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Agricultural Market Integration in India

Agricultural Market Integration in India »

Source: Agricultural Market Integration in India

Volume/Issue: 2020/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michal Andrle , and Patrick Blagrave

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513549163

Keywords: Cost of living, Supply and demand, Agricultural commodities, Agricultural product marketing, Price dispersion, Market integration, Price transmission, India, WP, cross-market

We assess the degree of cross-market price discrepancy (a proxy for market integration), its evolution over time, and proximate determinants, using monthly price data for 21 agricultural goods and 60 markets in Ind...

Agricultural Market Integration in India

Agricultural Market Integration in India »

Volume/Issue: 2020/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michal Andrle , and Patrick Blagrave

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513549163.001

ISBN: 9781513549163

Keywords: Cost of living, Supply and demand, Agricultural commodities, Agricultural product marketing, Price dispersion, Market integration, Price transmission, India, WP, cross-market

We assess the degree of cross-market price discrepancy (a proxy for market integration), its evolution over time, and proximate determinants, using monthly price data for 21 agricultural goods and 60 markets in Ind...

Republic of Congo
			: Technical Assistance Report-National Accounts Mission

Republic of Congo : Technical Assistance Report-National Accounts Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2020/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2020

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513531915.002

ISBN: 9781513531915

Keywords: ISCR, CR, intermediate consumption, current price, national account, constant price, GGS

A technical assistance mission in national accounting from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Regional Technical Assistance Center for Central Africa (AFRITAC Central) visited Brazzaville during December 5-14, 2...

Republic of Congo

Republic of Congo »

Source: Republic of Congo : Technical Assistance Report-National Accounts Mission

Volume/Issue: 2020/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513531915

Keywords: ISCR, CR, intermediate consumption, current price, national account, constant price, GGS

A technical assistance mission in national accounting from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Regional Technical Assistance Center for Central Africa (AFRITAC Central) visited Brazzaville during December 5-14, 2...

Republic of Congo
			: Technical Assistance Report-National Accounts Mission

Republic of Congo : Technical Assistance Report-National Accounts Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2020/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513530994.002

ISBN: 9781513530994

Keywords: Gross national product, Price indexes, National accounts, Balance of payments, Household consumption, ISCR, CR, intermediate consumption, current price, national account

This Technical Assistance report on the Republic of Congo presents mission outcomes and priority recommendations conducted to support the National Statistics Institute in its work on the national accounts estimates...

Republic of Congo

Republic of Congo »

Source: Republic of Congo : Technical Assistance Report-National Accounts Mission

Volume/Issue: 2020/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530994

Keywords: Gross national product, Price indexes, National accounts, Balance of payments, Household consumption, ISCR, CR, intermediate consumption, current price, national account

This Technical Assistance report on the Republic of Congo presents mission outcomes and priority recommendations conducted to support the National Statistics Institute in its work on the national accounts estimates...

A Monthly Indicator of Economic Growth for Low Income Countries

A Monthly Indicator of Economic Growth for Low Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2020/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Stanger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513525853.001

ISBN: 9781513525853

Keywords: Indicators of economic activity, Financial statistics, National accounts aggregates, Price indexes, Cyclical indicators, Economic activity, System of National Accounts, GDP, WP, source data

Monthly economic indicators support policy analysis of current economic developments and forecasting. This paper presents an overview of the data and statistical requirements to develop those indicators taking into...

A Monthly Indicator of Economic Growth for Low Income Countries

A Monthly Indicator of Economic Growth for Low Income Countries »

Source: A Monthly Indicator of Economic Growth for Low Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2020/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Stanger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513525853

Keywords: Indicators of economic activity, Financial statistics, National accounts aggregates, Price indexes, Cyclical indicators, Economic activity, System of National Accounts, GDP, WP, source data

Monthly economic indicators support policy analysis of current economic developments and forecasting. This paper presents an overview of the data and statistical requirements to develop those indicators taking into...

Vietnam
			: Technical Assistance Report-Report on the National Accounts Mission

Vietnam : Technical Assistance Report-Report on the National Accounts Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2019/373

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513523521.002

ISBN: 9781513523521

Keywords: National accounts, Price indexes, Gross capital formation, Household survey data, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, GSO, Vietnamese economy, national account

This technical assistance report on Vietnam discusses evaluation of revised estimates of gross domestic product, to ensure that the compilation process is aligned with the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA...

