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Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320450.001

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity

Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity »

Volume/Issue: 2019/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , and Claudia Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498326636.001

ISBN: 9781498326636

Keywords: Agricultural production, Production, Gross domestic product, Development, Employment, Productivity, Agriculture, Geography, potential yield, crop selection

A large share of cross-country differences in productivity is explained by differences in agricultural productivity. Using a combination of sub-national agricultural statistics and geospatial datasets on crop-speci...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320801.001

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data »

Volume/Issue: 2019/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dongyeol Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498315845.001

ISBN: 9781498315845

Keywords: External shocks, Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Business cycles, Industrial structure, Business Cycle, Comovement, Trade Linkage, Vertical Linkage, Korean economy

Through the 2000s, Korea's export and import linkages to advanced and emerging markets increased significantly. At the same time, the correlation of output growth between Korea and these economies rose. This paper...

Macroeconomic Gains from Reforming the Agri-Food Sector: The Case of France

Macroeconomic Gains from Reforming the Agri-Food Sector: The Case of France »

Volume/Issue: 2019/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicoletta Batini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484397961.001

ISBN: 9781484397961

Keywords: Supply and demand, Economic growth, Agricultural production, Agricultural sector, Demand elasticity, agriculture;growth;food policy;climate change;externalities;fiscal policy;diets;agri-food;GHG;externality;GHG emission;farm labor force

France is the top agricultural producer in the European Union (EU), and agriculture plays a prominent role in the country's foreign trade and intermediate exchanges. Reflecting production volumes and methods, the s...

Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation

Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/TIIEAEX.073

ISBN: TIIEAEX

Keywords: Price indexes, Supply and demand, Financial statistics, Demand elasticity, Development, support price, nonfood, food expenditure, buffer stock, food category

Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation...

Innovation, Deregulation, and the Life Cycle of a Financial Service Industry

Innovation, Deregulation, and the Life Cycle of a Financial Service Industry »

Volume/Issue: 2015/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fumiko Hayashi , Bin Li , and Zhu Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537733.001

ISBN: 9781513537733

Keywords: Innovation, Deregulation, Industry Dynamics, Shakeout, networks, atm, at, technology, it, General,

This paper examines innovation, deregulation, and firm dynamics over the life cycle of the U.S. ATM and debit card industry. In doing so, we construct a dynamic equilibrium model to study how a major product innova...

The Leap of the Tiger
			: How Malaysia Can Escape the Middle-Income Trap

The Leap of the Tiger : How Malaysia Can Escape the Middle-Income Trap »

Volume/Issue: 2015/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , and Fuad Hasanov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556017.001

ISBN: 9781513556017

Keywords: growth, middle-income trap, innovation, technology, electronics, it, at, technologies, Government Policy, General

Only a few European economies and Korea and Taiwan Province of China reached high-income status during 1970-2010. Malaysia's real income per capita increased to 26 percent of the U.S. level in 2010 from 20 percent...

Electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs) An Empirical Study of their Impact on Taxpayer Compliance and Administrative Efficiency

Electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs) An Empirical Study of their Impact on Taxpayer Compliance and Administrative Efficiency »

Volume/Issue: 2015/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Casey , and Patricio Castro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475521023.001

ISBN: 9781475521023

Keywords: electronic fiscal devises, noncompliance, VAT, administration, business, technology, performance, business processes, General, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies

Several administrations have adopted electronic fiscal devices (EFDs) in their quest to combat noncompliance, particularly as regards sales and the value-added tax (VAT) payable on sales. The introduction of EFDs t...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352448.071

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Health care reform will be a key fiscal policy challenge in both advanced and emerging economies in coming years. In the advanced economies, the health sector has been one of the main drivers of government expendit...

Export and Import Price Index Manual
			: Theory and Practice

Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067806.069

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A joint production by six international organizations, this manual explores the conceptual and theoretical issues that national statistical offices should consider in the daily compilation of export and import pric...

Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production
			: Théorie et pratique

Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063051.069

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

L'indice des prix à la production (IPP) mesure le rythme auquel les prix des biens et services de production évoluent au fil du temps. C'est une statistique essentielle pour les décisions économiques et commerciale...

Thailand
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program:  Detailed Assessment of Observance of CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems

Thailand : Financial Sector Assessment Program: Detailed Assessment of Observance of CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems »

Volume/Issue: 2009/149

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451836882.002

ISBN: 9781451836882

Keywords: bot, payments, credit, rtgs

This paper focuses on a detailed assessment of observance of the Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems (CPSS) core principles for systemically important payment systems in Thailand. This assessment covers the...

Social Security Reforms in Colombia
			: Striking Demographic and Fiscal Balances

Social Security Reforms in Colombia : Striking Demographic and Fiscal Balances »

Volume/Issue: 2009/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergio Clavijo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872057.001

ISBN: 9781451872057

Keywords: Healthcare Expenditures, pension, retirement, retirement age, replacement rates,

This paper analyzes the economic rationale for adopting parametric pension reforms and reforms broadening the coverage of public health care in Colombia during 1993-2008. Parametric pension reforms have focused on...

