prices, oil prices, gas exports, gas production

This paper assesses recent developments in gas markets and the implications for Algerian gas demand and prices. Algeria's gas production is stable but its share in global gas production has been on a downward trend...

Algeria
			: Selected Issues Paper

Algeria : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2011/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455216604.002

ISBN: 9781455216604

Keywords: gas prices, oil prices, gas exports, gas production

This paper assesses recent developments in gas markets and the implications for Algerian gas demand and prices. Algeria's gas production is stable but its share in global gas production has been on a downward trend...

Nepal - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank

Nepal - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank »

Volume/Issue: 2008/001

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498334075.007

ISBN: 9781498334075

Keywords: Asian Development Bank, Assessment letters, Currency pegs, Economic growth, Accounting, Auditing, Bank licensing, Banking systems, Banks, Budget coverage

Assessment Letters or Statements may be prepared for member countries with Fund-supported programs; receiving Fund emergency assistance; with staff-monitored programs; or surveillance-only cases. They are typically...

Nepal - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank

Nepal - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank »

Source: Nepal - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank

Volume/Issue: 2008/001

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 January 2008

ISBN: 9781498334075

Keywords: Asian Development Bank, Assessment letters, Currency pegs, Economic growth, Accounting, Auditing, Bank licensing, Banking systems, Banks, Budget coverage

Assessment Letters or Statements may be prepared for member countries with Fund-supported programs; receiving Fund emergency assistance; with staff-monitored programs; or surveillance-only cases. They are typically...

European Outlook: Europe: Riding Out the Market Turbulence

European Outlook: Europe: Riding Out the Market Turbulence »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Fiscal Policy: Major Reforms for German Budget System

Fiscal Policy: Major Reforms for German Budget System »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

IMF Backs UAE in Statistics Overhaul

IMF Backs UAE in Statistics Overhaul »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14 »

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451938630.023

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

IMF Technical Assistance: Budget Reform Holds Promise in Mozambique

IMF Technical Assistance: Budget Reform Holds Promise in Mozambique »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

IMF to Deliver Debt Relief to Liberia

IMF to Deliver Debt Relief to Liberia »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Latam Outlook: Latin America Set for 5th Year of Healthy Growth

Latam Outlook: Latin America Set for 5th Year of Healthy Growth »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Mideast-Central Asia: Strong Growth Outlook Tempered by Rising Inflation

Mideast-Central Asia: Strong Growth Outlook Tempered by Rising Inflation »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Mundell-Fleming Lecture: Exchange Rate Regime Bipolarity Continues, Slowly

Mundell-Fleming Lecture: Exchange Rate Regime Bipolarity Continues, Slowly »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

News Briefs

News Briefs »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Research Conference: IMF Sharpens Exchange Rate Views at Research Gathering

Research Conference: IMF Sharpens Exchange Rate Views at Research Gathering »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Rising Energy Costs: High Oil Prices Pose Challenge for Policymakers

Rising Energy Costs: High Oil Prices Pose Challenge for Policymakers »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Technical Assistance: IMF to Step Up Work with Donors to Boost Effectiveness of Assistance

Technical Assistance: IMF to Step Up Work with Donors to Boost Effectiveness of Assistance »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

World Economic Outlook: Experts Examine Costs to Global Economy of Climate Change

World Economic Outlook: Experts Examine Costs to Global Economy of Climate Change »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Call for Papers: Jacques Polak Eighth Annual Research Conference

Call for Papers: Jacques Polak Eighth Annual Research Conference »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451929805

Keywords: oil prices, oil market, oil sector, oil revenues, higher oil prices

IMF research summaries on (1) oil market developments and the global economy (by Selim Elekdag), and (2) credit booms (by Marco Terrones); country study on India (by Helene Poirson); call for papers for November 20...

Country Study: India

Country Study: India »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451929805

Keywords: oil prices, oil market, oil sector, oil revenues, higher oil prices

IMF research summaries on (1) oil market developments and the global economy (by Selim Elekdag), and (2) credit booms (by Marco Terrones); country study on India (by Helene Poirson); call for papers for November 20...

IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007

IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007 »

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929805.026

ISBN: 9781451929805

Keywords: oil prices, oil market, oil sector, oil revenues, higher oil prices

IMF research summaries on (1) oil market developments and the global economy (by Selim Elekdag), and (2) credit booms (by Marco Terrones); country study on India (by Helene Poirson); call for papers for November 20...

IMF Working Papers

IMF Working Papers »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451929805

Keywords: oil prices, oil market, oil sector, oil revenues, higher oil prices

IMF research summaries on (1) oil market developments and the global economy (by Selim Elekdag), and (2) credit booms (by Marco Terrones); country study on India (by Helene Poirson); call for papers for November 20...

Research Summaries: Oil Market Developments and the Global Economy

Research Summaries: Oil Market Developments and the Global Economy »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451929805

Keywords: oil prices, oil market, oil sector, oil revenues, higher oil prices

IMF research summaries on (1) oil market developments and the global economy (by Selim Elekdag), and (2) credit booms (by Marco Terrones); country study on India (by Helene Poirson); call for papers for November 20...

What Do We Know About Credit Booms?

What Do We Know About Credit Booms? »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451929805

Keywords: oil prices, oil market, oil sector, oil revenues, higher oil prices

IMF research summaries on (1) oil market developments and the global economy (by Selim Elekdag), and (2) credit booms (by Marco Terrones); country study on India (by Helene Poirson); call for papers for November 20...

Ukraine
			: Selected Issues

Ukraine : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2007/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451839098.002

ISBN: 9781451839098

Keywords: energy, tariffs, energy sector, international monetary fund

This Selected Issues paper analyses the impact that rising energy import prices might have on growth and inflation in Ukraine. The paper examines how rising gas prices might elevate macrofiscal risks in Ukraine's s...