Vietnam

Vietnam »

Source: Vietnam : Technical Assistance Report-Report on the National Accounts Mission

Volume/Issue: 2019/373

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2019

ISBN: 9781513523521

Keywords: National accounts, Price indexes, Gross capital formation, Household survey data, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, GSO, Vietnamese economy, national account

This technical assistance report on Vietnam discusses evaluation of revised estimates of gross domestic product, to ensure that the compilation process is aligned with the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA...

Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle

Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle »

Volume/Issue: 2019/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Fidel Perez-Sebastian , and Nikola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513519227.001

ISBN: 9781513519227

Keywords: Development, Producer prices, Price indexes, Demand elasticity, Business cycles, growth miracles, product quality, international trade, exports., WP

We explore the contribution of product-quality upgrading to the export performance of six fast-growing Asian economies: China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Korea, and Thailand. We focus on measuring the impact...

Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle

Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle »

Source: Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle

Volume/Issue: 2019/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Fidel Perez-Sebastian , and Nikola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513519227

Keywords: Development, Producer prices, Price indexes, Demand elasticity, Business cycles, growth miracles, product quality, international trade, exports., WP

We explore the contribution of product-quality upgrading to the export performance of six fast-growing Asian economies: China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Korea, and Thailand. We focus on measuring the impact...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320450.001

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Source: Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity*

Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity* »

Source: Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2019/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , and Claudia Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2019

ISBN: 9781498326636

Keywords: Agricultural production, Production, Gross domestic product, Development, Employment, Productivity, Agriculture, Geography, potential yield, crop selection

A large share of cross-country differences in productivity is explained by differences in agricultural productivity. Using a combination of sub-national agricultural statistics and geospatial datasets on crop-speci...

Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity

Crop Selection and International Differences in Aggregate Agricultural Productivity »

Volume/Issue: 2019/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Alvarez , and Claudia Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498326636.001

ISBN: 9781498326636

Keywords: Agricultural production, Production, Gross domestic product, Development, Employment, Productivity, Agriculture, Geography, potential yield, crop selection

A large share of cross-country differences in productivity is explained by differences in agricultural productivity. Using a combination of sub-national agricultural statistics and geospatial datasets on crop-speci...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320801.001

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data »

Volume/Issue: 2019/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dongyeol Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498315845.001

ISBN: 9781498315845

Keywords: External shocks, Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Business cycles, Industrial structure, Business Cycle, Comovement, Trade Linkage, Vertical Linkage, Korean economy

Through the 2000s, Korea's export and import linkages to advanced and emerging markets increased significantly. At the same time, the correlation of output growth between Korea and these economies rose. This paper...

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data1

Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data1 »

Source: Trade Linkages and International Business Cycle Comovement: Evidence from Korean Industry Data

Volume/Issue: 2019/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dongyeol Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498315845

Keywords: External shocks, Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Business cycles, Industrial structure, Business Cycle, Comovement, Trade Linkage, Vertical Linkage, Korean economy

Through the 2000s, Korea's export and import linkages to advanced and emerging markets increased significantly. At the same time, the correlation of output growth between Korea and these economies rose. This paper...

Macroeconomic Gains from Reforming the Agri-Food Sector: The Case of France

Macroeconomic Gains from Reforming the Agri-Food Sector: The Case of France »

Volume/Issue: 2019/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicoletta Batini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484397961.001

ISBN: 9781484397961

Keywords: Supply and demand, Economic growth, Agricultural production, Agricultural sector, Demand elasticity, agriculture;growth;food policy;climate change;externalities;fiscal policy;diets;agri-food;GHG;externality;GHG emission;farm labor force

France is the top agricultural producer in the European Union (EU), and agriculture plays a prominent role in the country's foreign trade and intermediate exchanges. Reflecting production volumes and methods, the s...