Universal Health Care 101
			: Lessons for the Eastern Caribbean and Beyond

Universal Health Care 101 : Lessons for the Eastern Caribbean and Beyond »

Volume/Issue: 2009/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evridiki Tsounta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872088.001

ISBN: 9781451872088

Keywords: Health economics, government expenditure, health spending, health insurance, health system, health financing,

Despite the increasing interest in universal health care, little is known about the optimal way to finance, design, and implement it. This paper attempts to fill this gap by providing some general policy recommenda...

Government Spending on Health Care and Education in Croatia
			: Efficiency and Reform Options

Government Spending on Health Care and Education in Croatia : Efficiency and Reform Options »

Volume/Issue: 2008/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victoria Gunnarsson , and Etibar Jafarov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869958.001

ISBN: 9781451869958

Keywords: health care, health spending, hospital beds

This paper assesses the relative efficiency of government spending on health care and education in Croatia by using the so-called Data Envelopment Analysis. The analysis finds evidence of significant inefficiencies...

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066182.058

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

This primer explains why macroeconomists need to be concerned with issues of health policy and elaborates the essential information that a macroeconomist should know in providing inputs to discussions on health sec...

How Does the Introduction of Health Insurance Change the Equity of Health Care Provision in Bulgaria?

How Does the Introduction of Health Insurance Change the Equity of Health Care Provision in Bulgaria? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/285

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nora Markova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865455.001

ISBN: 9781451865455

Keywords: health care financing, equity in health care financing, redistribution, health care, health care system, health care spending, pocket payments, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

The study examines the effect of health care reform in Bulgaria in 1999 on the equity of health care financing. It explores the distribution of different types of health care financing by income. Furthermore, it se...

Producer Price Index Manual
			: Theory and Practice

Producer Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063044.069

ISBN: 9781589063044

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, arithmetic, survey

The producer price index (PPI) measures the rate at which the prices of producer goods and services are changing overtime. It is a key statistic for economic and business decision making and inflation monitoring. T...

Factors Underlying the Definition of Broad Money
			: An Examination of Recent U.S. Monetary Statistics and Practices of Other Countries

Factors Underlying the Definition of Broad Money : An Examination of Recent U.S. Monetary Statistics and Practices of Other Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2003/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ewe-Ghee Lim , and Subramanian Sriram

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848304.001

ISBN: 9781451848304

Keywords: Definitions Money, aggregates, money market, inflation, monetary aggregate, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Money and Interest Rates, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit,

The paper examines the experiences of countries in defining monetary aggregates, particularly those countries that have undertaken substantial redefinitions. It finds that both the functional and empirical approach...

Market Access for Developing Country Exports - Selected Issues

Market Access for Developing Country Exports - Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2002/045

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498328203.007

ISBN: 9781498328203

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Agriculture, Developing countries, Trade liberalization, Balance of payments, Economic reforms, Agricultural trade, Trade policy, Comparative advantage, PP

In this paper, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have drawn together available research findings on the benefits of trade liberalization as well as on the obstacles to trade-oriented development....

Does Higher Government Spending Buy Better Results in Education and Health Care?

Does Higher Government Spending Buy Better Results in Education and Health Care? »

Volume/Issue: 1999/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marijn Verhoeven , Sanjeev Gupta , and Erwin Tiongson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843897.001

ISBN: 9781451843897

Keywords: public expenditure, primary and secondary education, primary health care, intrasectoral spending compostion, social indicators, health care, health care spending, public spending, infant mortality

There is little empirical evidence to support the claim that public spending improves education and health indicators. This paper uses cross-sectional data for 50 developing and transition countries to show that ex...

France
			: Selected Issues

France : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1997/19

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813395.002

ISBN: 9781451813395

Keywords: health care, health care spending, health spending, health insurance, health expenditure

This Selected Issues paper reviews developments in health care spending in France and discusses the recent measures to improve the functioning of the system and contain costs. It argues that by addressing many of t...

Monetary Aggregation
			: A Reconciliation of Theory and Central Bank Practice

Monetary Aggregation : A Reconciliation of Theory and Central Bank Practice »

Volume/Issue: 1994/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Pradhan , and Huw Pill

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451940756.001

ISBN: 9781451940756

Keywords: aggregates, aggregation, monetary assets, monetary aggregates, monetary aggregate

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

The U.S. Health Care Industry
			: Performance and Issues

The U.S. Health Care Industry : Performance and Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1990/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451931266.001

ISBN: 9781451931266

Keywords: health care, medicare, health care costs, health care expenditures, health insurance

This paper describes how economic behavior in the market for health care in the United States is influenced by a range of impediments to the functioning of the price mechanism which impart an upward bias to health...