Macroeconomic Gains from Reforming the Agri-Food Sector: The Case of France1

Macroeconomic Gains from Reforming the Agri-Food Sector: The Case of France1 »

Source: Macroeconomic Gains from Reforming the Agri-Food Sector: The Case of France

Volume/Issue: 2019/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicoletta Batini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484397961

Keywords: Supply and demand, Economic growth, Agricultural production, Agricultural sector, Demand elasticity, agriculture;growth;food policy;climate change;externalities;fiscal policy;diets;agri-food;GHG;externality;GHG emission;farm labor force

France is the top agricultural producer in the European Union (EU), and agriculture plays a prominent role in the country's foreign trade and intermediate exchanges. Reflecting production volumes and methods, the s...

Chapter 4. Understanding India’s Food Inflation Through the Lens of Demand and Supply

Chapter 4. Understanding India’s Food Inflation Through the Lens of Demand and Supply »

Source: Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

ISBN: TIIEAEX

Keywords: Price indexes, Supply and demand, Financial statistics, Demand elasticity, Development, Economic conditions, Economic theory, support price, nonfood, food expenditure

Food inflation in India, unlike in many advanced economies, has had a nontrivial impact on aggregate retail inflation. This reflects, among other things, the large share of food expenditure in total househol...

Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation

Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/TIIEAEX.073

ISBN: TIIEAEX

Keywords: Price indexes, Supply and demand, Financial statistics, Demand elasticity, Development, Economic conditions, Economic theory, support price, nonfood, food expenditure

This book analyzes various facets of Indian inflation and their implications for the conduct of monetary policy. Indeed, several chapters are devoted to analyzing and managing food inflation, given the very importa...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

ISBN: TIIEAEX

Keywords: Price indexes, Supply and demand, Financial statistics, Demand elasticity, Development, Economic conditions, Economic theory, support price, nonfood, food expenditure

This book analyzes various facets of Indian inflation and their implications for the conduct of monetary policy. Indeed, several chapters are devoted to analyzing and managing food inflation, given the very importa...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

ISBN: TIIEAEX

Keywords: Price indexes, Supply and demand, Financial statistics, Demand elasticity, Development, Economic conditions, Economic theory, support price, nonfood, food expenditure

This book analyzes various facets of Indian inflation and their implications for the conduct of monetary policy. Indeed, several chapters are devoted to analyzing and managing food inflation, given the very importa...

Innovation, Deregulation, and the Life Cycle of a Financial Service Industry

Innovation, Deregulation, and the Life Cycle of a Financial Service Industry »

Volume/Issue: 2015/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fumiko Hayashi , Bin Li , and Zhu Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537733.001

ISBN: 9781513537733

Keywords: Innovation, Deregulation, Industry Dynamics, Shakeout, networks, atm, at, technology, it, General,

This paper examines innovation, deregulation, and firm dynamics over the life cycle of the U.S. ATM and debit card industry. In doing so, we construct a dynamic equilibrium model to study how a major product innova...

Innovation, Deregulation, and the Life Cycle of a Financial Service Industry*

Innovation, Deregulation, and the Life Cycle of a Financial Service Industry* »

Source: Innovation, Deregulation, and the Life Cycle of a Financial Service Industry

Volume/Issue: 2015/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fumiko Hayashi , Bin Li , and Zhu Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513537733

Keywords: Innovation, Deregulation, Industry Dynamics, Shakeout, networks, atm, at, technology, it, General,

This paper examines innovation, deregulation, and firm dynamics over the life cycle of the U.S. ATM and debit card industry. In doing so, we construct a dynamic equilibrium model to study how a major product innova...

The Leap of the Tiger
			: How Malaysia Can Escape the Middle-Income Trap

The Leap of the Tiger : How Malaysia Can Escape the Middle-Income Trap »

Volume/Issue: 2015/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , and Fuad Hasanov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556017.001

ISBN: 9781513556017

Keywords: growth, middle-income trap, innovation, technology, electronics, it, at, technologies, Government Policy, General

Only a few European economies and Korea and Taiwan Province of China reached high-income status during 1970-2010. Malaysia's real income per capita increased to 26 percent of the U.S. level in 2010 from 20 percent...

The Leap of the Tiger

The Leap of the Tiger »

Source: The Leap of the Tiger : How Malaysia Can Escape the Middle-Income Trap

Volume/Issue: 2015/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , and Fuad Hasanov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513556017

Keywords: growth, middle-income trap, innovation, technology, electronics, it, at, technologies, Government Policy, General

Only a few European economies and Korea and Taiwan Province of China reached high-income status during 1970-2010. Malaysia's real income per capita increased to 26 percent of the U.S. level in 2010 from 20 percent...

Electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs) An Empirical Study of their Impact on Taxpayer Compliance and Administrative Efficiency

Electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs) An Empirical Study of their Impact on Taxpayer Compliance and Administrative Efficiency »

Source: Electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs) An Empirical Study of their Impact on Taxpayer Compliance and Administrative Efficiency

Volume/Issue: 2015/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Casey , and Patricio Castro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2015

ISBN: 9781475521023

Keywords: electronic fiscal devises, noncompliance, VAT, administration, business, technology, performance, business processes, General, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies

Several administrations have adopted electronic fiscal devices (EFDs) in their quest to combat noncompliance, particularly as regards sales and the value-added tax (VAT) payable on sales. The introduction of EFDs t...

Electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs) An Empirical Study of their Impact on Taxpayer Compliance and Administrative Efficiency

Electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs) An Empirical Study of their Impact on Taxpayer Compliance and Administrative Efficiency »

Volume/Issue: 2015/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Casey , and Patricio Castro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475521023.001

ISBN: 9781475521023

Keywords: electronic fiscal devises, noncompliance, VAT, administration, business, technology, performance, business processes, General, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies

Several administrations have adopted electronic fiscal devices (EFDs) in their quest to combat noncompliance, particularly as regards sales and the value-added tax (VAT) payable on sales. The introduction of EFDs t...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

Four years after the onset of the global financial crisis, low-income countries (LICs), especially those that have benefited from high commodity prices, have begun to register stron...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

CHAPTER 11: Challenges in Reforming the Japanese Health Care System

CHAPTER 11: Challenges in Reforming the Japanese Health Care System »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Countries around the world are anxiously searching for better health care systems. The development of health care systems has followed a different route in each country, influenced...

CHAPTER 6: Containing Public Health Spending: Lessons from Experiences of Advanced Economies

CHAPTER 6: Containing Public Health Spending: Lessons from Experiences of Advanced Economies »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Public health spending in advanced economies is projected to rise by an average of 3 percentage points of GDP over the next 20 years and by 6½ percentage points of GDP in the next 4...

CHAPTER 13: Containing Public Health Spending through Market-Based Health Reform in Germany

CHAPTER 13: Containing Public Health Spending through Market-Based Health Reform in Germany »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

OVERVIEW For more than 20 years, the main motivation of government interventions in the German health care system has been to contain the growth of nonwage labor costs. Rising payrol...

CHAPTER 12: Coverage Expansion and Cost Containment in the Republic of Korea

CHAPTER 12: Coverage Expansion and Cost Containment in the Republic of Korea »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN KOREA Health insurance was introduced for employees in large corporations in the Republic of Korea in 1977 and incrementally extended to employees in small...

CHAPTER 16: Evidence-Based Health Financing Reform in Thailand

CHAPTER 16: Evidence-Based Health Financing Reform in Thailand »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

OVERVIEW OF HEALTH CARE SYSTEM AND REFORMS Thailand is a lower-middle-income country in Southeast Asia with a GDP per capita of $4,720 in 2010. Complete geographical coverage of the...

CHAPTER 15: Health Care Financing Reform in India’s Decentralized Health Care System

CHAPTER 15: Health Care Financing Reform in India’s Decentralized Health Care System »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

It is very widely acknowledged that health is an important component of human development. The empowerment of people comes from the freedoms they enjoy, and these include, among oth...

CHAPTER 8: Health Financing Systems in East Asia and the Pacific: Early Successes and Current Challenges

CHAPTER 8: Health Financing Systems in East Asia and the Pacific: Early Successes and Current Challenges »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

This chapter provides an overview of health financing systems in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region of the World Bank. 1 The success of health...

CHAPTER 7: Health Reform Lessons from Experiences of Emerging Economies

CHAPTER 7: Health Reform Lessons from Experiences of Emerging Economies »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

This chapter draws on the general lessons of the literature to assess the challenges of health care reform in emerging economies. It begins by assessing how challenges differ betwee...

CHAPTER 9: Measuring the Health Effects of Health Care Reform

CHAPTER 9: Measuring the Health Effects of Health Care Reform »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

All countries around the world are struggling with the financial strain of rising health care costs. For example, public health care spending relative to GDP rose from 5.2 percent o...

CHAPTER 3: New Projections of Public Health Spending, 2010–50

CHAPTER 3: New Projections of Public Health Spending, 2010–50 »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Public health spending has been increasing rapidly in advanced economies, but there have been only modest increases in emerging economies in the past decades. Will these trends cont...

CHAPTER 5: Perspective on the Appropriate Role of the Private Sector in Meeting Health Care Needs

CHAPTER 5: Perspective on the Appropriate Role of the Private Sector in Meeting Health Care Needs »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Throughout the post–World War II decades, health policy advisors and health policymakers in modern health systems have argued inconclusively over the question “government versus mar...

CHAPTER 2: Public Health Care Spending: Past Trends

CHAPTER 2: Public Health Care Spending: Past Trends »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

This chapter analyzes the health care spending trends of 27 advanced economies and 23 emerging economies over the past four decades. Total health expenditures have risen sharply dur...

CHAPTER 10: Public Health Expenditure Reforms in Canada, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States

CHAPTER 10: Public Health Expenditure Reforms in Canada, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

This chapter presents country case studies on the public health care expenditures and reform experiences of seven advanced economies. The case studies were designed to highlight spe...

CHAPTER 14: Taiwan Province of China’s Experience with Universal Health Care Coverage

CHAPTER 14: Taiwan Province of China’s Experience with Universal Health Care Coverage »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Health reform on the ground usually is a far cry from the neat policy designs taught in the classroom. On the way to becoming law, the coherent policy blueprints produced by health...

CHAPTER 1: The Challenge of Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

CHAPTER 1: The Challenge of Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the three fundamental objectives of a health care system are improving the health of...

CHAPTER 17: The Challenge of Health Care Reform in Estonia, Hungary, China, Chile, and Mexico

CHAPTER 17: The Challenge of Health Care Reform in Estonia, Hungary, China, Chile, and Mexico »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

This chapter provides case studies on Estonia, Hungary, China, Chile, and Mexico. Health care systems and reform experiences vary substantially across emerging economies, and the st...

CHAPTER 4: The Future of Public and Private Health Care Insurance in Asia

CHAPTER 4: The Future of Public and Private Health Care Insurance in Asia »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Globally, both public and private health care systems are facing major fiscal challenges. New technologies provide patients with more-sophisticated diagnostic and treatment methods,...

The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352448.071

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Health care reform will be a key fiscal policy challenge in both advanced and emerging economies in coming years. In the advanced economies, the health sector has been one of the main drivers of government expendit...

part I: Trends and Outlook for Public Health Spending

part I: Trends and Outlook for Public Health Spending »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

...

part II: The Role of the Private Sector in Health Care Financing and Delivery

part II: The Role of the Private Sector in Health Care Financing and Delivery »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

...

part III: Cross-Country Studies

part III: Cross-Country Studies »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

...

part IV: Country Case Studies: Advanced Economies

part IV: Country Case Studies: Advanced Economies »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

...

part V: Country Case Studies: Emerging Economies

part V: Country Case Studies: Emerging Economies »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Health care reform will be a key fiscal policy challenge in both advanced and emerging economies in coming years. In the advanced economies, the health sector has been one of the main drivers of government expendit...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Health care reform will be a key fiscal policy challenge in both advanced and emerging economies in coming years. In the advanced economies, the health sector has been one of the main drivers of government expendit...

1. A Summary of Export and Import Price Index Methodology

1. A Summary of Export and Import Price Index Methodology »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 1.0 A price index number is a summary measure of the proportionate or percentage change in a set of prices over time. Export and import price indices...

17. Axiomatic and Stochastic Approaches to Index Number Theory

17. Axiomatic and Stochastic Approaches to Index Number Theory »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 17.1 As Chapter 16 demonstrated, it is useful to be able to evaluate various index number formulas that have been proposed in terms of their propertie...

16. Basic Index Number Theory

16. Basic Index Number Theory »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction The answer to the question what is the Mean of a given set of magnitudes cannot in general be found, unless there is given also the object for the sak...

9. Commodity Substitution, Sample Space, and New Goods

9. Commodity Substitution, Sample Space, and New Goods »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 9.1 In this chapter, as with Chapter 8, the focus is on new goods (and services) for export and import price indices (XMPIs) based on establishment su...

4. Coverage, Valuation, and Classifications

4. Coverage, Valuation, and Classifications »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 4.1 Price indices are compiled as weighted averages of changes in the prices of goods and services. The weights correspond to and derive from the valu...

5. Data Sources

5. Data Sources »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

5.1 The two main approaches (the unit value approach and the survey pricing approach) of compiling the imports and export price indices are associated with different sources of statistical infor...

18. Economic Approach

18. Economic Approach »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 18.1 The economic approach differs from the fixed-basket, axiomatic, and stochastic approaches outlined in Chapters 16 and 17 in an important respect:...

21. Elementary Indices

21. Elementary Indices »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 21.1 The subject of this chapter is the appropriate formula(s) to use when the aggregation of price changes does not benefit from information on weigh...

12. Errors and Bias in XMPIs

12. Errors and Bias in XMPIs »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 12.1 A number of sources of error and bias have been discussed in the preceding chapters and will be discussed again in subsequent chapters. The purpo...

Export and Import Price Index Manual
			: Theory and Practice

Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067806.069

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A joint production by six international organizations, this manual explores the conceptual and theoretical issues that national statistical offices should consider in the daily compilation of export and import pric...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A joint production by six international organizations, this manual explores the conceptual and theoretical issues that national statistical offices should consider in the daily compilation of export and import pric...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A joint production by six international organizations, this manual explores the conceptual and theoretical issues that national statistical offices should consider in the daily compilation of export and import pric...

20. Exports and Imports from Production and Expenditure Approaches and Associated Price Indices Using a Simplified Example and an Artificial Data Set

20. Exports and Imports from Production and Expenditure Approaches and Associated Price Indices Using a Simplified Example and an Artificial Data Set »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 20.1 Chapters 16 to 18 outlined alternative price index number formulas, the factors that determine the nature and extent of difference...

24. Measuring the Effects of Changes in the Terms of Trade

24. Measuring the Effects of Changes in the Terms of Trade »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction A.1 Chapter overview 24.1 A terms of trade index is generally defined as an economy’s index of export prices divided...

13. Organization and Management

13. Organization and Management »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 13.1 Export and import price indices (XMPIs) are used for many purposes by government, business, labor, universities, and other kinds of organizations...

7. Price Collection

7. Price Collection »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 7.1 This chapter gives an overview of price collection issues. The focus of the chapter is on price collection for the survey pricing approach to expo...

14. Publication, Dissemination, and User Relations

14. Publication, Dissemination, and User Relations »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 14.1 As discussed in Chapter 3, export and import price indices (XMPIs) are an important statistical series for monitoring inflation and assisting in...

22. Quality Change and Hedonics

22. Quality Change and Hedonics »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. New and Disappearing Items and Quality Change: Introduction 22.1 Chapters 16 to 18 and 21 cover theoretical issues relating to the choice of index number formulas...

6. Sampling Issues in Price Collection

6. Sampling Issues in Price Collection »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 6.1 Price surveys normally collect information on products—their prices and price-determining characteristics—from establishments. For foreign trade i...

3. The Price and Volume of International Trade: Background, Purpose, and Uses of Export and Import Price Indices

3. The Price and Volume of International Trade: Background, Purpose, and Uses of Export and Import Price Indices »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Background and Origins of Price Indices 3.1 The purpose of this brief historical survey is to place the contents of this Manual in a longer-term perspective and to...

15. The System of Price Statistics

15. The System of Price Statistics »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 15.1 This chapter is about value aggregates and their associated price indices in an integrated system of economic statistics. To understand why value...

19. Transfer Prices

19. Transfer Prices »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. The Transfer Price Problem A.1 What is a transfer price? 19.1 When there is an international transaction between, say, two divisi...

8. Treatment of Quality Change

8. Treatment of Quality Change »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction A.1 Why quality change is an issue 8.1 When routinely compiling an export or import price index (XMPI), specific var...

23. Treatment of Seasonal Products

23. Treatment of Seasonal Products »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Problem of Seasonal Products 23.1 The existence of seasonal products poses some significant challenges for price statisticians. Seasonal commodities are products t...

11. Treatment of Specific Products and Issues

11. Treatment of Specific Products and Issues »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 11.1 This chapter provides examples of how different national statistical agencies handle different commodities and explains some pricing issues impor...

2. Unit Value Indices

2. Unit Value Indices »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 2.1 Export and import price indices (XMPIs) are compiled by three general methods, the nature of which largely depends on the source data used. The fi...

10. XMPI Calculation in Practice

10. XMPI Calculation in Practice »

Source: Export and Import Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 17 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589067806

Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, import price, survey

A. Introduction 10.1 This chapter provides a general description with examples of the ways in which export and import price indices (XMPIs) are calculated in practice...

17. Approche économique

17. Approche économique »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

A. Introduction A.1 Cadre général 17.1 La famille des IPP fournit des indices de prix utilisés pour déflater diverses parties du sys...

16. Approches axiomatiques et stochastiques de la théorie des indices

16. Approches axiomatiques et stochastiques de la théorie des indices »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

A. Introduction 16.1 Comme nous l’avons vu au chapitre 15, il est utile de pouvoir évaluer les diverses formules d’indice qui ont été proposées en fonction de leurs p...

2. Cadre général, objectifs et utilisations de l’indice des prix à la production

2. Cadre général, objectifs et utilisations de l’indice des prix à la production »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

2.1 Les IPP sont, dans la plupart des pays, un indicateur économique clé. Le présent chapitre donne des informations générales sur leur mise au point, examine le rôle des organismes nationaux et...

21. Changements de qualité et indices hédoniques

21. Changements de qualité et indices hédoniques »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

21.1 Les chapitres 15 à 20, qui traitent des problèmes théoriques relatifs au choix des formules d’indice, reposent sur une hypothèse simplificatrice: l’agrégation porte sur les mêmes produits é...

3. Couverture et classifications

3. Couverture et classifications »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

A. Couverture de la population A.1 Activités économiques couvertes 3.1 Bien que son champ d’application puisse inclure tous les étab...

Deuxième Partie: Établissement des indices

Deuxième Partie: Établissement des indices »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

...

11. Erreurs, variances et biais dans le calcul de l’IPP

11. Erreurs, variances et biais dans le calcul de l’IPP »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

A. Introduction 11.1 Un certain nombre de causes d’erreurs, de variances ou de biais ont été décrites dans les chapitres précédents et seront abordées de nouveau dans...

15. Fondements de la théorie des indices

15. Fondements de la théorie des indices »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

A. Introduction Il n’est pas possible, en général, de répondre à la question «Quelle est la moyenne de tel ou tel ensemble de grandeurs?» si l’on ne sait pas dans que...

19. Indices des prix fondés sur un ensemble de données artificielles

19. Indices des prix fondés sur un ensemble de données artificielles »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

A. Introduction A.1 Activités économiques couvertes 19.1 Afin que le lecteur puisse se faire une idée des écarts qui pourraient appa...

1. Introduction à la méthodologie de l’indice des prix à la production

1. Introduction à la méthodologie de l’indice des prix à la production »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

1.1 Un indice des prix est une mesure des variations, proportionnelles ou en pourcentage, d’un assortiment de prix au cours du temps. L’indice des prix à la production (IPP) mesure les variation...

9. Le calcul des indices des prix à la production dans la pratique

9. Le calcul des indices des prix à la production dans la pratique »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

A. Introduction 9.1 Le présent chapitre propose une description générale des modalités pratiques du calcul des indices des IPP. Si les méthodes utilisées ne sont pas...

20. Les indices d’agrégat élémentaire

20. Les indices d’agrégat élémentaire »

Source: Manuel de l'indice des prix à la production : Théorie et pratique

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589063051

Keywords: équation, échantillonnage, statistiques, arithmétique, enquête, équations, théorie des nombres, probabilité, instituts de statistique, comptes nationaux

A. Introduction 20.1 Dans tous les pays, l’indice des prix des extrants (IPE) est calculé en deux étapes (ou plus). Dans un premier temps, des indices d’agrégat éléme...